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NOBEL PRIZE IN
CHEMISTRY (1901-1959)
DR. BASIL BEMGBA ACHIE MBBS Ibadan
Introduction
• The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is one of the five Prizes established by
Alfred Nobel in 1895.
• As stated in ...
Outline
1901: Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff 1910: Otto Wallach
1902: Herman Emil Fischer 1911: Marie Curie
1903:Svante Augu...
1919: Not awarded 1931: Carl Bosch
1920: Walther Hermann Nernst 1931: Friedrich Bergius
1921: Frederick Soddy 1932: Irving...
1940: Not awarded 1950: Kurt Alder
1941: Not awarded 1951: Edwin Mattison McMillan
1942: Not awarded 1951: Glenn Theodore ...
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1901
• The 1901 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Jacobus H. van 't Hoff "in recognition of...
1901
Jacobus Henricus Van ‘t Hoff
Lifetime: 1852-1911
Nationality - The
Netherlands.
• Dutch physical chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1902
• The 1902 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Emil Fischer "in recognition of the extra...
1902
Hermann Emil Fischer
Lifetime: 1852-1919 Nationality – Germany
• German chemist
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1903
• The 1903 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Svante Arrhenius "in recognition of the e...
1903
Svant August Arrhenius
Lifetime: 1859-1927 Nationality - Sweden
• Swedish Scientist
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1904
• The 1904 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Sir William Ramsay "in recognition of his...
1904
Sir William Ramsay
Lifetime: 1852-1916 Nationality – Britain
• British Chemist
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1905
• The 1905 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Adolf von Baeyer "in recognition of his s...
1905
Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von
Baeyer
Lifetime: 1835-1917 Nationality - Germany
• German Chemist
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1906
• The 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Henri Moissan "in recognition of the grea...
1906
Henri Moissan
Lifetime: 1852-1907 Nationality - France
• French Chemist
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1907
• The 1907 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Eduard Buchner "for his biochemical resea...
1907
Eduard Buchner
lifetime: 1860-1917 Nationality - Germany
• German chemist and zy
mologist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1908
• The 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1908 was
awarded to Ernest Rutherford "for his investiga...
1908
Ernest Rutherford
Lifetime: 1871-1937 Nationality – Britain
• New Zealand-born
British physicist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1909
• The 1909 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Wilhelm Ostwald "in recognition of his wo...
1909
Wilhelm Ostwald
lifetime: 1853-1932 Nationality - Germany
• German Chemist
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1910
• The 1910 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Otto Wallach "in recognition of his servi...
1910
Otto Wallach
Lifetime: 1847-1931 Nationality – Germany
• German Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1911
• The 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Marie Curie "in recognition of her servic...
1911
Marie Curie nee Sklodowska
Lifetime: 1867-1934 Nationality - France
• Polish and naturalized-
French physicist and
ch...
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1912
• The 1912 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was divided
equally between Victor Grignard "for the dis...
1912
Victor Grignard
Lifetime: 1871-1935 Nationality - France
• French Chemist.
1912
Paul Sabatier
Lifetime: 1854-1941 Nationality France
• French Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1913
• The 1913 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Alfred Werner "in recognition of his work...
1913
Alfred Werner
Lifetime: 1866-1919 Nationality - Switzerland
• Swiss Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1914
• The 1914 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Theodore W. Richards "in recognition of h...
1914
Theodore William Richards
Lifetime: 1868-1928
Nationality – United
States
• American Scientist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1915
• The 1915 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Richard Willstätter "for his researches o...
1915
Richard Martin Willstatter
Lifetime: 1872-1942 Nationality – Germany
• German Organic
Chemist.
1916
• The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this
year (1916)
1917
• The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this
year (1917)
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1918
• The 1918 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Fritz Haber "for the synthesis of ammonia...
1918
Fritz Haber
Lifetime: 1868-1934 Nationality - Germany
• German Chemist.
1919
• The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this
year (1919)
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1920
• The 1920 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Walther Nernst "in recognition of his wor...
