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Asia 2020

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Asia is the largest and most populous continent on Earth. It is home to 60% of Earth’s total population and occupies 30% of Earth’s total land area and 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area.
There is no physical and geographical separation between Asia and Europe. The border between them is historical and cultural.
The continent occupies the eastern half of the Eurasian landmass and is separated from Africa by the Suez canal.
It is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the south by the Indian ocean and the East by the Pacific ocean.
The following slides an overview of 41 independent countries in the continent of Asia as of July 2020.

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Asia 2020

  1. 1. ASIA 2020 DR. BASIL BEMGBA ACHIE MBBS Ibadan
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Asia is the largest and most populous continent on Earth. It is home to 60% of Earth’s total population and occupies 30% of Earth’s total land area and 8.7% of Earths total surface area. There is no physical and geographical separation between Asia and Europe. The border between them is historical and cultural. The continent occupies the eastern half of the Eurasian landmass and is separated from Africa by the Suez canal. It is bordered on the north by the Arctic ocean, on the south by the Indian ocean and on the East by the Pacific ocean. The following slides an overview of 41 independent countries in the continent of Asia as of July 2020.
  3. 3. OUTLINE S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 1 Afghanistan Kabul Ashraf Ghani Pashto, Dari 2 Armenia Yerevan Armen Sarkissian Armenian 3 Azerbaijan Baku Ilham Aliyev Azeri 4 Bahrain Manama Hamed bin Isa Al- Khalifa Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu 5 Bangladesh Dhaka Abdul Hamid Bangla 6 Bhutan Thimphu Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuk Dzongkha 7 Brunei Bander Seri Begawan Hassanal Bolkiah Malay 8 Cambodia Phnom Penh Norodom Sihamoni Khmer, French 9 China Beijing Xi Jinping Modern Standard
  4. 4. S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S) 11 Indonesia Jakarta Joko Widodo Bahasa Indonesia 12 Iran Tehran Ali Khamenei Farsi 13 Iraq Baghdad Barham Salih Arabic 14 Israel Jerusalem Reuven Rivlin Hebrew, Arabic 15 Japan Tokyo Naruhito Japanese 16 Jordan Amman Abdullah II Arabic 17 Kuwait Kuwait City Sabah Ahmad Al- Sabah Arabic 18 Laos Vientiane Bounnhang Vorachith Lao 19 Lebanon Beirut Michel Aoun Arabic 20 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Abdullah al-Haj Bahasa Malaysia
  5. 5. S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S) 21 Maldives Male Ibrahim Mohamed Solih Divehi 22 Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Khaltmaagin Battulga Mongolian 23 Myanmar Yangon Win Myint Burmese 24 Nepal Kathmandu Bidhya Devi Bhandari Nepali 25 North Korea Pyongyang Kim Jung Un Korean 26 Oman Muscat Haitham bin Tariq Al Said Arabic 27 Pakistan Islamabad Arif Alvi Urdu 28 Philippines Manila Rodrigo Duterte Filipino, English 29 Qatar Doha Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Arabic 30 Saudi Arabia Riyadh Salman Arabic 31 Singapore Singapore Halimah Yacob Chinese,
  6. 6. S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S) 32 South Korea Seoul Moon Jae-in Korean 33 Sri Lanka Colombo Gotabaya Rajapaksa Sinhalese 34 Syria Damascus Bashar al-Assad Arabic 35 Thailand Bangkok Maha Vajiralongkorn (or Rama X) Thai 36 Timor Leste Dili Francisco Guterres Tetum, Portuguese 37 Turkmenistan Ashgabat Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow Turkmen 38 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Khalifa bin Zayed al Nahyan Arabic 39 Uzbekistan Tashkent Shavket Mirziyoyev Uzbek 40 Vietnam Hanoi Nguyen Phu Trong Vietnamese
  7. 7. 1. AFGHANISTAN
  8. 8. AFGHANISTAN CAPITAL – Kabul Landlocked country in Southwest Asia, between Iran and Pakistan. Currency – 1 afghani (AF), consisting of 100 puls Area – 652,225 sq km Official name - Islamic State of Afghanistan Demonyms: Afghan, Afghanistani OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Pashto, Dari (Persian) Population – 37.17 million (2018) GDP – 20.82 billion USD (2017) GDP per Capita – 585.85 USD (2017) National Anthem: Milli Surud (National Anthem) Motto: La ilaha Muhammadun rasulu ilah (There is no God but Allah: Muhammad is the messenger of Allah)
  9. 9. ASHRAF GHANI PRESIDENT OF AFGHANISTAN Born 19 May 1949 Assumed office 29 September 2014 13th President of Afghanistan Previously Minister of Finance from 2 June 2002 – 14 December 2004 Political party – Independent Alma mater – American University of Beirut. Columbia University.
  10. 10. 2. ARMENIA
  11. 11. ARMENIA CAPITAL – Yerevan Country in western Asia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, bordered by Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan- Nakcivan enclave, Iran, Turkey, and Georgia. Currency – 1 dram, consisting of 100 luma Area – 29,800 sq km Official name - Republic of Armenia Demonym: Armenian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Armenian Population – 2.965 million (2019) GDP – 12.43 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,212.07 USD (2018) National Anthem: Mer Havrenik (Our Fatherland)
  12. 12. ARMEN SARKISSIAN PRESIDENT OF ARMENIA Born 23 June 1953 Assumed office 9 April 2018 4th President of Armenia Previously Prime Minister of Armenia from 4 November 1996 – 20 March 1997 He was the Ambassador of Armenia to the UK from 1998 – 8 April 2018 Political party – Independent Occupation – politician, physicist, political scientist Education - Yerevan State University.
