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Europe 2020

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Europe is a continent composed of the western projections of Eurasia and comprises one-fifth of the Eurasian landmass.
It is separated from Asia on the east by the Urals, bordered on the southeast by the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus, on the south by the Black Sea and the Dardanelles and is separated from Africa by the Mediterranean sea.
It occupies about 6.8% of the earth’s land area.
The following slides present an overview of 48 nations within the continent as of July 2020.

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Europe 2020

  1. 1. EUROPE 2020 DR BASIL BEMGBA ACHIE MBBS Ibadan
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Europe is a continent composed of the western projections of Eurasia and comprises one fifth of the Eurasian land mass. It is separated from Asia on the east by the Urals, bordered on the southeast by Caspian Sea and the Caucasus, on the south by the Black Sea and the Dardanelles and is separated from Africa by the Mediterranean sea. It occupies about 6.8% of earth’s land area. The following slides present an overview of 48 nations within the continent as of July 2020.
  3. 3. OUTLINE S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 1 Albania Tirana Ilir Meta Albanian 2 Andorra Andorra La Vella Joan Enric Vives Sicilia. Emmanuel Macron (Co Princes) Catalan 3 Austria Vienna Alexander Van Der Bellen German 4 Belarus Minsk Alexander Lukashenko Belarusian Russian 5 Belgium Brussels Philippe Dutch, French, German 6 Bosnia Herzegovina Sarajevo Sefik Dzaferovic Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian
  4. 4. S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 8 Croatia Zagreb Zoran Milanovic Croatian 9 Cyprus Nicosia Nicos Anastasiades Greek, Turkish 10 Czech Republic Prague Milos Zeman Czech 11 Denmark Copenhagen Margrethe II Danish 12 Estonia Tallinn Kesti Kaljulaid Estonian 13 Finland Helsinki Sauli Niinisto Finnish, Swedish 14 France Paris Emmanuel Macron French 15 Georgia Tbilisi Salome Zourabichvili Georgian, Abkazian 16 Germany Berlin Frank-Walter Steinmeier German 17 Greece Athens Katerina Greek
  5. 5. S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 19 Iceland Reykjavik Gudni Thorlacius Johanneson Icelandic 20 Ireland Dublin Michael D. Higgins Irish, English 21 Italy Rome Sergio Mattarella Italian 22 Kosovo Pristina Hashim Thaci Albanian, Serbian 23 Latvia Riga Egils Levits Latvian 24 Liechtenstein Vaduz Hans-Adam II German 25 Lithuania Vilnius Gitanas Nauseda Lithuanian, Polish, Russian, German 26 Luxembourg Luxembourg City Henri Luxembourgis h, French, German 27 North Skopje Stevo Pendorovski Macedonian,
  6. 6. S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 29 Moldova Chisinau Igor Dodon Romanian (Moldovan) 30 Monaco Monaco Albert II French 31 Montenegro Podgorica Milo Dukanovic Montenegrin 32 Netherlands Amsterdam Willem- Alexander Dutch 33 Norway Oslo Harald V Norwegian 34 Poland Warsaw Andrzej Duda Polish 35 Portugal Lisbon Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa Portuguese 36 Romania Bucharest Klaus Iohannis Romanian 37 Russia Moscow Vladimir Putin Russian 38 San Marino San Marino Alessandro Mancini Grazia Zafferani (Captains Italian
  7. 7. S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 39 Serbia Belgrade Aleksander Vucic Serbian 40 Slovakia Bratislava Suzana Caputova Slovak 41 Slovenia Ljubljana Borut Pahor Slovene 42 Spain Madrid Felipe VI Spanish 43 Sweden Stockholm Carl XVI Gustaf Swedish 44 Switzerland None (De jure) Bern (De facto) Simonetta Sommaruga German, French, Italian, Romansh 45 Turkey Ankara Recep Tayyip Erdogan Turkish 46 Ukraine Kiev Volodymyr Zelensky Ukrainian 47 United Kingdom London Elizabeth II English
  8. 8. 1. ALBANIA
  9. 9. ALBANIA CAPITAL – Tirana Country in southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea Currency – 1 lek (L), consisting of 100 quindarka Area – 28,748 sq km Official name - Republic of Albania Demonym: Albanian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Albanian (Tosk is the official dialect) Population – 2.846 million (2020) GDP – 15.1 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 5,268.85 USD (2018) National Anthem: Himni i Flamurit (Hymn to the Flag) Motto: Ti Shqiperi, me jep nder, me jep emrin shqipetor (You Albania, give me the name Albanian)
  10. 10. ILIR META PRESIDENT OF ALBANIA Born 24 March 1969 Assumed office from 24 July 2017 8th President of Albania Previously Prime Minister from 1999 to 2002 Political party – Independent Alma mater – University of Tirana
  11. 11. EDI RAMA PRIME MINISTER OF ALBANIA Born 4 July 1964 Assumed office 15 September 2013 47th Prime Minister of Albania Political party – Socialist party of Albania Alma mater – Academy of Arts (now Albanian University of Arts)
  12. 12. 2. ANDORRA
  13. 13. ANDORRA CAPITAL – Andorra la Vella Principality in the Pyrenees Mountains between France and Spain Currency – European Union (EU) single currency, the euro (€). Area – 468 sq km Official name - Principality of Andorra Demonym: Andorran OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Catalan Population – 77,006 (2018) GDP – 3.237 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 42,029.76 USD (2018) National Anthem: El Gran Carlemany (Catalan), The Great Charlemagne (English) Motto: Virtus Unita Fortior (United Virtue is Stronger)
  14. 14. JOAN ENRIC VIVES SICÍLIA EX OFFICIO CO-PRINCE OF ANDORRA Born 24 July 1949 Coronation – 12 May 2003 Archbishop and Monarch Archbishop - Bishop of Urgell. He serves as Co prince of Andorra with the President of France Emmanuel Macron
  15. 15. EMMANUEL MACRON EX OFFICIO CO-PRINCE OF ANDORRA Born 21 December 1977 Assumed office 14 May 2017 President of France and Co Prince of Andorra He serves as Ex Officio Co- Prince of Andorra with Joan Enric Vives Sicília
  16. 16. XAVIER ESPOT ZAMORA PRIME MINISTER OF ANDORRA Born 30 October 1979 Assumed office 16 May 2019 7th Prime Minister of Andorra Political Party: Democrats for Andorra Alma Mater: College Alpin Beau Soleil. Lycee Comte de Foix. ESADE Barcelona. Faculty of Philosophy URL.
