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UNIT 8: FAMILY TRENDSOBJECTIVES: DESCRIBE FAMILY TRENDS
INTRODUCTION• What is generation Gap: • It’s the difference in opinions and behaviors between people of different generations. • For example, each generation in the family might have conflicting views on: • Fashion • Music • Movies • Morals Summit 1: Page 86
SOUND BITES• Read the conversation between Teresa and Bettina talking about Sam and Bettina’s relationship and answer the following questions: • What happened to Sam and Margaret? • What’s the problem in Bettinas family? • What has Bettina done to try to solve the problem? • What does Teresa think about this? Summit 1: Page 87
EXPRESSIONS FROM CONVERSATIONEND A RELATIONSHIP • We split up • We had a falling out • Things didn’t work outSTART A RELATIONSHIP • We got back together • My girlfriend and I are trying to patch things up • In the end, things didn’t workoutGOOD BEHAVIOR • My son is well-behaved • I sent the children to a summer camp to see if they shape upBAD BEHAVIOR • Michael is such a troublemaker • Ever since my son turned 11 he started to act up. • My daughter never talks back to her teachers. Summit 1: Page 88
EXPRESSIONS FROM CONVERSATION• Write down a sentence for each of the following expressions used in the conversation about relationships: • Get Back together (positive for the relationship) • Patch things up (+) • Split up (Negative for the relationship) • To have a falling out (-) • To work out things out (+) • To act up (-) • To talk back (-) • To be a troublemaker (-) • To shape up (+) • To be well behaved (+) Summit 1: Page 88
GRAMMAR SNAPSHOT• Read an excerpt of this article and notice the use of Repeated Comparatives and Double Comparatives: • “Current trends show the size of families is changing, impacting societies worldwide. Women are marrying later, and couples are waiting longer to have children. And the longer couples wait to have children, the fewer children they have.” • In addition to the falling birthrate, there is a rising life expectancy. With people living longer and longer, families are going to have to face the challenges posed by an aging population.” Summit 1: Pages 88-89
DOUBLE COMPARATIVES• Double comparatives are used to describe a cause-and-effect process, for example: • The more something causes a situation, the better the effect is. • The higher the price of the food (cause),the fewer the people buy (effect). • Note: When be is used in double comparatives, it is sometimes omitted: • The better the quality of health care (is), the highest the life expectancy (is). Summit 1: Page 88-89
REPEATED COMPARATIVES• Repeated comparatives are used to describe actions and things that are increasing and decreasing: • The birthrate is getting lower and lower. • More and more people are marrying later. • Note: Repeated comparatives and double comparatives use adjectives and adverbs depending on the type of word that is being modified: • The more women work (adverb), the fewer children (adjective) they have. Summit 1: Page 88-89
VOCABULARY: PARENT AND TEEN BEHAVIOR PARENTS TEENS• Strict: parents set a • Rebellious: Teenagers lot of restrictions. refuse to follow rules.• Lenient: Parents let • Spoiled: Teenagers their kids do anything expect to have or do they want. whatever they want.• Overprotective: • Disrespectful: Parents worry too Teenagers are rude to much about their adults and think what kids. adults say is not• Rebellious important. Summit 1: Page 90-91
TRANSFORMING VERBS / ADJECTIVES INTO NOUNS Most of words don’t follow rules for their formation as nouns, but we can see different groups to better remember: From Verbs From Adjectives • Expect → Expectation • Fair → Fairness • Explain → Explanation • Strict → Strictness • Develop → Development • Generous → Generosity • Involve → Involvement • Mature → Maturity • Courteous → Courtesy • Important → Importance • Difficult → Difficulty • Independent → • Responsible → Responsibility Independence • Reliable → Reliability • Lenient → Lenience Summit 1: Page 92-93
READING: UNCERTAIN FUTURE Read the article on your book and match the answers to the questions1- How is China population A- Because of the country’s onechanging? child policy.2- Why does this change fasterthan in other countries? B- The responsibility is being transferred to nursing homes and the government.3- How have the elderly beentraditionally cared for? C- Their children have looked after them.4- How are the elderly beingcared today? D- It’s aging population is increasing fast.
READING: UNCERTAIN FUTURE CHECK YOUR ANSWERS!1- How is China population A- Because of the country’s onechanging? child policy.2- Why does this change faster B- The responsibility is beingthan in other countries? transferred to nursing homes and the government.3- How have the elderly been C- Their children have lookedtraditionally cared for? after them.4- How are the elderly being D- It’s aging population iscared today? increasing fast.
WRITING: AVOID COMMA SPLICES AND RUN-ONS• A comma splice is when you connect two sentences with a comma and no coordinating conjunctions (and- for-or-yet-but-nor-so). • For example: “My grandmother taught me how to bake, however I never do.”• To avoid these mistakes, you can: • Use a period and capitalize the following word • Use a semicolon • Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction• Now correct the three mistakes from the paragraphs about grandmother’s advices. Summit 1: Page 96