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Lars-Erik Bengtsson
The attraction to self-employment (autobiography)
My firstmemories in life werethat it was very dark.
...
Military's giant headlights searching
The English preferred to fly over northwestern Skåne than over German-
occupied Denm...
into the plane. I remember seeing new materials that I had never seen before.
As a memory, I broughta piece of bakelite.
W...
”Högre allmänna läroverket”for boys in Helsingborg
and my parents thoughtthe same. Higher general education for boys in
He...
What shouldI do now?
If I look at my summer jobs, it would havebeen strawberry picking, running out
of milk for two years ...
Thus, I firststarted practicing at Öresundsvarvet in Landskrona and after six
months at Asea's electric motor production i...
After military service, I wanted to continue studying but for the sakeof
economics I took three shortjobs at Kockum Turbin...
In addition, you must also have the social ability to present whatyou can do for
your customers in a nice and credible way...
Example 1
Air conditioning principal
If a building was to be equipped with an air conditioning system, i.e. cooled and
hea...
MINILUFT
Example 2
Heat storage system
In 1975, theNational Planning Agency came up with a new building standard.
Itwas de...
heating. This ice then melted during the day and cooled off the excess heat in
the building.
The same energy could therefo...
Example 3
Visible gas emissions
The third example is based on the operating staff's problems with leaking
anesthetic gas.
...
Step one consisted of a compact sedimentation unit which separated the
coarsewaste.
Step two was designed so that the part...
My 1974 purchasing boat "LA MER" which has been appreciated by many
foreign customers in the Stockholm archipelago over th...
The morning swim for most of my life
We also established a design office in Brussels in 1985.
Our main business, through t...
At the turn of the year 1989-90, I had300 engineers employed and the
company was organized as a group under the name L.E.B...
L.E.B Gruppen1990
The projects that had begun construction had to be completed, but the project,
which was only at the des...
For example, we had 20 people who were planning a new districtin
Flemingsberg that was only interrupted overnight. After t...
The factory remains one of the best performing units in the SKFGroup.
L.E.B System®
www.lebsystem.se
Our early startwith c...
And going on with increasing intensity.
Societal changes
During my very long period as a self-employed person, I havebeen ...
only employed civil engineers who continued to have a solid education for
what wewere to work with.
Gradually, we havehad ...
coverageand the large repayments of annual large payments to SPP for 300
employees could be made available.
I therefore co...
The concept of leadership is difficult to define becauseit is so different and
dependent on the managerial role you have i...
discussion in the press about how the future economy is assessed and whether
any rule changes fromauthorities arebeing mad...
employees. This can, for example, apply to steam, medical gases, refrigeration,
control and regulation technology, process...
Private
Life has at timesbeen tremendouslylaboriousbut also constantly
stimulatingoutwardly.
Below you will find some pict...
As a self-employed person, I am completelyalone in the crucialdecisions
that must be madeagainst customers, suppliersinmaj...
And manycelebrations. Here Christianand I.
Here 10 years later my ex-wife Anita and Christian
My speech to the guestsat Operakällaren1987 with Anita and the sons
Christianand Staffan
And PARTY
And PARTY
Boating hasbeen a much-needed relaxationfor manyyears. For several
years I wasa board member of the Royal Motorboat Club.
...
Monika
The hobby
Despitemy current age, the alarm clock ringsat 07.00 every weekday
morning and the gymnasticssessionis waiting.
...
The attraction to self employment (autobiography)
The attraction to self employment (autobiography)
The attraction to self employment (autobiography)
The attraction to self employment (autobiography)
The attraction to self employment (autobiography)
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The attraction to self employment (autobiography)

  1. 1. Lars-Erik Bengtsson The attraction to self-employment (autobiography) My firstmemories in life werethat it was very dark. The armadas of English flying fortresses thatwere on their way to bomb raids in Germany thundered high into the air only to be overpowered by the thump- thump-thump-thump of the Swedish anti-aircraftguns, followed by shattering metal fragments fromthe crevices of the air defense projectiles at high altitude. Flying Fortress The only light seen in the evenings and nights was the military's giant headlights searching for planes in the sky to shoot down. We wereneutral and regardless of which nationality illegally flew over Sweden, so the lead was shot down.