  17. 17. 3. AUSTRIA
  18. 18. AUSTRIA CAPITAL – Vienna Country in central Europe. Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 83,858 sq km Official name - Republic of Austria Demonym: Austrian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – German Population – 8.859 million (2019) GDP – 455.3 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 51,461.95 USD (2018) National Anthem: Lad der Berge Land am Strome (German), Land of Mountains, Land by the River (English)
  19. 19. ALEXANDER VAN DER BELLEN PRESIDENT OF AUSTRIA Born 18 January 1944 Assumed office 26 January 2017 12th President of Austria Political party – The Greens University Professor Alma mater – University of Innsbruck
  20. 20. SEBASTIAN KURZ CHANCELLOR OF AUSTRIA Born 27 August 1986 Assumed office 7 January 2020 Previously Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2013 to 2017 and Chancellor of Austria from 18 December 2017 to 28 May 2019 Political Party – People’s Party Education - GRG 12 Erlgasse
  21. 21. 4. BELARUS
  22. 22. BELARUS CAPITAL – Minsk Country in eastern Europe Currency – 1 Belarusian ruble (Rbl), consisting of 100 kopeks Area – 207,595 sq km Official name - Republic of Belarus Demonym: Belarusian OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Belarusian, Russian Population – 9.485 million (2018) GDP – 59.66 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 6,289.94 USD (2018) National Anthem: State Anthem of Belarus
  23. 23. ALEXANDER LUKASHENKO PRESIDENT OF BELARUS Born 30 August 1954 Assumed office 20 July 1994 1st President of Belarus Political party – Independent, Belaya Rus Alma mater – Belarusian State Agricultural Academy, Migolev State A. University
  24. 24. ROMAN GOLOVCHENKO PRIME MINISTER OF BELARUS Born 10 August 1973 Assumed 4 June 2020 Alma mater – Moscow State Institute of International Relations. Academy of Public Administration Belarus.
  25. 25. 5. BELGIUM
  26. 26. BELGIUM CAPITAL – Brussels Country in northwestern Europe, bordering the North Sea Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 30,528 sq km Official name - Kingdom of Belgium Demonym: Belgian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Dutch, French, German Population – 11.46 million (2019) GDP – 542.8 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 47,518.64 USD (2018) National Anthem: La Brabanconne (The Brabantian) Motto: Unity makes Strength
  27. 27. PHILIPPE KING OF THE BELGIANS Born 15 April 1960 Reign - 21 July 2013 – present 7th King of the Belgians He is the eldest child of King Albert II He succeeded his father following his abdication for health reasons, House – Belgium Alma mater - Trinity College Oxford, Royal Military Academy Brussels, Stanford University, University of Oxford
  28. 28. SOPHIE WILMES PRIME MINISTER OF BELGIUM Born 15 January 1975 Assumed office 27 October 2019 52nd Prime Minister of Belgium Previously Minister of Budget from 2015 to 2019 Political Party – Reformist Movement Education – Saint-Louise University Brussels
  29. 29. 6. BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
  30. 30. BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA CAPITAL – Sarajevo Country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula Currency – 1 convertible marka, consisting of 100 convertible pfenniga. Croatian kuna, Bosnian dinar, and some other former currencies are still in use. Area – 51,129 sq km Official name - Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Demonym: Bosnian OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian Population – 3.324 million (2018) GDP – 20.16 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 6,065.67 USD (2018) National Anthem: Drzavna Himna Bosne I Hercegovine (The National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
  31. 31. SEFIK DZAFEROVIC CHAIRMAN OF THE PRESIDENCY OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Born 9 September 1957 Assumed office 20 March 2020 36th Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Political party – Democratic Action Alma Mater – University of Sarajevo
  32. 32. ZORAN TEGELTIJA CHAIRMAN OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. Born 29 September 1961 Assumed office 23 December 2019 10th Chairman of the Council of Ministers Political party – Alliance of Independent Social Democrats Alma Mater – University of Sarajevo. Alfa BK University
  33. 33. 7. BULGARIA
  34. 34. BULGARIA CAPITAL – Sofia Country in southeastern Europe, on the western shores of the Black Sea Currency – 1 new lev (Lv), consisting of 100 stotinki Area – 110,994 sq km Official name - Republic of Bulgaria Demonym: Bulgarian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Bulgarian Population – 7 million (2019) GDP – 65.13 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 9,272.63 USD (2018) National Anthem: Mila Rodina (Dear Motherland) Motto: Saedinenieto Pravi Silata (Unity makes Strength)
  35. 35. RUMEN RADEV PRESIDENT OF BULGARIA Born 18 June 1963 Assumed office 22 January 2017 5th President of Bulgaria Political party – Independent Alma mater – Bulgarian Air Force University, Rakovski Military Academy, Air War College
  36. 36. BOYKO BORISOV PRIME MINISTER OF BULGARIA Born 13 June 1959 Assumed office 4 May 2017 50th Prime Minister of Bulgaria Political party – GERB Alma mater - Academy of the Ministry of the Interior
  37. 37. 8. CROATIA
  38. 38. CROATIA CAPITAL – Zagreb Country in southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula, bordering the Adriatic Sea Currency – 1 kuna (HRK), consisting of 100 lipa Area – 56,510 sq km Official name - Republic of Croatia Demonym: Croatian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Croatian Population – 4.076 million (2019) GDP – 60.97 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 14,909.69 USD (2018) National Anthem: Lijepa nasa domaino (Our Beautiful Homeland)
  39. 39. ZORAN MILANOVIC PRESIDENT OF CROATIA Born 30 October 1966 Assumed office 19 February 2020 Previously Prime Minister of Croatia from 2011 to 2016 Political party – Independent Alma Mater – University of Zagreb. Free University of Brussels.
