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Irrigation to Transform
Agriculture and Food Systems
in Africa South of the Sahara
Claudia Ringler, Dawit Mekonnen, Hua Xi...
Irrigation-
An important contributor to agricultural
transformation
• Irrigation supports production in areas
of seasonall...
..with large regional differences in
opportunity
.. Receiving low public investment
.. With different policies & institutions in place
• Framework for Irrigation Development and Agricultural Water Managemen...
Irrigation—the way forward
--improving equity
• Small-scale irrigation and advanced
technologies mostly managed by younger...
Irrigation—the way forward
--improving environmental sustainability
• Irrigation depletes water resources,
and--if agro-ch...
Public investments to sustain an
irrigation transformation
• Measure and monitor irrigation and pollution
• Consider uniqu...
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2020 ReSAKSS Annual Conference - Plenary Session III–Policies for Competitive & Sustainable Agricultural Production Systems​

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Presentation on "Irrigation to Transform​ Agriculture and Food Systems​ in Africa South of the Sahara​" by Claudia Ringler, Deputy Director EPTD, IFPRI

Publié dans : Économie & finance
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2020 ReSAKSS Annual Conference - Plenary Session III–Policies for Competitive & Sustainable Agricultural Production Systems​

  1. 1. Irrigation to Transform Agriculture and Food Systems in Africa South of the Sahara Claudia Ringler, Dawit Mekonnen, Hua Xie, and Agbonlahor Mure
  2. 2. Irrigation- An important contributor to agricultural transformation • Irrigation supports production in areas of seasonally or annually limited rainfall • Irrigation de-risks production in areas with less certain rainfall (basically everywhere) • Irrigation improves yields 30-60% but requires availability of complementary inputs (i.e. seeds, fertilizers, crop protection and sustainable land man.) • Important multiplier benefits (ag processing units, accelerated rural infrastructure, nutrition, incomes, jobs)
  3. 3. ..with large regional differences in opportunity
  4. 4. .. Receiving low public investment
  5. 5. .. With different policies & institutions in place • Framework for Irrigation Development and Agricultural Water Management developed by AUC in 2019 considers: 1. Improved water management in rainfed areas 2. Farmer-led (small-scale irrigation) 3. Development and modernization of large schemes 4. Wastewater recovery and reuse • Key principles for irrigation institutions 1. Integrated water resources planning 2. A closed financing loop 3. Beneficiaries sharing in the cost of irrigation development 4. Separating resources management functions from sector management 5. Involvement of women and men farmers in irrigation development and management 6. Organizing irrigation along hydrologic boundaries 7. Secure water rights
  6. 6. Irrigation—the way forward --improving equity • Small-scale irrigation and advanced technologies mostly managed by younger, richer men • Irrigated areas in large-scale systems often allocated without consideration of disadvantaged farmers; women seldom have decision roles in water user associations • Considering women in irrigation would require not only improving their access to information on irrigation, and access to irrigation technologies, but also ensuring that they can use the technologies, and benefit from the proceeds of irrigation; adequate consideration of women can directly support nutrition as well Hours spent per year on irrigation, northern Ghana
  7. 7. Irrigation—the way forward --improving environmental sustainability • Irrigation depletes water resources, and--if agro-chemicals are not well managed--then irrigation also pollutes water bodies • Solar irrigation will likely increase irrigation dramatically in areas with poor electricity access and high fuel cost, and will reduce GHG emissions, but will also accelerate water depletion unless appropriate institutions are introduced Cropland with irrigation potential
  8. 8. Public investments to sustain an irrigation transformation • Measure and monitor irrigation and pollution • Consider unique country conditions when adding implementing the Irrigation Framework in national agricultural investments plans (NAIPs) • Accelerate irrigation development through linkage with energy • Strengthen water and related institutions to support sustainable irrigation development • Strengthen benefits (incomes/nutrition, etc.) gained from irrigation • Enable irrigation “for all”

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