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Australia and Oceania 2020

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Oceania is a geographic region made up of Australia and the three Island groups Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia. Most of the islands of the South Pacific lie within this region.
Australia is the largest and most populous country.
The following slides present an overview of the 14 independent States in the geographic region of Oceania and Australia as of July 2020.

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Australia and Oceania 2020

  1. 1. AUSTRALIA AND OCEANIA 2020 DR. BASIL BEMGBA ACHIE MBBS Ibadan
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Oceania is a geographic region made up of Australia and the three Island groups Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia. Most of the islands of the South Pacific lie within this region. Australia is the largest and most populous country. The following slides present an overview of the 14 independent States in the geographic region of Oceania and Australia as of July 2020.
  3. 3. OUTLINE S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 1 Australia Canberra Elizabeth II English 2 Fiji Suva Jioji Konrote English 3 Kiribati Tarawa Taneti Mamau English 4 Marshall Islands Majuro David Kabua English 5 Micronesia Palikir Peter M. Christian English 6 Nauru None (De jure) Yaren (De facto) Lionel Aingimea Nauruan 7 New Zealand Wellington Elizabeth II English, Maori
  4. 4. OUTLINE S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 8 Palau Ngerulmud Tommy Remengesau Palauan, English 9 Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Elizabeth II English 10 Samoa Apia Va’aletoa Sualauvi II Samoan, English 11 Solomon Islands Honiara Elizabeth II English 12 Tonga Nukualofa Tupou VI Tongan, English 13 Tuvalu Funafuti Elizabeth II Tuvaluan, English 14 Vanuatu Port-Vila Tallis Obed Moses English, French, Bislama
  5. 5. 1. AUSTRALIA
  6. 6. AUSTRALIA Capital – Canberra Country encompassing the continent of Australia and the island of Tasmania. Currency – 1 Australian dollar ($A), consisting of 100 cents Area – 7,682,300 sq km Official name - Commonwealth of Australia Demonym: Australian Official Language – English Population – 24.99 million (2018) GDP – 1.434 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 57,373.69 USD (2018) National Anthem: Advance Australia Fair
  7. 7. DAVID HURLEY GOVERNOR GENERAL OF AUSTRALIA Born 26 August 1953 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II General David John Huxley, AC, DSC, FTSE Assumed Office 1 July 2019 Previously Governor of New South Wales from 2014 to 2019 Education: Royal Military College, Duntroon.
  8. 8. SCOTT MORRISON PRIME MINISTER OF AUSTRALIA Born 13 May 1968 Assumed Office 24 August 2018 Previously Minister of Immigration and Border Protection from 2013 to 2014, Minister of Social Services from 2014 to 2015, Treasurer of Australia from 2015 to 2018 Political Party: Liberal Education: University of New South Wales
  9. 9. 2. FIJI
  10. 10. FIJI ISLANDS Capital – Suva Island nation in the southern Pacific Ocean north of New Zealand and east of northern Australia. Currency – 1 Fiji dollar (F$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 18,376 sq km Official name - Republic of Fiji Demonym: Fijian Official Language – English Population – 883,483 (2018) GDP – 5.537 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 6,266.97 USD (2018) National Anthem: God Bless Fiji Motto: Rerevaka na kalou ka Doka na Tui (Fijian), Fear God and honour the Queen (English)
  11. 11. JIOJI KONROTE PRESIDENT OF FIJI Born 26 December 1947 Assumed office 12 November 2015 Retired Major General of the Fijian Army Political Party: FijiFirst Education: Natabua High School. Australian College of Defence and Strategic Studies. Kennedy College of Government, Harvard University.