  2. 2. Military's giant headlights searching The English preferred to fly over northwestern Skåne than over German- occupied Denmark. The blackoutcurtains made that no houses appeared during the dark part of the day. The street lighting must not be switched on. The cars that wereallowed to ride at night had a special hood for the headlights which, with a centimeter-sized downward-facing channel, illuminated the roadway in frontof the car. The only lights to be seen was the big defense lights searching for planes in the sky to shootdown. If you were born in the country near Helsingborg and had the opportunity to see Denmark in daylight, this was also justa black line on the other side of the strait during the evenings and nights. Immediately beforethe outbreak of war, my father had boughta truck haul company but at the same time he had to call up for military serviceand my mother and I lived alone in the house wemoved to in the country because we had to live in the area to which the haulage permit applied. The house was lonely and becausemy mother was afraid of loneliness, got an older driver who my father had hired and who did not haveto be in military servicestay in the house with us. Shortly afterwards, a flying fortress on its way back to England landed 2 kilometers from our house. Luckily, it did not fly a little further becausewith that landing direction our househad been badly damaged. The crew had jumped further south, and the plane slipped and landed by itself. A friend and I immediately cycled to where the plane landed and, unawareof the danger of petrol and ammunition, we got
  3. 3. into the plane. I remember seeing new materials that I had never seen before. As a memory, I broughta piece of bakelite. When we got out fromthe plane the military came and blocked off the plane and a large area around it. A similar aircraft However, not so broken. There was not much to pass the time with, so it was a pleasure when my father during some of his leave fromthe army took place benches on the flatbed of one of the gas-powered trucks and severalneighbors would go swimming in Öres next to the Domsten. In 1944 I started school. The school period would be six years with two years in primary schooland four years in secondary school. Then the training would be complete. There was a woman teacher for firstand second gradewho weretaught together and there was a male teacher who taught the other four classes in a common classroom at the same time. What I remember from the education was that he taught third and fourth gradetogether and fifth and sixth together. He commuted between chair teaching for one group and self-study for the other group. Personally, I often had to stand in frontof the blackboard and count the math numbers as teaching for other students in third and fourth grade. When I was in fourth grade, my teacher thought I should apply to enter the
  4. 4. ”Högre allmänna läroverket”for boys in Helsingborg and my parents thoughtthe same. Higher general education for boys in Helsingborg. Fortunately, the entrance test consisted of general questions and not only of knowledgequestions fromwhat one would have learned in primary school, which made me accept. Term fees and fees for food meals were reasonable, but crisis vouchers mustbe submitted to get somefood. In comparison with the students who came from the city's schools, wherethere was a teacher for each class and who weretherefore able to get a good education, it was a great effortfor me to catch up. I remember the English lessons, which weresomething new for me but not for the other students. I had difficulty pronouncing the correctword "the". The English teacher's method was to take a hold of the hair behind the ear and twist. It hurta lot and tears came to my eyes, which of coursewas not what you wanted to show the other students. On the other hand, the quiet classroomand the concentration of the thirty students was nothing to be mistaken for. My mother, who in the manner of a mother, is saddened when she sees her son's fighting spiritthat I should stop at the school. Itwas more pleasant when our class teacher, who had set my trip, gave a speech to me on the day of the final exam in frontof the class and told me about his skepticismwhen he saw me from the beginning until now when I received high graduations.
  5. 5. What shouldI do now? If I look at my summer jobs, it would havebeen strawberry picking, running out of milk for two years in a row and office work with the simpler office tasks mentioned in the order. At the same time, I had as much help as I could at my father's haulage company, which has now expanded. This had made me obtain a good physique and was unusually strong for my age. Baking with heavy wheat sacks of 120 kg requires both tricks and strength. In addition, I ran shortdistances very fastand got in a DMin Malmö the time 10.9 sec. at 100 meters. Since we lived right next to a sports field, it was easy to train. During the spring term of the final high schoolyear, my parents had a visit froma female cousin who married an engineer. He would later become head of Asea- atom's construction of Forsmark. For threehours on a sunny summer afternoon, he took the time to talk about his views on working life and technology. When I graduated from high school, my decision was to continue training as an engineer. However, I wanted to practice for a year in a couple of technical industries before continuing my studies. My father had hoped that I would eventually take over the haulage business and expand this but understood me when I told him about the tickling theoretical challenges I hoped to wrestlewith as an engineer.
