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Garments Inspection

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This is about garments inspection.

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Garments Inspection

  1. 1. 3 / 0 4 / 2 0 1 8 D a f f o d i l I n t e r n a t i o n a l U n i v e r s i t y Garments Inspection
  2. 2. Presenter  TAKBIR AHMED  151-23-4151
  3. 3. Company Profile We have visited Golden Apparels and Cap Limited situated at saver,Dhaka. It’s a new apparel manufacturing and cap manufacturing company. It produce export quality product and export their product in Europe.
  4. 4. Process flow Process flow 1. Design 2. Pattern design 3. Sample making 4. Production pattern 5. Marker making 6. Fabric spreading 7. Fabric cutting 8. Inspection 9. Finishing 10. Packaging
  5. 5. Quality control Quality is the fulfillment of the specified requirements for a product or service. Mainly two system are followed for quality control of goods 1. Testing. 2. Inspection
  6. 6. Garments inspection
  7. 7. Garments inspection There are 4 types of inspection precess. 1.Pre-Production Check (PPC) 2.Initial Production Check (IPC) 3.In process Production Check. 4.Final Random Inspection (FRI)
  8. 8. Initial Production Check(IPC): In garments the raw materials are 1. Fabric. 2. Accessories. (Button, Zipper, Sewing Thread, Labels, Elastic, etc)
  9. 9. Fabric inspection Fabric is inspected mainly in two ways A. 4- point system B. 10- point system. Size of hole Penalty Less than 1 inch 2 More than 1 inch 4
  10. 10. Fabric inspection
  11. 11. Fabric inspection Point Grade <40 A Above 40-60 B Above 60-80 C Above 80 Rejected
  12. 12. Accesories inspection Checking criteria of a button are Size (Ligne) Color Shade variation Broken/Cracked Holes Thickness Logo Position Missing logo Eveness
  13. 13. Accesories inspection Checking areas of a zipper are Does slider/runner slides smoothly Sharp teeth Stopper missing Loose stopper/teeth Zipper tape color Zipper tape faulty Wrong type of zipper Wrong material
  14. 14. Accesories inspection Checking areas of a Label are Color Shade Variation Shade Selvedge Length and width Letter missing Illegible letter Word / Space error
  15. 15. Accesories inspection Checking areas of a Label are Color Shade Variation Shade Selvedge Length and width Letter missing Illegible letter Word / Space error Spelling mistake Wrong barcode Excess lettering alphabet
  16. 16. In process production check Fabric spreading and cutting: At first the fabrics spread on the cutting table by manual or machine. Generally 60-100 ply of fabric lay at a time. If there is any problem or faults in the fabric then they want to avoid this fault. But if one cutting piece have any fault then it is very difficult to match the shade of the fabric. Usually the cut piece again cut if there is fabric remain at the end of the fabric roll.
  17. 17. Spreading inspection or Spreading defects 1.Narrow fabric or wide fabric 2.Plies all are not facing in the correct direction 3.Mismatching of checks i.e. plies not spread accurately one above another for cutting. 4.Spreading tension to each ply should be uniform and optimum. 5.Overlapping should be in proper length and width
  18. 18. Pattern and marker making inspection or defects 1.Pattern parts missing. 2.Mixed parts. 3. Patterns not facing the correct direction or napped fabrics. 4.Patterns not facing the same direction on a one way fabric. 5. Patterns not aligned with respect to grain line of fabric. As a result garments may not drape or fit properly. 6. Line deflections poor
  19. 19. Cutting inspection or cutting defects 1.Frayed edges. 2.Fuzzy; ragged or serrated edges. 3.Ply to ply fusion. 4.Pattern precision Notches notch size should not be too large (more depth large notch). 5.Drilling; the drill holes should be in optimum size and no fusion problem along the plies.
  20. 20. Sewing defects 1.Needle damage 2.Skipped stitches 3.Thread breaks 4.Broken stitches 5.Seam grin 6.Seam pucker 7.Pleated seams 8.Wrong stitch density 9.Uneven stitch density 10.Staggered stitch 11.Improperly formed stitches
  21. 21. Seam defects 1.Mismatched of adjacent part 2.Wrong seam or stitch type used 3.Wrong shade of thread used.
  22. 22. Finishing inspection or finishing defects 1.Spots/burn/melt at the time of ironing 2.Broken button, zipper and so on. 3.Flattened nap or surface 4.Change in color 5.Crease not correctly formed 6.Garments not thoroughly dried 7.Stretching in fabric during pressing 8.Pocket and collar incorrectly aligned at the time of 9.pressing and ironing. 10.Lining showing pleats, creases, wrinkles, shines, etc. 11.Shrinkage due to heat and moisture. 12.Incorrectly folding 13.Mismatched trimmings 14.Incorrectly packing (not as per packing instruction).
  23. 23. Finishing inspection or finishing defects: • SPOTS/BURN/MELT AT THE TIME OF IRONING • BROKEN BUTTON, ZIPPER AND SO ON. • FLATTENED NAP OR SURFACE • CHANGE IN COLOR • CREASE NOT CORRECTLY FORMED • GARMENTS NOT THOROUGHLY DRIED • STRETCHING IN FABRIC DURING PRESSING • POCKET AND COLLAR INCORRECTLY ALIGNED AT THE TIME OF PRESSING AND IRONING. • LINING SHOWING PLEATS, CREASES, WRINKLES, SHINES, ETC. • SHRINKAGE DUE TO HEAT AND MOISTURE.
  24. 24. Final Random Inspection or Pre shipment inspection • VERY IMPORTANT FOR AN EXPORT ORDER SHIPMENT • THE LAST STEPS OF GARMENT INSPECTION SYSTEM • INSPECTION VISUAL DEFECTS • MAIN FABRIC, ACCESSORIES, TRIMS, LABEL, FABRIC FAULTS • INSPECTED BY 3RD PARTY / BUYER I. SEGNET II. INTERTAK. III. TUV IV. ITS • TO CONFIRM THE PRODUCT QUALITY, USE THE AQL SAMPLING PLAN TABLE
  25. 25. visual defects are three types  Critical Defects the product unsafe or hazardous  Major defects can result in the product’s failure, reducing marketability, usability.  Minor Defects do not affect products marketability or usability but represents workmanship defects
  26. 26. AQL Level
  27. 27. Buyers instruct about the required AQL  Usually Major – 2.5  Usually Minor – 4.0  Usually Critical – zero tolerance
  28. 28. Reference and Supervised by Mr. Badrul Alam Sumon
  29. 29. “ ” THANKS TO ALL ANY QUESTION ?
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This is about garments inspection.

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