  13. 13. 3. AZERBAIJAN
  14. 14. AZERBAIJAN CAPITAL – Baku Country of Southwest Asia bisected by Armenia. It is also surrounded by the Caspian Sea, Russia, Georgia, and Iran. Currency – 1 manat, consisting of 100 gopik Area – 86,600 sq km Official name - Azerbaijani Republic Demonym: Azerbaijani OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Azeri Population – 9.981 million (2019) GDP – 46.94 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,721.18 USD (2018) National Anthem: Azerbaycan Marsi (March of Azerbaijan)
  15. 15. ILHAM ALIYEV PRESIDENT OF AZERBAIJAN Born 24 December 1961 Assumed office 31 October 2003 4th President of Azerbaijan Previously Prime Minister of Azerbaijan from 4 August 2003 – 4 November 2003 Political party – New Azerbaijan Party Education – Moscow State Institute of International Relations
  16. 16. 4. BAHRAIN
  17. 17. BAHRAIN CAPITAL – Manama Independent island state on the Persian Gulf off the coast of Saudi Arabia, northwest of Qatar Currency – 1 Bahraini dinar (BD), consisting of 1,000 fils Area – 707 sq km Official name - State of Bahrain Demonym: Bahraini OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu Population – 1.569 million (2018) GDP – 37.75 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 24,050.76 USD (2018) National Anthem: Bahrainona (Our Bahrain)
  18. 18. HAMAD BIN ISA AL KHALIFA KING OF BAHRAIN Born 28 January 1951 Reign - 6 March 1999 – present First King of Bahrain Previously second Emir from 6 March 1999 Son of Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, first Emir of Bahrain. Education - Command and General Staff College, Kansas, U.S.
  19. 19. 5. BANGLADESH
  20. 20. BANGLADESH CAPITAL – Dhaka Country in south central Asia, formerly part of India and then, from 1947 to 1971, Pakistan Currency – 1 taka (Tk), consisting of 100 paisa Area – 147,570 sq km Official name - People's Republic of Bangladesh Demonym: Bangladeshi OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Bangla Population – 161.4 million (2018) GDP – 274 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,698.26 USD (2018) National Anthem: Amar Sona Bangla (My Golden Bengal)
  21. 21. ABDUL HAMID PRESIDENT OF BANGLADESH Born 1 January 1944 Assumed office 24 April 2013 16th President of Bangladesh Political party – Awami League. Education – Gurudayal Government College.
  22. 22. 6. BHUTAN
  23. 23. BHUTAN CAPITAL – Thimphu Landlocked country in the eastern part of the Himalaya range between India and the Tibet region of China. Currency – 1 ngultrum (Nu), consisting of 100 chetrum; Indian currency is also legally used. Area – 47,000 sq km Official name – Kingdom of Bhutan Demonym: Bhutanese OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Dzongkha Population – 754,394 (2018) GDP – 2.447 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,243.23 USD (2018) National Anthem: Druk Tsendhen (The Thunder Dragon Kingdom)
  24. 24. JIGME KHESAR NAMGYEL WANGCHUCK DRAGON KING OF BHUTANBorn 21 February 1980 Reign - 9 December 2006 – present Eldest son of the fourth Dragon King of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck who abdicated the throne in his favour. Education - Magdalen College, University of Oxford.
  25. 25. 7. BRUNEI
  26. 26. BRUNEI CAPITAL – Bandar Seri Begawan Country bisected by the Malaysian state of Sarawak in northwestern Borneo, eastern Asia. Currency – 1 Bruneian dollar (B$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 5,765 sq km Official name - Negara Brunei Darussalam Demonym: Bruneian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Malay Population – 428,962 (2018) GDP – 13.57 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 31,628.33 USD (2018) National Anthem: Allah Pelharakan Sultan (God Bless the Sultan) Motto: Sentiasa membuat kebajikan dengan petunjuk Allah (Always in service with God’s guidance)
  27. 27. HASSANAL BOLKIAH SULTAN OF BRUNEI Born 15 July 1946 Assumed office 5 October 1967 29th Sultan of Brunei as well as the Prime Minister and Yang di Pertuan Education – Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, UK.
  28. 28. 8. CAMBODIA
  29. 29. CAMBODIA CAPITAL – Phnom Penh Country in Southeast Asia, in the southern part of Indochina, bordered by Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and the Gulf of Thailand. Currency – 1 riel (CR), consisting of 100 sen Area – 181,035 sq km Official name - Kingdom of Cambodia Demonym: Cambodian, Khmer OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Khmer, French Population – 16.25 million (2018) GDP – 24.54 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,510.32 USD (2018) National Anthem: Nokor Reach (Majestic Kingdom) Motto: Nation, Religion, King
  30. 30. NORODOM SIHAMONI KING OF CAMBODIA Born 14 May 1953 Reign - 14 October 2004 – present He is the eldest son of King Norodom Sihanouk Became King after his father’s abdication 0n 14 October 2004. Education - Academy of Performing Arts in Prague.
