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Apparel manufacturing process



Garments manufacturing

introduction and steps involved in making a complete garment

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Garments manufacturing

  1. 1. Garments Manufacturing
  2. 2. Garments Manufacturing Garment manufacturers are primarily engaged in the design, cutting and sewing of garments from fabric. On industrial basis there are certain areas or sequence through which garments are manufactured.
  3. 3. Design Or Sketch Pattern design Sample MakingProduction Pattern Grading Marker Making SpreadingCutting Bundling sewing InspectionPressingPacking
  4. 4. Design / Sketch: • Before making an apparel of garments designers must have to design or sketch the appearance completely. • In the garment manufacturing the first step is designing the sketch for the dresses that have to be prepared. For this purpose the designer first draw several rough sketches in the sketch book. The designer does not go for details at this moment but he rather let his creativity flow on the paper and he draws many sketches. Later these sketches are analyzed by a panel of designers. They finally select few out of them.
  5. 5. Pattern Design: • Every piece of Apparel or Garment is built upon a pattern. • The pattern maker now develop first pattern for the designs in any one standard size. This is made by pattern drafting method and the purpose of making this pattern is to create the sample garment for test fit.
  6. 6. Sample Making: • The first patterns are sent to the sewing unit for assembling them into garment. This sample is constructed to analyze the pattern fit and design too. After the sample garment is stitched it is reviewed by a panel of designers, pattern makers and sewing specialists. If any changes have to be made they are made at this time
  7. 7. Production Pattern: • The pattern design is now taken for creating the production patterns. The production pattern is one which will be used for huge production of garments. After making the cloth sample its wise to make a production sample that will be hanged out in front of every labor • It may be produce Manually or through CAD system
  8. 8. Grading • The purpose of grading is to create patterns in different standard sizes. Pattern sizes can be large, medium and small or else there are standard patterns of size 10, 12, 14, 16 and so on for different figure and sizes. This is generally how we get S M L XL XXL sizing.
  9. 9. Marker Making • Marker making is the process to sketch on fabric before cutting it. • Computer software helps the technicians create the optimum fabric layout to suggest so fabric can be used efficiently. Markers are laid in such a way so that minimum possible fabric gets wasted during cutting operation
  10. 10. Spreading • Spreading is the process of superimposing lengths of fabric on spreading table for cutting purpose • With the help of spreading machines, fabric is stacked on one another in lays that may go over 100 ft (30.5 m) long and hundreds of plies (fabric pieces) thick.
  11. 11. Cutting • After successfully spread the fabric and putting all the marks and sketch by the marker; this is the time to cut the fabrics according to design • Manual Cutting • CNC Cutting (Computer Numeric Cutting)
  12. 12. Sorting/Bundling: • The sorter sorts the patterns according to size and design and makes bundles of them. This step requires much precision because making bundles of mismatched patterns can create severe problems. On each bundle there are specifications of the style size and the marker too is attached with it
  13. 13. Sewing & Assembling • Each of the parts of a clothing should be sewed or assembled in order to make a complete apparel that are wearable • The sorted bundles of fabrics are now ready to be stitched. There are what is called sewing stations for sewing different parts of the cut pieces. In this workplace, there are many operators who perform a single operation. One operator may make only straight seams, while another may make sleeve insets. Yet another two operators can sew the waist seams, and make button holes.
  14. 14. Inspection • In this step of garment manufacturing process each of the complete apparel or garment is to be checked. If any faults is found; then the whole process should be repeated • Open Seams • Wrong Stitching Technique • Non- Matching Threads • Missing Stitch • Raw Edges
  15. 15. Pressing/ Finishing • The next operations are those of finishing and/or decorating. Molding may be done to change the finished surface of the garment by applying pressure, heat, moisture, or certain other combination. Pressing, pleating and creasing are the basic molding processes.
  16. 16. Packing • After making a bale of these garment clothing; Packing is done
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introduction and steps involved in making a complete garment


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