Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Upcoming SlideShare
What to Upload to SlideShare
Next
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.

Share

NOBEL PEACE PRIZE

Download to read offline

The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the 5 Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in his 1895 will.
It is presented in Oslo yearly in the Presence of the King of Norway.
The Prize is awarded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee “to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses”.
Unlike other Nobel Prizes, the Prize for Peace is occasionally awarded to organizations as well.
The following slides outline the laureates form 1901 to 2019.

NOBEL PEACE PRIZE

  1. 1. NOBEL PEACE PRIZE DR. BASIL BEMGBA ACHIE MBBS Ibadan
  2. 2. • The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the 5 Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in his 1895 will. • It is presented in Oslo yearly in the Presence of the King of Norway. • The Prize is awarded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee “to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses”. • Unlike other Nobel Prizes, the Prize for Peace is occasionally awarded to organizations as well. • The following slides outline the laureates form 1901 to 2019.
  3. 3. OUTLINE 1901: Jean Henry Dunant 1908: Fredrik Bajer 1901: Frédéric Passy 1909: Auguste Beernaert 1902: Élie Ducommun 1909:Paul d’Estournelles de Constant 1902: Charles Albert Gobat 1910: Permanent International Peace Bureau 1903: William Randal Cremer 1911: Tobias Michael Carel Asser 1904: Institute of International Law 1911: Alfred Hermann Fried 1905: Baroness Bertha von Suttner 1912: Elihu Ruth 1906: Theodore Roosevelt 1913: Henri La Fontaine 1907: Ernesto Teodoro Moneta 1914: Not awarded 1907: Louis Renault 1915: Not awarded 1908: Klas Pontus Arnoldson 1916: Not awarded
  4. 4. 1917: International Committee of the Red Cross 1926: Gustav Stresemann 1918: Not awarded 1927: Ferdinand Buisson 1919: Thomas Woodrow Wilson 1927: Ludwig Quidde 1920: Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois 1928: Not awarded 1921: Karl Hjalmar Branting 1929: Frank Billings Kellogg 1921: Christian Lous Lange 1930: Lars Olof Jonathan (Nathan) Söderblom 1922: Fridtjof Nansen 1931: Jane Addams 1923: Not awarded 1931: Nicholas Murray Butler 1924: Not awarded 1932: Not awarded 1925: Sir Austen Chamberlain 1933: Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane) 1925: Charles Gates Dawes 1934: Arthur Henderson 1926: Aristide Briand 1935: Carl von Ossietzky
  5. 5. 1936: Carlos Saavedra Lamas 1947: American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers) 1937: Cecil of Chelwood 1948: Not awarded 1938: Nansen International Office for Refugees 1949: Lord (John) Boyd Orr of Brechin 1939: Not awarded 1950: Ralph Bunche 1940: Not awarded 1951: Léon Jouhaux 1941: Not awarded 1952: Albert Schweitzer 1942: Not awarded 1953: George Catlett Marshall 1943: Not awarded 1954: UNHCR 1944: International Committee of the Red Cross 1955: Not awarded 1945: Cordell Hull 1956: Not awarded 1946: Emily Greene Balch 1957: Lester Bowles Pearson 1946: John Raleigh Mott 1958: Georges Pire 1947: Friends Service Council (The Quakers) 1959: Philip J. Noel-Baker
  6. 6. 1960: Albert John Luthuli 1969: International Labour Organization (I.L.O.) 1961: Dag Hjalmar Hammarskjöld 1970: Norman E. Borlaug 1962: Linus Carl Pauling 1971: Willy Brandt 1963: International Committee of the Red Cross 1972: No Prize 1963: League of Red Cross Societies 1973: Henry A. Kissinger 1964: Martin Luther King Jr. 1973: Le Duc Tho 1965: United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) 1974: Seán MacBride 1966: Not awarded 1974: Eisaku Sato 1967: Not awarded 1974: Seán MacBride 1968: René Cassin 1974: Eisaku Sato
  7. 7. 1975: Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov 1982: Alfonso García Robles 1976: Betty Williams 1983: Lech Walesa 1976: Mairead Corrigan 1984: Desmond Mpilo Tutu 1977: Amnesty International 1985: International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War 1978: Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat 1986: Elie Wiesel 1978: Menachem Begin 1987: Oscar Arias Sánchez 1979: Mother Teresa 1988: United Nations Peacekeeping Forces 1980: Adolfo Pérez Esquivel 1989: The 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) 1981: UNHCR 1990: Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev 1982: Alva Myrdal 1991: Aung San Suu Kyi
  8. 8. 1992: Rigoberta Menchú Tum 1997:International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) 1993: Nelson Mandela 1997: Jody Williams 1993: Frederik Willem de Klerk 1998: John Hume 1994: Yasser Arafat 1998: David Trimble 1994: Shimon Peres 1999: Médecins Sans Frontières 1994: Yitzhak Rabin 2000: Kim Dae-jung 1995: Joseph Rotblat 2001: United Nations (U.N.) 1995: Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs 2001: Kofi Annan 1996: Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo 2002: Jimmy Carter 1996: José Ramos-Horta 2003: Shirin Ebadi
  9. 9. 2004: Wangari Muta Maathai 2011: Tawakkol Karman 2005: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 2012: European Union (EU) 2005: Mohamed ElBaradei 2013: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) 2006: Muhammad Yunus 2014:: Kailash Satyarthi 2006: Grameen Bank 2014: Malala Yousafzai 2007: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2015: National Dialogue Quartet 2007: Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr. 2016: Juan Manuel Santos 2008: Martti Ahtisaari 2017: International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) 2009: Barack H. Obama 2018: Denis Mukwege 2010: Liu Xiaobo 2018: Nadia Murad 2011: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf 2019: Abiy Ahmed Aii 2011: Leymah Gbowee
  10. 10. Nobel Peace Prize 1901 • The 1901 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Jean Henry Dunant and Frederic Passy.
  11. 11. 1901 Jean Henry Dunant Lifetime: 1828-1910 Nationality – Switzerland. • He was a Swiss Philanthropist and founder of Red Cross and originator of the Geneva Convention. • He was awarded for his role in founding the International Committee of the Red Cross.
  12. 12. 1901 Frederic Passy Lifetime: 1822-1912 Nationality – France • He was a French economist and advocate of international arbitration. • He was awarded "For being one of the main founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and also the main organizer of the first Universal Peace Congress"
  13. 13. Nobel Peace Prize 1902 • The 1902 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Elie Ducommun and Charles Albert Gobat.
  14. 14. 1902 Elie Ducommun Lifetime: 1833-1906 Nationality – Switzerland • He was a Swiss writer and editor. • He was awarded "For his role as the first honorary secretary of the International Peace Bureau"
  15. 15. 1902 Charles Albert Gobat Lifetime: 1834-1914 Nationality – Switzerland. • He was a Swiss politician, administrator, philanthropist, and author. • He was awarded "For his role as the first Secretary General of the Inter- Parliamentary Union"