  31. 31. HUN SEN PRIME MINISTER OF CAMBODIA Born 1 August 1952 Assumed office 30 November 1998 He is the 34th Prime Minister of Cambodia Political party – Cambodian People’s Party
  32. 32. 9. CHINA
  33. 33. CHINA CAPITAL – Beijing Country in East Asia, the largest in the world by population and the third largest by area. Currency – 1 yuan, consisting of 10 jiao Area – 9,571,300 sq km Official name - People's Republic of China Demonym: Chinese OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Modern Standard Chinese Population – 1.393 billion (2018) GDP – 13.61 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 9,770.85 USD (2018) National Anthem: March of the Volunteers
  34. 34. XI JINPING PRESIDENT OF CHINA Born 15 June 1953 Assumed office 15 November 2012 General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the President of the People's Republic of China Education - Tsinghua University
  35. 35. 10. INDIA
  36. 36. INDIA CAPITAL – New Delhi Country in South Asia, the second largest in the world by population and the seventh largest by area. Currency – 1 Indian rupee (Re), consisting of 100 paise Area – 3,165,596 sq km Official name - Republic of India Demonym: Indian OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Hindi, English Population – 1.353 billion (2018) GDP – 2.719 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,009.98 USD (2018) National Anthem: Jana Gana Mana (Thou art the Ruler of the Minds of all People) Motto: Satyameva Jayate (Truth Alone Triumphs)
  37. 37. RAM NATH KOVIND PRESIDENT OF INDIA Born 1 October 1945 Assumed office 25 July 2017 He is the 14th President of India Previously the Governor of Bihar from 2015 to 2017 Political party – Bharatiya Janata Party Education – Kanpur University
  38. 38. NARENDRA MODI PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA Born 17 September 1950 Assumed office 26 May 2014 14th Prime Minister of India Previously Chief Minister of Gujarat from 7 October 2001 – 22 May 2014 Political party – Bharatiya Janata Party Education – University of Delhi, Gujarat University
  39. 39. 11. INDONESIA
  40. 40. INDONESIA CAPITAL – Jakarta Country in Southeast Asia, the fourth most populous country in the world. It consists of more than 13,670 islands, 6,000 of which are inhabited. Currency – 1 Indonesian rupiah (Rp), consisting of 100 sen Area – 1,904,570 sq km Official name - Republic of Indonesia Demonym: Indonesian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Bahasa Indonesia Population – 267.7 million (2018) GDP – 1.042 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,893.60 USD (2018) National Anthem: Indonesia Raya (Great Indonesia) Motto: Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (Unity in Diversity)
  41. 41. JOKO WIDODO PRESIDENT OF INDONESIA Born 21 June 1961 Assumed office 20 October 2014 7th President of Indonesia Previously Governor of Jakarta from 15 Oct 2012 – 16 Oct 2014 Political party – PDI-P Education – Gadjah Mada University
  42. 42. 12. IRAN
  43. 43. IRAN CAPITAL – Tehran Country in Southwest Asia, located south of the Caspian Sea, northeast of the Persian Gulf, and north of the Gulf of Oman. Currency – 1 Iranian rial (IR), consisting of 100 dinars Area – 1,648,000 sq km Official name - Islamic Republic of Iran Demonym: Iranian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Farsi Population – 81.8 million (2018) GDP – 454 billion USD (2017) GDP per Capita – 5,627.75 USD (2017) National Anthem: Sorud-e Melli-ye Jomhue-ye Eslami- ye Iran (National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran) Motto: Esteqial Azadi, Jumhuri-ye Eslami (Independence, Freedom, the Islamic Republic)
  44. 44. ALI KHAMENEI SUPREME LEADER OF IRAN Born 19 April 1939 Assumed office 4 June 1989 Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khamenei 2nd Supreme Leader of Iran Previously President of Iran from 1981 to 1989 Alma Mater: Qom Seminary
  45. 45. HASSAN ROUHANI PRESIDENT OF IRAN Born 12 November 1948 Assumed office 3 August 2013 7th President of Iran Political party – Moderation and Development Party Education – Qom Party, University of Tehran. Glasgow Caledonian University.
  46. 46. 13. IRAQ
  47. 47. IRAQ CAPITAL – Baghdad Country in Southwest Asia, bordered by Turkey, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the Persian Gulf, Jordan, and Syria. Currency – 1 Iraqi dinar (Id), consisting of 1,000 fil Area – 438,317 sq km Official name - Republic of Iraq Demonym: Iraqi OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population – 38.43 million (2018) GDP – 224.2 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 5,834.17 USD (2018) National Anthem: Mawtini (My Homeland) Motto: Allahu Akbar (God is the Greatest)
  48. 48. BARHAM SALIH PRESIDENT OF IRAQ Born 12 June 1960 Assumed office 2 October 2018 10th President of Iraq Previously Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan from 2009 to 2012, Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq from 2006 to 2009 Political Party: patriotic Union of Kurdistan Alma Mater: Cardiff University. University of Liverpool.
  49. 49. ADIL ABDUL-MAHDI PRIME MINISTER OF IRAQ Born 1 January 1942 Assumed office 25 October 2018 49th Prime Minister of Iraq Previously Minister of Finance from 2004 to 2005, Vice President of Iraq from 2005 to 2011, Minister of Oil from 2014 to 2016 Political Party: Independent Alma Mater: University of Baghdad. University of Poitiers.