  6. 6. Thus, I firststarted practicing at Öresundsvarvet in Landskrona and after six months at Asea's electric motor production in Helsingborg. At the Öresund shipyard I camefor the first time in contact with the sometimes quite tough conditions when it comes to building a large ship. For example, working with ice-cold steel or as when I was standing at the bottom of an empty engine room and a craneswung with a large auxiliary machine and tore down a 20x20 cmwooden beam that lay at the top of the edge of the skylight. The man standing in frontof me was peeled off from the forehead and the beam continued down and crushed his legs. At Asea, I had to try the oppositefor a while and feel how monotonous it can be to sit and punch a rotor and stator plate for electric motors. Everything like that is of courseautomated today. After the internship year, I started at Tekniska Gymnasietin Helsingborg, whereI three years later took an engineering degree in mechanical engineering, followed by a year of technically interesting and physically strengthening military servicewith group officer training in air defense. Central instrument Central instrument for coordination of anti-aircraftguns, radar, powder condition, wind etc. As a reward, I received bus pass training there. During the summer holidays at the technical high school, I practiced with construction work at Aseas Electromekano in Helsingborg at the same time as I helped at home with the haulage and the truck mostly at night. I also managed to get a flight certificate at the then Bulltofta airportin Malmö.
  7. 7. After military service, I wanted to continue studying but for the sakeof economics I took three shortjobs at Kockum Turbine department in Malmö as a designer, Svenska Fläktfabriken as a technical salesman in Växjö and Luftkonditionering in Stockholm as a projectmanager. Then I applied to the Swedish RoyalInstituteof Technology. There was a crying shortageof engineers and when I practiced with summer assignments for defense, they offered me employment when I reported my work assignments. I was notinterested in a job, but the hourly chargefor a technical consultantwas very satisfactory. In 1962, I therefore startedmy business withtechnical consulting business25 years old. The journey I amnow embarking on and which still lasts today is filled with hardship and joy, but aboveall with thoughts and technical development. The documentation of this is difficult to describe vividly but should for the people who are covered by similar thoughts as I am a stimulus to perhaps be able to follow the methods and strategies that I have used. Itis also difficult to write in I-form when severalpeople contribute with thoughts and enthusiasmfor what is happening. However, I am ultimately responsiblefor what happens and the control of this. However, I havechosen to write below in us form. More about leadership training. In short, it is about deciding what you wantto achieve in the shortand long term. To convinceyourself that you haveenough knowledge, energy and will to investin whatyou wantto do. To ensure that you have sufficient personalfinances to cope with a start-up and that your surroundings acceptwhatyou are getting into.
  8. 8. In addition, you must also have the social ability to present whatyou can do for your customers in a nice and credible way. To anticipate the events, you must also have the mental stability over the years that guarantees that you will be able to take both successes and setbacks without deviating fromthe legal way of conducting business. If you arein doubt about your physicalconditions for being able to work with whatyou want to do or take sick leave at the slightest defect, then you should probably refrain fromstarting your own business. At the start, I contacted major companies that I had found out had large investments to makeand asked to havea meeting to presentwhat I could be helpful with. I was often given slightly smaller assignments to begin with. Itcould, for example, be a refrigerator or heating system that did not work. I solved the currentproblem in terms of construction, butthen examined the building on my own initiative to see if it was possibleto make economic energy savings or improvethe climate in it. At home, I then made a PM free of charge for this, which I left to the client and offered to do a redesign for a certain fee. I often received orders for this. After a while, I started getting orders for new construction designs as well. The workload with this increased as and soon I also had to work somenights. After two years, I therefore started hiring engineers who could help. Now I began to be able to distribute work tasks to differentpeople and as I hired more and morepeople, the sales work of our services took up more and more of my time. If you are to be able to charge well for your services, you mustbe unique to your customers. Itis not enough to do like all other competitors. My success has therefore been based on developing rational products and system solutions that are appreciated by customers. I thereforebuilt an early development local wherewe could develop prototypes of various products and system solutions, severalof which also led to patents. These were sold to the manufacturing industry which then offered the solutions to the market. Development examples I present here four different examples. Partly why I developed them and partly the solutions.
