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Communication - Models,Types, Barriers

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  2. 2. What is Communication?  Comes from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share"  Process of sharing ideas, thoughts, intentions, feelings through words or actions.
  3. 3. Model of Communication(contd.) 1. Sender (who sends information in form of message). 2. Encoding (process in which message is converted into understandable signals) 3. Channel (the medium through which message is transmitted between sender and receiver) 4. Decoding (process in which message is converted back into original form) 5. Receiver (who receives information in form of message)
  4. 4. Types of Communication
  5. 5. Types of Communication(contd.) 1. Upward (from lower level employees to management). 2. Downward (from management to lower level employees). 3. Horizontal (peer-to-peer communication). 4. Diagonal (between managers of different departments). 5. Grapevine (rumours).
  6. 6. Barriers in Communication
  7. 7. Barriers in Communication(contd.) 1. Language barriers (use of jargons and abbreviations) 2. Psychological barriers (perceptions of the receiver and the sender). 3. Physiological barriers (hearing problems). 4. Physical barriers (geographic distance). 5. Systematic barriers (inefficient system in structures and organizations). 6. Attitudinal barriers (behaviours or perception)
  8. 8. Verbal Communication  The sharing of information through spoken words.  It relies on both language and emotions to produce desired effects.  It is vital to teaching and learning and to form bonds and building relations with others.
  9. 9. Non verbal Communication  Process of communication between sender and receiver through wordless cues.  It encompasses :- 1. Body language (Kinesics) 2.Voice (Paralanguage) 3. Distance (Proxemics) 4.Touch (Haptics) 5.Time (Chronological)
  10. 10. 7 C’s of Communication
  11. 11. Cross Cultural Communication  Field of study that looks at how people of different cultures interact with each others.  Basically of two types : intraculture and interculture.