  50. 50. 14. ISRAEL
  51. 51. ISRAEL CAPITAL – Jerusalem South west Asia on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea Currency – 1 new Israeli sheqel (NIS), consisting of 100 new agorot Area – 21,946 sq km Official name - State of Israel Demonym: Israeli OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Hebrew, Arabic Population – 8.884 million (2018) GDP – 370.6 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 41,715.03 USD (2018) National Anthem: Hatikvah (The Hope)
  52. 52. REUVEN RIVLIN PRESIDENT OF ISRAEL Born 9 September 1939 Assumed office 24 July 2014 10th President of Israel Previously Minister of Communications from 7 March 2001 – 28 February 2003 and Speaker of the Knesset from 10 March 2009 – 22 February 2013 Political party – Likud Education – Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
  53. 53. BENJAMIN NETANYAHU PRIME MINISTER OF ISRAEL Born 21 October 1949 Assumed office 31 March 2009 9th Prime Minister of Israel Previously served as the Israeli ambassador to the United Nations from 1984 to 1988 Political party - Likud Education – Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Harvard University.
  54. 54. 15. JAPAN
  55. 55. JAPAN CAPITAL – Tokyo Country in East Asia, comprising four large islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu, and more than 1,000 lesser adjacent islands. Currency – 1 yen, consisting of 100 sen Area – 377,837 sq km Official name – State of Japan Demonym: Japanese OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Japanese Population – 126.5 million (2018) GDP – 4.971 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 39,289.96 USD (2018) National Anthem: Kimigayo (His Imperial Majesty’s Reign)
  56. 56. NARUHITO EMPEROR OF JAPAN Born 23 February 1960 Reign 1 May 2019 – present Enthronement 22 October 2019 126th Emperor of Japan according to Japan’s traditional order of succession Era name: Reiwa House: Imperial House of Japan Alma Mater: Gakushuin University.
  57. 57. SHINZO ABE PRIME MINISTER OF JAPAN Born 21 September 1954 Assumed office 26 December 2012 57th Prime Minister of Japan Political party – Liberal Democratic Education – Seikei University. University of Southern California.
  58. 58. 16. JORDAN
  59. 59. JORDAN CAPITAL – Amman Country in Southwest Asia, bordered by Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, the Gulf of Aqaba, Israel, and the West Bank. Currency – 1 Jordanian dinar (Jd), consisting of 1,000 fil Area – 89,556 sq km Official name - Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Demonym: Jordanian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population – 9.956 million (2018) GDP – 42.23 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,241.79 USD (2018) National Anthem: The Royal Anthem of Jordan Motto: God, Country, King
  60. 60. ABDULLAH II KING OF JORDAN Born 30 January 1962 Reign 7 February 1999 – present He is the first child of King Hussein and his second wife, British-born Princess Muna. Coronated on 9 June 1999 House – Hashemite He is custodian of the Muslim and Christian sacred sites in Jerusalem Education – Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
  61. 61. OMAR RAZZAZ PRIME MINISTER OF JORDAN Born 1 January 1961 Assumed office 14 June 2018 42nd Prime Minister of Jordan Previously Minister of Education of Jordan from 2017 to 2018 Political Party: Independent Alma Mater: Harvard University.
  62. 62. 17. KUWAIT
  63. 63. KUWAIT CAPITAL – Kuwait City Country in Southwest Asia, at the northwestern tip of the Persian Gulf Currency – 1 Kuwaiti dinar (KD), consisting of 1,000 fil Area – 17,818 sq km Official name - State of Kuwait Demonym: Kuwaiti OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population – 4.137 million (2018) GDP – 140.6 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 33,994.41 USD (2018) National Anthem: Al Nasheed Al-Watani (National Anthem)
  64. 64. SABAH AL-AHMAD AL-JABER AL-SABAH EMIR OF KUWAIT Born 16 June 1929 Reign - 29 January 2006 – present House – House of Sabah Previously Prime Minister of Kuwait from 13 July 2003 to 29 January 2006 Education – Tutored.
  65. 65. 18. LAOS
  66. 66. LAOS CAPITAL – Vientiane Independent state of Southeast Asia, bordered by China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, and Myanmar. It is the only landlocked nation in Southeast Asia. Currency – 1 new kip (NK), or Ngeun Kip Mai, consisting of 100 at Area – 236,800 sq km Official name - Lao People's Democratic Republic Demonym: Lao, Laotian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Lao Population – 7.062 million (2018) GDP – 17.95 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,542.49 USD (2018) National Anthem: Pheng Xat Lao (Lao National Anthem) Motto: Paix, Independance, democratie, unite et prosperite (Peace, Independence, democracy, unity and prosperity)
  67. 67. BOUNNHANG VORACHITH PARTY GENERAL SECRETARY AND PRESIDENT OF LAOS Born August 15, 1937 Assumed office 20 April 2016 Previously Vice President of Laos from 8 June 2006 – 20 April 2016 Political party – Lao People’s Revolutionary party
  68. 68. 19. LEBANON
  69. 69. LEBANON CAPITAL – Beirut Country in Southwest Asia, on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Currency – 1 Lebanese pound (£L), consisting of 100 piastres Area – 10,452 sq km Official name - Lebanese Republic Demonym: Lebanese OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population – 6.849 million (2018) GDP – 56.64 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 8,269.79 USD (2018) National Anthem: Kulluna lil-watan! (All of us, for the Country!)
  70. 70. MICHEL AOUN PRESIDENT OF LEBANON Born 18 February 1935 Assumed office 31 October 2016 Previously interim Prime Minister of Lebanon from 22 September 1988 – 13 October 1990 Political party – Free Patriotic Movement Education – The Military Academy Beirut.
