Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Upcoming SlideShare
What to Upload to SlideShare
Next
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.

Share

Africa 2020

Download to read offline

Africa is the second-largest and second most populated continent on earth.
It covers 6% of the earth’s total surface area and 20% of its land area.
16% of the earth's human population lives in Africa.
It is bordered to the north by the Mediterranean sea, to the northeast by the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea, to the southeast by the Indian Ocean and the West by the Atlantic ocean.
The following slides present an overview of the 54 independent countries of Africa as of July 2020.

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all
  • Be the first to like this

Africa 2020

  1. 1. AFRICA 2020 DR. BASIL BEMGBA ACHIE MBBS Ibadan
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Africa is the second largest and second most populated continent on earth. It covers 6% of the earth’s total surface area and 20% of its land area. 16% of the earths human population live in Africa. It is bordered to the north by the Mediterranean sea, to the northeast by the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea, to the southeast by the Indian ocean and to the West by the Atlantic ocean. The following slides present an overview of the 54 independent countries of Africa as of July 2020.
  3. 3. REGIONAL CENTRAL AFRICA Burundi Chad Equatorial Guinea Cameroon Congo Gabon Central African Republic DR Congo Sao Tome and Principe EASTERN AFRICA Comoros Madagascar South Sudan Djibouti Mauritius Sudan Eritrea Rwanda Uganda Ethiopia Seychelles UR of Tanzania Kenya Somalia NORTHERN AFRICA Algeria Mauritania Tunisia Egypt Morocco
  4. 4. SOUTHERN AFRICA Angola Malawi Zambia Botswana Mozambique Zimbabwe Eswatini Namibia Lesotho South Africa WESTERN AFRICA Benin Ghana Niger Burkina Faso Guinea Nigeria Carbo Verde Guinea Bissau Senegal Cote d’Ivoire Liberia Sierra Leone Gambia Mali Togo
  5. 5. ALPHABETICAL S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 1 Algeria Algiers Abdelmadjid Tebboune Arabic 2 Angola Luanda Joao Lorenco Portuguese 3 Benin Porto-Novo Patrice Talon French 4 Botswana Gaborone Mokgweetsi Masisi English, Setswana 5 Burkina Faso Ouagadougo u Roch Marc Kabore French 6 Burundi Bujumbura Evariste Ndayishimiye Kirundi, French 7 Carbo Verde Praia Jorge Carlos Fonseca Portuguese 8 Cameroon Yaoundé Paul Biya French 9 Central Africa Republic Bangui Faustin-Archange Touadera French
  6. 6. S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 12 Democratic Rep. of the Congo Kinshasa Felix Tshisekedi French 13 Republic of Congo Brazzaville Denis Sassou Nguesso French 14 Cote d’Ivoire Yamoussoukr o Alassane Ouattara French 15 Djibouti Djibouti Ismail Omar Guelleh Arabic, French 16 Egypt Cairo Abdel Fattah El- Sisi Arabic 17 Equatorial Guinea Malabo Teodoro Obiang Nguemo Mbasogo Spanish 18 Eritrea Asmara Isaias Afwerki English 19 eSwatini Mbabane Mswati III Swazi, English 20 Ethiopia Addis Ababa Sahle-Work Amharic
  7. 7. S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 25 Guinea Bissau Bissau Umaro Sissoco Embalo Portuguese 26 Kenya Nairobi Uhuru Kenyatta English, Swahili 27 Lesotho Maseru Letsie III Sesotho, English 28 Liberia Monrovia George Weah English 29 Libya Tripoli Fayez Al-Sarraj Arabic 30 Madagascar Antananarivo Andry Rajoelina Malagasy, French 31 Malawi Lilongwe Lazarus Chakwera English 32 Mali Bamako Ibrahim Boubacar Keita French 33 Mauritania Nouakchott Mohamed Ould Ghazouani Arabic 34 Mauritius Port Louis Prithvirajsing English
  8. 8. S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S) 36 Mozambique Maputo Filipe Nyusi Portuguese 37 Namibia Windhoek Hage Geingob English, German, Afrikaans 38 Niger Niamey Mohamadou Issoufou French 39 Nigeria FCT Abuja Muhammadu Buhari English 40 Rwanda Kigali Paul Kagame English, French, Kinyarwanda 41 Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome Evaristo Carvalho Portuguese 42 Senegal Dakar Macky Sall French 43 Seychelles Victoria Danny Faure Seselwe, French, English
  9. 9. S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 46 South Africa Pretoria Cyril Ramaphosa English 47 South Sudan Juba Salva Kiir Mayardit English 48 Sudan Khartoum Abdel Fattah Al- Burhan Arabic 49 Tanzania Dodoma John Magafuli Kiswahili, English 50 Togo Lomé Faure Gnassingbe French 51 Tunisia Tunis Kais Saied Arabic 52 Uganda Kampala Yoweri Museveni English 53 Zambia Lusaka Edgar Lungu English 54 Zimbabwe Harare Emmerson Mnangagwa English
  10. 10. 1. ALGERIA
  11. 11. ALGERIA CAPITAL – Algiers Country in northwestern Africa. Currency – 1 Algerian dinar (AD), consisting of 100 centimes Area – 2,381,741 sq km. Demonym: Algerian National Day: July 5 (Independence date from France in 1962) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population: 42.23 million (2018) GDP – 173.8 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,114.72 USD (2018) National Anthem: Kassaman Motto: S weyref I weyref (By the People and for the People)
  12. 12. ABDELMADJID TEBBOUNE PRESIDENT OF ALGERIA Born 17 November 1945 Assumed office 19 December 2019 8th President of Algeria Previously Prime Minister of Algeria in 2017 Party – National Liberation Front
  13. 13. 2. ANGOLA
  14. 14. ANGOLA CAPITAL – Luanda Country in west central Africa Currency – 1 readjusted kwanza (AOK), consisting of 100 lwei Area – 1,246,700 sq km Official name - Republic of Angola Demonym: Angolan National Day: 11 November (Independence date from Portugal in 1975) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Portuguese Population: 30.81 million (2018) GDP – 105.8 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,432.39 USD (2018) National Anthem: Angola Avantei (Onwards Angola) Motto: Virtus Unita Fortior (Latin) Virtue is stronger when united (English)
  15. 15. JOAO LORENCO PRESIDENT OF ANGOLA Born 5 March 1954 Assumed office 26 September 2017 Third president of Angola Previously minister of defense from 22 April 2014 to 26 September 2017 Political party – MPLA Education – Industrial Institute of Luanda. Lenin Superior Academy.
  16. 16. 3. BENIN
  17. 17. BENIN CAPITAL – Porto-Novo Country in West Africa between Togo and Nigeria, with a short coastline on the Bight of Benin. Currency – 1 Communaut Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 112,622 sq km Official name - Republic of Benin Former name – Dahomey until 1975 Demonyms: Beninese, Beninois National Day: 1 August (Independence date from France in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population: 11.49 million (2018) GDP – 10.35 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita –901.54 USD (2018) National Anthem: L’aube Nouvelle (The dawn of a new day) Motto: Fraternite, Justice, Travail (Brotherhood, Justice, Work)
  18. 18. PATRICE TALON PRESIDENT OF BENIN Born 1 May 1958 Assumed office 6 April 2016 8th President of Benin Businessman and politician Political party – Independent Education – University of Dakar. École nationale de l'aviation civile.
