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NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1990 2019

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The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is one of the five Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in 1895.
As stated in his will, the Prize was to be awarded “to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement”.
Awarded by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences at Stockholm, Sweden, the Prize is considered the most prestigious in Chemistry.
The Prize is awarded annually on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death, and has been awarded 111 times to 183 Laureates between 1901 and 2019.
The Following slides present an outline of Nobel Prize Laureates in Chemistry from 1990 to 2019.

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NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1990 2019

  1. 1. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1990-2019 DR. BASIL BEMGBA ACHIE MBBS Ibadan
  2. 2. Introduction • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is one of the five Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in 1895. • As stated in his will, the Prize was to be awarded “to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement”. • Awarded by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences at Stockholm, Sweden, the Prize is considered the most prestigious in Chemistry. • The Prize is awarded annually on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death, and has been awarded 111 times to 183 Laureates between 1901 and 2019. • The Following slides present an outline of Nobel Prize Laureates in Chemistry from 1990 to 2019.
  3. 3. 1990: Elias James Corey 1997: John E. Walker 1991: Richard R. Ernst 1997: Jens Christian Skou 1992: Rudolph A. Marcus 1998: Walter Kohn 1993: Kary B. Mullis 1998: John Pople 1993: Michael Smith 1999: Ahmed H. Zewail 1994: George A. Olah 2000: Alan J. Heeger 1995: Paul J. Crutzen 2000: Alan G. MacDiarmid 1995: Mario J. Molina 2000: Hideki Shirakawa 1995: F. Sherwood Rowland 2001: William S. Knowles 1996: Robert F. Curl Jr. 2001: Ryoji Moyori 1996: Sir Harold W. Kroto 2001: K. Barry Sharpless 1996: Richard E. Smalley 2002: John B. Fenn 1997: Paul D. Boyer 2002: Koichi Tanaka 2002: Kurt Wurthrich
  4. 4. 2003: Peter Agre 2009: Venkatraman Ramakrishnan 2003: Roderick MacKinnon 2009: Thomas A. Steitz 2004: Aaron Ciechanover 2009: Ada E. Yonath 2004: Avram Hershko 2010: Richard F. Heck 2004: Irwin Rose 2010: Ei-ichi Negishi 2005: Yves Chauvin 2010: Akira Suzuki 2005: Robert H. Grubbs 2011: Dan Shechtman 2005: Richard R. Schrock 2012: Robert J. Lefkowitz 2006: Roger D. Kornberg 2012: Brian K. Kobilka 2007: Gerhard Ertl 2013: Martin Karplus 2008: Osamu Shimomura 2013:Michael Levitt 2008: Martin Chalfie 2013: Arieh Warshel 2008: Roger Y. Tsien 2014: Eric Betzig
  5. 5. 2014: Stefan W. Hell 2017: Joachim Frank 2014: William E. Moerner 2017: Richard Henderson 2015: Tomas Lindahl 2018: Frances H. Arnold 2015: Paul Modrich 2018: George P. Smith 2015: Aziz Sancar 2018: Sir Gregory P. Winter 2016: Jean-Pierre Sauvage 2019: John B. Goodenough 2016: Sir J. Fraser Stoddart 2019: M. Stanley Whittingham 2016: Bernard L. Feringa 2019: Akira Yoshino 2017: Jacques Dubochet
  6. 6. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1990 • The 1990 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Elias James Corey "for his development of the theory and methodology of organic synthesis".
  7. 7. 1990 Elias James Corey Born 12 July 1928 Nationality – United States • American Lebanese Organic Chemist.
  8. 8. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1991 • The 1991 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Richard R. Ernst "for his contributions to the development of the methodology of high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy".
  9. 9. 1991 Richard R. Ernst Born 14 August 1933 Nationality – Switzerland • Swiss Physical Chemist.
  10. 10. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1992 • The 1992 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Rudolph A. Marcus "for his contributions to the theory of electron transfer reactions in chemical systems".
  11. 11. 1992 Rudolph A. Marcus Born 21 July 1923 Nationality - Canada • Canadian Chemist.