  16. 16. Nobel Peace Prize 1903 • The 1903 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to William Randal Cremer.
  17. 17. 1903 Sir William Randal Cremer Lifetime: 1838-1908 Nationality - Britain • He was a British trade unionist and pacifist. • He was awarded "For his role as the 'first father' of the Inter- Parliamentary Union"
  18. 18. Nobel Peace Prize 1904 • The 1904 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to the Institute of International Law.
  19. 19. 1904 Institute of International Law Founded 1873 Place of origin – Ghent Belgium • International organization founded to develop and implement international law as a codified science responsible for the legal morality and integrity of the civilized world. • It was awarded "For its efforts as an unofficial body to formulate the general principles of the science of international law"
  20. 20. Nobel Peace Prize 1905 • The 1905 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Baroness Bertha von Suttner.
  21. 21. 1905 Baroness Bertha von Suttner Lifetime: 1843-1914 Nationality – Austria. • Austrian novelist who was one of the first notable woman pacifists. • She was awarded for contributing to the creation of the Prize and for writing Lay Down Your Arms.
  22. 22. Nobel Peace Prize 1906 • The 1906 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Theodore Roosevelt.
  23. 23. 1906 Theodore Roosevelt Lifetime: 1858-1919 Nationality – United States. • He was the 26th President of the United States (1901–09) and writer, naturalist, and soldier. • He was awarded "For his successful mediation to end the Russo-Japanese war and for his interest in arbitration, having provided the Hague arbitration court with its very first case”.
  24. 24. Nobel Peace Prize 1907 • The 1907 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Ernesto Teodoro Moneta and Louis Renault.
  25. 25. 1907 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta Lifetime: 1833-1918 Nationality – Italy. • He was an Italian journalist and international activist on behalf of peace. • He was awarded "For his work as a key leader of the Italian peace movement”.
  26. 26. 1907 Louis Renault Lifetime: 1843-1918 Nationality – France. • He was a French jurist and educator. • He was awarded “For his work as a leading French international jurist and a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague”.
  27. 27. Nobel Peace Prize 1908 • The 1908 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Klas Pontus Arnoldson and Fredrik Bajer.
  28. 28. 1908 Klas Pontus Arnoldson Lifetime: 1844-1916 Nationality - Sweden • He was a Swedish politician who figured prominently in solving the problems of the Norwegian-Swedish Union. • He was awarded “For his work as founder of the Swedish Peace and Arbitration League”.
  29. 29. 1908 Fredrik Bajer Lifetime: 1837-1922 Nationality - Denmark • He was a Danish writer, teacher, and pacifist politician. • He was awarded For being the foremost peace advocate in Scandinavia, combining work in the Inter-Parliamentary Union with being the first president of the International Peace Bureau”.
  30. 30. Nobel Peace Prize 1909 • The 1909 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Auguste Marie Francois Beernaert and Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d’Estournelles de Constant.
  31. 31. 1909 Auguste Marie Francois Beernaert Lifetime: 1829-1912 Nationality - Belgium • He was a Belgian-Flemish statesman. • He was awarded "For being a representative to the two Hague conferences, and a leading figure in the Inter- Parliamentary Union”.
  32. 32. 1909 Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d’Estournelles de Constant Lifetime: 1852-1924 Nationality – France. • He was a French diplomat and parliamentarian. • He was awarded "For combined diplomatic work for Franco- German and Franco-British understanding with a distinguished career in international arbitration”.
  33. 33. Nobel Peace Prize 1910 • The 1910 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Permanent International Peace Bureau.
  34. 34. 1910 Permanent International Peace Bureau Founded 1891 • International organization founded in 1891 in Bern, Switz., to create a central office through which peace activities of several countries could be coordinated. • It was awarded "For acting as a link between the peace societies of the various countries”
  35. 35. Nobel Peace Prize 1911 • The 1911 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Tobias Michael Carel Asser and Alfred Hermann Fried.
  36. 36. 1911 Tobias Michael Carel Asser Lifetime: 1838-1913 Nationality – The Netherlands • He was a Dutch jurist • He was awarded "For being a member of the Court of Arbitration as well as the initiator of the Conferences on International Private Law”
  37. 37. 1911 Alfred Hermann Fried Lifetime: 1864-1921 Nationality – Austria. • He was an Austrian pacifist, publicist, cofounder of the German peace movement. • He was awarded “For his work as founder of the German Peace Society”.
  38. 38. Nobel Peace Prize 1912 • The 1912 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Elihu Root.
  39. 39. 1912 Elihu Root Lifetime: 1845-1937 Nationality – United States. • He was an American lawyer and statesman. • He was the first president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. • He was awarded "For his strong interest in international arbitration and for his plan for a world court”.
  40. 40. Nobel Peace Prize 1913 • The 1913 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Henri La Fontaine.
  41. 41. 1913 Henri La Fontaine Lifetime: 1854-1943 Nationality – Belgium • He was a Belgian lawyer and president of the International Peace Bureau. • He was the first socialist to win the Nobel Prize. • He was awarded “For his work as head of the International Peace Bureau”.
  42. 42. 1914 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1914) due to World War I.
  43. 43. 1915 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1915) due to World War I.
  44. 44. 1916 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1916) due to World War I.
  45. 45. Nobel Peace Prize 1917 • The 1917 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to the International Committee of the Red Cross.
  46. 46. 1917 International Committee of the Red Cross Formed 17 February 1863 Headquartered in Geneva • Humanitarian organization mandated to protect victims of international and internal armed conflicts. • It has won three Nobel Peace Prizes in 1917, 1944, and 1963. • It was awarded "For undertaking the tremendous task of trying to protect the rights of the many prisoners of war on all sides of World War I, including their right to establish contacts with their families”
  47. 47. 1918 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1918) due to World War I.
  48. 48. Nobel Peace Prize 1919 • The 1919 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Thomas Woodrow Wilson.
  49. 49. 1919 Thomas Woodrow Wilson Lifetime: 1856-1924 Nationality – United States. • He was an American scholar and statesman who served as the 28th President of the United States (1913–1921). • He was awarded "For his crucial role in establishing the League of Nations”.
