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Open Access
Issues and challenges!
by
Dr. H Anil Kumar, IIM Ahmedabad

ICDL, November 28, 2013
India and education
•

•

•

Education
– Identify what to get educated on
– Identify which institution provides it
– Apply...
Technology Trends
• Technology and Hole in the wall
• The power of the Internet and GOOGLE
• Open Movement
– OSS
– Open Da...
Research Trends
• Shift from analysis to data is becoming
stronger
• Non-scholarly publishing is taking over
traditional d...
http://www.openscholar.org.uk/open-peer-review/
http://www.peerageofscience.org/
“Decoupling the journal”
Citation: Priem J and Hemminger BM (2012) Decoupling the scholarly journal. Front.
Comput. Neuros...
•

The proportion of the UK’s total annual research
output that was available through open access in
2012 was about 40%, c...
Serials expenditures have been rising at approximately
triple the rate of the consumer price index over this time
Current business model in the
scholarly publishing
•

Currently, public funds are used three times in the research process...
A few examples …
http://www.open.edu/openlearn/
www.coursera.org
http://www.collegeopentextbooks.org/
http://www.flatworldknowledge.com
www.intechopen.com
http://www.hindawi.com/
Hindawi
•
•
•
•
•

50K papers per month
40% acceptance
33 institution members
Authors / institutions pay
Revenues $ 0.5 b ...
OA Book Business Models
•

Advertising
–

•

Collaborative underwriting
–
–

•

Fund with profits from non-OA publications...
OA Book Business Models
•

Endowments
–

•

Institutional subsidies
–
–
–

•

institution to subsidize OA publications, in...
Conclusion
•
•
•
•
•

OA as a model has arrived!
Funding issue is the make or break factor!
Government funding may be impo...
THANKS

anilkumar@iimahd.ernet.in
Open Access (ICDL 2013)
Open Access (ICDL 2013)
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Presentation by Dr. H Anil Kumar at ICDL 2013 New Delhi INDIA

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Open Access (ICDL 2013)

  1. 1. Open Access Issues and challenges! by Dr. H Anil Kumar, IIM Ahmedabad ICDL, November 28, 2013
  2. 2. India and education • • • Education – Identify what to get educated on – Identify which institution provides it – Apply –Exam - Admission – Fees – Coursework – Exam – Certificate (credible) Education today – Too many applicants and too few seats – India GER is a little over 19% – Unemployable – skill deficiency – Employer is educating! Quality of education – Lack of access to • Teachers • Courses • Information Resources • Something wrong in pedagogy – Low reading – Academically adrift – 5% learning in the classroom
  3. 3. Technology Trends • Technology and Hole in the wall • The power of the Internet and GOOGLE • Open Movement – OSS – Open Data – Open Education – MOOCs – Open Access
  4. 4. Research Trends • Shift from analysis to data is becoming stronger • Non-scholarly publishing is taking over traditional domains and capturing the mind share • OA – journals and books are increasing • Self publishing • Open Peer review
  5. 5. http://www.openscholar.org.uk/open-peer-review/
  6. 6. http://www.peerageofscience.org/
  7. 7. “Decoupling the journal” Citation: Priem J and Hemminger BM (2012) Decoupling the scholarly journal. Front. Comput. Neurosci. 6:19. doi: 10.3389/fncom.2012.00019 • • • • Concept of a journal is being challenged! COUNTER to PIRUS Citation to usage – IMPACT! Web communication is leading to different ways of impact evaluation - Altmetrics
  8. 8. • The proportion of the UK’s total annual research output that was available through open access in 2012 was about 40%, compared to a worldwide average of 20%. • The latest data from the UK Open Access Implementation Group shows that 35% of the UK’s total research outputs are freely provided through Green, through an existing network of more than 200 active institutional and disciplinary repositories • Inevitable • All agree that it is needed but….funding! • Unsustainable subs
  9. 9. Serials expenditures have been rising at approximately triple the rate of the consumer price index over this time
  10. 10. Current business model in the scholarly publishing • Currently, public funds are used three times in the research process – to pay the academics who conduct the research – to pay the salaries of the academics who conduct the peer review process – to pay for access to this research through institutional journal subscriptions • UK HE libraries – – • Are we being charged more or less than another – No idea – • More than £150m subscriptions annually Yet cannot afford to access all the research that is needed The power to negotiate is driven down There is mounting concern that the financial benefits from the Government’s substantial investment in research are being diverted to an excessive degree into the pockets of publishers’ shareholders.
  11. 11. A few examples …
  12. 12. http://www.open.edu/openlearn/
  13. 13. www.coursera.org
  14. 14. http://www.collegeopentextbooks.org/
  15. 15. http://www.flatworldknowledge.com
  16. 16. www.intechopen.com
  17. 17. http://www.hindawi.com/
  18. 18. Hindawi • • • • • 50K papers per month 40% acceptance 33 institution members Authors / institutions pay Revenues $ 0.5 b (2002) to $5.4b (2010) to $12 b (2011)
  19. 19. OA Book Business Models • Advertising – • Collaborative underwriting – – • Fund with profits from non-OA publications Crowdfunding – – – • share production costs for a forthcoming OA book or OA book collection Print books would be available for purchase separately Cross subsidies – • selling advertising space on the delivered OA content a publisher to pitch potential projects online the broader community—the “crowd” —who may fund work with financial donations With enough financial backing from the crowd, the project goes into production Dual-edition publishing – offer full-text OA editions alongside priced, print-on-demand (POD) editions http://oad.simmons.edu/oadwiki/OA_book_business_models
  20. 20. OA Book Business Models • Endowments – • Institutional subsidies – – – • institution to subsidize OA publications, in whole or part, directly or indirectly It may provide cash, facilities, equipment, or personnel Most of these publishers will also raise revenue by selling POD editions Temporary OA – • OA publisher builds an endowment and use the annual interest to cover its expenses to offer access to a title or collection freely for a restricted period Value-added services – – – – – to offer extra services on top of OA content like royalties on print copy sales, full browsing functions and full-text search of a publication navigation tools; enhanced, multimedia publications connections to blogs, podcast and online resources and social media sites consultancy services; web marketing, e-management.
  21. 21. Conclusion • • • • • OA as a model has arrived! Funding issue is the make or break factor! Government funding may be important INNOVATION in business models is important Only a partnership approach that will work
  22. 22. THANKS anilkumar@iimahd.ernet.in
  • dhirajdeka5

    May. 30, 2018
  • aurvapatel

    Aug. 3, 2015
  • sudhakarpamu

    Dec. 12, 2013
  • sukhi

    Dec. 12, 2013

Presentation by Dr. H Anil Kumar at ICDL 2013 New Delhi INDIA

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