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Transitioning to a BAT approach

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Experience of Estonia

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Transitioning to a BAT approach

  1. 1. Transitioning to a BAT approach Experience of Estonia 16.11.2020, Regional meeting with Eastern Partnership countries on implementing BAT Senior Officer / Ministry of the Environment of Estonia Kristel Lopsik
  2. 2. Background IPPC regulation was in place from 2001 which was followed by the implementation of Industrial Emissions Directive in 2013. Today there are 242 installations with integrated permits Main activities include: intense farming, combustion of fuels, pyrolysis of fuels, chemical industry, metal industry, mineral industry, wood and pulp industry, waste management. Estonia joined EU in 2004 Transitioning to BAT approach started in 1998 BAT-based permitting system.
  3. 3. EestiVabariik Methods to support transition to a BAT approach • In general BAT is based on BREF-s and BAT Conclusions which have been developed in the EU. • Estonia has not developed a separate legal procedure (incl. General binding rules) to translate or to implement BREF/BAT documents EC implementing decisions and BREFs are directly applicable by environmental authority according to law Guidance and seminars have been carried out to support implementation. • Close cooperation between authorities and installations/industrial association is necessary, but also international cooperation. • Some problems have remained: BREFs are in English (more difficult to understand), BAT Conclusions have official translations. Implementation requires guidance and guidelines.
  4. 4. EestiVabariik • Estonia had support in transitioning to BAT approach: - in 1998-2003 cooperation with Denmark to develop example IPPC permits, to set up a webpage for IPPC and BAT and to carry out trainings - in 2002-2004 cooperation with Sweden on monitoring in industrial installations • In 2008 a study was launched to investigate permitting and implementation of IPPC Directive, including BAT. Recommendations for improvement were given. • Support for installations has been mainly through seminars, trainings and consultations. • For uniform implementation regular meetings between authorities are in place. International cooperation (IMPEL, EU MS). • Supporting investments (in Estonia through Environmental Investment Centre) Methods to support transition to a BAT approach
  5. 5. EestiVabariik Permitting procedures
  6. 6. EestiVabariik Permitting procedures • Implementing BAT starts from applying an integrated environmental permit. First applications from 2004. • Guidance and consultations are necessary for the installation but also for authorities. • In Estonia integrated environmental permits are granted by Environmental Board. Local municipalities are involved by asking for opinions and conditions  goal is to co-ordinate applied activities.
  7. 7. EestiVabariik Experiences with Technical Working Groups • Estonia has set up technical working groups to develop BAT for intensive cattle farming and to develop local fuel (oil shale) based BAT and emission limit values for the energetic use of oil shale and the production of shale oil. • A multi stakeholder TWG was formed, including authorities, industry, NGO, scientists and experts. A research and data collection was carried out by contracted experts. The outcome was local BREF and BAT Conclusions. • Participation in TWG-s on EU level: large combustion plant (LCP), surface treatment with organic solvents (STS).
  8. 8. EestiVabariik Experiences with Technical Working Groups • Challenges with local BREFs: difficult to determine BAT associated emission levels when there are a few installations using different technologies • Requires full cooperation in providing and analysing data from installations • Important to ensure confidentiality
  9. 9. EestiVabariik Implementing BAT in challenging sectors • Challenging sectors: the use of oil shale, large combustion plants, chemical and mineral industry • The cost of investments limited by the deadline of implementation of BAT Conclusions for a maximum of 4 years from publication • Derogation if given, they have to be according to certain conditions. • When possible an action plan is determined in the permit to set activities for full compliance by implementation deadline. • ELV-s: Multi-fuel combustion and the variation of fuels. Renovation of boilers and combining existing and new installations. • Local differences • Learning from the experiences and guidance from other countries.
  10. 10. Thank You for Your attention! Senior Officer / Department of Environmental Technology, Ministry of the Environment of Estonia Kristel Lopsik kristel.lopsik@envir.ee, +372 6 262 860

Experience of Estonia

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