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NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1981 2019

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The Nobel Prize in Physics is one of the five Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in 1895.
It is awarded annually by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to those who have made the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of Physics.
It is considered the most prestigious Prize in Physics.
Between 1901 and 2019, the Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to 212 individuals.
The following slides present, in chronological order, the Nobel Prize Laureates in Physics from 1981 to 2019.

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NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1981 2019

  1. 1. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1981-2019 DR. BASIL BEMGBA ACHIE MBBS Ibadan
  2. 2. Introduction • The Nobel Prize in Physics is one of the five Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in 1895. • It is awarded annually by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to those who have made the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of Physics. • It is considered the most prestigious Prize in Physics. • Between 1901 and 2019, the Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to 212 individuals. • The following slides present, in chronological order, the Nobel Prize Laureates in Physics from 1981 to 2019.
  3. 3. 1981: Nicholaas Bloembergen 1988: Jack Steinberger 1981: Arthur Leonard Schawlow 1989: Norman F. Ramsay 1982: Kenneth G. Wilson 1989: Hans G. Dehmelt 1983: Subramanyan Chandrasekhar 1989: Wolfgang Paul 1984: Carlo Rubbia 1990: Jerome I. Friedman 1984: Simon van der Meer 1990: Henry W. Kendall 1985: Klaus von Klitzing 1990: Richard E. Taylor 1986: Ernst Ruska 1991: Pierre-Gills de Gennes 1987: J. Georg Bednorz 1992: georges Charpak 1987: K. Alexander Muller 1993: Russell A. Hulse 1988: Leon M. Lederman 1993: Joseph H. Taylor Jr. 1988: Melvin Schwartz 1994: Bertram N. Brockhouse
  4. 4. 1994: Clifford G. Shull 1999: Gerardus ‘t Hooft 1995: Martin L. Perl 1999: Martinus J. G. Veltman 1995: Frederick Reines 2000: Zhores I. Alferov 1996: David M. Lee 2000: Herbert Kroemer 1996: Douglas D. Osheroff 2000: Jack S. Kilby 1996: Robert C. Richardson 2001: Eric A. Cornell 1997: Steven Chu 2001: Wolgang Ketterle 1997: Claude Cohen-Tannoudji 2001: Carl E. Wieman 1997: William D. Phillips 2002: Raymond Davis Jr. 1998: Robert B. Laughlin 2002: Masatoshi Koshiba 1998: Horst L. Stormer 2002: Riccardo Giacconi 1998: Daniel C. Tsui 2003: Alexei A. Abrikosov
  5. 5. 2003: Vitaly L. Ginzburg 2008: Yoichiro Nambu 2003: Anthony J. Leggett 2008: Makoto Kobayashi 2004: David J. Gross 2008: Toshihide Maskawa 2004: H. David Politzer 2009: Charles Kuen Kao 2004: Frank Wilczek 2009: Willard S. Boyle 2005: Roy J. Glauber 2009: George E. Smith 2005: John L. Hall 2010: Andre Geim 2005: Theodor W. Hansch 2010: Konstantin Novoselov 2006: John C. Mather 2011: Saul Perlmutter 2006: George F. Smoot 2011: Brian P. Schmidt 2007: Albert Fert 2011: Adam G. Riess 2007: Peter Grunberg 2012: Serge Haroche
  6. 6. 2012: David J. Wineland 2016: J. Michael Kosterlitz 2013: Francois Englert 2017: Rainer Weiss 2013: Peter W. Higgs 2017: Barry C. Barish 2014: Isamu Akasaki 2017: Kip S. Thorne 2014: Hiroshi Amano 2018: Arthur Ashkin 2014: Shuji Nakamura 2018: Gerard Mourou 2015:Takaaki Kajita 2018: Donna Strckland 2015: Arthur B. McDonald 2019: James Peebles 2016: David J. Thouless 2019:Michael Mayor 2016: F. Duncan M. Haldane 2019: Didier Queloz
  7. 7. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1981 • The 1981 Nobel Prize in Physics was divided, one half jointly to Nicolaas Bloembergen and Arthur Leonard Schawlow "for their contribution to the development of laser spectroscopy" and the other half to Kai M. Siegbahn "for his contribution to the development of high-resolution electron spectroscopy".