  50. 50. Nobel Peace Prize 1920 • The 1920 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Leon Victor Auguste Borgeois.
  51. 51. 1920 Leon Victor Auguste Borgeois Lifetime: 1851-1925 Nationality – France. • French politician and statesman, an ardent promoter of the League of Nations. • He was awarded “For his participation in both the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907” and for his work towards “what became the League to such an extent that he was frequently called its 'spiritual father’”
  52. 52. Nobel Peace Prize 1921 • The 1921 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Karl Hjalmar Branting and Christian Lous Lange.
  53. 53. 1921 Karl Hjalmar Branting Lifetime: 1860-1925 Nationality - Sweden • He was a Swedish statesman and pioneer of social democracy. • He was awarded “For his work in the League of Nations”
  54. 54. 1921 Christian Lous Lange Lifetime: 1869-1938 Nationality – Norway. • He was a Norwegian peace advocate and secretary-general of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (1909–33). • He was awarded “For his work as the first secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee” and “the secretary-general of the Inter- Parliamentary Union”
  55. 55. Nobel Peace Prize 1922 • The 1922 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Fridtjof Nansen for his relief work after World War I.
  56. 56. 1922 Fridtjof Nansen Lifetime: 1861-1930 Nationality – Norway • Norwegian explorer, oceanographer, statesman, and humanitarian. • He was awarded “For his work in aiding the millions in Russia struggling against famine” and “his work for the refugees in Asia Minor and Thrace”
  57. 57. 1923 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1923)
  58. 58. 1924 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year(1924)
  59. 59. Nobel Peace Prize 1925 • The 1925 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Sir Austen Chamberlain and Charles Gates Dawes.
  60. 60. 1925 Sir Austen Chamberlain Lifetime: 1863-1937 Nationality – Britain • He was the British foreign secretary from 1924 to 1929, who helped bring about the Locarno Pact (1925) • He was awarded for work on the Locarno Treaties.
  61. 61. 1925 Charles Gates Dawes Lifetime: 1865-1951 Nationality – United States • 30th vice president of the United States (1925–29) in the Republican administration of President Calvin Coolidge. • He was awarded “For work on the Dawes Plan for German reparations which was seen as having provided the economic underpinning of the Locarno Pact of 1925”
  62. 62. Nobel Peace Prize 1926 • The 1926 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Aristide Briand and Gustav Stresemann.
  63. 63. 1926 Aristide Briand Lifetime: 1862-1932 Nationality - France • He was a French statesman who served 11 times as premier of France, holding a total of 26 ministerial posts between 1906 and 1932. • He was awarded for work on the Locarno Treaties.
  64. 64. 1926 Gustav Stresemann Lifetime: 1878-1929 Nationality – Germany • German chancellor (1923) and foreign minister (1923, 1924–29) of the Weimar Republic. • He was awarded For work on the Locarno Treaties.
  65. 65. Nobel Peace Prize 1927 • The 1927 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Ferdinand Buisson and Ludwig Quidde.
  66. 66. 1927 Ferdinand Buisson Lifetime: 1841-1932 Nationality - France • He was a French educator who reorganized the French primary school system. • He was awarded “For contributions to Franco- German popular reconciliation”
  67. 67. 1927 Ludwig Quidde Lifetime: 1858-1941 Nationality - Germany • He was a historian, politician, and one of the most prominent German pacifists of the early 20th century. • He was awarded “For contributions to Franco- German popular reconciliation”.
  68. 68. 1928 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1928).
  69. 69. Nobel Peace Prize 1929 • The 1929 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Frank Billings Kellogg.
  70. 70. 1929 Frank Billings Kellogg Lifetime: 1856-1937 Nationality – United States. • U.S. secretary of state (1925–29). • He was awarded “For the Kellogg-Briand pact, whose signatories agreed to settle all conflicts by peaceful means and renounced war as an instrument of national policy”
  71. 71. Nobel Peace Prize 1930 • The 1930 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Lars Olof Jonathan (Nathan) Soderblom.
  72. 72. 1930 Lars Olof Jonathan (Nathan) Soderblom Lifetime: 1866-1931 Nationality - Sweden • Swedish Lutheran archbishop and theologian. • He was awarded “For his efforts to involve the churches not only in work for ecumenical unity, but also for world peace”
  73. 73. Nobel Peace Prize 1931 • The 1931 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Jane Addams and Nicholas Murray Butler.
  74. 74. 1931 Jane Addams Lifetime: 1860-1935 Nationality – United States. • She was an American social reformer and pacifist. • She was awarded “For her social reform work” and “leading the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom”.
  75. 75. 1931 Nicholas Murray Butler Lifetime: 1862-1947 Nationality – United States. • American educator, publicist, and political figure. • He was awarded “For his promotion of the Briand- Kellogg pact” and for his work as the “leader of the more establishment-oriented part of the American peace movement”
  76. 76. 1932 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1932)
  77. 77. Nobel Peace Prize 1933 • The 1933 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane)
  78. 78. 1933 Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane) Lifetime: 1872-1967 Nationality – Britain • He was an English economist and worker for international peace. • He was awarded for authoring The Great Illusion and for being a "supporter of the League of Nations as well as an influential publicist and educator for peace in general”
  79. 79. Nobel Peace Prize 1934 • The 1934 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Arthur Henderson.
  80. 80. 1934 Arthur Henderson Lifetime: 1863-1935 Nationality – Britain • He was the British secretary of state for foreign affairs 1929-1931. • He was awarded “For his work for the League, particularly its efforts in disarmament”
  81. 81. Nobel Peace Prize 1935 • The 1935 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Carl von Ossietzky.
  82. 82. 1935 Carl von Ossietzky Lifetime: 1889-1938 Nationality – Germany • He was a German journalist and pacifist. • He was awarded “For his struggle against Germany's rearmament”
  83. 83. Nobel Peace Prize 1936 • The 1936 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Carlos Saavedra Lamas.
  84. 84. 1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas Lifetime: 1878-1959 Nationality – Argentina • He was an Argentine jurist. • He was awarded “For his mediation of an end to the Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia”
  85. 85. Nobel Peace Prize 1937 • 1937 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount (Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil).