  9. 9. Example 1 Air conditioning principal If a building was to be equipped with an air conditioning system, i.e. cooled and heated, the normalmethod at the time of starting my company was for the building to be heated with radiators and cooled by blowing in cold air. In some way, the temperature of the radiator water and the cold air supply would be controlled so that the roomtemperature was the right one and that no draft phenomena occurred. To cool an officeroom on the south sidein a building that was made moreand more energy-efficientrequires quite large air volumes. The ventilation ducts therefore became large bumps that were difficult to fit in the corridors and shafts wherethey would go. My company's solution to this was then to distribute the cold with cold water instead of with air as 1 liters of water have four thousand times as much heat capacity as 1 liters of air. The challenge was therefore to develop a productthat could rationally supply the roomwith the required amount of ventilation air and heat the room with the heating water systemand be able to cool the roomwith a brine system that was waterborne. We called the product wedeveloped Miniluft, and it was designed so that it blew in air at high speed, which then entrained room air as we controlled to pass through batteries for cooling or heating with a thermostat control. In addition, the productbecame possibleto place along the inner facades of the buildings and werealso possibleto connect in series on both the air and the water side. Itand further development of this is used today in thousands of buildings in Sweden and abroad. Headlights searching http://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/originalDocument?CC=DE&NR=2541878A1&KC=A1&FT =D&ND=3&date=19760429&DB=EPODOC&locale=se_SE
  10. 10. MINILUFT Example 2 Heat storage system In 1975, theNational Planning Agency came up with a new building standard. Itwas designed so that buildings would be properly energy efficient. The requirement for hygienic ventilation air volumes was reduced and heat recovery was to be increased. The insulation requirement on the building was increased and window sizes weremainly reduced. Since roomcomputers had also started to be used, there was excess heat during the day in an office room, even on the coldest winter day. Nights and weekends there was still a heat deficit. The need to develop a heat storagedevice that could transfer the excess heat fromthe day to be used at night or on weekends was then self-evident. To try to heat and store water during the day, for example the temperature that could be obtained fromthe condenser on a cooling machine to then heat the building with this stored hot water at night would be a too bulky solution with the smalltemperature differences that were possibleto achieve. The solution was instead, since the ice formation heat corresponds to about: 80 degrees temperature change, to use a heat pump at night to freeze ice, in accumulator tanks of a reasonable size, and usethe condenser heat for
  11. 11. heating. This ice then melted during the day and cooled off the excess heat in the building. The same energy could therefore be used repeatedly. The system was marketed under the name ISAC. Patent: http://was.prv.se/spd/patent?p1=oR8kTuGIxSp7eM42P9NdVA&p2=ySzDV5Bb4Q4&hits=tr ue&tab=1&content=lars-erik+bengtsson&lang=sv&hitsstart=0&start=2 The combination of both (The InternationalReal Estate Federation) for the Serenitas building which we designed in Brussels giveus a Real-Estatworlds OSCAR. https://www.fiabciprix.com/ THE FIABCI PRIX D`EXELLENCE1994
  12. 12. Example 3 Visible gas emissions The third example is based on the operating staff's problems with leaking anesthetic gas. Task of surgicalventilation is, of course, to ensurethat no airborne infections reach the open wound. At the sametime, of course, the working environment for the operating staff mustbe satisfactory. Leaking anesthetic worms can release gas into the environment, which in turn affects the surgicalteam. The anesthetic gas is not visible to the naked eye and it is therefore difficult to see if it reaches the people. By placing the gas outflow between an IRradiation sourceand an IRcamera, you can see the gas propagation by the IRradiation being absorbed by the gas. As an IRradiation source, we used an electrically heated cloth with the same temperature over the entire surface. When we used an IRcamera with color, we could see the concentration of the gas and how it spread towards thestaff. Patent application http://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/originalDocument?FT=D&date=19800515&DB=EPODOC& locale=se_SE&CC=SE&NR=7811766L&KC=L&ND=4 Example 4 Development of marine treatment plants. When the international marine organization IMO in 1973 banned the discharge of slag water and wastewater into inland and coastal waters, wewere given the task by the Salén shipping companies to develop a treatment plant that could be used on board ships. Of course, onecould not use the normal land-based technology for biological treatment with air supply to wastewater in large ponds. Our solution was thereforeto develop a solution in 4 compressed steps that would meet the IMO's requirements.
