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NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1901 1950

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The Nobel Prize in Physics is one of the five Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in 1895.
It is awarded annually by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to those who have made the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of Physics.
It is considered the most prestigious Prize in Physics.
Between 1901 and 2019, the Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to 212 individuals.
The following slides present, in chronological order, the Nobel Prize Laureates in Physics from 1901 to 1950.

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NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1901 1950

  1. 1. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1901-1950 DR. BASIL BEMGBA ACHIE MBBS Ibadan
  2. 2. Introduction • The Nobel Prize in Physics is one of the five Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in 1895. • It is awarded annually by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to those who have made the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of Physics. • It is considered the most prestigious Prize in Physics. • Between 1901 and 2019, the Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to 212 individuals. • The following slides present, in chronological order, the Nobel Prize Laureates in Physics from 1901 to 1950.
  3. 3. OUTLINE 1901: Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen 1909: Karl Ferdinand Braun 1902: Hendrik Antoon Lorentz 1910: Johannes Diderik van der Waals 1902: Pietr Zeeman 1911: Wilhelm Wien 1903: Antoine Henri Becquerel 1912: Nils Gustaf Dalen 1903: Pierre Curie 1913: Heike Kamerlingh 1903: Marie Curie 1914: Max von Laue 1904: Lord Raleigh 1915: Sir William Henry Bragg 1905: Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard 1915:William Lawrence bragg 1906: Joseph John Thomson 1916:Not awarded 1907: Albert Abraham Michelson 1917: Charles Glover Barkla 1908: Gabriel Lippmann 1918: Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck 1909: Guglielmo Marconi 1919: Johannes Stark
  4. 4. 1920: Charles Edouard Guillaume 1931: Not awarded 1921: Albert Einstein 1932: Werner Karl Heisenberg 1922: Niels Henrik David Bohr 1933: Erwin Schrodinger 1923: Robert Andrews Millikan 1933: Paul Adrian Maurice Dirac 1924: Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn 1934: Not awarded 1925: James Franck 1935: James Chadwick 1925: Gustav Ludwig Hertz 1936: Victor Franz Hess 1926: jean Baptiste Perrin 1936: Carl David Anderson 1927: Arthur Holly Compton 1937: Clinton Joseph Davisson 1928: Owen Willans Richardson 1937: George Paget Thomson 1929: Prince Louis-Victor Pierre Raymond de Broglie 1938: Enrico Fermi 1930: Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman 1939: Ernest Orlando Lawrence
  5. 5. 1940: Not awarded 1946: Percy Williams Bridgman 1941: Not awarded 1947: Sir Edward Victor Appleton 1942: Not awarded 1948: Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett 1943: Otto Stern 1949: Hideki Yukawa 1944: Isidor Isaac Rabi 1950: Cecil Frank Powell 1945: Wolfgang Pauli
  6. 6. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1901 • The 1901 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen "in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named after him".
  7. 7. 1901 Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen Lifetime: 1845-1923 Nationality – Germany • German physicist and discoverer of X-Rays
  8. 8. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1902 • The 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Hendrik Antoon Lorentz and Pieter Zeeman "in recognition of the extraordinary service they rendered by their researches into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena“
  9. 9. 1902 Hendrik Antoon Lorentz Lifetime: 1853-1928 Nationality – Netherlands • Dutch physicist
  10. 10. 1902 Pieter Zeeman Lifetime: 1865-1943 Nationality - Netherlands • Dutch Physicist
  11. 11. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1903 • The 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics was divided, one half awarded to Antoine Henri Becquerel "in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity", the other half jointly to Pierre Curie and Marie Curie, née Sklodowska "in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel".
  12. 12. 1903 Antoine Henri Becquerel Lifetime: 1852-1908 Nationality – France • French Physicist.
  13. 13. 1903 Pierre Curie Lifetime: 1859-1906 Nationality – France • French Physicist
  14. 14. 1903 Marie Curie, nee Sklodowska Lifetime: 1867-1934 Nationality – France • Polish-born French chemist and physicist.