1920
Walther Hermann Nernst
Lifetime: 1864-1941 Nationality - Germany
• German Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1921
• The 1921 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Frederick Soddy "for his contributions to...
1921
Frederick Soddy
Lifetime: 1877-1956 Nationality - Britain
• English Radiochemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1922
• The 1922 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Francis W. Aston "for his discovery, by m...
1922
Francis William Aston
Lifetime: 1877-1945 Nationality - Britain
• English Chemist
and Physicist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1923
• The 1923 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Fritz Pregl "for his invention of the met...
1923
Fritz Pregl
Lifetime: 1869-1930 Mixed Slovene German
• Slovenian and
Austrian Chemist and
Physician.
1924
• The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this
year (1924)
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1925
• The 1925 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Richard Zsigmondy "for his demonstration ...
1925
Richard Adolf Zsigmondy
Lifetime: 1865-1929
Nationality – Hungarian,
Austrian
• Austrian-
Hungarian Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1926
• The 1926 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
The Svedberg "for his work on disperse sy...
1926
The (Theodore) Svedberg
Lifetime: 1884-1971 Nationality - Sweden
• Swedish Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1927
• The 1927 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Heinrich Wieland "for his investigations ...
1927
Heinrich Otto Wieland
Lifetime: 1877-1957 Nationality - Germany
• German Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1928
• The 1928 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Adolf Windaus "for the services rendered ...
1928
Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus
Lifetime: 1876-1959 Nationality - Germany
• German chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1929
• The 1929 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded
jointly to Arthur Harden and Hans Karl Augus...
1929
Sir Arthur Harden
Lifetime: 1865-1940 Nationality - Britain
• British biochemist.
1929
Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-
Chelpin
Lifetime: 1873-1964 Nationality - Sweden
• German-
born Swedish
biochemist
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1930
• The 1930 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Hans Fischer "for his researches into the...
1930
Hans Fischer
Lifetime: 1881-1945 Nationality - Germany
• German Organic
Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1931
• The 1931 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded
jointly to Carl Bosch and Friedrich Bergius ...
1931
Carl Bosch
Lifetime: 1874-1940 Nationality – Germany
• German Chemist
and Engineer
1931
Friedrich Bergius
Lifetime: 1884-1949 Nationality – Germany
• German Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1932
• The 1932 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Irving Langmuir "for his discoveries and ...
1932
Irvin Langmuir
Lifetime: 1881-1957
Nationality – United
States
• American Chemist and
Physicist.
1933
• The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this
year (1933)
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1934
• The 1934 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Harold C. Urey "for his discovery of heav...
1934
Harold Clayton Urey
Lifetime: 1893-1981
Nationality – United
States
• American Physical
Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1935
• The 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded
jointly to Frédéric Joliot and Irène Joliot-...
1935
Frederic Joliot
Lifetime: 1900-1958 Nationality – France
• French Physicist,
husband of Irène
Joliot-Curie.
1935
Irene Joiliot-Curie
Lifetime: 1897-1956 Nationality - France
• French scientist,
the daughter of Marie
Curie and Pier...
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1936
• The 1936 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Peter Debye "for his contributions to our...
1936
Petrus (Peter) Josephus Wilhelmus
Debye
Lifetime: 1884-1966
Nationality – United
States
• Dutch-
American Physicist a...
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1937
• The 1937 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was divided
equally between Walter Norman Haworth "for h...
1937
Walter Norman Haworth
Lifetime: 1883-1950 Nationality – Britain
• British Chemist.
1937
Paul Karrer
Lifetime: 1889-1971 Nationality – Switzerland
• Swiss Organic Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1938
• The 1938 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Richard Kuhn "for his work on carotenoids...
1938
Richard Kuhn
Lifetime: 1900-1967 Nationality - Germany
• Austrian-
German Biochemist
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1939
• The 1939 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was divided
equally between Adolf Friedrich Johann
Buten...
1939
Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt
Lifetime: 1903-1995 Nationality - Germany
• German Biochemist.
