About Jane Austen<br />Lived from Dec. 16, 1775 – July 18, 1817<br />Went away to boarding school, but returned home at age 10 due to finances<br />Enjoyed writing from a young age, and decided to start writing as a profession at age 14<br />Famously said, “Anything is to be preferred or endured rather than marrying without affection.”<br />Sense and Sensibility was first novel published<br />Never married<br />Died at 41 from Addison’s Disease<br />
Themes in Pride and Prejudice<br />Pride<br />Prejudice<br />Family and importance of environment and upbringing on development of character and morality<br />Women and marriage<br />Class and social structure<br />Individual and Society<br />Virtue<br />
*Hertfordshire – This is where the Bennet’s home is, as well as Netherfield, Meryton, Lucas Lodge, and other places around town.<br />*Derbyshire – This is where Pemberley is, as well as Lambton and Kympton.<br />*Kent – Ramside is here, as well as Rosings Park and Hunsford. Also, Brighton is here.<br />*Cumberland – This is the famous “Lake Country.” Newcastle is located in Northumberland. <br />*Gretna Green – This is where Lydia believes that Wickham is taking her so they can get married. <br />Important Places in Pride and Prejudice<br />
Women’s Roles<br />Limited education<br />Limited job opportunities<br />Live with family or husband only<br />Must marry, or be a spinster<br />Limitless education<br />Limitless job opportunities<br />Can live on their own if they want<br />Can marry, or stay single, or be a single mom<br />Early 19th Century <br />Today<br />
Many of her novels were based on the idea of her quote. She was proposed to, said yes, but rescinded the next day b/c she knew she did not love the man.JFK also had Addison’s disease, which is when the body has a problem producing the right amount of hormones. She has also said to have died from Hodgkin’s lymphoma or bovine TB, which come from drinking unpasturized milk.
- Pride – prevents characters from seeing truth and achieving happiness. Darcy‘s pride makes him scorn those not in his circle. Elizabeth’s vanity clouds her judgment. They rebuke each other for such behavior.Prejudice – Darcy’s pride is based on social prejudice/Elizabeth’s prejudice is based on her pride on her perceptions. Family – Lydia is frivolous and foolish b/c of parent’s failure to provide proper education. Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner take an active interest in Jane and Elizabeth, which may explain their strong virtues. Mother has poor judgment and father has sarcastic indifference. Marriage – Charlotte marries for financial security. Longbourn goes to a male relative, even though there are 5 girls. Austen believes that women are as intelligent and as capable as men, but they cannot do anything about it. Elizabeth only marries for love. Class – criticizes over-emphasis on class. Differences between Miss Bingley and Mrs. Hurst, who were born into aristocracy yet are idle and mean, and Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner, who are aristocrats based on their virtues and intelligence. Mr. Collins’ rediculous view of Lady Catherine’s “aristocracy.” Individual – Society takes an interest in the private virtue of the individuals. Lydia eloping with Wickham scandalizes the whole family and the whole town; Darcy realizes that his failure to expose Wickham has affected the entire community. Virtue – Austen believes that humans must guide their desires through reason. Lydia seems devoid of virtue because she refuses to discipline herself. Self-knowledge has a central place in obtaining virtue, and must be there for moral improvement to occur.
Gretna Green – Because it was right across the border, couples often escaped there to get married if one or both of them were young because they didn’t have laws about marrying minors.
Education – back in early 19th century, women became “accomplished” instead of truly educated, learning things such as music, reading, sewing, and basically how to be a good wife. Today, women can become as educated as they want to be. Job Opportunities – 19th century, depended on family members to take care of them until they got married. Could work as a governess or as a companion. Living – always with someone to preserve reputation. In P&P, when the girls travelled, they always stayed with family members or respectable married women. Lydia is almost disowned for living with Wickham, unmarried, for 2 weeks, until Darcy pays him to marry her. Today, women can live with family, roommates, friends, boyfriends, or even alone and it doesn’t affect their social status. Marriage – Women were expected to get married so they could be taken care of. They didn’t have an independent life. Today, women can live how they want.