  40. 40. ANDREJ PLENKOVIĆ PRIME MINISTER OF CROATIA Born 8 April 1970 Assumed office 19 October 2016 12th Prime Minister of Croatia Political party – Croatian Democratic Union Alma mater – University of Zagreb
  41. 41. 9. CYPRUS
  42. 42. CYPRUS CAPITAL – Nicosia Island country in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Currency – 1 Cyprus pound, consisting of 100 cents; 1 new Turkish lira, consisting of 100 new kurus Area – 9,251 sq km Official name - Republic of Cyprus Demonym: Cypriot OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Greek, Turkish, English Population – 1.17 million (2018) GDP – 24.96 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 28,159.30 USD (2018) National Anthem: Hymn to Liberty
  43. 43. NICOS ANASTASIADES PRESIDENT OF CYPRUS Born 27 September 1946 Assumed office 28 February 2013 7th President of Cyprus Political party – Democratic Rally Alma mater – University of Athens, University College London
  44. 44. 10. CZECH REPUBLIC
  45. 45. CZECH REPUBLIC CAPITAL – Prague Country in central Europe created in 1993 when the former Czechoslovakia was divided into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic, or Slovakia. Currency – 1 Czech koruna (Kc), consisting of 100 haleru Area – 78,864 sq km Demonym: Czech OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Czech Population – 10.69 million (2020) GDP – 245.2 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 23,078.57 USD (2018) National Anthem: Kde domov muj (Czech), Where is my Home (English) Motto: Pravda vitezi (Czech) Truth Prevails (English)
  46. 46. MILOS ZEMAN PRESIDENT OF CZECH REPUBLIC Born 28 September 1944 Assumed office 8 March 2013 3rd President of the Czech Republic Formerly Prime Minister of the Czech Republic 22 July 1998 – 15 July 2002 Political party – Party of Civic Rights Alma mater – University of Economics Prague
  47. 47. ANDREJ BABIS PRIME MINISTER OF CZECH REPUBLIC Born 2 September 1954 Assumed office 6 December 2017 12th Prime Minister of Czech Republic Political party – ANO 2011 Alma mater – University of Economics Bratislava
  48. 48. 11. DENMARK
  49. 49. DENMARK CAPITAL – Copenhagen Southernmost and smallest country in Scandinavia, comprising the Jutland peninsula and about 480 islands. Currency – 1 Danish krone (DKr), consisting of 100 öre Area – 43,094 sq km Official name - Kingdom of Denmark Demonym: Danish, Dane OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Danish Population – 5.806 million (2019) GDP – 355.7 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 61,350.35 USD (2018) National Anthems: Der er et yndgt land (There is a lovely Country) Kong Christian stod ved hojen mast (King Christian stood by the loft mast)
  50. 50. MARGRETHE II QUEEN OF DENMARK Born 16 April 1940 Reign - 14 January 1972 – present House – Glucksburg Alma mater - Aarhus University, Girton College Cambridge, University of Paris, London School of Economics and Political Science
  51. 51. METTE FREDERIKSEN PRIME MINISTER OF DENMARK Born 19 November 1977 Assumed office 27 June 2019 Previously Minister of Employment from 2011 to 2014, Minister of Justice from 2014 to 2015, Leader of the Social Democrats since 28 June 2015 Political Party: Social Democrats Alma Mater: Aalborg University
  52. 52. 12. ESTONIA
  53. 53. ESTONIA CAPITAL – Tallinn Country on the Gulf of Finland in northeastern Europe, north of Latvia and west of Russia. One of the Baltic states. Currency – 1 Estonian kroon (EEK), consisting of 100 cents Area – 45,227 sq km Official name - Republic of Estonia Demonym: Estonian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Estonian Population – 1.329 million (2020) GDP – 30.73 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 23,266.35 USD (2018) National Anthem: Mu Isamaa Onn Ja room (My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy)
  54. 54. KERSTI KALJULAID PRESIDENT OF ESTONIA Born 30 December 1969 Assumed office 10 October 2016 5th President of Estonia First female head of state of Estonia since the country declared independence in 1918 Alma mater – University of Tartu
  55. 55. JURI RATAS PRIME MINISTER OF ESTONIA Born 2 July 1978 Assumed office 23 November 2016 17th Prime Minister of Estonia Political party – Centre Party Alma mater – Tallinn University of Technology
  56. 56. 13. FINLAND
  57. 57. FINLAND CAPITAL – Helsinki Country in northern Europe on the Baltic Sea. Approximately a third of the country lies within the Arctic Circle. Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 338,145 sq km Official name - Republic of Finland Finnish name – Suomi Demonym: Finnish, Finn OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Finnish, Swedish Population – 5.518 million (2019) GDP – 276.7 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 50,152.34 USD (2018) National Anthem: Maame (Finnish), Vart land (Swedish), Our land (English)
  58. 58. SAULI NIINISTÖ PRESIDENT OF FINLAND Born 24 August 1948 Assumed office 1 March 2012 12th President of Finland Political party – National Coalition Party Alma mater – University of Turku
  59. 59. SANNA MARIN PRIME MINISTER OF FINLAND Born 16 November 1985 Assumed office 10 December 2019 46th Prime Minister of Finland Previously Minister of Transport and Communications in 2019 Political Party – Social Democratic Party Education – University of Tampere
  60. 60. 14. FRANCE
  61. 61. FRANCE CAPITAL – Paris Largest country in western Europe. Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 543,965 sq km Official name - French Republic Demonym: French OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population – 66.99 million (2019) GDP – 2.778 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 41,463.64 USD (2018) National Anthem: La Marseillaise (The Marseillaise) Motto: Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite (Liberty, Equality, Fraternity)
  62. 62. EMMANUEL MACRON PRESIDENT OF FRANCE Born 21 December 1977 Assumed office 14 May 2017 Became youngest president in the history of France at age 39 Political party – La Republique En Marche! Alma mater – Paris X Nanterre, Sciences Po, Ecole nationale d’administration
  63. 63. JEAN CASTEX PRIME MINISTER OF FRANCE Born 25 June 1965 Assumed office 3 July 2020 Previously Mayor of Prades from 2008 to 2020 Political party – LREM Education – University of Toulouse 2. Sciences Po. Ecole Nationale d’Administration.
  64. 64. 15. GEORGIA
  65. 65. GEORGIA CAPITAL – Tbilisi Country on the eastern coast of the Black Sea bordered on the north by Russia and on the south by Turkey, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. Currency – 1 Georgian lari, consisting of 100 tetri Area – 69,700 sq km Official name - Republic of Georgia Demonym: Georgian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Georgian Population – 3.731 million (2018) GDP – 17.6 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,717.14 USD (2018) National Anthem: Tavisupleba (Freedom) Motto: Dzala Ertobashia (Strength is in Unity)
  66. 66. SALOME ZOURABICHVILI PRESIDENT OF GEORGIA Born 18 March 1952 Assumed office 16 December 2018 5th President of Georgia Previously Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georgia from 2004 to 2005 Political party: Independent Alma Mater: Sciences Po. Columbia University.
  67. 67. GIORGI GAKHARIA PRIME MINISTER OF GEORGIA Born 19 March 1975 Assumed office 8 September 2019 Previously Minister of Internal Affairs of Georgia from 2017 to 2019 Political party – Georgian Dream.