  12. 12. FRANK BAINIMARAMA PRIME MINISTER OF FIJI Born 27 April 1954 Assumed office 5 January 2007 (Acting from 2007 to 2014) 8th Prime Minister of Fiji Previously Minister of Foreign Affairs of Fiji from 2016 to 2019 Political Party: FijiFirst Education: Dalhousie University
  13. 13. 3. KIRIBATI
  14. 14. KIRIBATI Capital – Tarawa Independent state in the west central Pacific Ocean, part of Micronesia. Currency – 1 Australian dollar ($A), consisting of 100 cents Area – 811 sq km Official name - Republic of Kiribati Demonym: I-Kiribati, Kiribatian Official Language – English Population – 115,847 (2018) GDP – 188.3 million USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 1,625.29 USD (2018) National Anthem: Teirake kaini Kiribati (Stand up Kiribati) Motto: Te Mauri, Te Raoi ao Te Tabomoa (Health, Peace and Prosperity)
  15. 15. TANETI MAMAU PRESIDENT OF KIRIBATI Born 16 September 1960 Assumed office 11 March 2016 Political party: Tobwaan Kiribati Party Chancellor of University of the South Pacific since 3 August 2018 Previously Minister of Finance of Kiribati.
  16. 16. 4. MARSHALL ISLANDS
  17. 17. MARSHALL ISLANDS Capital – Majuro Country consisting of 34 islands in the central North Pacific Ocean. Currency – 1 United States dollar (US$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 181 sq km Official name - Republic of the Marshall Islands Demonym: Marshallese Official Language – English Population – 58,413 (2018) GDP – 221.3 million USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,788.16 USD (2018) National Anthem: Forever Marshall Islands Motto: Jepilpilin ke ejukaan (Accomplishment through joint effort)
  18. 18. DAVID KABUA PRESIDENT OF MARSHALL ISLANDS Born 1951 Assumed office 13 January 2020 9th President of Marshall Islands Political party - Independent
  19. 19. 5. FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA
  20. 20. FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA Capital – Palikir Island nation in the western Pacific Ocean, comprising more than 600 islands, about 60 of which are inhabited. Currency – 1 United States dollar (US$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 702 sq km Official name - Federated States of Micronesia Demonym: Micronesian Official Language – English Population – 112,640 (2018) GDP – 221.3 million USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,568.29 USD (2018) National Anthem: Patriots of Micronesia Motto: Peace, Duty, Liberty
  21. 21. DAVID PANUELO PRESIDENT OF MICRONESIA Born 13 April 1964 Assumed office 11 May 2019 9th President of the Federated States of Micronesia Education: United States International University, Hawaii. Graceland College, Iowa.
  22. 22. 6. NAURU
  23. 23. NAURU Capital – No official capital. (Government offices in Yaren) Island country in the central Pacific Ocean, just south of the Equator. Currency – 1 Australian dollar ($A), consisting of 100 cents Area – 21 sq km Official name - Republic of Nauru Demonym: Nauruan Official Language – Nauruan Population – 12,704 (2018) GDP – 125.6 million USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 9,888.89 USD (2018) National Anthem: Nauru Bwiema (Nauru Our Homeland) Motto: God’s Will First
  24. 24. LIONEL AINGIMEA PRESIDENT OF NAURU Born Assumed office 27 August 2019 Previously Assistant Minister for Justice and Border Control from 2016 to 2019 Political party – Independent
  25. 25. 7. NEW ZEALAND
  26. 26. NEW ZEALAND Capital – Wellington Country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia, comprising two large islands, the North Island and the South Island, and numerous smaller islands. Currency – 1 New Zealand dollar ($NZ), consisting of 100 cents Area – 270,534 sq km Maori name – Aotearoa Demonym: New Zealander Official Language – English, Maori Population – 4.886 million (2018) GDP – 204.9 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 41,945.33 USD (2018) National Anthem: God Defend New Zealand Royal Anthem: God Save the Queen
  27. 27. PATSY REDDY GOVERNOR GENERAL OF NEW ZEALAND Born 17 May 1954 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II Assumed office 28 September 2016 Dame Patricia Lee Reddy, GNZM, QSD, DStJ Alma Mater: Victoria University of Wellington
  28. 28. JACINDA ARDERN PRIME MINISTER OF NEW ZEALAND Born 26 July 1980 Assumed office 26 October 2017 40th Prime Minister of New Zealand Political Party: labour Education: University of Waikato.
