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Heart disease and Obesity by TriAngels

Heart disease and obesity
-a systematic review

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Heart disease and Obesity by TriAngels

  1. 1. Heart Disease and Obesity BY TRIANGELS HALO
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION HEART DISEASE OBESITY GENERALLY REFERS TO CONDITIONS THAT INVOLVE NARROWED OR BLOCKED BLOOD VESSELS THAT CAN LEAD TO A HEART ATTACK, CHEST PAIN OR STROKE IS A COMPLEX DISORDER INVOLVING AN EXCESSIVE AMOUNT OF BODY FAT.
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION (ATHEROSCLEROSIS :CORONARY HEART DISEASE) • TAKES PLACE IN THE BLOOD VESSELS. • THE BLOOD FLOWS THROUGH THE ARTERIES CARRYING THE DOUBLE CIRCULATION IN THE HEART. • BUT WHEN THE BLOOD STRUGGLES TO FLOW EASILY ALONG THE BLOOD VESSELS BECAUSE OF ITS NARROW PASSAGE LEADING TO A HIGHER BLOOD PRESSURE THAN NORMAL. • PLAQUE NARROWS THE CORONARY ARTERIES AND REDUCES BLOOD FLOW TO YOUR HEART MUSCLE.
  4. 4. DATA COLLECTION COMPARISONS OF BASELINE CHARACTERISTICS ACROSS BMI CATEGORIES • NORMAL WEIGHT 18.5 TO <25.0 • OVERWEIGHT 25.0 TO <30.0 • OBESE 30.0 TO <35.0 • SEVERELY OBESE ≥35.0 IN THE SETTING OF OBESITY: DIABETES MELLITUS, SYSTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE, ANTIHYPERTENSIVE MEDICATION USE, LOW‐ AND HIGH‐DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL, TRIGLYCERIDES, AND ESTIMATED GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE. BMI BODY MASS INDEX KG/M2
  5. 5. NORMAL WEIGHT OVERWEIGHT OBESITY SEVERE OBESITY 0 2 4 6 8 10 CORONARY HEART DISEASE NORMAL WEIGHT OVERWEIGHT OBESITY SEVERE OBESITY ADJUSTED* INCIDENCE RATE (PER 1000 PYS) *AT MEAN LEVELS OF AGE, SEX, RACE, SMOKING STATUS, ALCOHOL USE, EDUCATIONAL LEVEL, OCCUPATION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  6. 6. DISCUSSION OBESITY IS A WELL-RECOGNIZED RISK FACTOR FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE. IN THE GENERAL POPULATION, HIGHER BMI IS ASSOCIATED WITH AN INCREASED RISK OF CARDIOVASCULAR EVENTS. SEE! THE STROKE RATE INCREASES AS THE OBESITY RATE INCREASE SO THE OBESITY RATE IS DIRECTLY PROPORTIONAL TO THE STROKE RATE *NODS*
  7. 7. HIGH BLOOD CHOLESTEROL LEVELS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE POOR DIET HIGH LEVELS OF CHOLESTEROL IN YOUR BLOOD CAN INCREASE THE RISK OF FORMATION OF PLAQUES AND ATHEROSCLEROSIS. UNCONTROLLED HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE CAN RESULT IN HARDENING AND THICKENING OF YOUR ARTERIES, NARROWING THE VESSELS THROUGH WHICH BLOOD FLOWS. A DIET THAT'S HIGH IN FAT, SALT, SUGAR AND CHOLESTEROL CAN CONTRIBUTE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF HEART DISEASE. CONCLUSION
  8. 8. (CONCLUSION) WHY HEART DISEASE SUCH AS ATHEROSCLEROSIS IS CAUSED BY OBESITY? Healthy human blood vessel Atherosclerotic blood vessel The blood can flow smoothly Due to the plaque, Blood clots can partially or completely block blood flow. Plaque High amounts of certain fats and cholesterol in the blood
  9. 9. REFERENCES HEART DISEASE OBESITY HOW OBESITY CAUSES HEART DISEASE? https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases- conditions/heart-disease/symptoms- causes/syc-20353118 https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases- conditions/obesity/symptoms- causes/syc-20375742 https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/news/2015/m easurement-cholesterol-function-might- provide-link-heart-attack-risk-patients- psoriasis https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health- topics/atherosclerosis https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2 9789902 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articl es/PMC3250069/ http://jaha.ahajournals.org/content/5/8 /e003921 ~IMAGES ARE TAKEN FROM GOOGLE

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  • TriAngels

    May. 28, 2018
  • ThangRumiGirisha

    Jun. 16, 2018
  • EngLeong

    Aug. 12, 2019

Heart disease and obesity -a systematic review

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