  86. 86. 1937 Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount (Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil) Lifetime: 1864-1958 Nationality - Britain • He was a British statesman. • He was awarded for his work with the League of Nations.
  87. 87. Nobel Peace Prize 1938 • The 1938 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to the Nansen International Office for Refugees.
  88. 88. 1938 Nansen International Office for Refugees • Formed 1930 • International organization established in 1930 by the League of Nations. • It was internationally in charge of refugees from war areas between 1930 and 1939. • It established the Nansen passport which allowed refugees to travel between countries. • It was awarded for its work in aiding refugees.
  89. 89. 1939 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1939) due to World War II.
  90. 90. 1940 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1940) due to World War II.
  91. 91. 1941 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1941) due to World War II.
  92. 92. 1942 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1942) due to World War II.
  93. 93. 1943 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1943) due to World War II.
  94. 94. Nobel Peace Prize 1944 • The 1944 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to the International Committee of the Red Cross.
  95. 95. 1944 International Committee of the Red Cross Formed 17 February 1863 Headquartered in Geneva • Humanitarian organization mandated to protect victims of international and internal armed conflicts. • It has won three Nobel Peace Prizes in 1917, 1944, and 1963. • It was awarded in 1944 “For the great work it has performed during the war in behalf of humanity”.
  96. 96. Nobel Peace Prize 1945 • The 1945 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Cordell Hull for his part in organizing the United Nations.
  97. 97. 1945 Cordell Hull Lifetime: 1871-1955 Nationality – United States • He was the U.S. secretary of state (1933–44). • He was awarded “For his fight against isolationism at home, his efforts to create a peace bloc of states on the American continents, and his work for the United Nations Organization”.
  98. 98. Nobel Peace Prize 1946 • The 1946 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Emily Greene Balch and John Raleigh Mott.
  99. 99. 1946 Emily Greene Balch Lifetime: 1867-1961 Nationality – United States • She was an American sociologist, political scientist, economist, and pacifist. • She was Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.
  100. 100. 1946 John Raleigh Mott Lifetime: 1865-1955 Nationality – United States • American Methodist layman and evangelist. • He was "Chairman, International Missionary Council and President, World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations”.
  101. 101. Nobel Peace Prize 1947 • The 1947 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Friends Service Council (The Quakers) and American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers).
  102. 102. 1947 Friends Service Council (The Quakers) • Now called Quaker Peace & Social Witness (QPSW) • Quaker organization founded in Great Britain in 1927 and committed to foreign work. • It seeks to promote British Quakers' testimonies of equality, justice, peace, simplicity, and truth. • It was awarded for “compassion for others and the desire to help them”.
  103. 103. 1947 American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers) Founded April 30, 1917 Location - Philadelphia • Organization to promote peace and reconciliation through programs of social service and public information, founded by American and Canadian Friends (Quakers) in 1917. • It was awarded “compassion for others and the desire to help them”.
  104. 104. 1948 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1948) because ‘there was no suitable living candidate’, as a tribute to the recently assassinated Mahatma Gandhi in India.
  105. 105. Nobel Peace Prize 1949 • The 1949 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Lord (John) Boyd Orr of Brechin.
  106. 106. 1949 Lord (John) Boyd Orr of Brechin Lifetime: 1880-1971 Nationality – United Kingdom. • Scottish scientist and authority on nutrition. • He was the President, National Peace Council and World Union of Peace Organizations and Director General of Food and Agricultural Organization.
  107. 107. Nobel Peace Prize 1950 • The 1950 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Ralph Bunche.
  108. 108. 1950 Ralph Bunche Lifetime: 1904-1971 Nationality – United States • U.S. diplomat, a key member of the United Nations for more than two decades. • He was awarded for his successful negotiation of an Arab-Israeli truce in Palestine the previous year.
  109. 109. Nobel Peace Prize 1951 • The 1951 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Leon Jouhaux.
  110. 110. 1951 Leon Jouhaux Lifetime: 1879-1954 Nationality - France • French Socialist and trade-union leader who was one of the founders of the International Labour Organisation.
  111. 111. Nobel Peace Prize 1952 • The 1952 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Albert Schweitzer for his efforts in behalf of “the Brotherhood of Nations.”
  112. 112. 1952 Albert Schweitzer Lifetime: 1875-1965 Nationality – Germany • Alsatian-German theologian, philosopher, organist, and mission doctor in equatorial Africa. • He was the founder of Lambaréné (Gabon).
  113. 113. Nobel Peace Prize 1953 • The 1953 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to George Catlett Marshall.
  114. 114. 1953 George Catlett Marshall Lifetime: 1880-1959 Nationality – United States • General of the army and U.S. Army chief of staff during World War II (1939–45) and later U.S. secretary of state (1947– 49) and of defense (1950– 51). • He was the originator of the ‘Marshall Plan’.
  115. 115. Nobel Peace Prize 1954 • The 1954 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
  116. 116. 1954 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Founded 1951 • United Nations Agency mandated to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country • The UNHCR has won two Nobel Peace Prizes once in 1954 and again in 1981
  117. 117. 1955 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1955)
  118. 118. 1956 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded this year (1956)
  119. 119. Nobel Peace Prize 1957 • The 1957 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Lester Bowles Pearson.
  120. 120. 1957 Lester Bowles Pearson Lifetime: 1897-1972 Nationality - Canada • He was a Canadian politician, diplomat, and prime minister of Canada (1963–68) and President of the 7th Session of the United Nations General Assembly. • He was awarded "for his role in helping to end the Suez conflict and trying to solve the Middle East question through the United Nations.”
  121. 121. Nobel Peace Prize 1958 • The 1958 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Georges Pire for his aid to displaced persons in Europe after World War II.
  122. 122. 1958 Georges Pire Lifetime: 1910-1969 Nationality – Belgium • He was a Belgian Catholic priest in the Dominican order and educator. • He was the Leader of the relief organization for refugees ‘L'Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde’.
