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AKADEMIYA2063-CORAF Learning Event, July 6, 2021 : Overview of farming systems in West and Central Africa

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This presentation was delivered by Dr. Niéyidouba Lamien

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AKADEMIYA2063-CORAF Learning Event, July 6, 2021 : Overview of farming systems in West and Central Africa

  1. 1. By Dr. Niéyidouba LAMIEN CORAF Overview of farming systems in WCA: challenges and potential Agricultural Production Systems in West and Central Africa: Insights to enhance Data and Technological Advancement AKADEMIYA2063-CORAF Virtual Regional Learning Event, July 6th, 2021
  2. 2. Presentation Outline 1 • Socio economic and biophysical characteristics of WCA farming systems 2 • Key challenges of the farming system of WCA 3 • Potential for boosting agriculture in WC 4 • CORAF framework for R&D including digitization in WCA 5 • Conclusions
  3. 3. Overview of WCA ❑ Approximately 552 million people live in WCA, the majority living in rural areas as smallholders farmers. ❑ Rural poverty is widespread and concentrated among women and young people. ❑ Agriculture is important to the West and Central African economy, providing 30-50 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) in most countries and income and livelihoods for 70-80 per cent of the population. ❑ Diverse food systems continue to evolve in meeting consumption demand with a view to sustaining the natural resource base Source: RPCA 2021, based on Cadre harmonise analysis, regional concertation meeting, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, March 2021; map: © CILSS
  4. 4. Major agroecologies of WCA/CORAF zones
  5. 5. 8 Major farming systems including Urban and peri-urban in WCA
  6. 6. Main characteristics of agriculture in WCA Heavy reliance on rain-fed production systems Small-holder farmers and farms Limited access to markets Natural methods of soil fertility maintenance
  7. 7. Key protracted challenges in WCA ➢ Poor soils and drought ➢ Pests and Diseases ➢ Low mechanization ➢ Unimproved cultural practices In 1964, Lake Chad measured 25,000 square kilometers. Its size has, however, shrunk to a mere 5 % of its original size. ➢ Climate change ➢ Inadequate enabling policy environment ➢ Natural resources degradation
  8. 8. Potential for boosting agriculture in WCA Only 10% of 10 million ha of irrigable land being exploited Three quarters of the region’s population is under the age of 35. Large number of appropriate technologies Only 25% of global cultivable land being utilized
  9. 9. Regional centers of specialization ensuring appropriate research and capacity building High yielding Rice varieties High yielding Cassava varieties Animal improved breeds Catfish Production Mechanical cassava harvester Seed Calibrator Maize Couscous Composite bread with 15% either millet, maize or cassava flour 188 technologies released along the Value chains
  10. 10. Experience in advancing use of modern tools for data collection Fertilizer and Seeds Recommendation Map (FeSeRWAM) for producers, traders in agricultural inputs, fertilizer manufacturers and blenders, public and private extension services, and researchers, as well as NGOs to access information and make queries www.mita.coraf.org https://feserwam.org/. https://coraf.delta-monitoring.com/ Platform for countries data uploading and downloading for Monitoring and Evaluation 1-Runing of online platforms
  11. 11. Experience in advancing use of modern tools for data collection 2-Coming soon 1. Application for digital survey in CORAF’s countries 2. Integrated Digital Agricultural Platform to: ➢provide access to information or advisory services ➢enable the procurement of agricultural inputs ➢support better visibility of market prices and demand ➢open up new opportunities such as digital payments, credit and insurance
  12. 12. Conclusion ➢ FS dynamics requires permanent data collection to inform decision making ➢ Cheaper modern tools for data collection exist now ➢ CORAF & AKADEMYA envisage to jointly take advantage of these tools
  13. 13. Obrigado Merci Thank you

This presentation was delivered by Dr. Niéyidouba Lamien

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