1939
Leopold Ruzicka
Lifetime: 1887-1976 Nationality – Croatia
• Croatian Scientist.
1940
• The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this
year.
1941
• The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this
year.
1942
• The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this
year (1942)
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1943
• The 1943 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
George de Hevesy "for his work on the use...
1943
George de Hevesy
Lifetime: 1885-1966 Nationality – Hungary
• Hungarian
Radiochemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1944
• The 1944 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Otto Hahn "for his discovery of the fissi...
1944
Otto Hahn
Lifetime: 1879-1968 Nationality - Germany
• German chemist and
pioneer in the fields
of radioactivity and
r...
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1945
• The 1945 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Artturi Virtanen "for his research and in...
1945
Artturi Ilmari Virtanen
Lifetime: 1895-1973 Nationality - Finland
• Finnish Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1946
• The 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was divided, one
half awarded to James Batcheller Sumner...
1946
James Batcheller Sumner
Lifetime: 1887-1955
Nationality – United
States
• American Chemist.
1946
John Howard Northrop
Lifetime: 1891-1987
Nationality – United
States
• American Biochemist.
1946
Wendell Meredith Stanley
Lifetime: 1904-1971
Nationality – United
States
• American Biochemist,
Virologist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1947
• The 1947 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Sir Robert Robinson "for his investigatio...
1947
Sir Robert Robinson
Lifetime: 1886-1975 Nationality – Britain
• English Organic
Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1948
• The 1948 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Arne Tiselius "for his research on electr...
1948
Arne Wilhelm Kaurin Tiselius
Lifetime: 1902-1971 Nationality - Sweden
• Swedish Biochemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1949
• The 1949 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
William F. Giauque "for his contributions...
1949
William Francis Giauque
Lifetime: 1895-1982
Nationality – United
States
• American Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1950
• The 1950 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded
jointly to Otto Paul Hermann Diels and Kurt
...
1950
Otto Paul Hermann Diels
Lifetime: 1876-1954 Nationality - Germany
• German Chemist.
1950
Kurt Alder
Lifetime: 1902-1958 Nationality – Germany
• German Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1951
• The 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded
jointly to Edwin Mattison McMillan and Glenn...
1951
Edwin Mattison McMillan
Lifetime: 1907-1991
Nationality – United
States
• American Physicist.
1951
Glenn Theodore Seaborg
Lifetime: 1912-1999
Nationality – United
States
• American Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1952
• The 1952 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded
jointly to Archer John Porter Martin and Ric...
1952
Archer John Porter Martin
Lifetime: 1910-2002 Nationality – Britain
• English Chemist.
1952
Richard Laurence Millington Synge
Lifetime: 1914-1994 Nationality – Britain
• British Biochemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1953
• The 1953 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Hermann Staudinger "for his discoveries i...
1953
Hermann Staudinger
Lifetime: 1881-1965 Nationality - Germany
• German Organic
Chemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1954
• The 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Linus Pauling "for his research into the ...
1954
Linus Carl Pauling
Lifetime: 1901-1994
Nationality – United
States
• American chemist, bioc
hemist, peace activist,
a...
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1955
• The 1955 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Vincent du Vigneaud "for his work on bioc...
1955
Vincent du Vigneaud
Lifetime: 1901-1978
Nationality – United
States
• American Biochemist.
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1956
• The 1956 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded
jointly to Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood and
...
1956
Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood
Lifetime: 1897-1967 Nationality – Britain
• English Physical
Chemist.
1956
Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov
Lifetime: 1896-1986 Nationality - Russia
• Russian/Soviet
Physicist and Chemist
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1957
• The 1957 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Lord Todd "for his work on nucleotides an...
1957
Lord (Alexander R) Todd
Lifetime: 1907-1997 Nationality – Britain
• British biochemist
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1958
• The 1958 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Frederick Sanger "for his work on the str...
1958
Frederick Sanger
Lifetime: 1918-2013 Nationality – Britain
• British biochemist who
twice won the Nobel
Prize in Chem...