  71. 71. SAAD HARIRI PRIME MINISTER OF LEBANON Born 18 April 1970 Assumed office 18 December 2016 33rd Prime Minister of Lebanon Political Party: Future Movement Alma Mater: Georgetown University.
  72. 72. 20. MALAYSIA
  73. 73. MALAYSIA CAPITAL – Kuala Lumpur Country in Southeast Asia, on the South China Sea, comprising the southern portion of the Malay Peninsula and parts of the Island of Borneo. Currency – 1 ringgit Malaysia (RM), consisting of 100 sen Area – 329,758 sq km Official name - Federation of Malaysia Demonym: Malaysian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Bahasa Malaysia Population – 31.53 million (2018) GDP – 358.6 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 11,373.23 USD (2018) National Anthem: Negaraku (My Country) Motto: Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu (Unity is Strength)
  74. 74. ABDULLAH AL-HAJ, SULTAN OF PAHANG YANG DI-PERTUAN AGONG (HEAD OF STATE) OF MALAYSIA Born 30 July 1958 Reign 31 January 2019 - Present Elected 16th Yang Di Pertuan Agong of Malaysia on 24 January 2019 Installed 30 July 2019 6th Sultan of Pahang since 11 January 2019 House: Bendahara
  75. 75. MAHATHIR BIN MOHAMAD PRIME MINISTER OF MALAYSIA Born 10 July 1925 Assumed office 10 May 2018 Previously Prime Minister from 5 March 1976 – 16 July 1981 Political party – PPBM Education – National University of Singapore.
  76. 76. 21. MALDIVES
  77. 77. MALDIVES CAPITAL – Male Island country in South Asia, located southwest of the southern tip of India and consisting of a chain of almost 2000 small coral islands. Currency – 1 rufiyaa (Rf), consisting of 100 laari Area – 298 sq km Official name - Republic of the Maldives Demonym: Maldivian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Divehi (dialect of Sinhala) Population – 515,696 (2018) GDP – 5.327 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 10,330.62 USD (2018) National Anthem: Quamii Salaam (National Salute)
  78. 78. IBRAHIM MOHAMED SOLIH PRESIDENT OF THE MALDIVES Born 4 May 1964 Assumed office 17 November 2018 7th President of the Maldives Political Party: Maldivian Democratic Party Education: Majeedhiya School, Male.
  79. 79. 22. MONGOLIA
  80. 80. MONGOLIA CAPITAL – Ulaanbaatar Country in Central Asia, bordered on the north by Russia and on the east, south, and west by China. Currency – 1 tugrik (Tug), consisting of 100 mongo Area – 1,566,500 sq km. Demonym: Mongol, Mongolian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Mongolian Population – 3.17 million (2018) GDP – 13.07 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,121.73 USD (2018) National Anthem: Mongol Ulsyn Toriin duulal (National Anthem of Mongolia)
  81. 81. KHALTMAAGIIN BATTULGA PRESIDENT OF MONGOLIA Born 3 March 1963 Assumed office 10 July 201 5th President of Mongolia Political party – Democratic Party
  82. 82. 23. MYANMAR
  83. 83. MYANMAR CAPITAL – Yangon Country in Southeast Asia Currency – 1 kyat (K), consisting of 100 pyas Area – 676,552 sq km Official name - Union of Myanmar Demonym: Burmese, Myanma OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Burmese Population – 53.71 million (2018) GDP – 71.21 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,325.95 USD (2018) National Anthem: Kaba Ma Kyei (Till the end of the World)
  84. 84. WIN MYINT PRESIDENT OF MYANMAR Born 8 November 1951 Assumed office 30 March 2018 10th President of Myanmar Political party – National league for Democracy Education – University of Yangon.
  85. 85. AUNG SAN SUU KYI STATE COUNSELLOR OF MYANMAR Born 9 June 1945 Assumed office 6 April 2016 1st State Counsellor of Myanmar Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of the President’s Office since 30 March 2016 Previously Minister of Education and Minister of Electricity and Energy from 30 March 2016 to 5 April 2016 Political Party: National League for Democracy Alma Mater: University of Delhi. St. Hughes College, Oxford. University of London.
  86. 86. 24. NEPAL
  87. 87. NEPAL CAPITAL – Kathmandu Country in South Asia, northeast of India, in the Himalayan range. Currency – 1 Nepalese rupee (NR), consisting of 100 paisa Area – 147,181 sq km Official name - Kingdom of Nepal Demonym: Nepali, Nepalese OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Nepali Population – 28.09 million (2018) GDP – 29.04 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,033.91 USD (2018) National Anthem: Made of hundreds of flowers Motto: Mother and Motherland are greater than heaven
  88. 88. BIDHYA DEVI BHANDARI PRESIDENT OF NEPAL Born 19 June 1961 Assumed office 29 October 2015 2nd President of Nepal Previously Minister of Defence of Nepal from 25 May 2009 – 6 February 2011 Political party - Independent
  89. 89. KHADGA PRASAD OLI PRIME MINISTER OF NEPAL Born 22 February 1952 Assumed office 15 February 2018 38th Prime Minister of Nepal Political party – Nepal Communist Party Education - Himalaya Higher Secondary School, Damak, Jhapa.