  19. 19. 4. BOTSWANA
  20. 20. BOTSWANA CAPITAL – Gaborone Landlocked country in southern Africa that shares borders with Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. Currency – 1 pula (P), consisting of 100 thebe Area – 581,730 sq km. Official name – Republic of Botswana Demonym: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) National Day: 30 September (Independence date from the United Kingdom in 1966) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – English, Setswana Population: 2.254 million (2018) GDP – 18.62 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 8,258.64 USD (2018) National Anthem: Fatshe Leno La Rona (This is our Land) Motto: Pula (Rain)
  21. 21. MOKGWEETSI MASISI PRESIDENT OF BOTSWANA Born 21 July 1961 Assumed office 1 April 2018 8th president of Botswana Previously Vice President of Botswana from 12 November 2014 to 1 April 2018 Political party – Botswana Democratic Party Education – Florida State University.
  22. 22. 5. BURKINA FASO
  23. 23. BURKINA FASO CAPITAL – Ouagadougou Landlocked country in West Africa Currency – 1 Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 274,200 sq km Official name - Democratic Republic of Burkina Faso Former name – Upper Volta Demonym: Burkinabe National Day: 3 August (Independence date from France in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population: 19.75 million (2018) GDP – 14.12 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 715.12 USD (2018) National Anthem: Une Seule Nuit (One single night) Motto: Unite, Progres, Justice (Unity, Progress, Justice)
  24. 24. ROCH MARC CHRISTIAN KABORÉ PRESIDENT OF BURKINA FASO Born 25 April 1957 Assumed office 29 December 2015 Previously Prime Minister of Burkina Faso from 22 March 1994 to 6 February 1996 Political party – People’s Movement for Progress Education – University of Burgundy.
  25. 25. 6. BURUNDI
  26. 26. BURUNDI CAPITAL – Bujumbura Landlocked country in east central Africa. It is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Currency – 1 Burundi franc (FBu), consisting of 100 centimes Area – 27,834 sq km Official name - Republic of Burundi Former name - Ruanda-Urundi until 1962 Demonym: Burundian National Day: 1 July (Independence date from Belgium in 1962) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Kirundi, French Population: 11.18 million (2018) GDP – 3.037 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 271.75 USD (2018) National Anthem: Burundi Bwacu (Our Burundi) Motto: Unite, Travail, Progres (Unity, Progress, Work)
  27. 27. EVARISTE NDAYISHIMIYE PRESIDENT OF BURUNDI Born 1968 Assumed office 18 June 2020 9th President of Burundi
  28. 28. 7. CABO VERDE
  29. 29. CABO VERDE CAPITAL – Praia Island country lying about 644 km/400 mi off the coast of Senegal in West Africa Currency – 1 Cape Verdean escudo (CVEsc), consisting of 100 centavos Area – 4,033 sq km Official name - Republic of Cape Verde Demonym: Cape Verdian or Cape Verdean. National Day: 5 July (Independence date from Portugal in 1975) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Portuguese Population: 543,767 (2018) GDP – 1.977 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,635.41 USD (2018) National Anthem: Cantico Da Libertade (Song of freedom) Motto: Unidade, Trabalho, Progresso (Portuguese) Unity, Work, Progress (English)
  30. 30. JORGE CARLOS FONSECA PRESIDENT OF CABO VERDE Born 20 October 1950 Assumed office 9 September 2011 4th president of Cabo Verde Politician, lawyer, and university professor Spouse: Ligia Fonseca Political party – Movement for Democracy Education – University of Lisbon.
  31. 31. 8. CAMEROON
  32. 32. CAMEROON CAPITAL – Yaoundé Country in west central Africa. Currency – 1 Communaut Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 475,442 sq km Official name - Republic of Cameroon Demonym: Cameroonian National Day: 20 May (Unity day in 1972) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – French, English Population: 25.22 million (2018) GDP – 38.68 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,533.74 USD (2018) National Anthem: O Cameroon, cradle of our forefathers Motto: Peace, Work, Fatherland
  33. 33. PAUL BIYA PRESIDENT OF CAMEROON Born 13 February 1932 Assumed office 6 November 1982 2nd President of Cameroon Previously 1st Prime Minister of Cameroon from 1975 to 1982 Spouse: Chantal Vigouroux Political party – RDPC Education – National School of Administration, Paris Institute of Political Studies.
  34. 34. 9. CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
  35. 35. CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CAPITAL – Bangui Landlocked country in central Africa. It is bordered by Chad, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo, and Cameroon. Currency – 1 Communaut Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 622,436 sq km Former name - Ubangi-Shari until 1958 Demonym: Central African National Day: 1 December (Republic day in 1978) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population: 4.666 million (2018) GDP – 2.22 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 475.72 USD (2018) National Anthem: La Renaissance (The Renaissance) Motto: Unite, Dignite, Travail (Unity, Dignity, Work)
  36. 36. FAUSTIN-ARCHANGE TOUADERA PRESIDENT OF CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC Born 21 April 1957 Assumed office 30 March 2016 8th President of CAR Politician and academic Previously Prime Minister of CAR from 22 January 2008 to 17 January 2013 Spouses: Brigitte Touadera, Tina Touadera Political party – Independent Education – University of Bangui. University of Cocody. University of Lille. University of Yaounde.
  37. 37. 10. CHAD
  38. 38. CHAD CAPITAL – Ndjamena Landlocked country in north central Africa, bordered on the north by Libya, on the east by Sudan, on the south by the Central African Republic, and on the west by Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger Currency – Communaut Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area –1,284,000 sq km Official name - Republic of Chad Demonym: Chadian National Day: 11 August ( Independence from France in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – French, Arabic Population: 15.48 million (2018) GDP – 11.27 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 728.34 USD (2018) National Anthem: La Tchadienne (The Chadian) Motto: Unite, Travail, Progres (Unity, Work, Progress)
  39. 39. IDRISS DEBY PRESIDENT OF CHAD Born June 18, 1952 Assumed office 2 December 1990 8th President of Chad Former Chairperson of the African Union from 30 January 2016 to 30 January 2017 Political party – Patriotic Salvation Movement He is a graduate of Muammar Gaddafi's World Revolutionary Center.
  40. 40. 11. COMOROS