  15. 15. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1904 • 1904 Nobel Prize Award in Physics was awarded to Lord Rayleigh "for his investigations of the densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in connection with these studies".
  16. 16. 1904 Lord Raleigh (John William Strutt) Lifetime: 1842-1919 Nationality – Britain • British mathematician, physicist.
  17. 17. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1905 • The 1905 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Philipp Lenard "for his work on cathode rays".
  18. 18. 1905 Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard Lifetime: 1862-1947 Nationality - Germany • German Physicist.
  19. 19. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1906 • The 1906 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to J.J. Thomson "in recognition of the great merits of his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases".
  20. 20. 1906 Joseph John Thomson Lifetime: 1856-1940 Nationality – Britain • British Physicist.
  21. 21. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1907 • The 1907 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Albert A. Michelson "for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid".
  22. 22. 1907 Albert Abraham Michelson Lifetime: 1852-1931 Nationality – United States • German born American Physicist.
  23. 23. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1908 • The 1908 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Gabriel Lippmann "for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference".
  24. 24. 1908 Gabriel Lippmann Lifetime: 1845-1921 Nationality – France • French Physicist.
  25. 25. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1909 • The 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Guglielmo Marconi and Karl Ferdinand Braun "in recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy“
  26. 26. 1909 Guglielmo Marconi Lifetime: 1874-1937 Nationality – Italy • Italian electrical engineer.
  27. 27. 1909 Karl Ferdinand Braun Lifetime: 1850-1918 Nationality – Germany • German Physicist and inventor.
  28. 28. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1910 • The 1910 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Johannes Diderik van der Waals "for his work on the equation of state for gases and liquids".
  29. 29. 1910 Johannes Diderik van der Waals Lifetime: 1837-1923 Nationality - Netherlands • Dutch Physicist.
  30. 30. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1911 • The 1911 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Wilhelm Wien "for his discoveries regarding the laws governing the radiation of heat".
  31. 31. 1911 Wilhelm Wien Lifetime: 1864-1928 Nationality – Germany • German Physicist.
  32. 32. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1912 • The 1912 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Gustaf Dalén "for his invention of automatic regulators for use in conjunction with gas accumulators for illuminating lighthouses and buoys".
  33. 33. 1912 Nils Gustaf Dalen Lifetime: 1869-1937 Nationality – Sweden • Swedish engineer and inventor.
  34. 34. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1913 • The 1913 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Heike Kamerlingh Onnes "for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium".
  35. 35. 1913 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes Lifetime: 1853-1926 Nationality – Netherlands • Dutch Physicist.
  36. 36. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1914 • The 1914 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Max von Laue "for his discovery of the diffraction of X- rays by crystals".
  37. 37. 1914 Max von Laue Lifetime: 1879-1960 Nationality – Germany • German Physicist
  38. 38. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1915 • The 1915 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Sir William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg "for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays“
  39. 39. 1915 Sir William Henry Bragg Lifetime: 1862-1942 Nationality – Britain • British Physicist.
  40. 40. 1915 William Lawrence Bragg Lifetime: 1890-1971 Nationality – Britain • Australian-born British physicist and X-ray crystallographer.
  41. 41. 1916 • The Nobel Prize in Physics was not awarded this year.
  42. 42. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1917 • The 1917 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Charles Glover Barkla "for his discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements".
  43. 43. 1917 Charles Glover Barkla Lifetime: 1877-1944 Nationality – Britain • British Physicist.
  44. 44. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1918 • The 1917 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Max Planck "in recognition of the services he rendered to the advancement of Physics by his discovery of energy quanta".
  45. 45. 1918 Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck Lifetime: 1858-1947 Nationality – Germany • German Physicist.
  46. 46. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1919 • The 1919 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Johannes Stark "for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields".