  123. 123. Nobel Peace Prize 1959 • The 1959 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Philip J. Noel-Baker.
  124. 124. 1959 Philip J. Noel-Baker Lifetime: 1889-1982 Nationality – Britain • British statesman, member of parliament and advocate of international disarmament, peace and co-operation.
  125. 125. Nobel Peace Prize 1960 • The 1960 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Albert John Luthuli.
  126. 126. 1960 Albert John Luthuli Lifetime: 1898-1967 Nationality – South Africa • Zulu chief, teacher and religious leader, and president of the African National Congress (1952– 60). • He was in the forefront of the struggle against apartheid.
  127. 127. Nobel Peace Prize 1961 • The 1961 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjold.
  128. 128. 1961 Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjold Lifetime: 1905-1961 Nationality - Sweden • Swedish economist and statesman who served as second secretary-general of the United Nations (1953–61). • He was awarded “for strengthening the organization.”
  129. 129. Nobel Peace Prize 1962 • The 1962 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Linus Carl Pauling.
  130. 130. 1962 Linus Carl Pauling Lifetime: 1901-1994 Nationality – United States • American theoretical physical chemist who became the only person to have won two unshared Nobel Prizes. • He was awarded for “for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing”
  131. 131. Nobel Peace Prize 1963 • The 1963 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to the International Committee of the Red Cross and The League of Red Cross Societies.
  132. 132. 1963 International Committee of the Red Cross Formed 17 February 1863 Headquartered in Geneva • Humanitarian organization mandated to protect victims of international and internal armed conflicts. • It has won three Nobel Peace Prizes in 1917, 1944, and 1963. • They were awarded in 1963 For their work in the protection of human rights in the ICRC's 100 years of existence.
  133. 133. 1963 League of Red Cross Societies Formed 5 May 1919 Headquartered in Geneva • International humanitarian organization that acts before, during and after disasters and health emergencies to meet the needs and improve the lives of vulnerable people. • They were awarded for their work in the protection of human rights in the ICRC's 100 years of existence.
  134. 134. Nobel Peace Prize 1964 • The 1964 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Martin Luther King Jr.
  135. 135. 1964 Martin Luther King Jr. Lifetime: 1929-1968 Nationality – United States. • Baptist minister and social activist who led the civil rights movement in the United States from the mid-1950s until his death by assassination in 1968. • He was described as the “first person in the Western world to have shown us that a struggle can be waged without violence.”
  136. 136. Nobel Peace Prize 1965 • The 1965 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to United Nations Children’s Fund.
  137. 137. 1965 United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Formed 11 Dec. 1946 Headquartered in New York City • Special program of the United Nations (UN), devoted to aiding national efforts to improve the health, nutrition, education, and general welfare of children.
  138. 138. 1966 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded this year (1966).
  139. 139. 1967 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1967).
  140. 140. Nobel Peace Prize 1968 • The 1968 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Rene Cassin.
  141. 141. 1968 Rene Cassin Lifetime: 1887-1976 Nationality – France. • He was a French jurist and President of the European Court for Human Rights.
  142. 142. Nobel Peace Prize 1969 • The 1969 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to the International Labour Organization.
  143. 143. 1969 International Labour Organization. Formed on 29 October 1919 Headquartered in Geneva • Specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) dedicated to improving labour conditions and living standards throughout the world.
  144. 144. Nobel Peace Prize 1970 • The 1970 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Norman E. Borlaug.
  145. 145. 1970 Norman E. Borlaug Lifetime: 1914-2009 Nationality – United States • American agricultural scientist, plant pathologist. • He was awarded “for his contributions to the ‘green revolution’ that was having such an impact on food production particularly in Asia and in Latin America.”
  146. 146. Nobel Peace Prize 1971 • The 1971 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Willy Brandt.
  147. 147. 1971 Willy Brandt Lifetime: 1913-1992 Nationality - Germany • German statesman who served as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany. • He was awarded for his efforts to achieve reconciliation between West Germany and the countries of the Soviet bloc.
  148. 148. 1972 • The Nobel Prize in Peace was not awarded this year (1972)
  149. 149. Nobel Peace Prize 1973 • The 1973 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Henry A. Kissinger and Le Duc Tho. • Le Duc Tho declined the Nobel prize.
  150. 150. 1973 Henry A. Kissinger Born 1923 Nationality – United States • American political scientist, adviser for national security affairs and secretary of state. • He was awarded “For the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces”
  151. 151. 1973 Le Duc Tho Lifetime: 1911-1990 Nationality - Vietnam • Vietnamese politician. • He was awarded “For the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces” • Le Duc Tho declined the Nobel prize.
  152. 152. Nobel Peace Prize 1974 • The 1974 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Sean MacBride and Eisaku Sato.
  153. 153. 1974 Sean MacBride Lifetime: 1904-1988 Nationality - Ireland • Irish statesman who was President of the International Peace Bureau and President of the Commission of Namibia. • He was awarded “For his strong interest in human rights: piloting the European Convention on Human Rights through the Council of Europe, helping found and then lead Amnesty International and serving as secretary-general of the International Commission of Jurists”
  154. 154. 1974 Eisaku Sato Lifetime: 1901-1975 Nationality - Japan • Prime minister of Japan between 1964 and 1972, who presided over Japan's post- World War II reemergence as a major world power. • He was awarded “for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation”
  155. 155. Nobel Peace Prize 1975 • The 1975 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov.
  156. 156. 1975 Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov Lifetime: 1921-1989 Nationality: Soviet Union. • Soviet nuclear theoretical physicist, an outspoken advocate of human rights, civil liberties, and reform in the Soviet Union as well as rapprochement with noncommunist nations. • He was awarded “for his struggle for human rights, for disarmament, and for cooperation between all nations”.
