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The Competitiveness of African agriculture:
Revisiting trade policy reform in Africa
Antoine Bouët (IFPRI - MTID)
Sunday O...
Increasing deficit in staples food products
-40
-35
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 ...
What is competitiveness?
What does trade policy reform include?
• Tariffs, NTMs, customs procedures, trade infrastructure,...
Concluding remarks
• Trade policy reform cannot be dissociated from macroeconomic and
fiscal reforms + market reforms
• NT...
The Non-Tariff Measures issue
• Ad Valorem Equivalent of Non-Tariff Measures
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
120%
140%
160%
180%
2...
Potential gains related to the AfCFTA
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
No AfCFTA Full elimination of Tariffs Partial Liberlization with...
2020 ReSAKSS Annual Conference - Plenary Session V Enabling Environment for Transforming Agrifood Systems
2020 ReSAKSS Annual Conference - Plenary Session V Enabling Environment for Transforming Agrifood Systems
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2020 ReSAKSS Annual Conference - Plenary Session V Enabling Environment for Transforming Agrifood Systems

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Presentation on "The Competitiveness of African agriculture: Revisiting trade policy reform in Africa​" by Antoine Bouet, Senior Research Fellow IFPRI-MTID

Publié dans : Économie & finance
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2020 ReSAKSS Annual Conference - Plenary Session V Enabling Environment for Transforming Agrifood Systems

  1. 1. The Competitiveness of African agriculture: Revisiting trade policy reform in Africa Antoine Bouët (IFPRI - MTID) Sunday Odjo (AKADEMIYA2063) November 5th, 2020
  2. 2. Increasing deficit in staples food products -40 -35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 US$billions Vegetable Oils Main Cereals and Cassava Sugar Linear (Vegetable Oils) Linear (Main Cereals and Cassava) Linear (Sugar) Source: AATM 2020
  3. 3. What is competitiveness? What does trade policy reform include? • Tariffs, NTMs, customs procedures, trade infrastructure, credit and insurance markets, transportation markets… • A deeply changing environment: import substitution/ export promotion/Regional and Global Value Chains) + many RECs + WTO…
  4. 4. Concluding remarks • Trade policy reform cannot be dissociated from macroeconomic and fiscal reforms + market reforms • NTMs!! • AfCFTA: • Tariff barriers/NTMs/Customs procedures • Impact of trade on food security + risk management strategy
  5. 5. The Non-Tariff Measures issue • Ad Valorem Equivalent of Non-Tariff Measures 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% 140% 160% 180% 200% Zimbabwe Mauritius Cabo Verde Morocco Ghana Gambia Ethiopia Mali EAV SPS EAV TBT Source: Bao, Bouët et Traoré, 2020
  6. 6. Potential gains related to the AfCFTA 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 No AfCFTA Full elimination of Tariffs Partial Liberlization with sensitive products Projection of the evolution of intra-regional trade from 2014 to 2024 All Goods Agri-food Malabo’s target: tripling regional trade Source: Laborde and Traoré (2019)

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