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High Performance Statistical Computing
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High performance computing

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High performance computing

  1. 1. High Performance Computing 1
  2. 2. Outline  Definition  Application  Architecture  Computing Methods  Challenges  Major Suppliers  Trends  Conclusion 2
  3. 3. Definition  HPC is a computer with a high-level computational capacity compared to a general-purpose computer.  Measured in floating-point operations per second(FLOPS). 3
  4. 4. More Information 4  Why do we use them?  Shaheen II, the number 9th in the top 10 list of the most powerful HPC.  Developed at Pakistan (National Defense Complex (NDC))
  5. 5. Application 5  Engineering designs  Military  Medical field
  6. 6. Military 6 Tianhe-2 or TH-2 is the fastest supercomputer in earth made by china at 2001 for Simulation, analysis, and government security applications and purposes. “The United States cannot afford to take a back seat in computer technology to the Chinese, or to anyone else. The nation that leads the world in high-performance computing will have an enormous competitive advantage in every sector, including national defense…”, said Eric D. Isaacs, Director of Argonne National Laboratory and physicist in University of Chicago [2]
  7. 7. Tianhe-2 7 Architecture : - 32,000 Intel Xeon E5-2692 12C with 2.200 GHz - Power : 17.6 MW (24 MW with cooling)
  8. 8. Tianhe-2 8 - Memory : 1,375 TiB (Tebibyte 1024^4) (Terabyte 1000^4) - Storage : 12.4 PB (Petabyte 1000^5) - Speed : 33.86 PFLOPS (normal PC 1-10TFLOPS) - Cost : US$390 million
  9. 9. Tianhe-2 9 Operating system : Kylin Linux, developed by 1,300 scientists and engineers at the National University of Defense Technology in china 2001. It is named after the mythical beast qilin.
  10. 10. Challenges 10  Power and storage.  Verifying and validating application code.  Programming complex massively parallel computers.
  11. 11. Computing Methods 11  Distributed Computing A computers distributed around the world receives small tasks to process and return.  Computer Cluster A computer cluster consists of a set of loosely or tightly connected computers that work together so that, in many respects, they can be viewed as a single system.
  12. 12. Distributed computing 12 A Folding@home is an application integrated in PS3 so PS3 owners would be able to lend the computing power of their game systems to the study of improper protein folding and associated diseases, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Huntington's, cystic fibrosis, and several forms of cancer.
  13. 13. Computer cluster 13  Microsoft Azure ACTnowHPC
  14. 14. Major Suppliers 14  Intel - High Performance Processes (Xeon)  IBM – Equipment (Power system)  OCF - High performance scale-out storage and servers  Qlogic - High performance networking, including adapters, switches.  SysFera – High performance computing softwares and infrastructures [4]
  15. 15. Trends 15  More Scientific Research  Medical Analysis  Military Focus  Artificial Inelegance  Big Data Capabilities.
  16. 16. Conclusion 16  HPC is a giant multi-computing units acting as one  Tianhe-2 is the most powerful HPC  Shaheen II is 9th  Human cannot go further in space or closer to atom without high performance computing .
  17. 17. References 17  [1] www.marketresearchmedia.com/?p=361  [2] www.theubercloud.com/category/high-performance-computing- resource-providers  [3] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tianhe-2  [4] en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distributed_computing
  • MagedAdel5

    May. 17, 2021

High performance computing

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