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY
1959
• The 1959 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to
Jaroslav Heyrovsky "for his discovery and...
1959
Jaroslav Heyrovsky
Lifetime: 1890-1967
Nationality – Czech
Republic
• Czech Chemist and
Inventor.
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NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1901 1959

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The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is one of the five Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in 1895.
As stated in his will, the Prize was to be awarded “to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement”.
Awarded by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden, the Prize is considered the most prestigious in Chemistry.
The Prize is awarded annually on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death, and has been awarded 111 times to 183 Laureates between 1901 and 2019.
The Following slides present an outline of Nobel Prize Laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to 1959.

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NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1901 1959

  1. 1. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY (1901-1959) DR. BASIL BEMGBA ACHIE MBBS Ibadan
  2. 2. Introduction • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is one of the five Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in 1895. • As stated in his will, the Prize was to be awarded “to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement”. • Awarded by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences at Stockholm, Sweden, the Prize is considered the most prestigious in Chemistry. • The Prize is awarded annually on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death, and has been awarded 111 times to 183 Laureates between 1901 and 2019. • The Following slides present an outline of Nobel Prize Laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to 1959.
  3. 3. Outline 1901: Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff 1910: Otto Wallach 1902: Herman Emil Fischer 1911: Marie Curie 1903:Svante August Arrhenius 1912: Victor Grignard 1904: Sir William Ramsay 1912: Paul Sabatier 1905: Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer 1913: Alfred Werner 1906: Henry Moissan 1914: Theodore William Richards 1907: Eduard Buchner 1915: Richard Martin Willstatter 1908: Ernest Rutherford 1916: Not awarded 1909: Wilhelm Ostwald 1917: Not awarded 1918: Fritz Haber
  4. 4. 1919: Not awarded 1931: Carl Bosch 1920: Walther Hermann Nernst 1931: Friedrich Bergius 1921: Frederick Soddy 1932: Irving Langmuir 1922: Francis William Aston 1933: Not awarded 1923: Fritz Pregl 1934: Harold Clayton Urey 1924: Not awarded 1935: Frederic Joliot 1925: Richard Adolf Zsigmondy 1935:Irene Joliot-Curie 1926: The (Theodore) Svedberg 1936: Petrus (Peter) Josephus Wilhelmus Debye 1927: Heinrich Otto Wieland 1937: Walter Norman Haworth 1928: Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus 1937: Paul Karrer 1929: Arthur Harden 1938: Richard Kuhn 1929: Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-Chelpin 1939: Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt 1930: Hans Fischer 1939: Leopold Ruzicka
  5. 5. 1940: Not awarded 1950: Kurt Alder 1941: Not awarded 1951: Edwin Mattison McMillan 1942: Not awarded 1951: Glenn Theodore Seaborg 1943: George de Hevesy 1952: Archer John Porter Martin 1944:Otto Hahn 1952: Richard Laurence Millington Synge 1945: Artturi Ilmari Virtanen 1953: Hermann Staudinger 1946: James Batcheller Summer 1954: Linus Carl Pauling 1946: John Haword Northrop 1955: Vincent du Vigneaud 1946:Wendell Meredith Stanley 1956: Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood 1947: Sir Robert Robinson 1956: Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov 1948: Arne Wilhelm Kaurin Tiselius 1957: Lord (Alexander R.) Todd 1949: William Francis Giauque 1958: Frederick Sanger 1950: Otto Paul Hermann Dials 1959: Jaroslav Heyrovsky
  6. 6. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1901 • The 1901 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Jacobus H. van 't Hoff "in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the laws of chemical dynamics and osmotic pressure in solutions". •
  7. 7. 1901 Jacobus Henricus Van ‘t Hoff Lifetime: 1852-1911 Nationality - The Netherlands. • Dutch physical chemist.
  8. 8. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1902 • The 1902 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Emil Fischer "in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by his work on sugar and purine syntheses"
  9. 9. 1902 Hermann Emil Fischer Lifetime: 1852-1919 Nationality – Germany • German chemist
  10. 10. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1903 • The 1903 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Svante Arrhenius "in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered to the advancement of chemistry by his electrolytic theory of dissociation".