  29. 29. 8. PALAU
  30. 30. PALAU Capital – Ngerulmud Country in the western Pacific Ocean comprising a group of volcanic islands that are part of the Caroline Islands. Currency – 1 United States dollar (US$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 488 sq km Official name - Republic of Palau Demonym: Palauan Official Language – Palauan, English Population –17,907 (2018) GDP – 284 million USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 15,859.43 USD (2018) National Anthem: Belau Rekid (Our Palau)
  31. 31. TOMMY REMENGESAU PRESIDENT OF PALAU Born 28 February 1956 Assumed office 17 January 2013 7th and 9th President of Palau Thomas Remengesau Jr Previously President from 2001 to 2009, Vice President from 1993 to 2001 Political party: Independent Education: Grand Valley State University
  32. 32. 9. PAPUA NEW GUINEA
  33. 33. PAPUA NEW GUINEA Capital – Port Moresby Independent nation in Oceania, situated north of Australia, in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, consisting of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea together with many other islands. Currency – 1 kina (K), consisting of 100 toea Area – 462,840 sq km Official name - Independent State of Papua New Guinea Demonym: Papua New Guinean Official Language – English Population – 8.606 million (2018) GDP – 23.5 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,730.27 USD (2018) National Anthem: O Arise, All You Sons Motto: Unity in Diversity
  34. 34. BOB DADAE GOVERNOR GENERAL OF PAPUA NEW GUINEA Born 8 March 1961 MONARCH – ELIZABETH II 10th Governor General of Papua New Guinea Assumed Office 28 February 2017 Political party – People’s National Congress
  35. 35. JAMES MARAPE PRIME MINISTER OF PAPUA NEW GUINEA Born 24 April 1971 Assumed office – 30 May 2019 9th Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea Previously Minister of Finance of Papua New Guinea from 2012 to 2019 Political party – Pangu party Education – University of Papua New Guinea
  36. 36. 10. SAMOA
  37. 37. SAMOA Capital – Apia Independent island state in the southern Pacific Ocean, situated west of American Samoa. Currency – 1 tala (SA$), consisting of 100 sene Area – 2,831 sq km Former name - Western Samoa until 1997 Demonym: Samoan Official Language – Samoan, English Population – 196,130 (2018) GDP – 820.5 million USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,183.41 USD (2018) National Anthem: O le Fa’a ole sa’olotoga o Samoa (The Banner of Freedom) Motto: Fa’avae i le Atua Samoa (Samoa is founded on God)
  38. 38. VA’ALETOA SUALAUVI II OLE AO O LE MALA Born 29 April 1947 Assumed Office 21 July 2017 Chieftain of the Government of Samoa Political party: Independent Education: Australian National University. Malua Theological College.
  39. 39. TUILAEPA MALIELEGAOI PRIME MINISTER OF SAMOA Born 14 April 1945 Assumed office 23 November 1998 7th Prime Minister of Samoa Political Party: Human Rights Protection Party Education: University of Auckland.
  40. 40. 11. SOLOMON ISLANDS
  41. 41. SOLOMON ISLANDS Capital – Honiara Country comprising over 35 islands and atolls in the southern Pacific Ocean. Currency – 1 Solomon Islands dollar (SI$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 27,556 sq km Demonym: Solomon Islander Official Language – English Population – 652,858 (2018) GDP – 1.396 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,137.69 USD (2018) National Anthem: God Save Our Solomon Islands Royal Anthem: God Save the Queen Motto: To Lead is to Serve
  42. 42. DAVID VUNAGI GOVERNOR GENERAL OF SOLOMON ISLANDS Born 5 September 1950 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II Assumed office 7 July 2019 Bishop of Temotu, Archbishop and Primate of the Church of the Province of Melanesia from 2009 to 2015 Education: University of the South Pacific. University of Papua New Guinea. St. John’s College, Auckland, New Zealand.