  68. 68. 16. GERMANY
  69. 69. GERMANY CAPITAL – Berlin Country in central Europe Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 356,970 sq km Official name - Federal Republic of Germany Demonym: German OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – German Population – 83.02 million (2019) GDP – 3.948 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 47,603.03 USD (2018) National Anthem: Deutschlandlied (Song of Germany) Motto: Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit (Unity and Justice and Freedom)
  70. 70. FRANK-WALTER STEINMEIER PRESIDENT OF GERMANY Born 5 January 1956 Assumed office 19 March 2017 Political party – Social Democratic Party Alma mater – Giessen University
  71. 71. ANGELA MERKEL CHANCELLOR OF GERMANY Born 17 July 1954 Assumed office 22 November 2005 Political party – Christian Democratic Union Alma mater – Leipzig University
  72. 72. 17. GREECE
  73. 73. GREECE CAPITAL – Athens Country in southeastern Europe Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 131,957 sq km Official name - Hellenic Republic Demonym: Greek OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Greek Population – 10.72 million (2019) GDP – 218 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 20,324.25 USD (2018) National Anthem: Ymnos eis tin Eleftherian (Hymn to Liberty) Motto: Eleftheria i Thanatos (Freedom or Death)
  74. 74. KATERINA SAKELLAROPOULOU PRESIDENT OF GREECE Born 30 May 1956 Assumed office 13 March 2015 7th President of Greece Political party – New Democracy Alma mater – University of Athens. Pantheon-Assas University.
  75. 75. KYRIAKOS MITSOTAKIS PRIME MINISTER OF GREECE Born 4 March 1968 Assumed office 8 July 2019 Previously Minister of Administrative Reform from 2013 to 2015 Political Party: New Democracy Alma Mater: Harvard University. Stanford University.
  76. 76. 18. HUNGARY
  77. 77. HUNGARY CAPITAL – Budapest Country in central Europe Currency – 1 forint (Ft), consisting of 100 filler Area – 93,030 sq km Official name - Republic of Hungary Demonym: Hungarian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Hungarian (Magyar) Population – 9.773 million (2019) GDP – 157.9 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 16,161.98 USD (2018) National Anthem: Himnusz (Hymn)
  78. 78. JANOS ADER PRESIDENT OF HUNGARY Born 9 May 1959 Assumed office 10 May 2012 5th President of Hungary Political party – Fidesz Alma mater - Eötvös Loránd University
  79. 79. VIKTOR ORBAN PRIME MINISTER OF HUNGARY Born 31 May 1963 Assumed office 29 May 2010 56th Prime Minister of Hungary Political party – Fidesz Alma mater - Eötvös Loránd University, Pembroke College, Oxford
  80. 80. 19. ICELAND
  81. 81. ICELAND CAPITAL – Reykjavik Island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, 300 km/185 mi east of Greenland and 1,000 km/620 mi west of Norway. Currency – 1 Icelandic króna (IKr), consisting of 100 aurar Area – 103,000 sq km Official name - Republic of Iceland Demonym: Icelander, OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Icelandic Population – 364,134 (2020) GDP – 25.88 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 73,191.12 USD (2018) National Anthem: Lofsongur (Song of Praise) also known as ‘O Gud vors lands’ (O God of our Land)
  82. 82. GUDNI THORLACIUS JOHANNESSON PRESIDENT OF ICELAND Born 26 June 1968 Assumed office 1 August 2016 6th President of Iceland Political party – Independent Alma mater – University of Warwick, University of Iceland, St. Anthony’s College Oxford, University of London
  83. 83. KATRIN JAKOBSDOTTIR PRIME MINISTER OF ICELAND Born 1 February 1976 Assumed office 30 November 2017 28th Prime Minister of Iceland Previously Minister of Education, Science and Culture of Iceland from 2 February 2009 – 23 May 2013 Political party – Left-Green Movement Alma mater – University of Iceland
  84. 84. 20. IRELAND
  85. 85. IRELAND CAPITAL – Dublin Country occupying the southern, central, and northwestern parts of the island of Ireland. Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 70,273 sq km Official name - Republic of Ireland Gaelic name - Éire Demonym: Irish OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English, Irish Gaelic Population – 4.904 million (2019) GDP – 382.5 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 78,806.43 USD (2018) National Anthem: Amhran na bhfiann (The Soldier’s Song)
  86. 86. MICHAEL D. HIGGINS PRESIDENT OF IRELAND Born 18 April 1941 Assumed office 11 November 2011 9th President of Ireland Political party – Independent Alma mater – University College Galway. Indiana University. University of Manchester.
  87. 87. MICHAEL MARTIN TAOISEACH (PRIME MINSTER) OF IRELAND Born 1 August 1960 Assumed office 27 June 2020 Political party – Fianna Fail Education – Colaiste Chriost Ri. University College Cork.
  88. 88. 21. ITALY
  89. 89. ITALY CAPITAL – Rome Country in southern Europe. Its mainland area projects as a peninsula into the Mediterranean Sea, and it includes, among others, the islands of Elba, Sicily, and Sardinia. Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 301,323 sq km Official name - Italian Republic Demonym: Italian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Italian Population – 60.36 million (2019) GDP – 2.084 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 34,483.20 USD (2018) National Anthem: Il Canto degli Italiani (The Song of the Italian)
  90. 90. SERGIO MATTARELLA PRESIDENT OF ITALY Born 23 July 1941 Assumed office 3 February 2015 12th President of Italy Political party – Independent Alma mater – Sapienza University.
  91. 91. GIUSEPPE CONTE PRIME MINISTER OF ITALY Born 8 August 1964 Assumed office 1 June 2018 58th Prime Minister of Italy Political party – Independent Alma mater – Sapienza University.
  92. 92. 22. KOSOVO
  93. 93. KOSOVO CAPITAL – Pristina A disputed territory and partially recognized state in Southe astern Europe. Currency – Euro Area – 10,887 sq km. Demonym: Kosovar, Kosovan OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Albanian, Serbian. Population – 1.845 million (2018) GDP – 7.939 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,302.28 USD (2018) National Anthem: Europe
  94. 94. HASHIM THACI PRESIDENT OF KOSOVO Born 24 April 1968 Assumed office 7 April 2016 4th President of Kosovo Previously Prime Minister of Kosovo from 9 January 2008 – 9 December 2014 Political party – Independent Alma mater – University of Pristina. University of Zurich.