  8. 8. 1981 Nicolaas Bloembergen Lifetime: 1920-2017 Nationality – Netherlands. United States. • Dutch American Physicist.
  9. 9. 1981 Arthur Leonard Schawlow Lifetime: 1921-1999 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  10. 10. 1981 Kai M. Siegbahn • Swedish physicist Lifetime: 1918-2007 Nationality – Sweden
  11. 11. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1982 • The 1982 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Kenneth G. Wilson "for his theory for critical phenomena in connection with phase transitions".
  12. 12. 1982 Kenneth G. Wilson Lifetime: 1936-2013 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  13. 13. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1983 • The 1983 Nobel Prize in Physics was divided equally between Subramanyan Chandrasekhar "for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars" and William Alfred Fowler "for his theoretical and experimental studies of the nuclear reactions of importance in the formation of the chemical elements in the universe".
  14. 14. 1983 Subramanyan Chandrasekhar Lifetime: 1910-1995 Nationality – United States • American theoretical Astrophysicist.
  15. 15. 1983 William Alfred Fowler American physicist and astronomer Lifetime: 1911-1995 Nationality – United States
  16. 16. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1984 • The 1984 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Carlo Rubbia and Simon van der Meer "for their decisive contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction”.
  17. 17. 1984 Carlo Rubbia Born 31 March 1934 Nationality - Italy • Italian Physicist.
  18. 18. 1984 Simon van der Meer Lifetime: 1925-2011 Nationality - Netherlands • Dutch Physicist.
  19. 19. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1985 • The 1985 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Klaus von Klitzing "for the discovery of the quantized Hall effect".
  20. 20. 1985 Klaus von Klitzing Born 28 June 1943 Nationality – Germany • German Physicist.
  21. 21. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1986 • The 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics was divided, one half awarded to Ernst Ruska "for his fundamental work in electron optics, and for the design of the first electron microscope", the other half jointly to Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer "for their design of the scanning tunneling microscope".
  22. 22. 1986 Ernst Ruska Lifetime: 1906-1988 Nationality – Germany • German Physicist and electrical engineer.
  23. 23. 1986 Gerd Binnig • German physicist. Born 20 July 1947 Nationality – Germany
  24. 24. 1986 Heinrich Rohrer • Swiss physicist. Lifetime: 1933-2013 Nationality – Switzerland
  25. 25. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1987 • The 1987 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to J. Georg Bednorz and K. Alexander Müller "for their important break-through in the discovery of superconductivity in ceramic materials”.
  26. 26. 1987 J. Georg Bednorz Born 16 May 1950 Nationality – Germany • German Physicist.
  27. 27. 1987 K. Alexander Muller Born 20 April 1927 Nationality – Switzerland • Swiss Physicist.
  28. 28. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1988 • The 1988 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Schwartz and Jack Steinberger "for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino".
  29. 29. 1988 Leon M. Lederman Lifetime: 1922-2018 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  30. 30. 1988 Melvin Schwartz Lifetime: 1933-2006 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  31. 31. 1988 Jack Steinberger Born 25 May 1921 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  32. 32. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1989 • The 1989 Nobel Prize in Physics was divided, one half awarded to Norman F. Ramsey "for the invention of the separated oscillatory fields method and its use in the hydrogen maser and other atomic clocks", the other half jointly to Hans G. Dehmelt and Wolfgang Paul "for the development of the ion trap technique".
  33. 33. 1989 Norman F. Ramsay Lifetime: 1915-2011 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  34. 34. 1989 Hans G. Dehmelt Lifetime: 1922-2017 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  35. 35. 1989 Wolfgang Paul Lifetime: 1913-1993 Nationality – Germany • German Physicist.
  36. 36. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1990 • The 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Jerome I. Friedman, Henry W. Kendall and Richard E. Taylor "for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics".
  37. 37. 1990 Jerome I. Friedman Born 28 March 1930 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  38. 38. 1990 Henry W. Kendall Lifetime: 1926-1999 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  39. 39. 1990 Richard E. Taylor Lifetime: 1929-2018 Nationality – Canada • Canadian Physicist.
