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Unit 10 Your Free TimeOBJECTIVES: • Explain the benefits of leisure activities • Describe Hobbies and other interests • Compare your use of leisure time • Discuss the risk-taking personality
IntroductionDoes technology always live up to its promises? Cars were supposed to make it easy to get away from it all. Television was supposed to bring families closer for quality time together. New household appliances were supposed to increase free time and cut back on time spent doing chores. But the reality is that none of these promises made by the inventors have really happened. In your opinion, what technological advances do save us time?Summit 1: Page 110
Sound Bites How do you spend your time? This job is really getting to me! This job is creating a lot of stress for me Are you kidding? You can’t be serious I’m up to my ears with paper work. I have too much work to do. A little Rand R would do you some good. You would benefit from taking some time off (Rest and Relaxation) I can catch up on my work. I can get ahead with my work You need to just take it easy. You nee to take a break and relaxSummit 1: Page 101
Conversation Snapshot: Collocations Play Games Do handcraft Play chess Do embroidery Play video games Do wood carving Play Ping-Pong Crotchet Do Fitness activities Have hobbies Do karate Raise rabbits Do aerobics Restore antiques Do yoga Collect coinsSUMMIT 1: Page 112
Word Skill: Adverbs Use an adverb to modify a verb or adjective. Many adverbs are formed by adding –ly to an adjective: Creative Creatively Emotional Emotionally Financial Financially Intellectual Intellectually Physical Physically Social Socially Spiritual Spiritually “Karate challenges you physically.”SUMMIT 1: 113
Grammar Snapshot: Order of Modifiers When using more than one modifier (adjectives, determiners etc.) you must keep this order: 1st Determiners (articles /pronouns): a, an, the, this, my, etc.) 2nd Ordinals: First, second, twentieth etc. 3rd Quantifiers: one, a few, some, many. 4th Adjectives: Small, back, big etc. 5th Nouns (student, door, book, etc.) “My first few beautiful, antique, Italian, crystal, wood tables.” 1 2 3 4 5SUMMIT 1: Page 114
Order of Adjectives When using adjectives before the noun, follow this order: 1. Size (small, big) 2. Opinion (pretty, stupid) 3. Age (old, young) 4. Shape (round, square) 5. Color (black, red) 6. Origin (American, Chinese) 7. Material (leather, silk) “A beautiful miniature vase” /“A small fragile cup”SUMMIT 1: Page 114
Reading: Is Technology Killing Time? Read the article on your summit book and answer the chart: Promise Reality What’s the author’s main point about technology today?SUMMIT 1 Page 116
Vocabulary: Ways to Talk About Fear I can’t wait to I wouldn’t dare go hang go hang gliding gliding Skydiving Skydiving scares doesn’t scare the life out of me a bit me There’s There’s no a nothing like chance I would surfing go surfing I can’t get enough of You wouldn’t catch me white- white-water water rafting rafting Bungee You’d have to be out of your jumping is no mind to go sweat bungee jumpingSUMMIT 1: Page 118
Writing: Comment On Another’s Point Of View When you write to critique or • Because comment on • This is why… another’s spoken • Since… or written ideas, present your • On account of… reasons logically, • First of all… using connecting words to give • I also… reasons and to • In addition… sequence your ideas: • Finally…SUMMIT 1: Page 120