  157. 157. Nobel Peace Prize 1976 • The 1976 Nobel Prize in Peace was jointly awarded to Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan.
  158. 158. 1976 Betty Williams Born 1943 Nationality – United Kingdom • Northern Irish peace activist. • She is a founder of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)
  159. 159. 1976 Mairead Corrigan Born 1944 Nationality – United kingdom • Northern Irish peace activist • She is a founder of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)
  160. 160. Nobel Peace Prize 1977 • The 1977 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Amnesty International.
  161. 161. 1977 Amnesty International Founded in 1961 Headquartered in London • International organization that seeks to inform public opinion about violations of human rights. • It was awarded “for protecting the human rights of prisoners of conscience”.
  162. 162. Nobel Peace Prize 1978 • The 1978 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat and Menachem Begin.
  163. 163. 1978 Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat Lifetime: 1918-1981 Nationality - Egypt • He was an Egyptian army officer and politician who was president of Egypt from 1970 until his assassination in 1981. • He was awarded “for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel”
  164. 164. 1978 Menachem Begin Lifetime: 1913-1992 Nationality - Israel • He was a Zionist leader who was prime minister of Israel from 1977 to 1983. • He was awarded “for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel”
  165. 165. Nobel Peace Prize 1979 • The 1979 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Mother Teresa.
  166. 166. 1979 Mother Teresa Lifetime: 1910-1997 Nationality - Macedonia • Founder of the Order of the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic congregation of women dedicated to the poor, particularly to the destitute of India.
  167. 167. Nobel Peace Prize 1980 • The 1980 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Adolfo Perez Esquivel.
  168. 168. 1980 Adolfo Perez Esquivel Born 1931 Nationality – Argentina. • Argentine sculptor and architect, who became a champion of human rights and nonviolent reform in Latin America.
  169. 169. Nobel Peace Prize 1981 • The 1981 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
  170. 170. 1981 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Founded 1951 • United Nations Agency mandated to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country • The UNHCR has won two Nobel Peace Prizes once in 1954 and again in 1981
  171. 171. Nobel Peace Prize 1982 • The 1982 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Alva Myrdal and Alfonso Garcia Robles.
  172. 172. 1982 Alva Myrdal Lifetime: 1902-1986 Nationality - Sweden • She was a Swedish diplomat, government minister, author, and advocate of nuclear disarmament. • They were awarded “for their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition”
  173. 173. 1982 Alfonso Garcia Robles Lifetime: 1911-1991 Nationality - Mexico • Mexican diplomat and advocate of nuclear disarmament. • They were awarded “for their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition”
  174. 174. Nobel Peace Prize 1983 • The 1983 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Lech Walesa.
  175. 175. 1983 Lech Walesa Born 1943 Nationality - Poland • Polish campaigner for human rights and Labour activist who helped form and led (1980–90) communist Poland's first independent trade union, Solidarity.
  176. 176. Nobel Peace Prize 1984 • The 1984 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Desmond Mpilo Tutu for his role in the opposition to apartheid in South Africa.
  177. 177. 1984 Desmond Mpilo Tutu Born 1931 Nationality – South Africa • South African Anglican cleric and anti apartheid icon.
  178. 178. Nobel Peace Prize 1985 • The 1985 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War.
  179. 179. 1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War Founded December 1980 Headquarters - Boston • International organization of doctors who are opposed to the nuclear arms race and who seek to educate the public on the catastrophic medical consequences that would result from a nuclear war.
  180. 180. Nobel Peace Prize 1986 • The 1986 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Elie Wiesel.
  181. 181. 1986 Elie Wiesel Lifetime: 1928-2016 Nationality – United States • Romanian-born Jewish writer, whose works provide a sober yet passionate testament of the destruction of European Jewry during World War II. • He was Chairman of The President's Commission on the Holocaust.
  182. 182. Nobel Peace Prize 1987 • The 1987 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Oscar Arias Sanchez “for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year”
  183. 183. 1987 Oscar Arias Sanchez Born 1941 Nationality – Costa Rica • He was President of Costa Rica from 1986 to 1990 and from 2006 to 2010. • He was awarded for his efforts to end the South American Crisis.
  184. 184. Nobel Peace Prize 1988 • The 1988 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces.
  185. 185. 1988 United Nations Peacekeeping Forces Founded 1948 • UN Peacekeeping forces are contributed by member states on a voluntary basis. • They monitor and observe peace processes in post-conflict areas and assist ex-combatants in implementing the peace agreements they may have signed. • They were awarded “for their efforts that have made important contributions towards the realization of one of the fundamental tenets of the United Nations”
  186. 186. Nobel Peace Prize 1989 • The 1989 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to the 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso).
  187. 187. 1989 The 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) Born 1935 Nationality: Tibet • Title of the Tibetan Buddhist monk Bstan-'dzin- rgya-mtsho (Tenzin Gyatso), the 14th Dalai Lama but the first to become a global figure, largely for his advocacy of Buddhism and of the rights of the people of Tibet.
  188. 188. Nobel Peace Prize 1990 • The 1990 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev “for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community”
  189. 189. 1990 Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev Born 1931 Nationality - Russia • Soviet official, the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) from 1985 to 1991 and president of the Soviet Union in 1990–91.
  190. 190. Nobel Peace Prize 1991 • The 1991 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Aung san suu kyi “for her non violent struggle for democracy and human rights”
  191. 191. 1991 Aung San Suu Kyi Born 1945 Nationality – Myanmar. • Burmese politician, diplomat, and author.
  192. 192. Nobel Peace Prize 1992 • The 1992 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Rigoberta Menchu Tum “in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples”
  193. 193. 1992 Rigoberta Menchu Tum Born 1959 Nationality – Guatemala • Guatemalan Indian- rights activist.
  194. 194. Nobel Peace Prize 1993 • The 1993 Nobel prize in peace was awarded jointly to Nelson Mandela and Frederik Willem de Klerk “for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa”