  40. 40. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1991 • The 1991 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Pierre-Gilles de Gennes "for discovering that methods developed for studying order phenomena in simple systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter, in particular to liquid crystals and polymers".
  41. 41. 1991 Pierre-Gills de Gennes Lifetime: 1932-2007 Nationality – France • French Physicist.
  42. 42. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1992 • The 1992 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Georges Charpak "for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber".
  43. 43. 1992 Georges Charpak Lifetime: 1924-2010 Nationality – France • Polish born French Physicist.
  44. 44. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1993 • The 1993 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Russell A. Hulse and Joseph H. Taylor Jr. "for the discovery of a new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation”.
  45. 45. 1993 Russell A. Hulse Lifetime: Nationality –
  46. 46. 1993 Joseph H. Taylor Jr. Born 29 March 1941 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  47. 47. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1994 • The 1994 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded "for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter" jointly with one half to Bertram N. Brockhouse "for the development of neutron spectroscopy" and with one half to Clifford G. Shull "for the development of the neutron diffraction technique".
  48. 48. 1994 Bertram N. Brockhouse Lifetime: 1918-2003 Nationality – Canada • Canadian Physicist.
  49. 49. 1994 Clifford G. Shull • American physicist Lifetime: 1915-2001 Nationality – United States
  50. 50. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1995 • The 1995 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded "for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics" jointly with one half to Martin L. Perl "for the discovery of the tau lepton" and with one half to Frederick Reines "for the detection of the neutrino".
  51. 51. 1995 Martin L. Perl Lifetime: 1927-2014 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  52. 52. 1995 Frederick Reines • American physicist Lifetime: 1918-1998 Nationality – United States
  53. 53. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1996 • The 1996 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff and Robert C. Richardson "for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3".
  54. 54. 1996 David M. Lee Born 20 January 1931 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  55. 55. 1996 Douglas D. Osheroff Born 1 August 1945 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  56. 56. 1996 Robert C. Richardson Lifetime: 1937-2013 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  57. 57. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1997 • The 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light".
  58. 58. 1997 Steven Chu Born 28 February 1948 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  59. 59. 1997 Claude Cohen-Tannoudji Born 1 April 1933 Nationality – France • French Physicist.
  60. 60. 1997 William D. Phillips Born 5 November 1948 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  61. 61. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1998 • The 1998 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Robert B. Laughlin, Horst L. Störmer and Daniel C. Tsui "for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations".
  62. 62. 1998 Robert B. Laughlin Born 1 November 1950 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  63. 63. 1998 Horst L. Stormer Born 6 April 1949 Nationality – United States • German born American Physicist.
  64. 64. 1998 Daniel C. Tsui Lifetime: 28 February 1939 Nationality – United States • Chinese born American Physicist.
  65. 65. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 1999 • The 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Gerardus 't Hooft and Martinus J.G. Veltman "for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics”.
  66. 66. 1999 Gerrardus ‘t Hooft Born 5 July 1946 Nationality – Netherlands • Dutch Physicist.
  67. 67. 1999 Martinus J. G. Veltman Born 27 June 1931 Nationality – Netherlands • Dutch Physicist.
  68. 68. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2000 • The 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded "for basic work on information and communication technology" with one half jointly to Zhores I. Alferov and Herbert Kroemer "for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics" and the other half to Jack S. Kilby "for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit".
  69. 69. 2000 Zhores I. Alferov Lifetime: 1930-2019 Nationality – Russia • Russian Physicist.
  70. 70. 2000 Herbert Kroemer Born 25 August 1928 Nationality – United States • German born American Physicist.
  71. 71. 2000 Jack S. Kilby Lifetime: 1923-2005 Nationality – United States • American Electrical Engineer and Inventor.
  72. 72. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2001 • The 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle and Carl E. Wieman "for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates".
  73. 73. 2001 Eric A. Cornell Born 19 December 1961 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  74. 74. 2001 Wolfgang Ketterle 21 October 1957 Nationality – Germany • German Physicist.