  95. 95. 23. LATVIA
  96. 96. LATVIA CAPITAL – Riga Country bordering the Baltic Sea in northeastern Europe. One of the Baltic states. Currency – 1 lats, consisting of 100 santimi Area – 63,700 sq km Official name - Republic of Latvia Demonym: Latvian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Latvian Population – 1.92 million (2019) GDP – 34.41 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 17,860.62 USD (2018) National Anthem: Dieus , Sveti Letviju! (God Bless Latvia!)
  97. 97. EGILS LEVITS PRESIDENT OF LATVIA Born 30 June 1955 Assumed office 8 July 2019 10th President of Latvia Previously Judge of the European Court of Justice from 2004 to 2019, Minister for Justice of Latvia from 1993 to 1994 Political Party: Independent Alma Mater: University of Hamburg.
  98. 98. KRISJANIS KARINS PRIME MINISTER OF LATVIA Born 13 December 1964 Assumed office 23 January 2019 14th Prime Minister of Latvia Previously Minister for Economics of Latvia from 2004 to 2006, Member of the European Parliament for Latvia from 2009 to 2019 Political Party: Unity Alma Mater: University of Pennsylvania.
  99. 99. 24. LIECHTENSTEIN
  100. 100. LIECHTENSTEIN CAPITAL – Vaduz Small independent principality in central Europe, lying between Switzerland, with which it has close ties, and Austria. Currency – 1 Swiss franc or franken (SwF), consisting of 100 centimes or rappen Area – 160 sq km Official name - Principality of Liechtenstein Demonym: Liechtensteiner OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – German Population – 38,749 (2020) GDP – 6.215 billion USD (2016) GDP per Capita – 165,028.25 USD (2016) National Anthem: Oben am Jungen Rhein (High on the Yong Rhine) Motto: Fur Gott, Furst und Vaterland (For God, Prince and Fatherland)
  101. 101. HANS-ADAM II PRINCE OF LIECHTENSTEIN Born 14 February 1945 Reign - 13 November 1989 – present House – Liechtenstein Alma mater – University of St. Galen
  102. 102. ADRIAN HASLER PRIME MINISTER OF LIECHTENSTEIN Born 11 February 1964 Assumed office 27 March 2013 Political party – Progressive Citizen’s Party Alma mater – University of St. Galen
  103. 103. 25. LITHUANIA
  104. 104. LITHUANIA CAPITAL – Vilnius Country bordering the Baltic Sea in northeastern Europe. One of the Baltic states Currency – 1 litas, consisting of 100 centai Area – 65,300 sq km Official name - Republic of Lithuania Demonym: Lithuanian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Lithuanian Population – 2.794 million (2020) GDP – 53.43 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 19,153.41 USD (2018) National Anthem – Tautiska Giesme (National Anthem)
  105. 105. GITANAS NAUSEDA PRESIDENT OF LITHUANIA Born 19 May 1964 Assumed office 12 July 2019 9th President of Lithuania Political Party: Independent Alma Mater: Vilnius University.
  106. 106. SAULIUS SKVERNELIS PRIME MINISTER OF LITHUANIA Born 23 July 1970 Assumed office 13 December 2016 13th Prime Minister of Lithuania Political party – Independent Alma mater – Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
  107. 107. 26. LUXEMBOURG
  108. 108. LUXEMBOURG CAPITAL – Luxembourg City Country in Western Europe bordered by Belgium, Germany, and France. Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 2,586 sq km Official name - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg Demonym: Luxembourgish, Luxembourger OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Luxembourgish, German, French, English Population – 613,894 (2019) GDP – 70.89 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 116,639.89 USD (2018) National Anthem: Ons Heemecht (Our Homeland) Royal Anthem: De Wilhelmus Motto: Mir welle bleiwe wat sinn (Luxembourgish). We want to remain what we are (English)
  109. 109. HENRI GRAND DUKE OF LUXEMBOURG Born 16 April 1955 Reign - 7 October 2000 – present House – Nassau-Weiburg Alma Mater – University of Geneva. Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.
  110. 110. XAVIER BETTEL PRIME MINISTER OF LUXEMBOURG Born 3 March 1973 Assumed office 4 December 2013 25th Prime Minister of Luxembourg Political party – Democratic party Alma mater – University of Thessaloniki. Nancy 2 University.
  111. 111. 27. NORTH MACEDONIA
  112. 112. NORTH MACEDONIA CAPITAL – Skopje Country in southeastern Europe. Formerly a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, it became independent in 1991. Currency – 1 denar, consisting of 100 deni Area – 25,713 sq km Former name - Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) Demonym: Macedonian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Macedonian Population – 2.077 million (2019) GDP – 12.67 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 6,083.72 USD (2018) National Anthem: ‘Today over Macedonia’ in Macedonian
  113. 113. STEVO PENDAROVSKI PRESIDENT OF NORTH MACEDONIA Born 3 April 1963 Assumed office 12 May 2019 5th President of North Macedonia Political Party: Social Democratic Union Alma Mater: Ss. Cyril and Methodius University.
  114. 114. OLIVER SPASOVSKY PRIME MINISTER OF NORTH MACEDONIA Born 21 October 1976 Assumed office 3 January 2020 9th Prime Minister of North Macedonia Political Party – SDSM
  115. 115. 28. MALTA
  116. 116. MALTA CAPITAL – Valletta Country consisting of two main islands and nearby islets in the central Mediterranean Sea Currency – 1 Maltese lira (LM), consisting of 100 cents Area – 316 sq km Official name - Republic of Malta Demonym: Maltese OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Maltese, English Population – 514,564 (2019) GDP – 14.55 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 30,098.28 USD (2018) National Anthem: L-innu Malti (The Maltese Hymn) Motto: Virtute et Constantia (With Strength and Consistency)
  117. 117. GEORGE VELLA PRESIDENT OF MALTA Born 24 April 1942 Assumed office 4 April 2019 George William Vella, KUOM KCMG 10th President of Malta Previously Deputy Prime Minister of Malta from 1996 to 1998, Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2013 to 2017 Political Party: Labour Party Alma Mater: University of Malta.