  13. 13. Step one consisted of a compact sedimentation unit which separated the coarsewaste. Step two was designed so that the partially purified water from step one under relatively high pressure, through ejectors with air intake, was injected into a bio-purification tank where the pressurized air bubbles forcerate oxidized and purified residualbiological contaminants. After the biological treatment, step three was designed by floating an injected flocculant on the remaining physicalcontaminants up to the surfacein a subsequentflotation tank and then scraping it away from the surfaceand transporting it to a landfill. The fourth step was to inject somebactericidal substanceinto the drain from the treatment plant so that this clear water became completely bacteria-free. The whole of the productbecame a compact and well-functioning stable unit which became excellently suitable for useon board ships. A separate company, Sale´n Vattenvård, was formed, in which we became a partner and where weassisted with technical expertise in the international sales of the treatment plant.
  14. 14. My 1974 purchasing boat "LA MER" which has been appreciated by many foreign customers in the Stockholm archipelago over the years. The above related examples are someof severalinteresting developments for me that have taken up a large partof my time over the years. The company was developed every year and through the customers'ability to innovate in this way, the problem was more to choosebetween the different assignments. During the 1970s, computerizationof various calculationroutines began. Fromthe beginning, we were connected to Asea's mainframe computer through a terminal with punched strips that we punched. We developed routines for pressuredrop ducts and pipe systems, sound calculations, heat balance calculations, etc. This made competitors come to us and offered to be acquired and included in our business. Our major customers werethe Armed Forces, Volvo, Ericsson, Skanska, NCC and Asea Atom. We worked with secretrock chambers of a "James Bond character" for the defense, hospitals, parts of the nuclear power plant, industrial buildings, Globen city center buildings, laboratories, etc. Abroad, weparticipated in planning and controlwork with the Children's Hospitals in Vietnam, Oil Laboratories in Algeria, Hospitals in Libya and more.
  15. 15. The morning swim for most of my life We also established a design office in Brussels in 1985. Our main business, through the L.E.B Consult companies, is the construction of energy technology solutions in real estate and facilities, but we also had a business with designing administrative documents for how management and operation should go through the L.E.B Teknik companies. In addition, we also undertook the physical operation of complex facilities, such as the Globe. In Stockholm, we also had a design department for the electrical installations that are required for complete functionality to emerge. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RHjhF7F0TlY Personally, I also became a senior lecturer involved in the education of architects at KTH.
  16. 16. At the turn of the year 1989-90, I had300 engineers employed and the company was organized as a group under the name L.E.B Gruppen AB. Through our strong connection to the defense had the company became a K- company. On the other hand, the company name is not as well-known as a very large part of whatwe worked with was of a secret nature and could not be disclosed. Personally, I had become a Lieutenant in the Fortification Corps. The crisis of the 1990s in the early 1990s, whatwas notallowed to happen happened. Virtually all activities in the construction sector stopped. Both in the state, municipality, and privatesector.
  17. 17. L.E.B Gruppen1990 The projects that had begun construction had to be completed, but the project, which was only at the design stage, was interrupted.
  18. 18. For example, we had 20 people who were planning a new districtin Flemingsberg that was only interrupted overnight. After this next project, which was closed and then the next and the next… With the legislation that existed for employment security, there were long periods when employees could sit at desks withouthaving any chargeablework to perform. The salary level for these engineers was not low either, but of coursehad to be paid monthly. For me, there weremany sleepless nights and many bony wet sheets to take care of in the mornings. SSSP - Saudi Strategic Storage Program http://www.svd.se/nyheter/inrikes/sverige-gav-saudierna- hemlig-hjalp-i-25-ar_7084131.svd Luckily for us, Olof Palme had kept the mission of the UN to mediate between the parties in the firstIran-Iraq war. In connection with this, Saudi Arabia's strategic position in the region was touched upon when he discussed the issue with them. The Saudis wereasked at night to build huge underground oil reserves for their safety, combined with defense capabilities, which Sweden could be helpful with. Itwas formed in the organization Saudi and Sverige ABV Rock Group. The leader of the project from the SaudiArabian sidebecame Mohammed al-Amouditoday owner of Preem and Midroc in Sweden. From the Swedish side, both governmentrepresentatives and companies from the Swedish construction industry participated. Since L.E.B had justthe right knowledgeand experience for this type of facility, we were commissioned to design installation and process facilities for this for severalyears for many people with locations in both Stockholm and Riyadh. SKF Nilai Malaysia During the 1990s, wealso received the trustworthy assignmentfrom the Swedish Ball Bearing Factory, which in consultation established a new ball bearing factory in Malaysia. We arranged a site, hired an architect, designed process installations, procured contractors, inspected the construction, and handed over a functional ball bearing factory to SKF.