  11. 11. 1903 Svant August Arrhenius Lifetime: 1859-1927 Nationality - Sweden • Swedish Scientist
  12. 12. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1904 • The 1904 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Sir William Ramsay "in recognition of his services in the discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air, and his determination of their place in the periodic system".
  13. 13. 1904 Sir William Ramsay Lifetime: 1852-1916 Nationality – Britain • British Chemist
  14. 14. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1905 • The 1905 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Adolf von Baeyer "in recognition of his services in the advancement of organic chemistry and the chemical industry, through his work on organic dyes and hydroaromatic compounds".
  15. 15. 1905 Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer Lifetime: 1835-1917 Nationality - Germany • German Chemist
  16. 16. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1906 • The 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Henri Moissan "in recognition of the great services rendered by him in his investigation and isolation of the element fluorine, and for the adoption in the service of science of the electric furnace called after him".
  17. 17. 1906 Henri Moissan Lifetime: 1852-1907 Nationality - France • French Chemist
  18. 18. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1907 • The 1907 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Eduard Buchner "for his biochemical researches and his discovery of cell-free fermentation".
  19. 19. 1907 Eduard Buchner lifetime: 1860-1917 Nationality - Germany • German chemist and zy mologist.
  20. 20. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1908 • The 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1908 was awarded to Ernest Rutherford "for his investigations into the disintegration of the elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances".
  21. 21. 1908 Ernest Rutherford Lifetime: 1871-1937 Nationality – Britain • New Zealand-born British physicist.
  22. 22. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1909 • The 1909 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Wilhelm Ostwald "in recognition of his work on catalysis and for his investigations into the fundamental principles governing chemical equilibria and rates of reaction".
  23. 23. 1909 Wilhelm Ostwald lifetime: 1853-1932 Nationality - Germany • German Chemist
  24. 24. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1910 • The 1910 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Otto Wallach "in recognition of his services to organic chemistry and the chemical industry by his pioneer work in the field of alicyclic compounds".
  25. 25. 1910 Otto Wallach Lifetime: 1847-1931 Nationality – Germany • German Chemist.
  26. 26. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1911 • The 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Marie Curie "in recognition of her services to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element".
  27. 27. 1911 Marie Curie nee Sklodowska Lifetime: 1867-1934 Nationality - France • Polish and naturalized- French physicist and chemist
  28. 28. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1912 • The 1912 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was divided equally between Victor Grignard "for the discovery of the so-called Grignard reagent, which in recent years has greatly advanced the progress of organic chemistry" and Paul Sabatier "for his method of hydrogenating organic compounds in the presence of finely disintegrated metals whereby the progress of organic chemistry has been greatly advanced in recent years".
  29. 29. 1912 Victor Grignard Lifetime: 1871-1935 Nationality - France • French Chemist.
  30. 30. 1912 Paul Sabatier Lifetime: 1854-1941 Nationality France • French Chemist.
  31. 31. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1913 • The 1913 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Alfred Werner "in recognition of his work on the linkage of atoms in molecules by which he has thrown new light on earlier investigations and opened up new fields of research especially in inorganic chemistry".
  32. 32. 1913 Alfred Werner Lifetime: 1866-1919 Nationality - Switzerland • Swiss Chemist.
  33. 33. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1914 • The 1914 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Theodore W. Richards "in recognition of his accurate determinations of the atomic weight of a large number of chemical elements".
  34. 34. 1914 Theodore William Richards Lifetime: 1868-1928 Nationality – United States • American Scientist.
  35. 35. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1915 • The 1915 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Richard Willstätter "for his researches on plant pigments, especially chlorophyll".
  36. 36. 1915 Richard Martin Willstatter Lifetime: 1872-1942 Nationality – Germany • German Organic Chemist.
  37. 37. 1916 • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this year (1916)
  38. 38. 1917 • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this year (1917)
  39. 39. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1918 • The 1918 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Fritz Haber "for the synthesis of ammonia from its elements".
