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Garment Defects
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Garment defects

  1. 1. Garment Defects Garment defects can be separated into 3 categories: 1. Fabric defects : These are defects that are found in the fabric, mostly these are not caused by the sewing lines. e.g. running shade, selvedge to selvedge shade, holes, staining mark, missing yarn, foreign yarn, slub, hairiness etc. 2. Workmanship and handling defects : These are defects that are directly caused by production section, this would include both the cutting and sewing section. Buyer’s approved samples must be referred to maintain perfect workmanship. Note : Workmanship means all the details such as measurement, outlook, ways of attaching trims, packing etc.
  2. 2. Garments Defects(Contd.) <ul><li>3. Trims, accessories and embellishment defects : </li></ul><ul><li>These defects include color, size and placement of trims such as labels, sewing thread, screen print , embroidery designs, zipper, hangtag, lining , button and any kind of trims. </li></ul><ul><li>Defects are also classified (as per extent of defect) into Critical, Major and Minor defects. </li></ul><ul><li>1.Critical defects are defects that are not allowed to be shipped and are the most serious of defects (0%). </li></ul><ul><li>2. Major defects are serious defects that are not allowed over a certain percentage (3%) depending on buyers </li></ul><ul><li>requirements </li></ul><ul><li>3. Minor defects are serious defects that are not allowed over a certain percentage (5%) depending on buyers </li></ul><ul><li>requirements </li></ul>
  3. 3. Garments Defects (Contd.) <ul><li>Typical Defects: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Fabric defects: </li></ul><ul><li>Fabric inspection method. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Workmanship defect: </li></ul><ul><li>a) Seam Puckering : refers to the gathering of a seam either just after sewing or after laundering causing an unacceptable seam appearance. </li></ul><ul><li>This problem arises due to uneven stretching on to plies of fabric during sewing , improper thread tension , wrong sewing thread selection , dimensional instability of the plies of fabric etc. </li></ul><ul><li>b) Shading Variations within different parts : arises due to improper cutting , bundling and numbering . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Garments Defects (Contd.) <ul><li>c) Open seam or broken seam : Portion of the garment that has not been covered by sewing thread. </li></ul><ul><li>This happens due to improper handling of the parts of garments , improper setting and timing between needle and looper or hook etc. </li></ul><ul><li>d) Broken Stitch : Non-continuous sewing thread. </li></ul><ul><li>It appears due to improper trimming or machine usage. </li></ul><ul><li>e) Drop stitch/Skipped stitch : Irregular stitching along the seam. It appears due to improper handling of cut pieces or machine usage. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Garment Defects (Contd.) <ul><li>f) Wavy/staggered stitching : </li></ul><ul><li>Stitches are not straight. It appears due to improper handling of cut pieces , faulty feed mechanism , needle deflection or wrong needle. </li></ul><ul><li>g) Uncut/ loose thread : </li></ul><ul><li>Extra thread or loose thread on seam line. It appears due to improper trimming or finishing. </li></ul><ul><li>h) Sizing defects (Difference in measurement of various parts of garments), wrong placement of pocket, buttonhole, embroidery and prints , measurement discrepancy- all these problems come from pattern section. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Garments Defect(Contd.) <ul><li>I) Poor ironing- if not sufficient, there might be creases and crinkles on garment surface and if ironing is too heavy, there might be shining mark on garment. </li></ul><ul><li>j) misaligned buttons and holes ,unfinished buttonhole, missing buttons, wrong placement of labels, hang tag, wrong folding or poor folding , improper packing into cartons – all these defects come from finishing section. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Trims, accessories and embellishment defects : </li></ul><ul><li>Unmatched color of thread, button and zipper tape, short zippers, faulty zippers, wrong labels, improper size of the labels, printing mistake of labels and cartons, broken poly bag , wrong hanger, improper embroideries and prints etc. </li></ul>
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