  118. 118. ROBERT ABELA PRIME MINISTER OF MALTA Born 7 December 1977 Assumed office 13 January 2020 14th Prime Minister of Malta Political party – Labour Education – University of Malta
  119. 119. 29. MOLDOVA
  120. 120. MOLDOVA CAPITAL – Chisinau Country in southeastern Europe. It was a republic of the former Soviet Union until 1991 Currency – 1 Moldovan leu, consisting of 100 bani Area – 33,700 sq km Official name - Republic of Moldova Demonym: Moldovan OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Moldovan Population – 3.546 million (2018) GDP – 11.44 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,227.31 USD (2018) National Anthem: Limba Noastra (Our Language)
  121. 121. IGOR DODON PRESIDENT OF MOLDOVA Born 18 February 1975 Assumed office 23 December 2016 5th President of Moldova Political party – Independent Alma mater – Agricultural State University of Moldova
  122. 122. ION CHICU PRIME MINISTER OF MOLDOVA Born 28 February 1972 Assumed office 14 November 2019 14th Prime Minister of Moldova Previously Minister of Finance of Moldova from 2018 to 2019
  123. 123. 30. MONACO
  124. 124. MONACO CAPITAL – Monaco Small independent principality of Europe, bordered by France and the Mediterranean Sea. Currency – European Union (EU) single currency, the euro (€) Area – 2 sq km Official name - Principality of Monaco Demonym: Monagasque, Monacan OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French Population – 38,682 (2018) GDP – 7.185 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 185,741.28 USD (2018) National Anthem: Hymne Monegasque (Hymn of Monaco) Motto: Deo Juvante (latin). With God’s Help (English)
  125. 125. ALBERT II PRINCE OF MONACO Born 14 March 1958 Reign - 6 April 2005 – present House – Grimaldi Alma Mater - Amherst College
  126. 126. SERGE TELLE MINISTER OF STATE OF MONACO Born 5 May 1955 Assumed office 1 February 2016 Political party – Independent Alma Mater – Sciences Po. National Institute for Oriental Languages and Civilizations.
  127. 127. 31. MONTENEGRO
  128. 128. MONTENEGRO CAPITAL – Podgorica Country in the Balkans, southeastern Europe Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 13,812 sq km Official name - Republic of Montenegro Demonym: Montenegrin OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Montenegrin, Albanian Population – 622,359 (2018) GDP – 5.504 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 8,844.24 USD (2018) National Anthem: Oj, Svijetla majska zoro (Oh Bright Dawn of May)
  129. 129. MILO DUKANOVIC PRESIDENT OF MONTENEGRO Born 15 February 1962 Assumed office 20 May 2018 2nd President of Montenegro Formerly Prime Minister of Montenegro from 4 December 2012 – 28 November 2016 Political party – Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro Alma Mater – Veljko Vlahovic University
  130. 130. DUSKO MARKOVIC PRIME MINISTER OF MONTENEGRO Born 6 July 1959 Assumed office 28 November 2016 5th Prime Minister of Montenegro Political party – Democratic Party of Socialists Alma Mater – University of Kragujevac.
  131. 131. 32. NETHERLANDS
  132. 132. NETHERLANDS CAPITAL – Amsterdam Country in northwestern Europe Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 41,526 sq km Official name - Kingdom of the Netherlands Demonym: Dutch OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Dutch Population – 17.28 million (2019) GDP – 913.7 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 53,024.06 USD (2018) National Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe (William of Nassau) Motto: Je Maintiendrai (I will maintain)
  133. 133. WILLEM-ALEXANDER KING OF THE NETHERLANDS Born 27 April 1967 Reign - 30 April 2013 – present House – Orange-Nassau Alma Mater – Leiden University, Atlantic College.
  134. 134. MARK RUTTE PRIME MINISTER OF THE NETHERLANDS Born 14 February 1967 Assumed office 14 October 2010 50th Prime Minister of the Netherlands Political party – People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy Alma Mater – Leiden University.
  135. 135. 33. NORWAY
  136. 136. NORWAY CAPITAL – Oslo Country in northern Europe, occupying the western and northern portions of the Scandinavian Peninsula. Currency – 1 Norwegian krone (NKr), consisting of 100 öre Area – 385,639 sq km Official name - Kingdom of Norway Demonym: Norwegian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Norwegian Population – 5.433 million (2020) GDP – 434.2 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 81,697.25 USD (2018) National Anthem: Ja, vi elsker dette landet (Yes, We Love This Country) Motto: Enige og tro inntil Dovre faller (United and loyal until Dovre Falls)
  137. 137. HARALD V KING OF NORWAY Born 21 February 1937 Reign - 17 January 1991 – present House – Glucksburg Alma Mater – Norwegian Military Academy, Balliol College Oxford, University of Oslo
  138. 138. ERNA SOLBERG PRIME MINISTER OF NORWAY Born 24 February 1961 Assumed office 16 October 2013 28th Prime Minister of Norway Political party – Conservative Party Alma Mater – University of Bergen.
  139. 139. 34. POLAND
  140. 140. POLAND CAPITAL – Warsaw Country in eastern Europe, bordering on the Baltic Sea. Currency – 1 zloty (Zl), consisting of 100 groszy Area – 312,684 sq km Official name - Republic of Poland Demonym: Polish, Pole OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Polish Population – 37.97 million (2019) GDP – 585.7 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 15,420.91 USD (2018) National Anthem: Mazurek Dabrowskiego (Poland is not yet lost)
  141. 141. ANDRZEJ DUDA PRESIDENT OF POLAND Born 16 May 1972 Assumed office 6 August 2015 6th President of Poland Political party – Independent Alma mater – Jagiellonian University.
  142. 142. MATEUSZ MORAWIECKI PRIME MINISTER OF POLAND Born 20 June 1968 Assumed office 11 December 2017 17th Prime Minister of Poland A historian, economist, lawyer and politician Political party – Law and Justice Alma mater – Uni. Of Wroclaw. Wroclaw Uni. Of Science and Technology. Wraclaw Uni. Of Economics. University of Hamburg. University of
  143. 143. 35. PORTUGAL
  144. 144. PORTUGAL CAPITAL – Lisbon Country in southwestern Europe, in the southwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 92,345 sq km Official name - Portuguese Republic Demonym: Portuguese OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Portuguese Population – 10.28 million (2019) GDP – 240.7 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 23,407.91 USD (2018) National Anthem: A Portuguesa (The Portuguese Hymn)
  145. 145. MARCELO REBELO DE SOUSA PRESIDENT OF PORTUGAL Born 12 December 1948 Assumed office 9 March 2016 20th President of Portugal Political party – Independent Alma Mater – University of Lisbon.
  146. 146. ANTONIO COSTA PRIME MINISTER OF PORTUGAL Born 17 July 1961 Assumed office 26 November 2015 119th Prime Minister of Portugal Political party – Socialist party Alma Mater – University of Lisbon.
  147. 147. 36. ROMANIA
  148. 148. ROMANIA CAPITAL – Bucharest Country in southeastern Europe, bordered by Ukraine, Moldova, the Black Sea, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Hungary. Currency – 1 new leu (RON), consisting of 100 bani Area – 238,391 sq km Demonym: Romanian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Romanian Population – 19.41 million (2019) GDP – 239.6 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 12,301.19 USD (2018) National Anthem: Desteapta-te Romane! (Awaken thee, Romania!)