  41. 41. COMOROS CAPITAL – Moroni An independent state consisting of a group of islands in the Indian Ocean, 290 km/180 mi from Mozambique and 320 km/200 mi from Madagascar. Currency – 1 Comorian franc (CF), consisting of 100 centimes Area – 1,862 sq km Official name - Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros Demonyms: Comoran, Comorian National Day: 6 July (Independence date from France in 1975) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – French, Arabic Estimated Population: 832,322 (2018) GDP – 1.178 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,415.26 USD (2018) National Anthem: Udzima Wa Ya Masiwa (The Union of the Great Islands) Motto: Unite, Justice, Progres (Unity, Justice, Progress)
  42. 42. AZALI ASSOUMANI PRESIDENT OF COMOROS Born January 1, 1959) Assumed office 26 May 2016 Political party – Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros Previously he was President Comoros from 1999 to 2002 and again from 2002 to 2006 Education - Royal Military Academy in Morocco.
  43. 43. 12. DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO
  44. 44. DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO CAPITAL – Kinshasa Large equatorial country of Central Africa with a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean. Currency – 1 Congolese franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 2,344,885 sq km Other name – Congo Kinshasa Demonym: Congolese National Day: 30 June (Independence date from Belgium in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population: 84.07 million (2018) GDP – 47.23 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 561.78 USD (2018) National Anthem: Debout Congolais (Arise Congolese) Motto: Justice, Paix, Travail (Justice, Peace, Progress)
  45. 45. FELIX TSHISEKEDI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO Born 13 June 1953 Assumed office 25 January 2019 5th President of the DRC Political party –Union for Democracy and Social Progress
  46. 46. 13. REPUBLIC OF CONGO
  47. 47. REPUBLIC OF CONGO CAPITAL – Brazzaville Country in west central Africa, on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Currency – 1 Communaut Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 342,000 sq km Other name – Congo Brazzaville Former name - People's Republic of the Congo1970-1992 Demonym: Congolese National Day: 15 August (Independence date from France in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population: 5.244 million (2018) GDP – 11.26 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,147.77 USD (2018) National Anthem: La Congolaise (The Congolese) Motto: Unite, Travail, Progress (Unity, Work, Progress)
  48. 48. DENIS SASSOU NGUESSO PRESIDENT OF REPUBLIC OF CONGO Born 23 November 1943 Assumed office 25 October 1997 5th President of the Republic of Congo He was previously President from 1979 to 1992. Political party – Congolese Party of Labour Education - National Active Non-Commissioned Officers School France. École militaire de Cherchell.
  49. 49. 14. COTE D’IVOIRE
  50. 50. COTE D’IVOIRE CAPITAL – Yamoussoukro Country in West Africa, situated north of the Gulf of Guinea and east of Liberia Currency – 1 Communaut Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 322,462 sq km Official name - Republic of Côte d'Ivoire Former name - Ivory Coast Demonym: Ivorian National Day: 7 August (Independence date from France in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population: 25.07 million (2018) GDP – 43.01 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,715.53 USD (2018) National Anthem: L’Abidjanaise (The Song of Abidjan) Motto: Union, Discipline, Travail (Unity, Discipline, Work)
  51. 51. ALASSANE OUATTARA PRESIDENT OF COTE D’IVOIRE Born 1 January 1942 Assumed office 4 December 2010 5th President of Cote d’Ivoire He was the Prime Minister of Côte d'Ivoire from November 1990 to December 1993 Political party – Rally of the Republicans Alma Mater – Drexel University, University of Pennsylvania.
  52. 52. 15. DJIBOUTI
  53. 53. DJIBOUTI CAPITAL – Djibouti Country in the Horn of Africa, bordered by the Gulf of Aden, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Eritrea Currency – 1 Djibouti franc (DF), consisting of 100 centimes Area – 23,200 sq km Official name – Republic of Djibouti Demonym: Djibouti National Day: 27 June (date of declaration of Independence from France in 1977) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Arabic, French Population: 958,920 (2018) GDP – 2.956 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,082.54 USD (2018) National Anthem: Jabuuti (Djibouti) Motto: Unite, Egalite, Paix (Unity, Equality, Peace)
  54. 54. ISMAIL OMAR GUELLEH PRESIDENT OF DJIBOUTI Born 27 November 1946 Assumed office 8 May 1999 2nd President of Djibouti Political party – People’s Rally for Progress
  55. 55. 16. EGYPT
  56. 56. EGYPT CAPITAL – Cairo Country in northeastern Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea Currency – 1 Egyptian pound (£E), consisting of 100 piastres Area – 997,739 sq km Official name – Arab Republic of Egypt Demonym: Egyptian National Day: 23 July (Revolution date in 1952) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population: 98.42 million (2018) GDP – 250.9 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,549.13 USD (2018) National Anthem: Bilady Laki Hubby Wa Fu’adi (My Homeland, You have my love and my heart) Motto: Ank, Uza, Seneb (Life, Health, Well-being)
  57. 57. ABDEL FATTAH EL-SISI PRESIDENT OF EGYPT Born 19 November 1954 Assumed office 8 June 2014 6th President of Egypt Political party – Independent Education – Egyptian Military Academy.
  58. 58. 17. EQUATORIAL GUINEA
  59. 59. EQUATORIAL GUINEA CAPITAL – Malabo Country in West Africa bordered by Cameroon, Gabon, and the Atlantic Ocean, and comprising a mainland section, Río Muni, and several islands. Currency – 1 Communaut Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 28,051 sq km Official name - Republic of Equatorial Guinea Demonym: Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean. National Day: 12 October (Independence OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Spanish Population: 1.309 million (2018) GDP – 13.43 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita –10,261.76 USD (2018) National Anthem: Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa Felicidad (Let us tread the path of our immense happiness) Motto: Unidad, Paz, Justicia (Unity, Peace, Justice)
  60. 60. TEODORO OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO PRESIDENT OF EQUATORIAL GUINEA Born 5 June 1942 Assumed office 3 August 1979 2nd President of Equatorial Guinea Chairperson of the African Union from 2011 to 2012 Political party – Democratic Party
  61. 61. 18. ERITREA
  62. 62. ERITREA CAPITAL – Asmara Country on the Red Sea coast in northeastern Africa, bordered by Sudan and Ethiopia Currency – 1 nakfa, consisting of 100 cents Area – 121,144 sq km Official name - State of Eritrea Demonym: Eritrean National Day: 24 May (Independence date from Ethiopia in 1991) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Tigrinya, Tigre, Arabic, English, others Estimated Population: 5, 309, 659 (2019) GDP – 4.813 billion USD (2017) GDP per Capita – 979.692 USD (2017) National Anthem: Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea Motto: The State of Eritrea ( in Tigrinya)