  90. 90. 25. NORTH KOREA
  91. 91. NORTH KOREA CAPITAL – Pyongyang Country in East Asia that occupies the northern portion of the Korean Peninsula. Currency – 1 North Korean won (Wn), consisting of 100 chon Area – 120,538 sq km Official name - Democratic People's Republic of Korea Demonym: North Korean, OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Korean Population – 25.55 million (2018) GDP – 40 billion USD (2015) GDP per Capita – 1,700 USD (2015) National Anthem: The Patriotic Song
  92. 92. KIM JONG-UN SUPREME LEADER OF NORTH KOREA Born 8 January 1983 Assumed office 17 December 2011 3rd Supreme Leader of North Korea Education – Kim Il-Sung University, Kim Il-Sung Military University.
  93. 93. 26. OMAN
  94. 94. OMAN CAPITAL – Muscat Country on the southeastern Arabian Peninsula, on the Gulf of Oman. Currency – 1 rial Omani (RO), consisting of 1,000 baiza Area – 309,500 sq km Official name - Sultanate of Oman Demonym: Omani OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population – 4.829 million (2018) GDP – 79.28 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 16,415.16 USD (2018) National Anthem: as Salam as-Sultani (Sultanic Salutation)
  95. 95. HAITHAM BIN TARIQ AL SAID SULTAN OF OMAN Born 13 October 1954 Reign – 11 January 2020 - present House – Al Said Previously Minister of Heritage and Culture
  96. 96. 27. PAKISTAN
  97. 97. PAKISTAN CAPITAL – Islamabad Country on the Arabian Sea in the northwestern part of South Asia Currency – Pakistani rupee Area – 796,095 sq km Official name - Islamic Republic of Pakistan Demonym: Pakistani OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Urdu Population – 212.2 million (2018) GDP – 314.6 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,482.40 USD (2018) National Anthem: Quami Taranah (The National Anthem) Motto: Iman, Ittihad, Nazam (Faith, Unity, Discipline)
  98. 98. ARIF ALVI PRESIDENT OF PAKISTAN Born 29 August 1949 Assumed office 9 September 2018 13th President of Pakistan Political Party: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Alma Mater: De’Montmorency College of Dentistry. University of Michigan. University of the Pacific.
  99. 99. IMRAN KHAN PRIME MINISTER OF PAKISTAN Born 5 October 1952 Assumed office 18 August 2018 22nd Prime Minister of Pakistan Political Party: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Alma Mater: Keble College, Oxford.
  100. 100. 28. PHILIPPINES
  101. 101. THE PHILIPPINES CAPITAL – Manila Country in Southeast Asia, in the western Pacific Ocean, in the Malay Archipelago. It comprises over 7,000 islands. Currency – 1 Philippine peso (P), consisting of 100 centavos Area – 300,000 sq km Official name – Republic of the Philippines Demonyms: Filipino (Masculine, plural) , Filipina (Feminine), Philippine OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Filipino (based on Tagalog), English Population – 106.7 million (2018) GDP – 330.9 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,102.71 USD (2018) National Anthem: Lupang Hinirang (Chosen Land) Motto: Maka-Diyos, Maka- tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa (For God, People, Nature and Country)
  102. 102. RODRIGO DUTERTE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Born March 28, 1945 Assumed office June 30, 2016 16th President of the Philippines Political party – PDP-Laban Education – Lyceum of the Philippines University. San Beda College.
  103. 103. 29. QATAR
  104. 104. QATAR CAPITAL – Doha Country in eastern Arabia, on a peninsula in the Persian Gulf, north of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Currency – 1 Qatari riyal (QR), consisting of 100 dirhams Area – 11,427 sq km Official name - State of Qatar OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population – 2.782 million (2018) GDP – 191.4 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 68,793.78 USD (2018) National Anthem: As- Salam al-Amiri (Amiri Salute)
  105. 105. TAMIM BIN HAMAD AL THANI AMIR OF QATAR Born 3 June 1980 Reign - 25 June 2013 – present 8th Amir of Qatar House – Thani Education – Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
  106. 106. ABDULLAH BIN NASSER BIN KHALIFA AL THANI PRIME MINISTER OF QATAR Born 1959 Assumed office 26 June 2013 Political party – Independent Education – Durham Military College. Beirut Arab University.
  107. 107. 30. SAUDI ARABIA
  108. 108. SAUDI ARABIA CAPITAL – Riyadh Country in Southwest Asia, on the Arabian Peninsula. Currency – 1 Saudi riyal (SR), consisting of 100 halalah Area – 2,240,000 sq km Official name - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Demonyms: Saudi Arabian, Saudi OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population – 33.7 million (2018) GDP – 786.5 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 23,338.96 USD (2018) National Anthem: an-Nasud al-Watani as-Sa-udi (National Anthem of Saudi Arabia) Motto: La ilaha illal-lah, Muhammadun rasul allah (There is no God but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God)
  109. 109. SALMAN BIN ABDULAZIZ AL SAUD KING OF SAUDI ARABIA Born 31 December 1935 Reign - 23 January 2015–present House – House of Saud Education - Princes' School.
  110. 110. 31. SINGAPORE
  111. 111. SINGAPORE CAPITAL - Singapore City-state in Southeast Asia, comprising one major island and several islets, situated south of Malaysia. Currency – 1 Singapore dollar (S$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 685 sq km Official name - Republic of Singapore Demonym: Singaporean OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Chinese, Malay, Singapore English, Tamil Population – 5.639 million (2018) GDP – 364.2 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 64,581.94 USD (2018) National Anthem: Majulah Singapura (Onward Singapore) Motto: Majulah Singapura (Onward Singapore)
  112. 112. HALIMAH YACOB PRESIDENT OF SINGAPORE Born 23 August 1954 Assumed office 14 September 2017 8th President of Singapore First female President of Singapore Formerly Speaker of the Parliament of Singapore from 14 January 2013 – 7 August 2017 Political party – Independent Education – National University of Singapore.