  149. 149. KLAUS IOHANNIS PRESIDENT OF ROMANIA Born 13 June 1959 Assumed office 21 December 2014 5th President of Romania Political party – Independent Alma Mater – Babes-Bolyai University.
  150. 150. LUDOVIC ORBAN PRIME MINISTER OF ROMANIA Born 25 May 1963 Assumed office 4 November 2019 68th Prime Minister of Romania Political party – National Liberal Party Education – Transilvania University of Brasov. National University of Political Studies and Public Administration.
  151. 151. 37. RUSSIA
  152. 152. RUSSIA CAPITAL – Moscow Country in eastern Europe and northern and western Asia. Currency – 1 ruble (R), consisting of 100 kopeks Area – 17,075,200 sq km Official name - Russian Federation Demonym: Russian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Russian Population – 144.5 million (2018) GDP – 1.658 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 11,288.87 USD (2018) National Anthem: Gosudarstvenny giran Rossiyskoy Federatsii (State Anthem of the Russian Federation)
  153. 153. VLADIMIR PUTIN PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA Born 7 October 1952 Assumed office 7 May 2012 2nd and 4th President of Russia Previously Prime Minister of Russia from 8 May 2008 – 7 May 2012 Political party – All Russia People’s Front Alma Mater – Saint Petersburg State University.
  154. 154. MIKHAIL MISHUSTIN PRIME MINISTER OF RUSSIA Born 3 March 1966 Assumed office 16 January 2020 Political Party – Independent Alma Mater - STANKIN
  155. 155. 38. SAN MARINO
  156. 156. SAN MARINO CAPITAL – San Marino Small independent enclave in northeastern Italy. It has been independent since AD 885 and a republic since the 14th century. Currency – European Union (EU) single currency, the euro (€). San Marino also mints its own coins. Area – 61 sq km Official name - Republic of San Marino Demonym: Sammarinese OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Italian Population – 33,785 (2018) GDP – 1.633 billion USD (2017) GDP per Capita – 48,494.55 USD (2017) National Anthem: Inno Nazionale della Repubblica (National Anthem of the Republic) Motto: Libertas (Freedom)
  157. 157. ALESSANDRO MANCINI CAPTAIN REGENT OF SAN MARINO Born 4 October 1975 Assumed office 1 April 2020 Serving as Captain Regent with Grazia Zafferani Previously co Captain Regent with Alessandro Rossi in 2007 Political Party: Party of Socialists and Democrats
  158. 158. GRAZIA ZAFFERANI CAPTAIN REGENT OF SAN MARINO Born 31 December 1972 Assumed office 1 April 2020 Serving as Captain Regent with Alessandro Mancini Political Party: RETE Movement
  159. 159. 39. SERBIA
  160. 160. SERBIA CAPITAL – Belgrade Country in the Balkans, southeastern Europe. Currency – 1 Serbian dinar, consisting of 100 para. In Kosovo the euro (€) is also used Area – 88,361 sq km Official name - Republic of Serbia Demonym: Serbian OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Serbian, Albanian, Romanian, Hungarian, Slovak, others Population –6.982 million (2018) GDP – 50.6 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 7,246.73 USD (2018) National Anthem: Boze Pravde (God of Justice)
  161. 161. ALEKSANDAR VUCIC PRESIDENT OF SERBIA Born 5 March 1970 Assumed office 31 May 2017 5th President of Serbia Previously Prime Minister of Serbia from 27 April 2014 – 31 May 2017 Political party – Progressive Alma Mater – University of Belgrade.
  162. 162. ANA BRNABIC PRIME MINISTER OF SERBIA Born 28 September 1975 Assumed office 29 June 2017 12th Prime Minister of Serbia Political party – SNS Education – Northwood University. University of Hull.
  163. 163. 40. SLOVAKIA
  164. 164. SLOVAKIA CAPITAL – Bratislava Country in east central Europe. It was part of Czechoslovakia until 1993 and became a member of the European Union in 2004. Currency – 1 Slovak koruna (Sk), consisting of 100 halierov Area – 49,035 sq km Official name - Slovak Republic OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Slovak Population – 5.458 million (2020) GDP – 105.9 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 19,442.71 USD (2018) National Anthem: Nad Tatrou sa blyska (Lightning over the Tatras)
  165. 165. ZUZANA CAPUTOVA PRESIDENT OF SLOVAKIA Born 21 June 1973 Assumed office 15 June 2019 5th President of Venezuela Political Party: Independent Alma Mater: Comenius University.
  166. 166. IGOR MATOVIC PRIME MINISTER OF SLOVAKIA Born 11 May 1973 Assumed office 21 March 2020 Political Party – Ordinary People Alma Mater – Comenius University
  167. 167. 41. SLOVENIA
  168. 168. SLOVENIA CAPITAL – Ljubljana Country in eastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. It was part of Yugoslavia until 1991 Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 20,253 sq km Official name - Republic of Slovenia Demonym: Slovene OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Slovenian Population – 2.081 million (2019) GDP – 54.01 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 26,123.97 USD (2018) National Anthem: Zdravljica (A toast)
  169. 169. BORUT PAHOR PRESIDENT OF SLOVENIA Born 2 November 1963 Assumed office 22 December 2012 4th President of Slovenia Previously Prime Minister of Slovenia from 21 November 2008 – 10 February 2012 Political party – Independent Alma Mater – University of Ljubljana.
  170. 170. JANEZ JANSA PRIME MINISTER OF SLOVENIA Born 17 September 1958 Assumed office 13 March 2020 5th Prime Minister of Slovenia Previously Prime Minister from 2004 to 2008 and 2012 to 2013 Political Party – Slovenian Democratic Party Alma Mater – University of Ljubljana
  171. 171. 42. SPAIN
  172. 172. SPAIN CAPITAL – Madrid Country in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula, east of Portugal Currency – 1 euro (€), consisting of 100 cents Area – 505,990 sq km Official name - Kingdom of Spain Demonym: Spanish, Spaniard OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Spanish (Castilian) Population – 46.94 million (2019) GDP – 1.419 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 30,370.89 USD (2018) National Anthem: Marcha Real (Royal March) Motto: Plus Ultra (Further Beyond)
  173. 173. FELIPE VI KING OF SPAIN Born 30 January 1968 Reign - 19 June 2014– present He ascended the throne upon the abdication of his father, King Juan Carlos I House – Bourbon Alma Mater – Autonomous University of Madrid. Georgetown University.