  19. 19. The factory remains one of the best performing units in the SKFGroup. L.E.B System® www.lebsystem.se Our early startwith computerization of calculation routines resulted in thoughts being born aboutthe possibility of re-computerizing the design business so that it could be used in the management phase. The hitherto normally used drawing board grains were replaced and more by CAD stations on each designer's desk. In addition, CAD softwarenumbers became intelligent with each passing year. Already in the early 1980s, wehad programmed routines that showed when and how preventive maintenance should be performed during a building management phase. In 1985, webegan with an internal multi-year development of a database that would make project design surfaces, products and systems digitally describe the property. Development continues today and is the background to the L.E.B- System success. This digital model then lies behind the routines we create for managing the property and organizationally the entire property portfolio. In the current situation, it has become possibleto "talk" with the drawing. through the databaseWe can creates communication with the drawing and receives information about surfaceinformation, building parts, etc. We can also light up different colored surfaces from thedatabase that show several tasks that are easier to see graphically, such as rental areas, energy consumption per squaremeter, installation system distribution, etc. At the same time, billing rents, energy costs, maintenance costs etc. are calculated. To date, we have spent morethan 1,000,000man-hourson the software. Most of all state properties are today updated in this plus severalother property owners'properties. This business was initially affected by the real estate crisis without development continuing with continuity.
  20. 20. And going on with increasing intensity. Societal changes During my very long period as a self-employed person, I havebeen involved in societal changes and legislation for entrepreneurship that has greatly affected the efficiency of the business conducted. LAS 1974 The Employment Protection Act was introduced in 1974. I had thus conducted 12 years of business withoutLAS existing. In general, you can say that daring to hire a person then was much easier. Should the duties fail, it was possibleto dismiss a person at relatively short notice. If a certain person's knowledgewas not sufficientfor the company or if the person behaved in such a way that he did not fit in with company management, customers, or other staff, it was also possible to ask the person to stop at shortnotice. On the other hand, it was sensitivefor the company to be too harsh in its assessmentin the event of dismissalwithoutjustifying the reasons for the employee not to be considered a company where no one wanted to take a job in. Because LAS did not exist, the company therefore dared to take orders and hire people even if the continuity of business income is clearly overviewed. Strangely enough, an employee still used to be allowed to continue with the employment when he showed ambition for his assignment. The company management usually made an extra effortto take on new tasks for him. When the LAS was announced, a thorough screening of each employee was introduced, and some people were judged to not contain the measurefor continued employment without fail. Almost all weregiven new tasks at new companies where their skills and behaviors fit in better. The communalisationof the school in 1991 The communalisation of the school that was carried out in 1991 had a very large impact on the type of activity I conduct. I and my employed managers have employed very many engineers for many years. Suddenly, after the communalization, I discovered two people with the samegrade did not have the opportunity to performthe same things. For several years, wetherefore
  21. 21. only employed civil engineers who continued to have a solid education for what wewere to work with. Gradually, we havehad a better selection process wherewe can more easily assess thejobseeker's qualifications to manage a job with us. Itis temporary for a person to firstobtain a job which he after a shorttime is forced to leave perhaps under forms of humiliation. Parental insurance1995 Starting in 1995, maleleave for childcare has increased sharply. Especially among the type of white-collar workers who are employed by us. From not having been a noticeable type of leave to almost all allowed and contractual leave out of both women and men. Of course, it is very disruptivefor the business when a person who is in the middle of a multi-year projectand has a lot of agreements and conversations with customers and suppliers in his head says thathe wishes to be away for a couple of months. The cost of doubling male serviceor even replacing him with someone else is not quite simple. The projectmust go on. In any case, it cannotbe likened to the person who disappears buthas a task that can be taken over by someone else after a shorttraining period. In the year 2000, I was 64 years old. My father had recently died, and my mother was hospitalized. I wanted to spend more time than I could havedone over the years with her during her last time in life. The eldest son Staffan wanted together with a friend from the management team to take over the engineering operations in Stockholm and Eskilstuna under the name L.E.B ConsultAB and so it happened. Other offices were sold at the same time to other companies and individuals. Over the years, I had built up my insurance