  63. 63. ISAIAS AFWERKI PRESIDENT OF ERITREA Born 2 February 1946 Assumed office 24 May 1993 1st President of Eritrea Political party – People’s Front for Democracy and Justice Education – Addis Ababa University.
  64. 64. 19. ESWATINI
  65. 65. ESWATINI CAPITAL – Mbabane Landlocked country in southern Africa Currency – 1 lilangeni (E), consisting of 100 cents Area – 17,363 sq km Official name – Kingdom of eSwatini Former name: Swaziland Demonym: Swazi, Swati National Day (Somhlolo Day): 6 September (Independence date in 1968) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Swazi, English Population: 1.136 million (2018) GDP – 4.711 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,145.97 USD (2018) National Anthem: Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaswati (O Lord is our God, Swaziland) Motto: We are a fortress
  66. 66. MSWATI III KING OF ESWATINI Born 19 April 1968 Reign 25 April 1986 – present Original name - Prince Makhosetive House: Dlamini Education - Sherborne School, England.
  67. 67. AMBROSE MANDVULO DLAMINI PRIME MINISTER OF ESWATINI Born 5 March 1968 Assumed office 27 October 2018 10th Prime Minister of eSwatini Political party – Independent Education – University of Swaziland
  68. 68. 20. ETHIOPIA
  69. 69. ETHIOPIA CAPITAL – Addis Ababa Landlocked country in northeastern Africa, separated from the Red Sea by Eritrea and Djibouti, and from the Gulf of Aden by Somalia. Currency – 1 birr (Br), consisting of 100 cents Area – 1,133,380 sq km Official name – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Demonym: Ethiopian National Day: 28 May Commemorates the fall of the Derg regime in 1991) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Amharic Population: 109.2 million (2018) GDP – 84.36 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 772.31 USD (2018) National Anthem: Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp’ya (March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia) Motto: Itiyopia tabetsih edewiha habe igziabiher (Ethiopia holds up her hands unto God)
  70. 70. SAHLE-WORK ZEWDE PRESIDENT OF ETHIOPIA Born 21 February 1955 Assumed office 25 October 2018 Previously Director General of the United Nations office at Nairobi from 2011 to 2018, Under-Secretary General of the United Nations to the African Union from 27 June 2018 to 25 October 2018. Political party: Independent Education: University of Montpellier.
  71. 71. 21. GABON
  72. 72. GABON CAPITAL – Libreville Country in west central Africa on the Atlantic coast. Currency – 1 Communaut Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 267,667 sq km Official name - Gabonese Republic Demonym: Gabonese National Day: 17 August (Independence date from France in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population: 2.119 million (2018) GDP – 16.85 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 7,952.53 USD (2018) National Anthem: Le Concorde (The Concord) Motto: Union, Travail, Justice (Unity, Work Justice)
  73. 73. ALI BONGO ONDIMBA PRESIDENT OF GABON 9 February 1959 Assumed office 16 October 2009 3rd President of Gabon Original name - Alain Bernard Bongo Political party – PDG Education – Pantheon- Sorbonne University.
  74. 74. 22. GAMBIA
  75. 75. THE GAMBIA CAPITAL – Banjul Country on the coast of West Africa, bordered on the north, east, and south by Senegal. Currency – 1 dalasi (D), consisting of 100 bututs Area – 11,295 sq km Official name - Republic of the Gambia Demonym: Gambian National Day: 18 February (Independence date in 1965 from the United Kingdom) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population: 2.28 million (2018) GDP – 1.633 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 716.12 USD (2018) National Anthem: For the Gambia our Homeland Motto: Progress, Peace, Prosperity
  76. 76. ADAMA BARROW PRESIDENT OF GAMBIA Born 16 February 1965 Assumed office 19 January 2017 3rd President of the Gambia Political party – United Democratic Party Education - Muslim Senior Secondary School, Banjul.
  77. 77. 23. GHANA
  78. 78. GHANA CAPITAL – Accra Country on the northern coast of the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa, bordered by Burkina Faso, Togo, and Côte d'Ivoire Currency – 1 new cedi (C), consisting of 100 pesewas Area – 238,500 sq km Official name - Republic of Ghana Former name - Gold Coast 1874- 1957 Demonym: Ghanaian National Day: 6 March (Independence date in 1957 from Britain) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population: 29.77 million (2018) GDP – 65.56 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,202.31 USD (2018) National Anthem: God bless our Homeland Ghana Motto: Freedom and Justice
  79. 79. NANA AKUFO-ADDO PRESIDENT OF GHANA 29 March 1944 Assumed office 7 January 2017 Political party – New Patriotic Party Education – New College. Oxford University of Ghana. Inns of Court School of Law.
  80. 80. 24. GUINEA
  81. 81. GUINEA CAPITAL – Conakry Country in West Africa, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone Currency – 1 Guinean franc (FG), consisting of 100 centimes Area – 245,857 sq km Official name – Republic of Guinea Demonym: Guinean National Day: 2 October (Independence date from France in 1958) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population: 12.41 million (2018) GDP – 10.91 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 878.60 USD (2018) National Anthem: Liberte (Liberty) Motto: Travail, Justice, Solidarite (Work, Justice, Solidarity)
  82. 82. ALPHA CONDÉ PRESIDENT OF GUINEA Born 4 March 1938 Assumed office 21 December 2010 Political party – Rally of the Guinean People Education – Sciences Po. Pantheon Sorbonne University.
  83. 83. 25. GUINEA BISSAU
  84. 84. GUINEA BISSAU CAPITAL – Bissau Country in West Africa, between Senegal and Guinea. Currency – 1 Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 36,125 sq km Official name - Republic of Guinea- Bissau Demonym: Guinea Bissauan National Day: 24 September (Independence date from Portugal in 1973) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Portuguese Population: 1.874 million (2018) GDP – 1.458 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 777.97 USD (2018) National Anthem: Esta E A Nossa Patria Bem Amada ( This is our Beloved Country) Motto: Unidade, Luta, Progresso (Unity, Struggle, Progress)
  85. 85. UMARO SISSOCO EMBALO PRESIDENT OF GUINEA BISSAU Born 23 September 1972 Assumed office 27 February 2020 Previously Prime Minister of Guinea Bissau from 2016 to 2018 and former Minister of African Affairs, Party – Madem G15 Education – Technical University of Lisbon. Complutense University
  86. 86. 26. KENYA
  87. 87. KENYA CAPITAL – Nairobi Country in eastern Africa Currency – 1 Kenya shilling (Ksh), consisting of 100 cents Area – 582,646 sq km Official name - Republic of Kenya Demonym: Kenyan National Day: 12 December (Independence date from Britain in 1964 – Jamhuri Day) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – English, Swahili Population: 51.39 million (2018) GDP – 87.91 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,710.51 USD (2018) National Anthem: Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu (Oh God of All Creation) Motto: Harambee (Let us all pull together)