  113. 113. LEE HSIEN LOONG PRIME MINISTER OF SINGAPORE Born 10 February 1952 Assumed office 12 August 2004 3rd Prime Minister of Singapore Political party – People’s Action Party Education – Trinity College Cambridge. Harvard University. United States Army Command and General Staff College.
  114. 114. 32. SOUTH KOREA
  115. 115. SOUTH KOREA CAPITAL – Seoul Country in East Asia that occupies the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula. Currency – 1 South Korean won (W), consisting of 100 chon Area – 99,268 sq km Official name - Republic of Korea Demonyms: South Korean, Korean OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Korean Population – 51.64 million (2018) GDP – 1.619 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 31,362.75 USD (2018) National Anthem: Aegukga (Patriotic Song) Motto: Devotion to the Welfare of Humanity
  116. 116. MOON JAE-IN PRESIDENT OF SOUTH KOREA Born 24 January 1953 Assumed office 10 May 2017 19th President of South Korea Political party – the Democratic Party Education – Kyung Hee University.
  117. 117. LEE NAK-YEON PRIME MINISTER OF SOUTH KOREA Born 20 December 1951 Assumed office 31 May 2017 41st Prime Minister of South Korea Previously Governor of South Jeolla Province from 2014 to 2015, Member of National Assembly from 2000 to 2014 Political Party: Democratic Alma Mater: Seoul National University.
  118. 118. 33. SRI LANKA
  119. 119. SRI LANKA CAPITAL – Colombo Island country in South Asia, off the tip of southeastern India in the Indian Ocean. Currency – 1 Sri Lanka rupee (SLRe), consisting of 100 cents Area – 65,610 sq km Official name - Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Former name – Ceylon until 1972 Demonym: Sri Lankan OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Sinhalese Population – 21.67 million (2018) GDP – 88.9 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,102.48 USD (2018) National Anthem: Sri Lanka Matha (Mother Sri Lanka)
  120. 120. GOTABAYA RAJAPAKSA PRESIDENT OF SRI LANKA Born 20 June 1949 Assumed office 18 November 2019 8th President of Sri Lanka Education – University of Colombo
  121. 121. MAHINDA RAJAPAKSA PRIME MINISTER OF SRI LANKA Born 18 November 1945 Assumed office 21 November 2019 13th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka Previously President of Sri Lanka from 2005 to 2015 and Prime Minister from 2004 to 2005 and in 2018. Political party – Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna Education – Sri Lanka Law College
  122. 122. 34. SYRIA
  123. 123. SYRIA CAPITAL – Damascus Country in Southwest Asia, bordered by Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, and the Mediterranean Sea. Currency – 1 Syrian pound (£S), consisting of 100 piastres Area – 185,180 sq km Official name - Syrian Arab Republic Demonym: Syrian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population – 16.91 million (2018) GDP – 40.41 billion USD (2007) GDP per Capita – 2,058.04 USD (2007) National Anthem: Humat ad-Diyar (Guardians of the Homeland)
  124. 124. BASHAR AL-ASSAD PRESIDENT OF SYRIA Born 11 September 1965 Assumed office 17 July 2000 19th President of Syria Political party – Syrian Ba’ath Party Education – Damascus University. Homs Military Academy.
  125. 125. 35. THAILAND
  126. 126. THAILAND CAPITAL – Bangkok Country in Southeast Asia bordered by Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, the Gulf of Thailand, Malaysia, and the Andaman Sea. Currency – 1 baht (B), consisting of 100 satangs Area – 513,115 sq km Official name - Kingdom of Thailand Former name – Siam until 1939 Demonym: Thai OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Thai Population – 69.43 million (2018) GDP – 505 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 7,273.56 USD (2018) National Anthem: Phleng Chat Thai (Thai National Anthem) Royal Anthem: Sansoen Phra Barami (Glorify His Prestige)
  127. 127. MAHA VAJIRALONGKORN (RAMA X) KING OF THAILAND Born 28 July 1952 Reign - 13 October 2016 – present 11th monarch of the Chakri dynasty Coronation 4 – 6 May 2019 House – Mahidol (Chakri dynasty) Education – Royal Military College Duntroon, Canberra, Australia. University of New South Wales. Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University.
  128. 128. PRAYUT CHAN-O-CHA PRIME MINSTER OF THAILAND Born 21 March 1954 Assumed office 24 August 2014 29th Prime Minister of Thailand Previously Commander in Chief of the Royal Thai Army from 1 May 2010 – 30 September 2014 Political party – Independent Education – National Defence College of Thailand. Chulachonklao Royal Military Academy.
  129. 129. 36. TIMOR LESTE
  130. 130. TIMOR LESTE CAPITAL – Dili Independent nation on the eastern half of the island of Timor in Southeast Asia. Currency 1 United States dollar (US$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 14,874 sq km Former name – East Timor Demonyms: East Timorese, Timorese OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Tetum, Portuguese Population – 1.268 million (2018) GDP – 2.581 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,035.53 USD (2018) National Anthem: Patria (Fatherland) Motto: Unidade, Accao, Progresso (Unity, Action, Progress)
  131. 131. FRANCISCO GUTERRES PRESIDENT OF TIMOR LESTE Born 7 September 1954 Assumed office 20 May 2017 5th President of Timor Leste Previously President of the National Parliament from 20 May 2002 – 8 August 2007 Political party – Frentilin Education - St. Terezinha College, Ossú.
