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2020 ReSAKSS Conference - Symposium on The 2021 UN Food Systems Summit

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Presentation on "The 2021 Food Systems Summit: Relevance for Africa and African Perspectives"

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2020 ReSAKSS Conference - Symposium on The 2021 UN Food Systems Summit

  1. 1. The 2021 Food Systems Summit: Relevance for Africa and African Perspectives November 4, 2020
  2. 2. What do we mean by Food Systems? 2Source: https://www.nourishlife.org/teach/food-system-tools/
  3. 3. Food Systems are therefore connected to all our goals. They are one of the biggest problems, when they can be one of our biggest solutions. 3Source: FAO Right now, many of the world’s food systems are failing – for people, for environment, and for our shared future • Hunger - 690 million people are hungry (more than 250 million in Africa) • FLFW - one-third of all food is either lost or wasted • Malnutrition – now the number one factor contributing to the global burden of disease and reduced life expectancy (more than 70% of Africans cannot afford a healthy diet) • Obesity – more than 2 billion people are overweight or obese • Climate change – Food systems contribute up to 29% of all GHG emissions • Biodiversity loss - agriculture responsible for up to 80% • Water use - agriculture accounts for up to 70% • Deforestation – agriculture accounts for up to 80% • Energy – agriculture account for more than 25% This is not only relevant for the SDGs, but also all the goals laid out in the Malabo Declaration and AU Agenda 2063.
  4. 4. The Food Systems Summit will serve as a turning point in the world’s journey to achieve the SDGs 4 With 10 years to go, we are not on track to achieve many of the SDGs. There is scientific consensus that transforming food systems also offers one of the single strongest opportunities we have to change course and realize the vision of the 2030 Agenda, and to support the Secretary- General’s call to “build back better” from COVID-19. The Summit will unleash bold new actions, innovative solutions, and strategies to transform our food systems and leverage these shifts to deliver progress across all of the SDGs. “Transforming food systems is crucial for delivering all the Sustainable Development Goals.” - António Guterres, UN Secretary-General, 2019
  5. 5. The COVID-19 Pandemic only reinforces the importance of food systems and the Food Systems Summit 5 • We share a deep concern for the human cost that the pandemic has already inflicted upon our world. • This crisis demonstrates how much we depend on each other, for our health and economic systems, as well as for our food systems, all the way from how we produce food to the supply chains that bring it to our homes. Indeed, as highlighted in the Secretary-General’s recent Policy Brief, food systems directly employ over 1 billion people. • The crisis has also highlighted many of our challenges and the fragility of our systems, particularly for the most marginalized populations but also the interconnectedness of global challenges. These problems can only be managed only through collective action that builds resilient systems long before they become full-blown crises. They must be acted upon not only as singular threats with emergency response, but as a series of shocks with a long-term approach for improved food systems and more resilient societies. “We must invest in the future, even as we work to urgently mitigate the impacts of the present crisis.” - António Guterres, UN Secretary-General, 2020
  6. 6. Our Focus is on Five Objectives to Advance with this Summit 6 1. Ensuring Access to Safe and Nutritious Food for All (enabling all people to be well nourished and healthy, progressive realization of the right to food) 2. Shifting to Sustainable Consumption Patterns (promoting and creating demand for healthy and sustainable diets, reducing waste) 3. Boosting Nature-Positive Production at Sufficient Scales (acting on climate change, reducing emissions and increasing carbon capture, regenerating and protecting critical ecosystems and reducing food loss and energy usage, without undermining health or nutritious diets) 4. Advancing Equitable Livelihoods and Value Distribution (raising incomes, distributing risk, expanding inclusion, promoting full and productive employment and decent work for all) 5. Building Resilience to Vulnerabilities, Shocks and Stresses (ensuring the continued functionality of healthy and sustainable food systems) The Summit will also address cross-cutting issues such as finance, policy, innovation, indigenous knowledge, and the empowerment of women, young people and marginalized groups.