  75. 75. 2001 Carl E. Wieman Born 26 March 1951 Nationality –
  76. 76. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2002 • The 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics was divided, one half jointly to Raymond Davis Jr. and Masatoshi Koshiba "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos" and the other half to Riccardo Giacconi "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources".
  77. 77. 2002 Raymond Davis Jr. Lifetime: 1914-2006 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  78. 78. 2002 Masatoshi Koshiba Born 19 September 1926 Nationality – Japan • Japanese Physicist
  79. 79. 2002 Riccardo Giacconi Lifetime: 1931-2018 Nationality – Italy • Italian Physicist.
  80. 80. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2003 • The 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg and Anthony J. Leggett "for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids".
  81. 81. 2003 Alexei A. Abrikosov Born 1928-2017 Nationality – United States • Russian born American Physicist.
  82. 82. 2003 Vitaly L. Ginzburg Lifetime: 1916-2009 Nationality – Russia • Russian Physicist.
  83. 83. 2003 Anthony J. Leggett Born 26 March 1938 Nationality – United States • British born American Physicist.
  84. 84. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2004 • The 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to David J. Gross, H. David Politzer and Frank Wilczek "for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction".
  85. 85. 2004 David J. Gross Born 19 February 1941 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  86. 86. 2004 H. David Politzer Born 31 August 1949 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  87. 87. 2004 Frank Wilczek Born 15 May 1951 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  88. 88. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2005 • The 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics was divided, one half awarded to Roy J. Glauber "for his contribution to the quantum theory of optical coherence", the other half jointly to John L. Hall and Theodor W. Hänsch "for their contributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy, including the optical frequency comb technique".
  89. 89. 2005 Roy J. Glauber Lifetime: 1925-2018 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  90. 90. 2005 John L. Hall Lifetime: 21 August 1934 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  91. 91. 2005 Theodor W. Hansch Born 30 October 1941 Nationality – Germany • German Physicist.
  92. 92. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2006 • The 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to John C. Mather and George F. Smoot "for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation”.
  93. 93. 2006 John C. Mather Born 7 August 1946 Nationality – United States • American Astrophysicist.
  94. 94. 2006 George F. Smoot Born 20 February 1945 Nationality – United States • American Astrophysicist.
  95. 95. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2007 • The 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Albert Fert and Peter Grünberg "for the discovery of Giant Magnetoresistance”.
  96. 96. 2007 Albert Fert Born 7 March 1938 Nationality – France • French scientist.
  97. 97. 2007 Peter Grunberg Lifetime: 1939-2018 Nationality – Germany • Czech born German scientist.
  98. 98. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2008 • The 2008 Nobel Prize in Physics was divided, one half awarded to Yoichiro Nambu "for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics", the other half jointly to Makoto Kobayashi and Toshihide Maskawa "for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature".
  99. 99. 2008 Yoichiro Nambu Born 1921-2015 Nationality – United States • Japanese born American Physicist.
  100. 100. 2008 Makoto Kobayashi Born 7 April 1944 Nationality – Japan • Japanese Scientist.
  101. 101. 2008 Toshihide Maskawa Born 7 February 1940 Nationality - Japan • Japanese Physicist.
  102. 102. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2009 • The 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics was divided, one half awarded to Charles Kuen Kao "for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication", the other half jointly to Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith "for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit - the CCD sensor".
  103. 103. 2009 Charles Kuen Kao Born 1933-2018 Nationality – Hong Kong. United States. Britain. • Chinese born Hong Kong, American and British Electrical Engineer and Physicist.
  104. 104. 2009 Willard S. Boyle Born 2014-2011 Nationality – Canada • Canadian Physicist.
  105. 105. 2009 George E. Smith Born 10 May 1930 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  106. 106. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2010 • The 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene“
  107. 107. 2010 Andre Geim Born 21 October 1958 Nationality – Netherlands. Britain. • Soviet born Dutch British Physicist.
  108. 108. 2010 Konstantin Novoselov Born 23 August 1974 Nationality – Russia. Britain. • Russian British Physicist.
  109. 109. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2011 • The 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics was divided, one half awarded to Saul Perlmutter, the other half jointly to Brian P. Schmidt and Adam G. Riess "for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae".