  132. 132. TAUR MATAN RUAK PRIME MINISTER OF TIMOR LESTE Born 10 October 1956 Assumed office 22 June 2018 Jose Maria Vasconcelos 7th Prime Minister of East Timor Previously President of Timor Leste from 2012 to 2017 Political Party: People’s Liberation Party
  133. 133. 37. TURKMENISTAN
  134. 134. TURKMENISTAN CAPITAL – Ashgabat Country in southwestern Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Iran, and the Caspian Sea. Currency – 1 Turkmen manat, consisting of 100 tenge Area – 488, 100 Sq Km Official name - Republic of Turkmenistan Demonym: Turkmen OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Turkmen Population – 5.851 million (2018) GDP – 40.76 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 6,966.64 USD (2018) National Anthem: Garassya Bitarap Turkmenistanyn Dowlet Gimni (State Anthem of Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan)
  135. 135. GURBANGULY BERDIMUHAMEDOW PRESIDENT OF TURKMENISTAN Born June 29, 1957 Assumed office 21 December 2006 2nd President of Turkmenistan (was acting till 14 Feb 2007) Formerly Vice President of Turkmenistan from 1 March 2001 – 14 February 2007 Political party – Independent Education – Turkmen State Medical Institute.
  136. 136. 38. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (U.A.E.)
  137. 137. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES CAPITAL – Abu Dhabi Federation of seven independent states, Abu Dhabi, Ajmān, Dubai, al Fujayrah, Ra's al Khaymah, Sharjah, and Umm al- Qaiwain, located along the southern coast of the Persian Gulf. Currency – 1 UAE dirham (Dh), consisting of 100 fils Area – 83,600 sq km Former name - Trucial States until 1971 Demonym: Emirati OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population – 9.631 million (2018) GDP – 414.2 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 43,004.95 USD (2018) National Anthem: Isiy Bidadi (Long Live My Nation)
  138. 138. KHALIFA BIN ZAYED AL NAHYAN PRESIDENT OF THE U.A.E. Born 7 September 1948 Assumed office 3 November 2004 He is the Emir of Abu Dhabi, reign from 2 November 2004 – present. House – Al Nahyan World's tallest man-made structure, the Burj Khalifa, was named in his honour in 2010 Education - Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.
  139. 139. 39. UZBEKISTAN
  140. 140. UZBEKISTAN CAPITAL – Tashkent Country in Central Asia. Currency – 1 sum, consisting of 100 teen Area – 447,400 sq km Official name - Republic of Uzbekistan Demonym: Uzbek OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Uzbek Population – 32.96 million (2018) GDP – 50.5 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,532.37 USD (2018) National Anthem: O’zbekiston Respublikasining Daviat Madhiyasi (State Anthem of The Republic of Uzbekistan)
  141. 141. SHAVKAT MIRZIYOYEV PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN Born 24 July 1957 Assumed office 14 December 2016 2nd President of Uzbekistan Previously Prime Minister of Uzbekistan from 12 December 2003 – 14 December 2016 Political party – Liberal Democratic party Education – Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Melioration
  142. 142. 40. VIETNAM
  143. 143. VIETNAM CAPITAL – Hanoi Country in Southeast Asia, on the South China Sea, south of China and east of Cambodia and Laos. Currency – 1 new dông (Ð), consisting of 100 xu Area – 331,690 sq km Official name - Socialist Republic of Vietnam Demonym: Vietnamese OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Vietnamese Population – 95.54 million (2018) GDP – 245.2 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,566.60 USD (2018) National Anthem: Tien Quan Ca (Army March) Motto: Independence- Freedom-Happiness
  144. 144. NGUYEN PHU TRONG PRESIDENT OF VIETNAM Born 14 April 1944 Assumed office 23 October 2018 General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam since 19 January 2011 Political Party: Communist Party of Vietnam Alma Mater: University of Hanoi. National Academy of Public Administration. Russian Academy of Sciences.
  145. 145. 41. YEMEN
  146. 146. YEMEN CAPITAL – Sana'a Country on the Arabian peninsula, in Southwest Asia, on the Red Sea. Currency – 1 Yemeni riyal (YRl), consisting of 100 fils Area – 527,970 sq km Official name - Republic of Yemen Demonym: Yemeni, Yemenite OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Arabic Population – 28.5 million (2018) GDP – 26.91 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 944.41 USD (2018) National Anthem: United Republic Motto: Allah al-Watan, ath-Thawrah, al-Wahdah (God, Country, Revolution, Unity)
  147. 147. ABDRABBUH MANSUR HADI PRESIDENT OF YEMEN Born 1 September 1945 Assumed office 22 February 2012 2nd President of Yemen Previously Vice President of Yemen from 1994 to 2012 Political Party: General People’s Congress
  148. 148. THANK YOU

Asia is the largest and most populous continent on Earth. It is home to 60% of Earth’s total population and occupies 30% of Earth’s total land area and 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area. There is no physical and geographical separation between Asia and Europe. The border between them is historical and cultural. The continent occupies the eastern half of the Eurasian landmass and is separated from Africa by the Suez canal. It is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the south by the Indian ocean and the East by the Pacific ocean. The following slides an overview of 41 independent countries in the continent of Asia as of July 2020.

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