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ZINGIBER
OFFICINALE
PHARMACOGNOSTIC FEATURES:-
 BOTANICAL ORIGIN : ZINGIBER
OFFICINALE
 FAMILY : ZINGIBERACEAE
 COMMON NAME : GINGER,GINGER...
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS:
 GINGEROL
 SHAGOL
 ZINGIBERINE
 ZINGIBEROL
 PHELLANDRENE
 BISABILONE
 STARCH
 TRACE AMOUNT ...
MEDICNAL USES :-
 ANTI BACTERIAL
 USED IN CONTIMENTS
 DECREASE CHOLESTROL LEVEL
 DECREASE JOINT PAIN FROM ARTHIRITIS
...
SIDE EFFECTS:-
 ADVERSE EFFECT AFTER INGESTION OF
GINGER ARE UNCOMMON, BUT THEY
CAN INCLUDE MILD GIT EFFECTS SUCH
AS HEAR...
DOSAGE:
 GINGER CAN BE CONSUMED AS:
 FRESH OR DRIED ROOT
 PREPARED IN TEAS,SOFT DRINKS AND
BREADS
 MOST CLINICAL RESEA...
INTERACTIONS:
 ANTICOAGULANT: anticoagulant interacts with
ginger. Ginger might also slow blood clotting. Taking
ginger a...
INTERACTIONS:
 MEDICATIONS FOR HIGH BLOOD
PRESSURE: interacts with ginger. Ginger
might reduce blood pressure. Taking gin...
CONTRAINDICATIONS:
 DURING PREGNENCY AND BREAST
FEEDING: It’s use is controversial. Not enough
known. Stay on the safe an...
TOXICITY:
 Some studies indicate that ginger taken in
high amounts migh cause miscarriages and
thus are not recommended f...
REFERENCES:-
 www.webmd.com
 www.medicinenet.com
 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
 www.online.epocrates.com
Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
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Ginger
Pharmacognosy
Pharmacology

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Ginger (Zingiber officinale)

  1. 1. ZINGIBER OFFICINALE
  2. 2. PHARMACOGNOSTIC FEATURES:-  BOTANICAL ORIGIN : ZINGIBER OFFICINALE  FAMILY : ZINGIBERACEAE  COMMON NAME : GINGER,GINGER ROOT,BLACK GINGER,ZINGIBERIC RHIZOMA  URDU NAME : ADRAK  PART USED : RHIZOMES  CHEMICAL CLASS : LILOPSIDA
  3. 3. CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS:  GINGEROL  SHAGOL  ZINGIBERINE  ZINGIBEROL  PHELLANDRENE  BISABILONE  STARCH  TRACE AMOUNT OF Ca,Mn,Fe,Cu,K
  4. 4. MEDICNAL USES :-  ANTI BACTERIAL  USED IN CONTIMENTS  DECREASE CHOLESTROL LEVEL  DECREASE JOINT PAIN FROM ARTHIRITIS  ANTI INFLAMMATORY  ANTI EMETIC EFFECTS  TREATMENT FOR VARIOUS CONDITIONS e.g MOTION SICKNESS,NAUSEA,VOMITING AND ARTHIRITIS  USED IN COLD,COUGH AND BRONCHITIS
  5. 5. SIDE EFFECTS:-  ADVERSE EFFECT AFTER INGESTION OF GINGER ARE UNCOMMON, BUT THEY CAN INCLUDE MILD GIT EFFECTS SUCH AS HEARTBURN,DIARRHEA , IRRITATION OF MOUTH,STOMACH DISCOMFORT,IRRITATION TO SKIN WHEN APPLIED.
  6. 6. DOSAGE:  GINGER CAN BE CONSUMED AS:  FRESH OR DRIED ROOT  PREPARED IN TEAS,SOFT DRINKS AND BREADS  MOST CLINICAL RESEARCH HAS USED BETWEEN 250mg AND 1g OF THE POWDERED ROOT IN CAPSULAR FORM, TAKEN ONE TO 4 TIMES DAILY.
  7. 7. INTERACTIONS:  ANTICOAGULANT: anticoagulant interacts with ginger. Ginger might also slow blood clotting. Taking ginger along with this might increase chances of bleeding.  WARFARIN: warfarin interacts with ginger. Warfarin is used to slow blood clotting. Taking with ginger might increase the chances of bleeding.  ANTIDIABETES DRUGS: they interacts with ginger. Ginger might decrease blood sugar. Diabetes medications also used to lower blood sugar. Taking ginger along with diabetes medication might cause your blood sugar to go too low.
  8. 8. INTERACTIONS:  MEDICATIONS FOR HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE: interacts with ginger. Ginger might reduce blood pressure. Taking ginger along with these medication cause your blood pressure to drop too low or an irregular heart beat. Examples include nifepedine, verapamil
  9. 9. CONTRAINDICATIONS:  DURING PREGNENCY AND BREAST FEEDING: It’s use is controversial. Not enough known. Stay on the safe and don’t use it.  BLEEDING DISORDER: taking ginger may increase your increase of bleeding.  DIABETES: ginger migh lower your blood sugar. As a result your diabetes medications might need to be adjusted .  HEART CONDITIONS: high doses of ginger might worsen some heart conditions.
  10. 10. TOXICITY:  Some studies indicate that ginger taken in high amounts migh cause miscarriages and thus are not recommended for pregnant women and dosages over 6 grams can cause gastric problems and possibly ulcers arrythmias and CNS depression.
  11. 11. REFERENCES:-  www.webmd.com  www.medicinenet.com  www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov  www.online.epocrates.com
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Ginger Pharmacognosy Pharmacology

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