  88. 88. UHURU KENYATTA PRESIDENT OF KENYA Born 26 October 1961 Assumed office 9 April 2013 Political party – Jubilee Son of Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's founding father and first president of the republic of Kenya (in office 1964–1978) Alma Mater – Amherst College, Massachusetts.
  89. 89. 27. LESOTHO
  90. 90. LESOTHO CAPITAL – Maseru Country in southern Africa, bordered on all sides by South Africa Currency – 1 loti (L), consisting of 100 lisente Area – 30,355 sq km Demonym: Mosotho (plural - Basotho) National Day: 4 October (Independence date from Britain in 1966) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Sesotho (southern Sotho) and English Population: 2.108 million (2018) GDP – 2.739 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,299.15 USD (2018) National Anthem: Lesotho Fatse La bo Nta’ta Rona (Lesotho land of our fathers) Motto: Khotso, Pula, Nala (Peace, Rain, Prosperity)
  91. 91. LETSIE III KING OF LESOTHO Born 17 July 1963 Reign - 7 February 1996 – present Coronation – 31 October 1997 He succeeded his father, Moshoeshoe II, when the latter was forced into exile in 1990. Moshoeshoe II was restored in 1995 but died in a car crash in 1996 and Letsie became king again. House: Moshesh Education - Ampleforth College. University of Bristol. University of London. National University of Lesotho. University of Cambridge.
  92. 92. TOM THABANE PRIME MINISTER OF LESOTHO Born 14 March 1945 Assumed office 16 June 2017 Political party – All Basotho Convention Education – University of South Africa.
  93. 93. 28. LIBERIA
  94. 94. LIBERIA CAPITAL – Monrovia Country in West Africa, on the North Atlantic Ocean. Currency – 1 Liberian dollar (L$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 99,067 sq km Official name - Republic of Liberia Demonym: Liberian National Day: 26 July (Declaration of Independence date in 1847) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population: 4.819 million (2018) GDP – 3.264 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 677.32 USD (2018) National Anthem: All Hail, Liberia, Hail! Motto: The love of liberty brought us here.
  95. 95. GEORGE WEAH PRESIDENT OF LIBERIA Born 1 October 1966 Assumed office 22 January 2018 25th President of Liberia Political party – Coalition for Democratic Change Former professional footballer who played as a striker Won the Ballon d’Or and FIFA player of the year award in 1995 Education – De Vry University
  96. 96. 29. LIBYA
  97. 97. LIBYA CAPITAL – Tripoli Country in North Africa, south of the Mediterranean Sea. Currency – 1 Libyan dinar (LD), consisting of 1,000 dirhams Area – 1,757,000 sq km Official name - Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriyah Demonym: Libyan National Day: 24 December (Declaration of Independence date from Anglo-French oversight in 1951) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population: 6.679 million (2018) GDP – 48.36 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 7,241.70 USD (2018) National Anthem: Libya, Libya, Libya
  98. 98. FAYEZ AL-SARRAJ CHAIRMAN OF THE PRESIDENTIAL COUNCIL OF LIBYA Born 1960 Assumed office 30 March 2016 Incumbent Prime Minister of Libya from 5 April 2016 and Minister of Defense from 6 September 2018. Political party - Independent
  99. 99. 30. MADAGASCAR
  100. 100. MADAGASCAR CAPITAL – Antananarivo Island country in the Indian Ocean, separated from southeastern mainland Africa by the Mozambique Channel Currency – 1 Malagasy franc (FMG), consisting of 100 centimes Area – 587,041 sq km Official name - Democratic Republic of Madagascar Former name - Malagasy Republic1958- 1975 Demonym: Malagasy National Day: 26 June (Independence date from France in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Malagasy, French Population: 26.26 million (2018) GDP – 13.85 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 527.50 USD (2018) National Anthem: Ry Tanindrazanay Malala O (Oh, Our beloved Fatherland) Motto: Fitiavana, Tanindrazana, Fandrasoana (Malagasy), Amour, Patrie, Progres (French), Love, Fatherland, Progress (English)
  101. 101. ANDRY RAJOELINA PRESIDENT OF MADAGASCAR Born 30 May 1974 Assumed office 19 January 2019 Previously of the High Transitional Authority of Madagascar from 2009 to 2014 Political Party: Young Malagasies Determined
  102. 102. 31. MALAWI
  103. 103. MALAWI CAPITAL – Lilongwe Country in southeastern Africa Currency – 1 Malawian kwacha (MK), consisting of 100 tambala Area – 118,484 sq km Official name – Republic of Malawi Demonym: Malawian National Day: 6 July (Independence date from Britain in 1964) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population: 18.14 million (2018) GDP – 7.065 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 389.40 USD (2018) National Anthem: Mulungu Dalitsani Malawi (O God bless our land of Malawi) Motto: Unity and Freedom
  104. 104. LAZARUS CHAKWERA PRESIDENT OF MALAWI Born 5 April 1955 Assumed office 28 June 2020 6th President of Malawi Also Minister of Defense from 28 June 2020 Political Party – Malawi Congress Party Education – University of Malawi. University of the North. University of South Africa. Trinity International University.
  105. 105. 32. MALI
  106. 106. MALI CAPITAL – Bamako Landlocked country in West Africa. Currency – 1 Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 1,240,192 sq km Official name - Republic of Mali Demonym: Malian National Day: 22 September (Independence date from France in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population: 19.08 million (2018) GDP – 17.16 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 899.66 USD (2018) National Anthem: Le Mali (Mali) Motto: Un peuple, un but, une foi (French), One people, one goal, one faith (English)
  107. 107. IBRAHIM BOUBACAR KEITA PRESIDENT OF MALI Born 29 January 1945 Assumed office 4 September 2013 Political party – Alliance for Democracy in Mali previously Prime Minister of Mali from 1994 to 2000 Alma Mater – University of Dhakar. Pantheon- Sorbonne University.
  108. 108. 33. MAURITANIA
  109. 109. MAURITANIA CAPITAL – Nouakchott Country in northwestern Africa, on the Atlantic Ocean. Currency – 1 ouguiya (UM), consisting of 5 khoums Area - 1,031,000 sq km Official name - Islamic Republic of Mauritania Demonym: Mauritanian National Day: 28 November (Independence date from France in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Arabic, Fula, Soninke, and Wolof Population: 4.403 million (2018) GDP – 5.235 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,188.83 USD (2018) National Anthem: National Anthem of Mauritania Motto: Honour, Fraternity, Justice
  110. 110. MOHAMED OULD GHAZOUANI PRESIDENT OF MAURITANIA Born 4 December 1956 Assumed office 1 August 2019 9th President of Mauritania Previously Chief of Army Staff 2008 to 2018 and Defense Minister from 2018 to 2019 Political Party – Union for the Republic Education – Zaytuna College. Allama Iqbal Open University. University of Windsor. International Open University.
