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RPCA, 3th December 2020, Videoconference
RPCA  meeting
Acute Food and Nutrition
Insecurity situation
in the Sahel and West...
Plan1. Process
2. Overview on existing data
3. Outcomes on the zones classification
4. Population estimation per phase
5. ...
Technical support
Financial support
CURRENT DATA AVAILABLE
Livehood 
Change
FCS HDDS HHS rCSI HEA Proxy LC GAM‐W/H BMI
GAM‐
mediane
GAM‐
MUAC
CDR U5MR
Hazard/...
Area under 
Emergency 
October‐
December 2020:
• 5 LGA in Borno
State of Nigeria
861 areas analyzed in 15
countries
Non an...
October-December 2020
Non analysée Minimale Sous pression Crise Urgence Famine Lac Tchad
Area under Crisis and 
worst situ...
June-August 2021
Non analysée Minimale Sous pression Crise Urgence Famine Lac Tchad
Area under Crisis and 
worst situation...
Proportion of population per phase of acute FNI
in 15 countries
273,9
Millions
273,9
Millions
October – December 2020 June...
Country Total Phase 3 ‐ 5
Nigeria 9 206 125
Burkina Faso 2 020 039
Niger 1 228 778
Sierra Leone 852 383
Chad 600 775
Seneg...
Acute FNI Drivers
Impact of Covid‐19 Pandemic :
restrictions related to COVID‐
19, were added to existing
vulnerabilities,...
TREND OF NUMBER OF POPULATIONS ESTIMATED IN CH
PHASE 3 TO WORSE : 2014 - 2021
Million of people
THE GOVERNMENTS AND PARTNERS
 Provide immediate assistance to food and nutritional insecurity
populations "crisis and wor...
THE GOVERNMENTS AND PARTNERS
• Develop resilience‐building actions for people under pressure 
(phase 2) specifically incom...
CILSS AND PARTNERS
• Continue to strengthen the technical capabilities of CH  
analysis cells to improve the quality of an...
DIFFICULTIES
• Lack of ownership on the CH management in some
countries
• Limited availability of data in Benin, Ghana and...
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Acute food and nutrition insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa, December 2020

Presentation prepared by Issoufou Baoua, CILSS, 36th RPCA annual meeting, 3 December 2020.

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Acute food and nutrition insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa, December 2020