  195. 195. 1993 Nelson Mandela Lifetime: 1918-2013 Nationality – South Africa • South African anti- apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
  196. 196. 1993 Frederik Willem de Klerk Born 1936 Nationality – South Africa • South African politician who served as the country's State President from August 1989 to May 1994. He was the seventh and last head of state of South Africa under the apartheid era.
  197. 197. Nobel Peace Prize 1994 • The 1994 Nobel prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin “for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East”
  198. 198. 1994 Yasser Arafat Lifetime: 1929-2004 Nationality - Palestine • President (1996–2004) of the Palestinian Authority, chairman (1969–2004) of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), and leader of Fatah, the largest of the constituent PLO groups.
  199. 199. 1994 Shimon Peres Lifetime: 1923-2016 Nationality – Israel • Polish-born Israeli statesman, who served as prime minister of Israel (1984–86 and 1995–96) and leader of the Israel Labour Party(1977–92, 1995–97, and 2003–05)
  200. 200. 1994 Yitzhak Rabin Lifetime: 1922-1995 Nationality - Israel • Fifth Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms in office, 1974– 77 and 1992 until his assassination in 1995.
  201. 201. Nobel Peace Prize 1995 • The 1995 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Joseph Rotblat and Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs “for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the long run, to eliminate such arms”
  202. 202. 1995 Sir Joseph Rotblat Lifetime: 1908-2005 Nationality – Britain • He was a Polish-born British physicist who became a leading critic of nuclear weaponry.
  203. 203. 1995 Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs Founded 1957 • An international organization that brings together scholars and public figures discuss problems of nuclear weapons and world security. • It was founded in 1957 by Joseph Rotblat and Bertrand Russell in Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Canada.
  204. 204. Nobel Peace Prize 1996 • The 1996 Nobel prize in peace was awarded jointly to Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and Jose Ramos-Horta “for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the problem in East Timor”
  205. 205. 1996 Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo Born 1948 Nationality – East Timor • Roman Catholic bishop of Dili
  206. 206. 1996 Jose Ramos-Horta born 1949 Nationality – East Timor • East Timorese politician who was the President of East Timor from 20 May 2007 to 20 May 2012.
  207. 207. Nobel Peace Prize 1997 • The 1997 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to International Campaign to Ban Landmines and Jody Williams “for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines”
  208. 208. 1997 International Campaign to Ban Landmines Formed in 1992 Central office in Geneva • International coalition of more than 1,400 nongovernmental organizations established in 1992 to ban the use, production, trade, and stockpiling of antipersonnel land mines.
  209. 209. 1997 Jody Williams Born 1950 Nationality – United States • American activist who helped found the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL).
  210. 210. Nobel Peace Prize 1998 • The 1998 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to John Hume and David Trimble “for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland”
  211. 211. 1998 John Hume Born 1937 Nationality – United Kingdom • Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) in Northern Ireland from 1979 to 2001.
  212. 212. 1998 David Trimble Born 1944 Nationality – United Kingdom • British politician who was the first Minister of Northern Ireland from 1998 to 2002, and the leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) from 1995 to 2005.
  213. 213. Nobel Peace Prize 1999 • The 1999 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Medecins Sans Frontieres “in recognition of the organization’s pioneering humanitarian work on several continents”
  214. 214. 1999 Medecins Sans Frontieres Formed in 20 December 1971 Location Geneva Switzerland • International humanitarian group dedicated to providing medical care to victims of political violence or natural disasters, as well as to those who lack access to such treatment.
  215. 215. Nobel Peace Prize 2000 • The 2000 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Kim Dae-Jung “for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular”
  216. 216. 2000 Kim Dae-Jung Lifetime: 1924?-2009 Nationality – South Korea • South Korean politician who became the first opposition leader to win election to his country's presidency (1998–2003).
  217. 217. Nobel Peace Prize 2001 • The 2001 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to United Nations and Kofi Annan “for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world”
  218. 218. 2001 United Nations (U.N.) Formed 24 Oct. 1945 Headquartered in New York City • International organization established on October 24, 1945. • It is tasked with promoting international co-operation and creating and maintaining international order.
  219. 219. 2001 Kofi Annan Lifetime: 1938-2018 Nationality - Ghana • Ghanaian international civil servant, who was the secretary-general of the United Nations (UN) from 1997 to 2006.
  220. 220. Nobel Peace Prize 2002 • The 2002 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Jimmy Carter “for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development.”
  221. 221. 2002 Jimmy Carter Born 1924 Nationality – United States • 39th President of the United States (1977–81)
  222. 222. Nobel Peace Prize 2003 • The 2003 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Shirin Ebadi “for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children”
  223. 223. 2003 Shirin Ebadi Born 1947 Nationality - Iran • Iranian lawyer, writer, and teacher.
  224. 224. Nobel Peace Prize 2004 • The 2004 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Wangari Muta Maathai “for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace”
  225. 225. 2004 Wangari Muta Maathai Lifetime: 1940-2011 Nationality – Kenya. • Kenyan politician and environmental activist.
  226. 226. Nobel Peace Prize 2005 • The 2005 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Mohamed ElBaradei “for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way”
  227. 227. 2005 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Formed 29 July 1957. Headquartered in Vienna, Austria. • Autonomous intergovernmental organization dedicated to increasing the contribution of atomic energy to the world's peace and well-being and ensuring that agency assistance is not used for military purposes.
  228. 228. 2005 Mohamed ElBaradei Born 1942 Nationality – Egypt. • Egyptian lawyer and government official who was director general (1997–2009 ) of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
  229. 229. Nobel Peace Prize 2006 • The 2006 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank “for their efforts to create economic and social development from below”