  7. 7. Summit Outcomes 7 In this context, it is envisioned that the Summit will result in at least the following outcomes: • Dramatically elevated public discourse about the importance of food systems leading to the achievement of the SDGs and what to do to get the public working for people and planet. • Significant action, with measurable outcomes that enable achievement of the 2030 goals. This will include highlighting existing solutions and celebrating leaders in food systems transformation, as well as calling for new actions worldwide by different actors, including countries, cities, companies, civil society, citizens, and food producers. • A high-level summary and call to action developed through the process that will support Member States and other stakeholders to leverage their food systems capacity to reach the SDGs. Distilled through all elements of the preparatory process, these will summarize the optimistic and encouraging vision in which food systems play a central role in delivering on the vision of the 2030 Agenda. • A system of follow-up and review that will drive new actions and results, allow for sharing of experiences, lessons, and knowledge, and incorporate new metrics for impact analysis.
  8. 8. The Summit must be both a “People’s Summit” and a “Solutions Summit” 8 The need is urgent, and our ambition is high. Food systems touch all of society, and all stakeholders – every government, organization, individual – need to do more. As a result, this must not be ‘just another conference’, but a broad, global, inclusive, all-of-society engagement process. This is an agenda that must be owned by everyone, and so the Summit will seek to get all ideas on the table and to ensure action is owned and driven by different actors. It will awaken the world to the fact that we all must work together to transform the way the world produces, consumes and thinks about food. The Summit will also leverage connections with other processes and respond to the “systems” approach. It will establish linkages and ongoing connectivity between these inter-connected processes. UNFCCC COP CFS UNCBD Oceans Conference UNEAUNCCD N4G Gender Equality Forum UN LDC- V Financing for Development Figure: Processes for deep collaboration (not exhaustive)
  9. 9. Advocacy, Communications, & Mobilization Action TracksEvidence, Knowledge, & Policy Dialogues & Engagement Digital Platform Summit Moments Post- Summit The Summit Work Streams are Designed to Deliver on this Vision “World Class Evidence & Tools” “Place-based and constituency-led actions for transformation” “Game-changing initiatives for transformation” “Continuous Review and Progress” “Elevate Food in the Discourse, Drive the Movement” “Elevate vision, unlock actions, accelerate progress” “Ensure a “People’s Summit” that reaches everyone and empowers them to engage to advance their own goals” 9
  10. 10. The Scientific Group sits at the heart of Evidence, Knowledge, and Policy 10 1 The Scientific Group is composed of a Chair, 3 Vice Chairs, and 25 members from across various disciplines: Natural sciences, agronomy, livestock, nutrition, health, life sciences, ecology, natural resources, social sciences. Their mandate is to: • Ensure that the Summit brings to bear the foremost scientific evidence from around the world and helps expand the base of shared knowledge about experiences, approaches, and tools for driving sustainable food systems that will inform the future… • Help pull together applied science-based syntheses and analyses of the trade-offs faced by food system actors, linking with ongoing initiatives... • Inform the Summit’s content, recommended outcomes, clarify the level of ambition and commitments that will emerge from the Summit…” In order to do this, they will engage hundreds if not thousands of other independent experts across various technical areas and regions.