  40. 40. 1918 Fritz Haber Lifetime: 1868-1934 Nationality - Germany • German Chemist.
  41. 41. 1919 • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this year (1919)
  42. 42. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1920 • The 1920 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Walther Nernst "in recognition of his work in thermochemistry".
  43. 43. 1920 Walther Hermann Nernst Lifetime: 1864-1941 Nationality - Germany • German Chemist.
  44. 44. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1921 • The 1921 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Frederick Soddy "for his contributions to our knowledge of the chemistry of radioactive substances, and his investigations into the origin and nature of isotopes".
  45. 45. 1921 Frederick Soddy Lifetime: 1877-1956 Nationality - Britain • English Radiochemist.
  46. 46. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1922 • The 1922 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Francis W. Aston "for his discovery, by means of his mass spectrograph, of isotopes, in a large number of non-radioactive elements, and for his enunciation of the whole-number rule".
  47. 47. 1922 Francis William Aston Lifetime: 1877-1945 Nationality - Britain • English Chemist and Physicist.
  48. 48. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1923 • The 1923 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Fritz Pregl "for his invention of the method of micro- analysis of organic substances".
  49. 49. 1923 Fritz Pregl Lifetime: 1869-1930 Mixed Slovene German • Slovenian and Austrian Chemist and Physician.
  50. 50. 1924 • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this year (1924)
  51. 51. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1925 • The 1925 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Richard Zsigmondy "for his demonstration of the heterogenous nature of colloid solutions and for the methods he used, which have since become fundamental in modern colloid chemistry".
  52. 52. 1925 Richard Adolf Zsigmondy Lifetime: 1865-1929 Nationality – Hungarian, Austrian • Austrian- Hungarian Chemist.
  53. 53. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1926 • The 1926 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to The Svedberg "for his work on disperse systems".
  54. 54. 1926 The (Theodore) Svedberg Lifetime: 1884-1971 Nationality - Sweden • Swedish Chemist.
  55. 55. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1927 • The 1927 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Heinrich Wieland "for his investigations of the constitution of the bile acids and related substances".
  56. 56. 1927 Heinrich Otto Wieland Lifetime: 1877-1957 Nationality - Germany • German Chemist.
  57. 57. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1928 • The 1928 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Adolf Windaus "for the services rendered through his research into the constitution of the sterols and their connection with the vitamins".
  58. 58. 1928 Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus Lifetime: 1876-1959 Nationality - Germany • German chemist.
  59. 59. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1929 • The 1929 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Arthur Harden and Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-Chelpin "for their investigations on the fermentation of sugar and fermentative enzymes"
  60. 60. 1929 Sir Arthur Harden Lifetime: 1865-1940 Nationality - Britain • British biochemist.
  61. 61. 1929 Hans Karl August Simon von Euler- Chelpin Lifetime: 1873-1964 Nationality - Sweden • German- born Swedish biochemist
  62. 62. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1930 • The 1930 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Hans Fischer "for his researches into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll and especially for his synthesis of haemin".
  63. 63. 1930 Hans Fischer Lifetime: 1881-1945 Nationality - Germany • German Organic Chemist.
  64. 64. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1931 • The 1931 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Carl Bosch and Friedrich Bergius "in recognition of their contributions to the invention and development of chemical high pressure methods"
  65. 65. 1931 Carl Bosch Lifetime: 1874-1940 Nationality – Germany • German Chemist and Engineer
  66. 66. 1931 Friedrich Bergius Lifetime: 1884-1949 Nationality – Germany • German Chemist.
  67. 67. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1932 • The 1932 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Irving Langmuir "for his discoveries and investigations in surface chemistry".
  68. 68. 1932 Irvin Langmuir Lifetime: 1881-1957 Nationality – United States • American Chemist and Physicist.
  69. 69. 1933 • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this year (1933)
  70. 70. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1934 • The 1934 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Harold C. Urey "for his discovery of heavy hydrogen".