  230. 230. 2006 Muhammad Yunus Born 1940 Nationality - Bangladesh • Bangladeshi economist and founder of the Grameen Bank.
  231. 231. 2006 Grameen Bank Originated in 1976 Founded in Bangladesh • Bangladeshi bank founded by economist Muhammad Yunus as a means of providing small loans to poor individuals.
  232. 232. Nobel Peace Prize 2007 • The 2007 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr. “for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change”
  233. 233. 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Formed 1988 Headquartered in Geneva. • United Nations panel established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988. • The IPCC assesses peer-reviewed literature and industry practices to determine the impact of and possible responses to climate change.
  234. 234. 2007 Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr. Born 1948 Nationality – United States. • 45th vice president of the United States (1993–2001) in the Democratic administration of President Bill Clinton.
  235. 235. Nobel Peace Prize 2008 • The 2008 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Martti Ahtisaari “for his important efforts on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts.”
  236. 236. 2008 Martti Ahtisaari Born 1937 Nationality – Finland. • Finnish politician and noted mediator who was president of Finland (1994–2000).
  237. 237. Nobel Peace Prize 2009 • The 2009 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Barack H. Obama “for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”
  238. 238. 2009 Barack H. Obama Born 1961 Nationality – United States. • 44th president of the United States.
  239. 239. Nobel Peace Prize 2010 • The 2010 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Liu Xiaobo “for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China”
  240. 240. 2010 Liu Xiaobo Lifetime: 1955-2017 Nationality - China • Chinese literary critic, writer, poet, human rights activist
  241. 241. Nobel Peace Prize 2011 • The 2011 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee, and Tawakkol Karman “for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work”
  242. 242. 2011 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf Born 1938 Nationality – Liberia. • Liberian politician and economist, who was president of Liberia from 2006.
  243. 243. 2011 Leymah Gbowee Born 1972 Nationality – Liberia. • Liberian peace activist responsible for leading a women's peace movement, Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace that helped bring an end to the Second Liberian Civil War in 2003.
  244. 244. 2011 Tawakkol Karman born 1979 Nationality – Yemen. • Yemeni journalist, politician, and human rights activist.
  245. 245. Nobel Peace Prize 2012 • The 2012 Nobel prize in peace was awarded to European Union “for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe”
  246. 246. 2012 European Union (E.U.) • A political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. • It provides more economic aid than any other economic union. • De facto capital is Brussels in Belgium.
  247. 247. Nobel Peace Prize 2013 • The 2013 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) “for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons”
  248. 248. 2013 Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons Formed 29 April 1997 • An intergovernmental organisation, located in The Hague, Netherlands. • It promotes and verifies the adherence to the Chemical Weapons Convention. • It is headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands and has 193 member states.
  249. 249. Nobel Peace Prize 2014 • The 2014 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded jointly to Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”
  250. 250. 2014 Kailash Satyarthi Born 1954 Nationality – India. • Indian children's rights and education advocate and an activist against child labour
  251. 251. 2014 Malala Yousafzai Born 1997 Nationality – Pakistan • Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest-ever Nobel Prize laureate.
  252. 252. Nobel Peace Prize 2015 • The 2015 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to National Dialogue Quartet “for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine revolution of 2011”
  253. 253. 2015 National Dialogue Quartet Formed 2013 Founded in Tunisia • The National Dialogue Quartet comprises the following organizations in Tunisian civil society: • The Tunisian General Labour Union (UGTT, Union Générale Tunisienne du Travail) • The Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA, Union Tunisienne de l'Industrie, du Commerce et de l'Artisanat) • The Tunisian Human Rights League (LTDH, La Ligue Tunisienne pour la Défense des Droits de l'Homme) • The Tunisian Order of Lawyers (Ordre National des Avocats de Tunisie)
  254. 254. Nobel Peace Prize 2016 • The 2016 Nobel Prize in Peace was awarded to Juan Manuel Santos “for his resolute efforts to bring the country’s more than 50-year long civil war to an end.”
  255. 255. 2016 Juan Manuel Santos Born 1951 Nationality – Colombia • 32nd President of Colombia
  256. 256. Nobel Peace Prize 2017 • The Nobel Peace Prize 2017 was awarded to International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) "for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons."
  257. 257. 2017 International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons Formed in 2007 Founded at Melbourne, Australia • Non profit international campaign headquartered in Geneva Switzerland. • It aims to promote the full implementation of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. • As at 2017 it had 468 partner organisations in 101 countries.
  258. 258. Nobel Peace Prize 2018 • The Nobel Peace Prize 2018 was awarded jointly to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad “for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict.”
  259. 259. 2018 Denis Mukwege Born 1 March 1955 Nationality: Republic of Congo • Congolese Gynaecologist and Pentecostal Pastor.
  260. 260. 2018 Nadia Murad Born 1993 Nationality: Iraq • Iraqi Yazidi Human Rights activist and founder of Nadia’s Initiative.
  261. 261. Nobel Peace Prize 2019 • The Nobel Peace Prize 2019 was awarded to Abiy Ahmed Aii ‘for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea.”
  262. 262. 2019 Abiy Ahmed Aii Born 15 August 1976 Nationality: Ethiopia • 15th Prime Minister of Ethiopia • Assumed office 2 April 2018
  • SaurabhAnand110

    Apr. 26, 2021

The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the 5 Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in his 1895 will. It is presented in Oslo yearly in the Presence of the King of Norway. The Prize is awarded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee “to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses”. Unlike other Nobel Prizes, the Prize for Peace is occasionally awarded to organizations as well. The following slides outline the laureates form 1901 to 2019.

Views

Total views

439

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

0

Actions

Downloads

5

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

1

×