  111. 111. 34. MAURITIUS
  112. 112. MAURITIUS CAPITAL – Port Louis Island country in the southwestern Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar, consisting of the islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues and some islets. Currency – 1 Mauritian rupee (MauR), consisting of 100 cents Area – 2,040 sq km Official name – Republic of Mauritius Demonym: Mauritian National Day: 12 March (Independence date from Britain in 1968. Republic date in 1992) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population: 1.265 million (2018) GDP – 14.22 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 11,238.69 USD (2018) National Anthem: Motherland Motto: Stella Clavisque Maris Indici (Latin), Star and Key of the Indian Ocean (English)
  113. 113. PRITHVIRAJSING ROOPUN PRESIDENT OF MAURITIUS Born 24 May 1959 Assumed office 2 December 2019 7th President of Mauritius Political Party – Militant Socialist Movement
  114. 114. PRAVIND JUGNAUTH PRIME MINISTER OF MAURITIUS Born 25 December 1961 Assumed office 23 January 2017 Incumbent minister of finance assuming duty on 26 May 2016 Political party – Militant Socialist Movement Education – University of Buckingham. Inns of Court School of Law. Aix Marseille University.
  115. 115. 35. MOROCCO
  116. 116. MOROCCO CAPITAL – Rabat Country in northwestern Africa Currency – 1 Moroccan dirham (DH), consisting of 100 centimes Area – 453,730 sq km Demonym: Moroccan National Day: 18 November (Declaration of Independence date from Spain in 1955) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population: 36.03 million (2018) GDP – 117.9 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,237.88 USD (2018) National Anthem: Cherifian Anthem Motto: God, Homeland, King
  117. 117. MOHAMMED VI KING OF MOROCCO Born 21 August 1963 Reign: 23 July 1999 - Present Ascended to the throne on 23 July 1999 upon the death of his father, King Hassan II Dynasty: Alaouite Education - University of Nice Sophia Antipolis. Mohammed V University. Collège Royal Rabat.
  118. 118. SAADEDDINE OTHMANI PRIME MINISTER OF MOROCCO Born 16 January 1956 Assumed office 17 March 2017 16th Prime Minister of Morocco Previously Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2012 to 2013 Political party – Justice and Development Party
  119. 119. 36. MOZAMBIQUE
  120. 120. MOZAMBIQUE CAPITAL – Maputo Country in southeastern Africa. Currency – 1 metical (Mt), consisting of 100 centavos Area – 799,380 sq km Official name - Republic of Mozambique Demonym: Mozambican National Day: 25 June (Independence date from Portugal in 1975) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Portuguese Population: 29.5 million (2018) GDP – 14.72 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 498.96 USD (2018) National Anthem: Patria Amada ( Beloved Homeland)
  121. 121. FILIPE NYUSI PRESIDENT OF MOZAMBIQUE Born 9 February 1959 Assumed office 15 January 2015 4th President of Mozambique Previously Minister of Defence from 2008 to 2014 Political party – FRELIMO Profession – Mechanical Engineer Education – Brno University of Technology. University of Manchester.
  122. 122. 37. NAMIBIA
  123. 123. NAMIBIA CAPITAL – Windhoek Country in southwestern Africa, with its western coast on the Atlantic Ocean, directly north of South Africa. Currency – 1 Namibian dollar (N$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 824,269 sq km Official name - Republic of Namibia Demonym: Namibian National Day: 26 August (Commemorates Namibia War of Independence in 1966) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – English, German, Afrikaans Population: 2.448 million (2018) GDP – 14.52 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 5,931.45 USD (2018) National Anthem: Namibia, land of the brave Motto: Unity, Liberty, Justice
  124. 124. HAGE GEINGOB PRESIDENT OF NAMIBIA Born 3 August 1941 Assumed office 21 March 2015 3rd President of Namibia Previously Prime Minister of Namibia from 1990 to 2002 Political party – SWAPO Education – Temple University, Philadelphia. Fordham University, New York. The New School, New York. University of Leeds.
  125. 125. SAARA KUUGONGELWA PRIME MINISTER OF NAMIBIA Born 12 October 1967 Assumed office 21 March 2015 4th Prime Minister of Namibia Previously Minister of Finance of Namibia from 2003 to 2015 Political Party: SWAPO Education: Lincoln University, Pennsylvania
  126. 126. 38. NIGER
  127. 127. NIGER CAPITAL – Niamey Country in West Africa, north of Nigeria and south of Libya Currency – 1 Communaut Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 1,267,000 sq km Official name - Republic of Niger Demonym: Nigerien National Day: 3 August (Independence date from France in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population: 22.44 million (2018) GDP – 9.291 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 413.98 USD (2018) National Anthem: La Nigerienne (The Nigeriens) Motto: Fraternite, Travail, Progres (Fraternity, Work, Progress)
  128. 128. MAHAMADOU ISSOUFOU PRESIDENT OF NIGER Born 1951 Assumed office 7 April 2011 Political party – Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism Previously Prime Minister of Niger from 1993 to 1994, President of the National Assembly from 1995 to 1996 Education - École nationale supérieure des mines de Saint-Étienne.
  129. 129. BRIGI RAFINI PRIME MINISTER OF NIGER Born 7 April 1953 Assumed office 7 April 2011 Previously Minister of Agriculture of Niger in the 1980s Political Party: Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism Education: National School of Administration , Niamey. National School of Administration, Strasbourg
  130. 130. 39. NIGERIA
  131. 131. NIGERIA CAPITAL – F.C.T. Abuja Country in West Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea, south of Niger Currency – 1 naira (N), consisting of 100 kobo Area – 923,768 sq km Demonym: Nigerian National Day: 1 October (Independence date from Britain in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population: 195.9 million (2018) GDP – 397.3 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,028.18 USD (2018) National Anthem: Arise, O Compatriots Motto: Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress
  132. 132. MUHAMMADU BUHARI PRESIDENT OF NIGERIA Born 17 December 1942 Assumed office 29 May 2015 Political party – All Progressive Congress He previously served as the Nigeria's head of state from 31 December 1983 to 27 August 1985 Education – Nigerian Military Training College. Mons Officer Cadet School. U.S. Army War College.
  133. 133. 40. RWANDA