  1. 1. RPCA, 3th December 2020, Videoconference RPCA  meeting Acute Food and Nutrition Insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa by BAOUA, Issoufou, CRA/CILSS
  2. 2. Plan1. Process 2. Overview on existing data 3. Outcomes on the zones classification 4. Population estimation per phase 5. Acute FNI drivers 6. recommendations 7. Difficulties
  3. 3. Technical support Financial support
  4. 4. CURRENT DATA AVAILABLE Livehood  Change FCS HDDS HHS rCSI HEA Proxy LC GAM‐W/H BMI GAM‐ mediane GAM‐ MUAC CDR U5MR Hazard/Vuln erability Food  availability Accees Utilization Stability Mali Mauritanie Niger Nigéria Burkina Faso Sénégal Tchad Togo Gambie Libéria Sierra Leone Côte d'Ivoire Bénin Guinée Bissau Ghana Cameroun Nutrition Statut Mortality Contributing factorsFood Consumption Pays
  5. 5. Area under  Emergency  October‐ December 2020: • 5 LGA in Borno State of Nigeria 861 areas analyzed in 15 countries Non analysée Minimale Sous pression Crise Urgence Famine Lac Tchad Area under  Emergency June‐ August 2021: • 8 LGA in Borno and Yobe  States of  Nigeria • 2 Provinces in  Burkina Faso
  6. 6. October-December 2020 Non analysée Minimale Sous pression Crise Urgence Famine Lac Tchad Area under Crisis and  worst situation : • Lac Chad Basin:  Diffa in Niger,  Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States of  Nigeria • Liptako Gourma Zone: Burkina  Faso, Mali and  Niger • Senegal and  Guinea Bisau
  7. 7. June-August 2021 Non analysée Minimale Sous pression Crise Urgence Famine Lac Tchad Area under Crisis and  worst situation : • Lac Chad Basin:  Diffa in Niger,  Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States of  Nigeria • Liptako Gourma Zone: Burkina Faso,  Mali and Niger • Guinea Bisau,  Mauritania,  Senegal  and Sierra  Leone
  8. 8. Proportion of population per phase of acute FNI in 15 countries 273,9 Millions 273,9 Millions October – December 2020 June – August 2021 Minimal Under‐presure Crisis Emergency Catastrophe
  9. 9. Country Total Phase 3 ‐ 5 Nigeria 9 206 125 Burkina Faso 2 020 039 Niger 1 228 778 Sierra Leone 852 383 Chad 600 775 Senegal 511 605 Liberia 450 736 Mali 436 867 Benin 384 655 Ghana 327 583 Cote d'Ivoire 210 027 Mauritania 178 139 Guinea Bisau 153 132 Togo 102 350 The Gambia 72 035 October‐December 2020 Country Total Phase 3 ‐ 5 Nigeria 12 972 098 Burkina Faso 2 726 900 Niger 1 731 303 Sierra Leone 1 359 362 Chad 1 148 995 Mali 954 935 Senegal 849 695 Liberia 554 037 Mauritania 409 940 Benin 281 638 Cote d'Ivoire 186 670 Ghana 163 819 The Gambia 115 412 Guinea Bisau 95 899 Togo 74 252 June‐August 2021 Population estimated under Phase 3-Cris to Worst situation 16,73  M 23,62  M 2,68 M in  Cameroon 2,28 M in  Cameroon
  10. 10. Acute FNI Drivers Impact of Covid‐19 Pandemic : restrictions related to COVID‐ 19, were added to existing vulnerabilities, they have degraded the already fragile livelihoods of vulnerable populations. Economic factors (high prices,  slowed economy) contributed to a  slowdown in the situation (Liberia,  Sierra Leone); Conflict and insecurity remain the main drivers  of food insecurity in the Lac Chad basin   (Nigeria, Chad and Niger), Liptako Gourma Authority zone (Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger); Large displacement of population  because of conflict and insecurity.  In total, there are 4.1 million IDPs  across the region Liptako Gourma zone Lac Chad Bassin Significant production declines mainly due to floods, conflict and other forms of insecurity that have limited access to fields. Pastoral mobility limited  in some areas as a result  of movement restriction  measures related to  COVID‐19 Under 5 Children  malnutrition,  specifically in the  IDP: Burkina  Faso, Chad and  Niger
  11. 11. TREND OF NUMBER OF POPULATIONS ESTIMATED IN CH PHASE 3 TO WORSE : 2014 - 2021 Million of people
  12. 12. THE GOVERNMENTS AND PARTNERS  Provide immediate assistance to food and nutritional insecurity populations "crisis and worse" located mainly in northeastern Nigeria, Lake Chad and northern Chad, northern and western Niger, northern Burkina Faso, northern Mali, and southeastern Mauritania, Liberia, Sierra Leone and western Cameroon.  Support the deployment of humanitarian assistance by ensuring access to inaccessible areas of northern Nigeria, northern and central Mali, Burkina Faso, Chad and Niger are recommended to
  13. 13. THE GOVERNMENTS AND PARTNERS • Develop resilience‐building actions for people under pressure  (phase 2) specifically income‐generating activities for women  and young people • Continue and strengthen measures to prevent and manage  acute malnutrition in areas where alert rates are reported,  including in the Lake Chad Basin, Liptako de Gourma are recommended to
  14. 14. CILSS AND PARTNERS • Continue to strengthen the technical capabilities of CH   analysis cells to improve the quality of analyses ;  • Supporting national mechanisms for collecting, processing  and disseminating information on Agriculture, Food and  Nutrition Security and Resilience.
  15. 15. DIFFICULTIES • Lack of ownership on the CH management in some countries • Limited availability of data in Benin, Ghana and  Guinea Bissau • Limited knowlege of the CH process in Liberia,  Ghana, Sierra Leone

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