  12. 12. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1993 • The 1993 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded "for contributions to the developments of methods within DNA- based chemistry"jointly with one half to Kary B. Mullis "for his invention of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method" and with one half to Michael Smith "for his fundamental contributions to the establishment of oligonucleotide-based, site-directed mutagenesis and its development for protein studies".
  13. 13. 1993 Kary B. Mullis Born 28 December 1944 Nationality – United States • American Biochemist.
  14. 14. 1993 Michael Smith Lifetime: 1932-2000 Nationality - Canada • British-born Canadian Biochemist and businessman.
  15. 15. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1994 • The 1994 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to George A. Olah "for his contribution to carbocation chemistry".
  16. 16. 1994 George A. Olah Lifetime: 1927-2017 Nationality – Hungary, United States • Hungarian and American Chemist.
  17. 17. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1995 • The 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Paul J. Crutzen, Mario J. Molina and F. Sherwood Rowland "for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone".
  18. 18. 1995 Paul J. Crutzen Born 3 December 1933 Nationality – Netherlands • Dutch Atmospheric Chemist.
  19. 19. 1995 Mario J. Molina Born 19 March 1943 Nationality - Mexico • Mexican Chemist.
  20. 20. 1995 F. Sherwood Rowland Lifetime: 1927-2012 Nationality – United States • American Chemist.
  21. 21. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1996 • The 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Robert F. Curl Jr., Sir Harold W. Kroto and Richard E. Smalley "for their discovery of fullerenes".
  22. 22. 1996 Robert F. Curl Jr. Born 23 August 1933 Nationality – United States • American Chemist.
  23. 23. 1996 Sir Harold W. Kroto Lifetime: 1939-2016 Nationality – Britain • English Chemist.
  24. 24. 1996 Richard E. Smalley Lifetime: 1943-2005 Nationality – United States • American Chemist and Physicist.
  25. 25. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1997 • The 1997 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was divided, one half jointly to Paul D. Boyer and John E. Walker "for their elucidation of the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)" and the other half to Jens C. Skou "for the first discovery of an ion- transporting enzyme, Na+, K+ -ATPase".
  26. 26. 1997 Paul D. Boyer Lifetime: 1918-2018 Nationality – United States • American Biochemist.
  27. 27. 1997 John E. Walker Born January 1941 Nationality – Britain • British Chemist.
  28. 28. 1997 Jens C. Skou Lifetime: 1918-2018 Nationality - Denmark • Danish Biophysicist.
  29. 29. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1998 • The 1998 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was divided equally between Walter Kohn "for his development of the density-functional theory"and John A. Pople "for his development of computational methods in quantum chemistry".
  30. 30. 1998 Walter Kohn Lifetime: 1923-2016 Nationality – United States • Austrian-born American Theoretical Physicist and Theoretical Chemist.
  31. 31. 1998 John A. Pople Lifetime: 1925-2004 Nationality – Britain • British Mathematician and Chemist.
  32. 32. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 1999 • The 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Ahmed Zewail "for his studies of the transition states of chemical reactions using femtosecond spectroscopy".
  33. 33. 1999 Ahmed H. Zewail Lifetime: 1946-2016 Nationality – United States • Egyptian-American Scientist, known as the "father of femtochemistry"
  34. 34. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2000 • The 2000 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Alan J. Heeger, Alan G. MacDiarmid and Hideki Shirakawa "for the discovery and development of conductive polymers".
  35. 35. 2000 Alan J. Heeger Born 22 January 1936 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  36. 36. 2000 Alan G. Mac Diarmid Lifetime: 1927-2007 Nationality – United States • New Zealand- born American Chemist .
  37. 37. 2000 Hideki Shirakawa Born 20 August 1936 Nationality – Japan • Japanese Chemist.
  38. 38. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2001 • The 2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was divided, one half jointly to William S. Knowles and Ryoji Noyori "for their work on chirally catalysed hydrogenation reactions" and the other half to K. Barry Sharpless "for his work on chirally catalysed oxidation reactions".
  39. 39. 2001 William S. Knowles Lifetime: 1917-2012 Nationality – United States • American Chemist.
  40. 40. 2001 Ryoji Noyori Born 3 September 1938 Nationality – Japan • Japanese Chemist.
  41. 41. 2001 K. Barry Sharpless Born 28 April 1941 Nationality – United States • American Chemist.