  22. 22. coverageand the large repayments of annual large payments to SPP for 300 employees could be made available. I therefore combined the possibility of moving to Helsingör wherethe tax would be paid as the so-called Zinc tax in Sweden and that I then had the opportunity to meet my grandmother moreoften in the Helsingborg area. My wifein 2000 and I agreed to sharethe ownership of L.E.BSystem AB and still do. In 2007 I returned to Sweden and the ITbusiness in Stockholm but also with a holiday home in Helsingborg. From whathas been written above, it may seem as if everything has flowed on easily and without any problems. Of coursenot. The workload has often been heavy - but stimulating. My youngestson Christian is the person who has suffered the most from my own and corporate success. I havenever had time to hang out with him. Neither during the school year nor afterwards. On Christmas Eve 2009, I thereforeasked if he would think it would be fun to learn to fly. He did so and the conversation ended with us jointly training in flight theory and buying an airplane. After we received an aero-medical certificate, wetherefore trained together in the winter of 2009 in flight theory at the StockholmFlight Theory Schooland approved exams for the Swedish Civil Aviation Administration in the early summer of 2010. Themid-flight theory test from previous flightcertificates was too old. Christian continued at Bromma Flight Schoolthat I had completed my education with the aircraft we bought, and which was now hung at Ljungbyhed Airportbecauseprivate aircraftowners are not welcome in the Stockholm area. All airports that have previously used the privately operated flight have been added. Since the aircrafthad the type of modern navigation equipment that commercial aircraft have so-called glass cockpit, the normal flight instructors atLjungbyhed could not train me on the plane because their training permit did not allow this. The flight instructor who could train me and who was connected to Ljungbyhed flying club lived in Visby. Training therefore took time since he would show up fromGotland and I fromStockholm and it would also be reasonably good flight weather. My leadershipchange over time.
  23. 23. The concept of leadership is difficult to define becauseit is so different and dependent on the managerial role you have in the context. The self-employed person has the privilege, from the start-up of the company until he leaves this, to make the decisions he considers relevant to the company. This about what it may be if he follows the laws and rules that are stipulated. For many and even for me, this has been the only way to work, and I cannot think of anything else for myself. Employee leadership requires a psychologicalsenseof how a task can be designed so that it is done with the bestefficiency by the employee. It also requires a knowledgeof the abilities of the employee for him to be able to master the task at all. As a manager, I mustbe accepted by my subordinates. Especially as a self-employed person and especially when I lead a business with staff with a high level of education who will work with creative creation. Starting a company alone in the servicesector from the beginning only means that I will be able to execute my orders with approved results from the customer within the costand time frame specified. My personalprofessional knowledgeand my ambition mustbe sufficient. If I can also deliver the order in a shorter time than the calculated one, I can also earn extra money that can be good to have when the time estimate in the quote for my work in another caseturns out to be too short. If I can also present the work with a quality that exceeds my competitors', my future as a self-employed person is secured if my customers havea continued existence. Being self-employed means freedom. I decide for myself. I can myself. But I must haveambition and if I am to succeed, there mustbe order and order around me. When the company'sordervolume increases,I musthiresomeonewho can help me produce this increased order volume. This step, hiring staff, is a sensitive issue. How big is the possibility that the increased size of tasks will last and if it does, what skills should the new employee have? Should the person only be my extended armin handling orders by making them simpler work steps or should I invest in doubling my production capacity by hiring a person with skills that are closer to my own? This is an issue that should be carefully considered. My knowledgeof my customers'futureand the possibility of increasing the number of customers is also important here. At the same time, I should follow the
  24. 24. discussion in the press about how the future economy is assessed and whether any rule changes fromauthorities arebeing madewithin my line of business and which can increase or decrease my work tasks. I must familiarize myself with the legislation that applies to an employment and the protection the employee will have in the event of a dismissalthat I have to pay. If my customers continue to order the work from me and I also manage to increase my customer base, my actions will be the same for the next employee and the next and the next… For my own part, the contact with my customers is more and more to highlight the advantage of having a good team that can handle larger and larger orders. However, I ampersonally stillresponsibleto the customer for the orders placed. When the number of employees is 7-8, I mustsortoutor hire someonewho can also gain the trustof customers and thus get a relief in my responsibility. This is so that I will have the capacity to further expand the company. My income from the businessshouldnowbe of suchan extent that I can havesucha slightly more expensive person employed in terms of salary. In principle, work teams with up to 10 people are suitable to collaborate with in various projects. Thecohesion between the people gets better when the feeling for each other is strong