  71. 71. 1934 Harold Clayton Urey Lifetime: 1893-1981 Nationality – United States • American Physical Chemist.
  72. 72. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1935 • The 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Frédéric Joliot and Irène Joliot-Curie "in recognition of their synthesis of new radioactive elements"
  73. 73. 1935 Frederic Joliot Lifetime: 1900-1958 Nationality – France • French Physicist, husband of Irène Joliot-Curie.
  74. 74. 1935 Irene Joiliot-Curie Lifetime: 1897-1956 Nationality - France • French scientist, the daughter of Marie Curie and Pierre Curie and the wife of Frédéric Joliot-Curie.
  75. 75. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1936 • The 1936 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Peter Debye "for his contributions to our knowledge of molecular structure through his investigations on dipole moments and on the diffraction of X-rays and electrons in gases".
  76. 76. 1936 Petrus (Peter) Josephus Wilhelmus Debye Lifetime: 1884-1966 Nationality – United States • Dutch- American Physicist and Physical Chemist.
  77. 77. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1937 • The 1937 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was divided equally between Walter Norman Haworth "for his investigations on carbohydrates and vitamin C" and Paul Karrer "for his investigations on carotenoids, flavins and vitamins A and B2".
  78. 78. 1937 Walter Norman Haworth Lifetime: 1883-1950 Nationality – Britain • British Chemist.
  79. 79. 1937 Paul Karrer Lifetime: 1889-1971 Nationality – Switzerland • Swiss Organic Chemist.
  80. 80. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1938 • The 1938 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Richard Kuhn "for his work on carotenoids and vitamins".
  81. 81. 1938 Richard Kuhn Lifetime: 1900-1967 Nationality - Germany • Austrian- German Biochemist
  82. 82. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1939 • The 1939 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was divided equally between Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt "for his work on sex hormones"and Leopold Ruzicka "for his work on polymethylenes and higher terpenes".
  83. 83. 1939 Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt Lifetime: 1903-1995 Nationality - Germany • German Biochemist.
  84. 84. 1939 Leopold Ruzicka Lifetime: 1887-1976 Nationality – Croatia • Croatian Scientist.
  85. 85. 1940 • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this year.
  86. 86. 1941 • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this year.
  87. 87. 1942 • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded this year (1942)
  88. 88. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1943 • The 1943 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to George de Hevesy "for his work on the use of isotopes as tracers in the study of chemical processes".
  89. 89. 1943 George de Hevesy Lifetime: 1885-1966 Nationality – Hungary • Hungarian Radiochemist.
  90. 90. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1944 • The 1944 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Otto Hahn "for his discovery of the fission of heavy nuclei".
  91. 91. 1944 Otto Hahn Lifetime: 1879-1968 Nationality - Germany • German chemist and pioneer in the fields of radioactivity and radiochemistry.
  92. 92. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1945 • The 1945 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Artturi Virtanen "for his research and inventions in agricultural and nutrition chemistry, especially for his fodder preservation method".
  93. 93. 1945 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen Lifetime: 1895-1973 Nationality - Finland • Finnish Chemist.
  94. 94. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1946 • The 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was divided, one half awarded to James Batcheller Sumner "for his discovery that enzymes can be crystallized", the other half jointly to John Howard Northrop and Wendell Meredith Stanley "for their preparation of enzymes and virus proteins in a pure form".
  95. 95. 1946 James Batcheller Sumner Lifetime: 1887-1955 Nationality – United States • American Chemist.
  96. 96. 1946 John Howard Northrop Lifetime: 1891-1987 Nationality – United States • American Biochemist.
  97. 97. 1946 Wendell Meredith Stanley Lifetime: 1904-1971 Nationality – United States • American Biochemist, Virologist.
  98. 98. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1947 • The 1947 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Sir Robert Robinson "for his investigations on plant products of biological importance, especially the alkaloids".
  99. 99. 1947 Sir Robert Robinson Lifetime: 1886-1975 Nationality – Britain • English Organic Chemist.