  43. 43. MANASSEH SOGAVARE PRIME MINISTER OF SOLOMON ISLANDS Born 17 January 1955 Assumed office 24 April 2019 6th Prime Minister of Solomon Islands Previously Prime Minister from 2000 to 2007 and from 2014 to 2017 Political Party: Independent
  44. 44. 12. TONGA
  45. 45. TONGA Capital – Nukualofa Independent island nation consisting of more than 150 islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. Currency – 1 pa'anga (T$), consisting of 100 seniti Area – 750 sq km Official name - Kingdom of Tonga Demonym: Tongan Official Language – Tongan, English Population – 103,197 (2018) GDP – 450.4 million USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,364.02 USD (2018) National Anthem: Ko e fagi ‘o tu’I ‘o e ‘Out Tonga (The Song of the King of the Tongan Islands) Motto: Ko e ‘Otua mo Tonga ko hoku tofi a (God and Tonga are my Inheritance)
  46. 46. TUPOU VI KING OF TONGA Born 12 July 1959 Reign 18 March 2012 - present Coronation: 4 July 2015 House: Tupou Previously Prime Minister of Tonga from 2000 to 2006 Education: University of East Anglia. US Naval War College. University of New South Wales. Bond University.
  47. 47. POHIVA TU’I’ONETOA PRIME MINISTER OF TONGA Born 30 June 1931 Assumed office 8 October 2019 16th Prime Minister of Tonga Political party – Independent Education – Monash University. Institute of Certified Management Accountants.
  48. 48. 13. TUVALU
  49. 49. TUVALU Capital – Funafuti Country consisting of coral islands in the western Pacific Ocean. Currency - 1 Tuvaluan dollar ($T) or 1 Australian dollar ($A), consisting of 100 cents Area – 26 sq km Former name - Ellice Islands until 1975 Demonym: Tuvaluan Official Languages – Tuvaluan, English Population – 11,508 (2018) GDP – 42.59 million USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,700.71 USD (2018) National Anthem: Tuvalu mo te Atua (Tuvalu for the Almighty) Royal Anthem: God Save the Queen Motto: Tuvalu mo te Atua (Tuvalu for the Almighty)
  50. 50. IAKOBA ITALELI GOVERNOR GENERAL OF TUVALU Born 16 April 2010 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II Sir Iakoba Taeia Italeli GCMG Assumed office 16 April 2010 Previously Attorney General of Tuvalu from 2002 to 2006 Political party: Independent Education: International Maritime Law Institute, University of Malta.
  51. 51. KAUSEA NATANO PRIME MINISTER OF TUVALU Born Assumed office 19 September 2019 13th Prime Minister of Tuvalu Previously Deputy Prime Minister from 2010 to 2013 Political party – Independent
  52. 52. 14. VANUATU
  53. 53. VANUATU Capital – Port-Vila Country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, comprising approximately 80 islands. Currency – 1 vatu (VT), consisting of 100 centimes Area – 12,190 sq km Official name - Republic of Vanuatu Former name - New Hebrides until 1980 Demonym: Ni-Vanuatu, Vanuatuan Official Language – English, French, Bislama Population – 292,680 (2018) GDP – 914.3 million USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,123.89 USD (2018) National Anthem: Yumi, Yumi, Yumi (we, we, we) Motto: Long God Yumi Stanap (In God We Trust)
  54. 54. TALLIS OBED MOSES PRESIDENT OF VANUATU Born 24 October 1954 Assumed office 6 July 2017 Political party: Independent Education: Sydney Missionary and Bible College
  55. 55. BOB LOUGHMAN PRIME MINISTER OF VANUATU Born 8 March 1961 Assumed office 20 April 2020 12th Prime Minister of Vanuatu Previously Deputy Prime Minister of Vanuatu from 2018 to 2019 Political party – Vanua’aku Pati
  56. 56. THANK YOU

Oceania is a geographic region made up of Australia and the three Island groups Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia. Most of the islands of the South Pacific lie within this region. Australia is the largest and most populous country. The following slides present an overview of the 14 independent States in the geographic region of Oceania and Australia as of July 2020.

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