  174. 174. PEDRO SANCHEZ PRIME MINISTER OF SPAIN Born 29 February 1972 Assumed office 2 June 2018 Political party – Spanish Socialist Workers Party Alma Mater – Complutense University. University of Brussels. University of Navarra. Camilo Jose Cela University.
  175. 175. 43. SWEDEN
  176. 176. SWEDEN CAPITAL – Stockholm Country in Scandinavia, in northwestern Europe. Currency – 1 Swedish krona (SKr), consisting of 100 öre Area – 449,964 sq km Official name – Kingdom of Sweden Demonym: Swedish, Swede OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Swedish Population – 10.23 million (2019) GDP – 556.1 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 54,608.36 USD (2018) National Anthem: Du Gamla, Du Fria (Thou Ancient, Thou Free) Motto: For Sverige - I tiden (For Sweden – With the Times)
  177. 177. CARL XVI GUSTAF KING OF SWEDEN Born 30 April 1946 Reign - 15 September 1973 – present House – Bernadotte Alma Mater – Uppsala University, Stockholm University
  178. 178. STEFAN LOFVEN PRIME MINISTER OF SWEDEN Born 21 July 1957 Assumed office 3 October 2014 33rd Prime Minister of Sweden Political party – Social Democrats Alma Mater – Umea University.
  179. 179. 44. SWITZERLAND
  180. 180. SWITZERLAND CAPITAL – Bern Country in west central Europe. Currency – 1 Swiss franc, Franke, or franco (SwF), consisting of 100 centimes, Rappen, or centesimi Area – 41,285 sq km Official name - Swiss Confederation Demonym: Swiss OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – German, French, Italian Population – 8.57 million (2019) GDP – 705.1 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 82,796.55 USD (2018) National Anthem: Swiss Psalm Motto: Unus pro Omnibus, omnes pro uno (One for all, all for one)
  181. 181. SIMONETTA SOMMARUGA PRESIDENT OF THE SWISS CONFEDERATION Born 14 May 1960 Assumed office 1 January 2020 Political Party – Social Democratic Party Education – Lucerne University. University of Fribourg.
  182. 182. 45. TURKEY
  183. 183. TURKEY CAPITAL – Ankara Country in southeastern Europe and Southwest Asia, bordered by Greece, the Black Sea, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Iraq, Syria, the Mediterranean Sea, the Aegean Sea, and Bulgaria. Currency – 1 New Turkish lira (YTL), consisting of 100 new kurus Area – 779,452 sq km Official name - Republic of Turkey Demonym: Turkish OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Turkish Population – 82 million (2019) GDP – 771.4 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 9,370.18 USD (2018) National Anthem: Istikial Marsi (The Independence March)
  184. 184. RECEP TAYYIP ERDOGAN PRESIDENT OF TURKEY Born 26 February 1954 Assumed office 28 August 2014 12th President of Turkey Previously Prime Minister of Turkey from 14 March 2003 – 28 August 2014 Political party – Justice and Development Party Alma Mater – Marmara University.
  185. 185. 46. UKRAINE
  186. 186. UKRAINE CAPITAL – Kiev Country in eastern Europe, south of Russia, with a coastline on the Black Sea. Currency – 1 hryvnia, consisting of 100 kopiykas Area – 603,700 sq km Demonym: Ukrainian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Ukrainian Population – 41.98 million (2019) GDP – 130.8 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,095.17 USD (2018) National Anthem: Shche ne vmerla Ukrayiny ni slava, ni volya (The glory and the will of Ukraine have not yet died)
  187. 187. VOLODYMYR ZELENSKY PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE Born 25 January 1978 Assumed office 20 May 2019 Political party: Servant of the People Alma Mater: Kyiv National Economic University.
  188. 188. DENYS SHMYHAL PRIME MINISTER OF UKRAINE Born 15 October 1975 Assumed office 4 March 2020 Political party – Independent Education – Lviv Polytechnic
  189. 189. 47. UNITED KINGDOM
  190. 190. UNITED KINGDOM CAPITAL - London Country in northwestern Europe, comprising the historic kingdoms of England and Scotland, the principality of Wales, and the province of Northern Ireland. Currency - 1 pound sterling (£), consisting of 100 pence Area – 244,110 sq km Official name - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Demonym: British, Briton OFFICIAL LANGUAGE - English Population – 66.65 million (2019) GDP – 2.855 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 42,943.90 USD (2018) National Anthem: God Save the Queen.
  191. 191. ELIZABETH II QUEEN OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND AND OTHER COMMON WEALTH REALMS Born 21 April 1926 6 February 1952 – present Coronated on 2 June 1953 House – Windsor
  192. 192. BORIS JOHNSON PRIME MINISTER OF THE UNITED KINGDOM Born 19 June 1964 Assumed office 24 July 2019 Leader of the Conservative Party since 23 July 2019 Commonwealth Chair-in- Office since 24 July 2019 Previously Mayor of London from 2008 to 2016, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs from 2016 to 2018 Political Party: Conservative Alma Mater: Eton College. Balliol College, Oxford.
  193. 193. 48. VATICAN CITY
  194. 194. VATICAN CITY Vatican City World's smallest independent nation within Rome, Italy and headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church Currency – European Union (EU) single currency, the euro (€), consisting of 100 cents. Area – 0.44 sq km Official name - State of Vatican City OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – Italian, Latin Population – 825 (2019) Anthem: Inno e Marcia Pontificale (Italian) Pontifical Anthem and March (English)
  195. 195. POPE FRANCIS SOVEREIGN OF VATICAN CITY STATE Born 17 December 1936 Papacy began 13 March 2013 The 266th Pope and Sovereign of the Vatican City State. Bishop of Rome.
  196. 196. GIUSEPPE BERTELLO PRESIDENT OF THE GOVERNORATE OF VATICAN CITY STATE Born 1 October 1942 Appointed 1 October 2011 Cardinal Deacon of Santi Vito, Modesto e Crescenzia President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State Alma Mater: Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy.
  197. 197. THANK YOU

Europe is a continent composed of the western projections of Eurasia and comprises one-fifth of the Eurasian landmass. It is separated from Asia on the east by the Urals, bordered on the southeast by the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus, on the south by the Black Sea and the Dardanelles and is separated from Africa by the Mediterranean sea. It occupies about 6.8% of the earth’s land area. The following slides present an overview of 48 nations within the continent as of July 2020.

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