  42. 42. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2002 • The 2002 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded "for the development of methods for identification and structure analyses of biological macromolecules" with one half jointly to John B. Fenn and Koichi Tanaka "for their development of soft desorption ionisation methods for mass spectrometric analyses of biological macromolecules" and the other half to Kurt Wüthrich "for his development of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for determining the three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules in solution".
  43. 43. 2002 John B. Fenn Lifetime: 1917-2010 Nationality – United States • American Analytical Chemist.
  44. 44. 2002 Koichi Tanaka Born 3 August 1959 Nationality – Japan • Japanese Engineer.
  45. 45. 2002 Kurt Wuthrich Born 4 October 1938 Nationality – Switzerland • Swiss Chemist and Biophysicist.
  46. 46. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2003 • The 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded "for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes" jointly with one half to Peter Agre "for the discovery of water channels" and with one half to Roderick MacKinnon "for structural and mechanistic studies of ion channels".
  47. 47. 2003 Peter Agre Born 30 January 1949 Nationality – United States • American Physician and Molecular Biologist.
  48. 48. 2003 Roderick MacKinnon Born 19 February 1956 Nationality – United States • American Biophysicist, Neuroscientist and businessman.
  49. 49. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2004 • The 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Aaron Ciechanover, Avram Hershko and Irwin Rose "for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation".
  50. 50. 2004 Aaron Ciechanover Born 1 October 1947 Nationality - Israel • Israeli Biologist.
  51. 51. 2004 Avram Hershko Born 31 December 1937 Nationality - Israel • Hungarian- born Israeli Biochemist.
  52. 52. 2004 Irwin Rose Lifetime: 1926-2015 Nationality – United States • American Biologist.
  53. 53. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2005 • The 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Yves Chauvin, Robert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock "for the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis".
  54. 54. 2005 Yves Chauvin Lifetime: 1930-2015 Nationality - France • French Chemist.
  55. 55. 2005 Robert H. Grubbs Born 27 February 1942 Nationality – United States • American Chemist.
  56. 56. 2005 Richard R. Schrock Born 4 January 1945 Nationality – United States • American Chemist.
  57. 57. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2006 • The 2006 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Roger D. Kornberg "for his studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription".
  58. 58. 2006 Roger D. Kornberg Born 24 April 1947 Nationality – United States • American Biochemist.
  59. 59. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2007 • The 2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Gerhard Ertl "for his studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces".
  60. 60. 2007 Gerhard Ertl Born 10 October 1936 Nationality - Germany • German Physicist.
  61. 61. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2008 • The 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Osamu Shimomura, Martin Chalfie and Roger Y. Tsien "for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP".
  62. 62. 2008 Osamu Shimomura Lifetime: 1928-2-18 Nationality – Japan • Japanese Organic Chemist and Marine Biologist.
  63. 63. 2008 Martin Chalfie Born 15 January 1947 Nationality – United States • American Scientist.
  64. 64. 2008 Roger Y Tsien Lifetime: 1952-2016 Nationality – United States • American Biochemist.
  65. 65. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2009 • The 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas A. Steitz and Ada E. Yonath "for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome".
  66. 66. 2009 Venkatraman Ramakrishnan Born 1 April 1952 Nationality – United States, Britain • Indian-American- British Structural Biologist.
  67. 67. 2009 Thomas A Steitz Lifetime: 1940-2018 Nationality – United States • American Biochemist.
  68. 68. 2009 Ada E. Yonath Born 22 June 1939 Nationality – Israel • Israeli Crystallographer.
  69. 69. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2010 • The 2010 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki "for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis".
  70. 70. 2010 Richard F. Heck Lifetime: 1931-2015 Nationality – United States • American Chemist.
  71. 71. 2010 Ei-ichi Negishi Born 14 July 1935 Nationality – Japan • Manchuria-born Japanese Chemist.
  72. 72. 2010 Akira Suzuki Born 12 September 1930 Nationality – Japan • Japanese Chemist.
  73. 73. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2011 • The 2011 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Dan Shechtman "for the discovery of quasicrystals".
  74. 74. 2011 Dan Shechtman Born 24 January 1941 Nationality – Israel • Israeli Chemist and Professor of Material Science.