  100. 100. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1948 • The 1948 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Arne Tiselius "for his research on electrophoresis and adsorption analysis, especially for his discoveries concerning the complex nature of the serum proteins".
  101. 101. 1948 Arne Wilhelm Kaurin Tiselius Lifetime: 1902-1971 Nationality - Sweden • Swedish Biochemist.
  102. 102. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1949 • The 1949 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to William F. Giauque "for his contributions in the field of chemical thermodynamics, particularly concerning the behaviour of substances at extremely low temperatures".
  103. 103. 1949 William Francis Giauque Lifetime: 1895-1982 Nationality – United States • American Chemist.
  104. 104. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1950 • The 1950 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Otto Paul Hermann Diels and Kurt Alder "for their discovery and development of the diene synthesis"
  105. 105. 1950 Otto Paul Hermann Diels Lifetime: 1876-1954 Nationality - Germany • German Chemist.
  106. 106. 1950 Kurt Alder Lifetime: 1902-1958 Nationality – Germany • German Chemist.
  107. 107. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1951 • The 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Edwin Mattison McMillan and Glenn Theodore Seaborg "for their discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements"
  108. 108. 1951 Edwin Mattison McMillan Lifetime: 1907-1991 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  109. 109. 1951 Glenn Theodore Seaborg Lifetime: 1912-1999 Nationality – United States • American Chemist.
  110. 110. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1952 • The 1952 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Archer John Porter Martin and Richard Laurence Millington Synge "for their invention of partition chromatography"
  111. 111. 1952 Archer John Porter Martin Lifetime: 1910-2002 Nationality – Britain • English Chemist.
  112. 112. 1952 Richard Laurence Millington Synge Lifetime: 1914-1994 Nationality – Britain • British Biochemist.
  113. 113. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1953 • The 1953 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Hermann Staudinger "for his discoveries in the field of macromolecular chemistry".
  114. 114. 1953 Hermann Staudinger Lifetime: 1881-1965 Nationality - Germany • German Organic Chemist.
  115. 115. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1954 • The 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Linus Pauling "for his research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances".
  116. 116. 1954 Linus Carl Pauling Lifetime: 1901-1994 Nationality – United States • American chemist, bioc hemist, peace activist, author, and educator.
  117. 117. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1955 • The 1955 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Vincent du Vigneaud "for his work on biochemically important sulphur compounds, especially for the first synthesis of a polypeptide hormone".
  118. 118. 1955 Vincent du Vigneaud Lifetime: 1901-1978 Nationality – United States • American Biochemist.
  119. 119. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1956 • The 1956 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood and Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov "for their researches into the mechanism of chemical reactions"
  120. 120. 1956 Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood Lifetime: 1897-1967 Nationality – Britain • English Physical Chemist.
  121. 121. 1956 Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov Lifetime: 1896-1986 Nationality - Russia • Russian/Soviet Physicist and Chemist
  122. 122. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1957 • The 1957 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Lord Todd "for his work on nucleotides and nucleotide co- enzymes".
  123. 123. 1957 Lord (Alexander R) Todd Lifetime: 1907-1997 Nationality – Britain • British biochemist
  124. 124. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1958 • The 1958 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Frederick Sanger "for his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin".
  125. 125. 1958 Frederick Sanger Lifetime: 1918-2013 Nationality – Britain • British biochemist who twice won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
  126. 126. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1959 • The 1959 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Jaroslav Heyrovsky "for his discovery and development of the polarographic methods of analysis".
  127. 127. 1959 Jaroslav Heyrovsky Lifetime: 1890-1967 Nationality – Czech Republic • Czech Chemist and Inventor.
  128. 128. THANK YOU

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is one of the five Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in 1895. As stated in his will, the Prize was to be awarded “to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement”. Awarded by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden, the Prize is considered the most prestigious in Chemistry. The Prize is awarded annually on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death, and has been awarded 111 times to 183 Laureates between 1901 and 2019. The Following slides present an outline of Nobel Prize Laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to 1959.

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