  47. 47. 1919 Johannes Stark Lifetime: 1874-1957 Nationality – Germany • German Physicist.
  48. 48. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1920 • The 1920 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Charles Edouard Guillaume "in recognition of the service he has rendered to precision measurements in Physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel steel alloys".
  49. 49. 1920 Charles Edouard Guillaume Lifetime: 1861-1938 Nationality – Switzerland • Swiss physicist.
  50. 50. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS • The 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Albert Einstein "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect".
  51. 51. 1921 Albert Einstein Lifetime: 1879-1955 Nationality – United States • German-born American physicist
  52. 52. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1922 • The 1922 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Niels Bohr "for his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them“
  53. 53. 1922 Niels Henrik David Bohr Lifetime: 1885-1962 Nationality – Denmark • Danish Physicist.
  54. 54. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1923 • The 1923 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Robert A. Millikan "for his work on the elementary charge of electricity and on the photoelectric effect".
  55. 55. 1923 Robert Andrews Millikan Lifetime: 1868-1953 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  56. 56. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1924 • The 1924 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Manne Siegbahn "for his discoveries and research in the field of X-ray spectroscopy".
  57. 57. 1924 Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn Lifetime: 1886-1978 Nationality – Sweden • Swedish Physicist.
  58. 58. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1925 • The 1925 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to James Franck and Gustav Ludwig Hertz "for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom“
  59. 59. 1925 James Franck Lifetime: 1882-1964 Nationality – United States • German American physicist, chemist.
  60. 60. 1925 Gustav Ludwig Hertz Lifetime: 1887-1975 Nationality – Germany • German Physicist.
  61. 61. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1926 • The 1926 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Jean Baptiste Perrin "for his work on the discontinuous structure of matter, and especially for his discovery of sedimentation equilibrium".
  62. 62. 1926 Jean Baptiste Perrin Lifetime: 1870-1942 Nationality – France • French Physicist
  63. 63. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1927 • The 1927 Nobel Prize in Physics was divided equally between Arthur Holly Compton "for his discovery of the effect named after him" and Charles Thomson Rees Wilson "for his method of making the paths of electrically charged particles visible by condensation of vapour“.
  64. 64. 1927 Arthur Holly Compton Lifetime: 1892-1962 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  65. 65. 1927 Charles Thomson Rees Wilson Lifetime: 1869-1959 Nationality – Britain • Scottish Physicist.
  66. 66. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1928 • The 1928 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Owen Willans Richardson "for his work on the thermionic phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him".
  67. 67. 1928 Owen Willans Richardson Lifetime: 1879-1859 Nationality – Britain • British Physicist.
  68. 68. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1929 • The 1929 Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to Louis de Broglie "for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons".
  69. 69. 1929 Prince Louis-Victor Pierre Raymond de Broglie Lifetime: 1892-1987 Nationality – France • French Physicist.
  70. 70. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1930 • The 1930 Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman "for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him".
  71. 71. 1930 Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman Lifetime: 1888-1970 Nationality – India • Indian Physicist.
  72. 72. 1931 • The Nobel Prize in Physics was not awarded this year.
  73. 73. NOBEL PRIZE IN LITERATURE 1932 • The 1932 Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to Werner Heisenberg "for the creation of quantum mechanics, the application of which has, inter alia, led to the discovery of the allotropic forms of hydrogen".
  74. 74. 1932 Werner Karl Heisenberg Lifetime: 1901-1976 Nationality – Germany • German Physicist.
  75. 75. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1933 • The 1933 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Erwin Schrödinger and Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac "for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory“
  76. 76. 1933 Erwin Schrodinger Lifetime: 1887-1961 Nationality – Austria • Austrian Physicist.
  77. 77. 1933 Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac Lifetime: 1902-1984 Nationality – Britain • British theoretical physicist.
  78. 78. 1934 • The Nobel Prize in Physics was not awarded this year.
  79. 79. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1935 • The 1935 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to James Chadwick "for the discovery of the neutron".