  11. 11. Core Team (N~10) Serve as AT secretariat to Leadership Team Leadership Team (N~30) Providing advice to Core team on how to take forward ideas generated from Platforms; linking into important/new networks; development of commitments around operationalized ideas. Open Platforms for Discussion, Collective Action and Innovation (N ~ however many needed) Sources of game changing ideas, testing and socialization of ideas developed, generation of enthusiasm, innovation. Open platforms feeding into Leadership Team. Action Tracks platform platform platform platform Closely engaged member states platformEach AT Some Champions Network members Some Scientific Group members Food System Dialogues: curated and organic 11 2 The Action Tracks offer all constituencies a space to share and learn, with a view to supercharging their progress by fostering new actions and partnerships and by amplifying existing initiatives
  12. 12. Member State Dialogues: Three stage progression October 2020 to June 2021 • Organized by National Authorities, involving leaders of food system stakeholder groups. • Participants explore options for the future of local and national food systems. • Shape national pathway to sustainable food systems by 2030, and encourage commitments from different stakeholders. • Findings are posted on the Dialogue Gateway website and synthesised. Global Dialogues: At high-level international and regional events • Organized on behalf of Summit Secretariat. • Exploring interconnections of food systems with global action for good nutrition, climate action, biodiversity, the ocean, finance, women’s empowerment, against desertification, and more. Independent Dialogues: Organized by anyone in any local food system • Toolkits accessed by individuals and organizations to establish multi-stakeholder dialogues. • When dialogues follow the Summit principles their findings are posted on the Dialogue Gateway website. Food Systems Summit Dialogues The Food Systems Summit Dialogues were launched on World Food Day, and they are planned at three different levels in addition to online engagement. 3 12
  13. 13. Overview of the Advocacy, Communications, and Mobilization Work Stream 13 4 The Summit’s success will depend on increasing awareness, shaping the narrative, and driving mobilization around food systems at the heart of the SDGs. Activities Include: • Working with and through the Champions Network and constituency groups to harness the widest possible support across all stakeholders with equal status and ideas to drive a new coalition for food systems transformation; • Engaging a wide range of constituencies in international and local markets to raise awareness, commitment to the agenda, and desire to take action – websites, online platforms, social media channels, etc; • Building and managing strategic coalitions with advocacy and communications groups to develop and drive a global digital campaign with creative and targeted content which will resonate with the focused audience groups and in local markets toward and beyond the Summit; African Leaders in Initial Champions Become a Food Systems Hero • Godfrey Bahiigwa, AUC • Kanayo Nwanze, CGIAR • Lucy Muchoki, Pan-African Agribusiness Consortium • Bonolo Monthe, Generation Africa • Theo de Jager, World Farmers Org • Ishmael Sunga, SACAU • Divine Ntioka, CSAYN • Jemimah Njuki, IFPRI • Hindou Ibrahim, SDG Advocates and Association of Peul Women and Autonomous Peoples of Chad • Mike Khunga, Scaling Up Nutrition Youth Network • H.E. Cardinal Peter Turkson, Vatican • Michael Taylor, International Land Coalition
  14. 14. Overview of the Digital Platform Work Stream 14 5 A powerful digital platform will provide a universally accessible, dynamic, and inclusive platform where the Summit process will be accessible 24/7 up to and beyond the Summit. As a “People’s Summit”, this will enable the Summit to reach into all countries of the world and directly to as many communities and individuals as possible to engage them around the Summit and advance a conversation around the opportunities for improvements in food systems to help achieve all of their goals. Activities Include: • Knowledge management for all Summit efforts; • Enable dynamic conversation and productive collaboration aross different stakeholder groups; • Enabling online surveys and consultations with global constituencies; • Sourcing, synthesizing, and tracking actions and commitments to action from all actors; • Sharing framework, tools, and materials for hundreds of individuals – even billions – to engage with the Summit over the next two years. This digital platform will intentionally look to build on and intersect with existing platforms to ensure scale of reach and sustainability after the Summit.
  15. 15. Advisory Committee Scientific Group Champions Network Food Systems Summit Support Structures 15 UN Task Force
  16. 16. Summit Approach and Phases 16 The Food Systems Summit itself is a pinnacle moment that must ultimately culminate from significant preparatory activities and will be followed up by several other efforts to ensure the it translates into action and impact to deliver its intended vision. These phases of work are just getting started: Mar 2022 Summer 2021 Oct 2020 July 2020 Sept 2021 1st Advisory Committee Meeting Pre-Summit Meeting Food Systems Summit Phase 1 Inception Phase 2 Consultation and Ideation Phase 4 Cultivating Commitments Phase 3 Prioritization, Setting the Agenda, & Refining the Case Phase 5 Summit Delivery Phase 6 Summit Follow-Up BreadthofIdeas Jan 2021 World Food Day
  17. 17. This work is already underway. Africa needs to lead in this new era. 17 Major Opportunities: • Enhance the evidence base and understanding of food systems improvements to prioritize in African countries and communities • Support Food Systems Summit Dialogues, both country-level and independent • Contribute game-changing solutions and commitments to action • Mobilize more networks and elevate the discourse