  134. 134. RWANDA CAPITAL – Kigali Country in east central Africa bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, Lake Kivu, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Currency – 1 Rwandan franc (RF), consisting of 100 centimes Area – 26,338 sq km Official name - Rwandese Republic Demonym: Rwandan National Day: 1 July (Independence date from OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Kinyarwanda, French, English Population: 12.3 million (2018) GDP – 9.509 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 772.94 USD (2018) National Anthem: Rwanda Nziza (Beautiful Rwanda) Motto: Ubumwe, Umurimo, Gukunda Igihugu (Unity, Work, Patriotism)
  135. 135. PAUL KAGAME PRESIDENT OF RWANDA Born 23 October 1957 Assumed office 22 April 2000 Incumbent Chairman of the African Union from 28 January 2018 Politician and former military leader. Political party – Rwandan Patriotic Front Education - Ntare School.
  136. 136. 41. SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE
  137. 137. SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE CAPITAL – São Tomé Island country in the Gulf of Guinea, approximately 290 km/180 mi west of Gabon, West Africa Currency – 1 dobra (Db), consisting of 100 céntimos Area – 1,001 sq km Official name - Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe Demonym: Sao Tomean National Day: 12 July (Independence date from Portugal in 1975) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Portuguese Population: 211,028 (2018) GDP – 422.3 million USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,001.14 USD (2018) National Anthem: Independencia total (Total Independence) Motto: Unidade, Disciplina, Trabalho (Unity, Discipline, Labour)
  138. 138. EVARISTO CARVALHO PRESIDENT OF SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE Born 22 October 1942 Assumed office 9 September 2016 4th President of Sao Tome and Principe Previously Prime Minister in 1994 and from 2001 to 2002 Political Party – Independent Democratic Action
  139. 139. JORGE BOM JESUS PRIME MINISTER OF SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE Born 26 July 1962 Assumed office 3 December 2018 17th Prime Minister of Sao Tome and Principe Political Party: MLSTP-PSD Education: University of Toulouse. University of Sao Tome and Principe.
  140. 140. 42. SENEGAL
  141. 141. SENEGAL CAPITAL – Dakar Country in West Africa. Currency – 1 Communaut Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 196,722 sq km Official name - Republic of Senegal Demonym: Senegalese National Day: 4 April (Independence date from France in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population: 15.85 million (2018) GDP – 24.13 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,521.95 USD (2018) National Anthem: Pincez Tous vos koras , Frappez les balafons (Everyone strum your koras, strike the balafons) Motto: Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi (One People, One Goal, One Faith)
  142. 142. MACKY SALL PRESIDENT OF SENEGAL Born 11 December 1961 Assumed office 2 April 2012 4th President of Senegal Previously Prime Minister of Senegal from 2004 to 2007, President of the National Assembly from 2007 to 2008 Political party – Alliance for the Republic Education – Cheik Anta Diop University. Institute of French Petroleum.
  143. 143. 43. SEYCHELLES
  144. 144. SEYCHELLES CAPITAL – Victoria An archipelago of 115 islands in the western Indian Ocean, off East Africa. Currency – 1 Seychelles rupee (SRe), consisting of 100 cents Area – 454 sq km Official name - Republic of Seychelles Demonym: Seychellois National Day: 29 June (Independence date from Britain in 1976) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Seselwa (a Creole), French, English Population: 96,762 (2018) GDP – 1.59 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 16,433.94 USD (2018) National Anthem: Kosle Seselwa (Join together all Seychellois) Motto: Finis Coronat Opus (The End Crowns the Work)
  145. 145. DANNY FAURE PRESIDENT OF SEYCHELLES Born 8 May 1962 Assumed office 16 October 2016 4th President of Seychelles Previously Vice President of Seychelles from 2010 to 2016 Political party – People’s Party
  146. 146. 44. SIERRA LEONE
  147. 147. SIERRA LEONE CAPITAL – Freetown Country in West Africa, bordered by Guinea, Liberia, and the Atlantic Ocean Currency – 1 leone (Le), consisting of 100 cents Area – 71,740 sq km Official name - Republic of Sierra Leone Demonym: Sierra Leonean National Day: 27 April (Independence date from Britain in 1961) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population: 7.65 million (2018) GDP – 4.085 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 533.99 USD (2018) National Anthem: High we exalt thee, realm of the free Motto: Unity, Freedom, Justice
  148. 148. JULIUS MAADA BIO PRESIDENT OF SIERRA LEONE Born May 12, 1964 Assumed office 4 April 2018 5th President of Sierra Leone Previously Military Head of State of Sierra Leone from 16 January 1996 – 29 March 1996 Political party – Sierra Leone People’s Party Education – Benguema Military Academy. American University. University of Bradford.
  149. 149. 45. SOMALIA
  150. 150. SOMALIA CAPITAL – Mogadishu Country in eastern Africa Currency – 1 Somali shilling (So. Sh.), consisting of 100 cents Area – 637,700 sq km Official name - Somali Democratic Republic Demonym: Somali National Day: 1 July (Date of establishment of the Somali Republic in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Somali Population: 15.01 million (2018) GDP – 4.721 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 314.54 USD (2018) National Anthem: Qoloba Calankeed (Praise to the Flag)
  151. 151. MOHAMED ABDULLAHI FARMAAJO PRESIDENT OF SOMALIA Born 11 March 1962 Assumed office 16 February 2017 9th President of Somalia Previously Prime Minister from 2010 to 2011 Political Party – Tayo Education – University of Buffalo
  152. 152. HASSAN ALI KHAIRE PRIME MINISTER OF SOMALIA Born 1968 Assumed office 1 March 2017 Political Party: Independent Education: University of Deynile. Somali University Galgadud.
  153. 153. 46. SOUTH AFRICA
  154. 154. SOUTH AFRICA Capital – Pretoria. Country in southern Africa Currency – 1 rand (R), consisting of 100 cents Area – 1,219, 090 sq km. Demonym: South African National Day: 27 April (Freedom day in 1994) OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Southern Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu. Population: 57.78 million (2018) GDP – 368.3 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 6,374.03 USD (2018) National Anthem: Nkosi Sikelele I’Africa (God bless Africa) Motto: Unity in Diversity
  155. 155. CYRIL RAMAPHOSA PRESIDENT OF SOUTH AFRICA Born 17 November 1952 Assumed office 15 February 2018 5th President of South Africa Previously Deputy President of South Africa from 2014 to 2018 He has been called a skillful negotiator and strategist Political party – African National Congress Education – University of Limpopo. University of South Africa.
  156. 156. 47. SOUTH SUDAN
  157. 157. SOUTH SUDAN CAPITAL – Juba Landlocked country in eastern Africa that gained its independence from Sudan in 2011. Currency – South Sudanese pound Area – 619,745 km2 Official name – Republic of South Sudan Demonym: South Sudanese National Day: 9 July (Independence date from Sudan in 2011) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population: 10.98 million (2018) GDP – 12 billion USD (2015) GDP per Capita – 1,119.65 USD (2015) National Anthem: South Sudan Oyee (South Sudan Hurray) Motto: Justice, Liberty, Prosperity