  75. 75. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2012 • The 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Robert J. Lefkowitz and Brian K. Kobilka "for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors"
  76. 76. 2012 Robert J. Lefkowitz Born 15 April 1943 Nationality – United States • American Physician (Int ernist and Cardiologist) and Biochemist.
  77. 77. 2012 Brian K. Kobilka Born 30 May 1955 Nationality – United States • American Physiologist.
  78. 78. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2013 • The 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel "for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems".
  79. 79. 2013 Martin Karplus Born 15 March 1930 Nationality – United States • Austrian- born American Theoretical Chemist.
  80. 80. 2013 Michael Levitt Born 9 May 1947 Nationality – United States, Britain, Israel • American-British- Israeli Biophysicist.
  81. 81. 2013 Arieh Warshel Born 20 November 1940 Nationality – United States, Israel • Israeli- American Biochemist and Biophysicist.
  82. 82. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2014 • The 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Eric Betzig, Stefan W. Hell and William E. Moerner "for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy".
  83. 83. 2014 Eric Betzig Born 13 January 1960 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  84. 84. 2014 Stefan W. Hell Born 23 December 1962 Nationality – Germany • Romanian- born German Physicist.
  85. 85. 2014 William E. Moerner Born 24 June 1953 Nationality – United States • American Physical Chemist and Chemical Physicist.
  86. 86. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2015 • The 2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar "for mechanistic studies of DNA repair".
  87. 87. 2015 Tomas Lindahl Born 28 January 1938 Nationality – Britain • Swedish-born British Biochemist.
  88. 88. 2015 Paul Modrich Born 13 June 1946 Nationality – United States • American Biochemist.
  89. 89. 2015 Aziz Sancar Born 8 September 1946 Nationality – Turkey, United States • Turkish- American Biochemist.
  90. 90. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2016 • The 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa "for the design and synthesis of molecular machines".
  91. 91. 2016 Jean-Pierre Sauvage Born 21 October 1944 Nationality – France • French Chemist.
  92. 92. 2016 Sir J. Fraser Stoddart Born 24 May 1942 Nationality – United States • Scottish-born American Chemist.
  93. 93. 2016 Bernard L. Feringa Born 19 May 1951 Nationality - Netherlands • Dutch synthetic Organic Chemist.
  94. 94. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2017 • The 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson "for developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution."
  95. 95. 2017 Jacques Dubochet Born 8 June 1942 Nationality – Switzerland. • Swiss Biophysicist.
  96. 96. 2017 Joachim Frank Born 12 September 1940 Nationality – United States. Germany. • German American Biophysicist.
  97. 97. 2017 Richard Henderson Born 19 July 1945 Nationality – Britain • Scottish Molecular Biologist and Biophysicist.
  98. 98. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2018 • The 2018 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was divided, one half awarded to Frances H. Arnold "for the directed evolution of enzymes", the other half jointly to George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter "for the phage display of peptides and antibodies."
  99. 99. 2018 Frances H. Arnold Born 25 July 1956 Nationality – United States. • American Chemical Engineer.
  100. 100. 2018 George P. Smith Born 10 March 1941 Nationality – United States. • American Biologist.
  101. 101. 2018 Sir Gregory P. Winter Born 14 April 1951 Nationality – Britain • British Biochemist.
  102. 102. NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY 2019 • The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino "for the development of lithium-ion batteries."
  103. 103. 2019 John B. Goodenough Born 25 July 1922 Nationality – United States • American Materials Scientist and Solid state Physicist.
  104. 104. 2019 M. Stanley Whittingham Born 22 December 1941 Nationality – Britain. United States. • English American Chemist.
  105. 105. 2019 Akira Yoshino Born 30 January 1948 Nationality - Japan • Japanese Chemist.
  106. 106. THANK YOU

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is one of the five Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in 1895. As stated in his will, the Prize was to be awarded “to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement”. Awarded by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences at Stockholm, Sweden, the Prize is considered the most prestigious in Chemistry. The Prize is awarded annually on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death, and has been awarded 111 times to 183 Laureates between 1901 and 2019. The Following slides present an outline of Nobel Prize Laureates in Chemistry from 1990 to 2019.

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