  80. 80. 1935 James Chadwick Lifetime: 1891-1974 Nationality – Britain • British Physicist.
  81. 81. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1936 • The 1936 Nobel Prize in Physics was divided equally between Victor Franz Hess "for his discovery of cosmic radiation" and Carl David Anderson "for his discovery of the positron".
  82. 82. 1936 Victor Franz Hess Lifetime: 1883-1964 Nationality – United States • Austrian-American physicist.
  83. 83. 1936 Carl David Anderson Lifetime: 1905-1991 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  84. 84. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1937 • The 1937 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Clinton Joseph Davisson and George Paget Thomson "for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals“
  85. 85. 1937 Clinton Joseph Davisson Lifetime: 1881-1958 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  86. 86. 1937 George Paget Thomson Lifetime: 1892-1975 Nationality – Britain • British Physicist.
  87. 87. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1938 • The 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Enrico Fermi "for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons".
  88. 88. 1938 Enrico Fermi Lifetime: 1901-1954 Nationality – United States • Italian-born American physicist.
  89. 89. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1939 • The 1939 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Ernest Lawrence "for the invention and development of the cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artificial radioactive elements".
  90. 90. 1939 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Lifetime: 1901-1958 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  91. 91. 1940 • The Nobel Prize in Physics was not awarded this year (1940)
  92. 92. 1941 • The Nobel Prize in Physics was not awarded this year (1941)
  93. 93. 1942 • The Nobel Prize in Physics was not awarded this year (1942)
  94. 94. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1943 • The 1943 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Otto Stern "for his contribution to the development of the molecular ray method and his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton".
  95. 95. 1943 Otto Stern Lifetime: 1888-1969 Nationality – United States • German American Physicist.
  96. 96. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1944 • The 1944 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Isidor Isaac Rabi "for his resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei".
  97. 97. 1944 Isidor Isaac Rabi Lifetime: 1898-1988 Nationality – Britain • American Physicist.
  98. 98. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1945 • The 1945 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Wolfgang Pauli "for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the Pauli Principle".
  99. 99. 1945 Wolfgang Pauli Lifetime: 1900-1958 Nationality - Switzerland • Austrian-born Swiss physicist.
  100. 100. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1946 • The 1946 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Percy W. Bridgman "for the invention of an apparatus to produce extremely high pressures, and for the discoveries he made therewith in the field of high pressure physics".
  101. 101. 1946 Percy Williams Bridgman Lifetime: 1882-1961 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  102. 102. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1947 • The 1947 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Edward V. Appleton "for his investigations of the physics of the upper atmosphere especially for the discovery of the so- called Appleton layer".
  103. 103. 1947 Sir Edward Victor Appleton Lifetime: 1892-1965 Nationality – Britain • British Physicist.
  104. 104. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1948 • The 1948 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Patrick M.S. Blackett "for his development of the Wilson cloud chamber method, and his discoveries therewith in the fields of nuclear physics and cosmic radiation".
  105. 105. 1948 Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett Lifetime: 1897-1974 Nationality – Britain • British Physicist.
  106. 106. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1949 • The 1949 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Hideki Yukawa "for his prediction of the existence of mesons on the basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces".
  107. 107. 1949 Hideki Yukawa Lifetime: 1907-1981 Nationality – Japan • Japanese Physicist.
  108. 108. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1950 • The 1950 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Cecil Powell "for his development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and his discoveries regarding mesons made with this method".
  109. 109. 1950 Cecil Franck Powell Lifetime: 1903-1969 Nationality – Britain • British nuclear physicist.
  110. 110. THANK YOU

The Nobel Prize in Physics is one of the five Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in 1895. It is awarded annually by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to those who have made the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of Physics. It is considered the most prestigious Prize in Physics. Between 1901 and 2019, the Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to 212 individuals. The following slides present, in chronological order, the Nobel Prize Laureates in Physics from 1901 to 1950.

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