and you know each other's strengths and weaknesses. At the same time, this presupposes that the personal chemistry between the people works and that no person takes liberties that are not accepted by the others in the team. When the number of ten-person teams becomes three or more, my role will be to be a full-time manager of thecompany,the onewhocoordinates theentrance to work tasks and the one who has the overall contact with the company's customers. With 100 employees, organizational issues will, to a greater extent than before, become one of my tasks. For example, I makesureto rationalize and improvethe work performed so that similar sub-tasks and good solutions can be disseminated in the company and become part of the company's know-how. I make sure that people with a special interest in a certain technology are given responsibility within the company to be an engine for this and to inform other
  25. 25. employees. This can, for example, apply to steam, medical gases, refrigeration, control and regulation technology, process pipes etc. In some cases, it may be appropriate to design a separate technical unit for this if the workload with continuity is sufficient. There is a motto that says, "all business is local". With the capacity I now have at my disposal, I can focus on processing larger customers in locations other than my place of start-up. A local representation is often needed, which can be supportivewhen quick work needs to be done. The normal method for me has then been to procure something as small and as similar a company as possible, which has become our branch office and been able to appeal to the head office's expertise when needed. As the company expands further, your role will be to be the leader of the company. This can mean that you may be part of government committees or special investigations, in short, you become the company's PR person. The contact surface with the lines for industry and various societal functions becomes more obvious. At the same time, I also must supervise and control the company. A well- functioning financedepartment isa matter of course.Financialreportsof various kinds are becoming more and more important here. In addition, customer contacts at as high a level as possibleare important to maintain to get feedback on how my company is valued. This should be done on an ongoing basis. Of course, hiring senior executives is also a continuing important part of not losing control. When the company receives assignments abroad, it is essential to distribute these to employees and not fall into any type of own desire to travel that has now become so common. Good management requires a present manager. Wheredoes my own dreamand my own interests comefrom? If my dream from the beginning was to construct new things that, for example, would be based on yourgood knowledgein thermodynamicsor hydraulics,then there is no time for that now. You are forced into administrative and financial tasks that have not really been your tune from the beginning. You may also have to walk around and be nice to people all the time - wow. You simply must find yourself in life as it becomes. And what fun it is.
  26. 26. Private Life has at timesbeen tremendouslylaboriousbut also constantly stimulatingoutwardly. Below you will find some picturesfrom my life that to some extent shed light on this. My sons Christianand Staffan
  27. 27. As a self-employed person, I am completelyalone in the crucialdecisions that must be madeagainst customers, suppliersinmajor personnel issues or in any conflicts, etc. I am both CEO and owner. But aboveall, I must represent the companyin different contexts. I run a technical development myself or in a small team, but therepresentativetasksalso requirea well-read and representativewife. For my own part, I am suitablefor giving a lecture on a matter, but I am completely unsuitable to stand up completely spontaneouslyand give a speech to someone or something about which I do not have completeknowledge. Nor canI claim to be a socialperson in the truesense of theword. Technicians often have the limitationofsaying what is required but no more and this canof course be perceived asa boring attitudebytheaudience. Especially by a tablelady who usually does not have the same attitudeto technology as I do. But most of the timeit works out - wow. The opportunities for representation have been innumerable. In my longtimewife Anita, I found a person who complemented my weaknesses. She was niceto everyone, socially and culturallyinterested. She could at any timestand up and give an amusing speech to a person or talk about an interesting event. Sheexpresses it herself so that she has a largeportionof "useless knowledge".
  28. 28. And manycelebrations. Here Christianand I.
  29. 29. Here 10 years later my ex-wife Anita and Christian
  30. 30. My speech to the guestsat Operakällaren1987 with Anita and the sons Christianand Staffan
  31. 31. And PARTY And PARTY
  32. 32. Boating hasbeen a much-needed relaxationfor manyyears. For several years I wasa board member of the Royal Motorboat Club. THE GOOD LIFE AS IT IS NOW
  33. 33. Monika
  34. 34. The hobby Despitemy current age, the alarm clock ringsat 07.00 every weekday morning and the gymnasticssessionis waiting. At work, in a stimulating way, every day's challenge awaits, and it is a privilegeto be able to staydaily with well-educated and nice people, both middle-aged and younger. And get to participate in the IT developmentthat rationalizes and refines property ownership. I am not really afraid todie - but it is just that I do not have time. But there is probablysomething todevelop on the other side as well.

The attraction to self employment (autobiography)

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