  158. 158. SALVA KIIR MAYARDIT PRESIDENT OF SOUTH SUDAN Born 13 September 1951 Assumed office 9 July 2011 1st President of South Sudan Previously First Vice President of Sudan from 11 August 2005 to 9 July 2011 Political party – Sudan People’s Liberation Movement Education – Sudan Military College.
  159. 159. 48. SUDAN
  160. 160. SUDAN CAPITAL – Khartoum Largest country in Africa, in the northeast of the continent, south of Egypt. Currency – 1 Sudanese dinar (Sd), consisting of 100 piastres Area – 2,505,800 sq km Official name - Republic of the Sudan Demonym: Sudanese National Day: 1 January (Independence date from joint British-Egyptian oversight in 1956) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population: 41.8 million (2018) GDP – 40.85 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 977.27 USD (2018) National Anthem: As- Salam Al-Jamhuri (The Republican Anthem) Motto: Victory is ours
  161. 161. ABDEL FATTAH AL-BURHAN (LT. GEN) CHAIRMAN TRANSITIONAL MILITARY COUNCIL OF SUDAN Born 1960 Assumed office – 12 April 2019 Political party: Independent Allegiance: Sudan Service Branch: Sudanese Army
  162. 162. 49. TANZANIA
  163. 163. TANZANIA CAPITAL – Dodoma Country in East Africa, including the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba Currency – 1 Tanzanian shiling (TSh), consisting of 100 cents Area – 945,100 sq km Official name - United Republic of Tanzania Demonym: Tanzanian National Day: 9 December (Independence date from Britain in 1961) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Kiswahili, English Population: 56.32 million (2018) GDP – 58 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,050.68 USD (2018) National Anthem: Mungu Ibariki Afrika (God bless Africa) Motto: Uhuru na Umoja (Freedom and Unity)
  164. 164. JOHN MAGUFULI PRESIDENT OF TANZANIA Born 29 October 1959 Assumed office 5th November 2015 5th President of Tanzania Political party – CCM Education – University of Dar es Salaam.
  165. 165. 50. TOGO
  166. 166. TOGO CAPITAL – Lomé Country in West Africa, bordered by Burkina Faso, Benin, the Gulf of Guinea, and Ghana Currency – 1 Communaut Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes Area – 56,785 sq km Official name - Togolese Republic Demonym: Togolese National Day: 27 April (Independence date from France in 1960) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population: 7.889 million (2018) GDP – 5.359 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 679.26 USD (2018) National Anthem: Terre de nos Aieux (Land of our forefathers) Motto: Travail, Liberte, Patrie (Work, Liberty, Fatherland)
  167. 167. FAURE GNASSINGBÉ PRESIDENT OF TOGO Born 6 June 1966 Assumed office 4 May 2005 4th President of Togo Son of former President of Togo Gnassingbé Eyadéma Political party – UNIR Education – Paris Dauphine University. George Washington University.
  168. 168. 51. TUNISIA
  169. 169. TUNISIA CAPITAL – Tunis Country in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, Libya, and Algeria Currency – 1 Tunisian dinar (TD), consisting of 1,000 millimes Area – 164,418 sq km Official name - Republic of Tunisia Demonym: Tunisian National Day: 20 March (Independence date from France in 1956) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population: 11.57 million (2018) GDP – 39.87 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,447.51 USD (2018) National Anthem: Humet Al- Hima (Defenders of the Motherland) Motto: Freedom, Dignity, Justice and Order
  170. 170. KAIS SAIED PRESIDENT OF TUNISIA Born 22 February 1958 Assumed office 23 October 2019 5th President of Tunisia Political Party – Independent Education – University of Tunis. International Institute of International Law.
  171. 171. 52. UGANDA
  172. 172. UGANDA CAPITAL – Kampala Country in East Africa. Currency – 1 Uganda shilling (USh), consisting of 100 cents Area – 241,038 sq km Official name - Republic of Uganda Demonym: Ugandan National Day: 9 October (Independence date from Britain 1962) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population: 42.72 million (2018) GDP – 27.46 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 642.78 USD (2018) National Anthem: Oh Uganda, may God uphold thee Motto: For God and My Country
  173. 173. YOWERI MUSEVENI PRESIDENT OF UGANDA Born 15 September 1944 Assumed office 29 January 1986 9th President of Uganda Chairperson of the Commonwealth of Nations from 2007 to 2009 Political party – National Resistance Movement Education – University of Dar es Salaam.
  174. 174. 53. ZAMBIA
  175. 175. ZAMBIA CAPITAL – Lusaka Country in south central Africa Currency – 1 Zambian kwacha (K), consisting of 100 ngwee Area – 752,614 sq km Demonym: Zambian National Day: 24 October (Independence date from Britain in 1964) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population : 17.35 million (2018) GDP – 26.72 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,539.90 USD (2018) National Anthem: Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free Motto: One Zambia, One Nation
  176. 176. EDGAR LUNGU PRESIDENT OF ZAMBIA Born 11 November 1956 Assumed office 25 January 2015 6th President of Zambia Political party – Patriotic Front Education – University of Zambia.
  177. 177. 54. ZIMBABWE
  178. 178. ZIMBABWE CAPITAL – Harare Country in southern Africa Currency – 1 Zimbabwe dollar (Z$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 390,759 sq km Official name - Republic of Zimbabwe Former name - Rhodesia1964- 1979 Southern Rhodesia1923- 1964 Demonym: Zimbabwean National Day: 18 April (Independence date from Britain in 1980) OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population : 14.44 million (2018) GDP – 31 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,147.00 USD (2018) National Anthem: Simudzai Mureza wedu wezimbabwe (Blessed be the land of Zimbabwe) Motto: Unity, Freedom, Work
  179. 179. EMMERSON MNANGAGWA PRESIDENT OF ZIMBABWE Born 15 September 1942 Assumed office 24 November 2017 3rd President of Zimbabwe Revolutionary and politician Previously First Vice President of Zimbabwe from 12 December 2014 to 6 November 2017 Political party – ZANU-PF Education – University of London, University of Zambia.
  180. 180. THANK YOU

Africa is the second-largest and second most populated continent on earth. It covers 6% of the earth’s total surface area and 20% of its land area. 16% of the earth's human population lives in Africa. It is bordered to the north by the Mediterranean sea, to the northeast by the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea, to the southeast by the Indian Ocean and the West by the Atlantic ocean. The following slides present an overview of the 54 independent countries of Africa as of July 2020.

Views

Total views

197

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

0

Actions

Downloads

5

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

0

×