  110. 110. 2011 Saul Perlmutter Born 22 September 1959 Nationality – United States • American Astrophysicist.
  111. 111. 2011 Brian P. Schmidt Born 24 February 1967 Nationality – Australia • Australian Astrophysicist.
  112. 112. 2011 Adam G. Riess Lifetime: 16 December 1969 Nationality – United States • American Astrophysicist.
  113. 113. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2012 • The 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Serge Haroche and David J. Wineland "for ground- breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems”.
  114. 114. 2012 Serge Haroche Born 11 September 1944 Nationality – France • French Physicist.
  115. 115. 2012 David J. Wineland Born 24 February 1944 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  116. 116. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2013 • The 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to François Englert and Peter W. Higgs "for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider”.
  117. 117. 2013 Francois Englert Born 6 November 1932 Nationality – Belgium • Belgian Theoretical Physicist.
  118. 118. 2013 Peter W. Higgs Born 29 May 1929 Nationality – Britain • British Theoretical Physicist.
  119. 119. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2014 • The 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura "for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources".
  120. 120. 2014 Isamu Akasaki Born 30 January 1929 Nationality – Japan • Japanese Physicist.
  121. 121. 2014 Hiroshi Amano Born 11 September 1960 Nationality – Japan • Japanese Physicist.
  122. 122. 2014 Shuji Nakamura Born 22 May 1954 Nationality – United States • Japanese born American Electronic Engineer and inventor.
  123. 123. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2015 • The 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald "for the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass”.
  124. 124. 2015 Takaaki Kajita Born 9 March 1959 Nationality - Japan • Japanese Physicist.
  125. 125. 2015 Arthur B. McDonald Born 29 August 1943 Nationality – Canada • Canadian Astrophysicist.
  126. 126. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2016 • The 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded with one half to David J. Thouless, and the other half to F. Duncan M. Haldane and J. Michael Kosterlitz "for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter".
  127. 127. 2016 David J. Thouless Lifetime: 1924-2019 Nationality – Britain • British condensed matter Physicist.
  128. 128. 2016 F. Duncan M. Haldane Born 14 September 1951 Nationality – Britain • British Physicist.
  129. 129. 2016 J. Michael Kosterlitz Born 22 June 1943 Nationality – United States • British born American Physicist.
  130. 130. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2017 • The 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics was divided, one half awarded to Rainer Weiss, the other half jointly to Barry C. Barish and Kip S. Thorne "for decisive contributions to the LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves."
  131. 131. 2017 Rainer Weiss Born 29 September 1932 Nationality - United States • American Physicist.
  132. 132. 2017 Barry C. Barish Born 27 January 1936 Nationality – United States • American Experimental Physicist.
  133. 133. 2017 Kip S. Thorne Born 1 June 1940 Nationality – United States • American Theoretical Physicist.
  134. 134. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2018 • The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded "for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics" with one half to Arthur Ashkin "for the optical tweezers and their application to biological systems", the other half jointly to Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland "for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses."
  135. 135. 2018 Arthur Ashkin Born 2 September 1922 Nationality – United States • American Physicist.
  136. 136. 2018 Gerard Mourou Born 22 June 1944 Nationality – France • French scientist.
  137. 137. 2018 Donna Strickland Born 27 May 1959 Nationality - Canada • Canadian optical Physicist.
  138. 138. NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2019 • The 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded "for contributions to our understanding of the evolution of the universe and Earth's place in the cosmos" with one half to James Peebles "for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology", the other half jointly to Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz "for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star."
  139. 139. 2019 James Peebles Born 25 April 1935 Nationality – Canada. United States. • Canadian American astrophysicist, astronomer and theoretical cosmologist.
  140. 140. 2019 Michael Mayor Born 12 January 1942 Nationality – Switzerland • Swiss astrophysicist.
  141. 141. 2019 Didier Queloz Born 20 February 1966 Nationality - Switzerland • Swiss astronomer.
  142. 142. THANK YOU

The Nobel Prize in Physics is one of the five Prizes established by Alfred Nobel in 1895. It is awarded annually by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to those who have made the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of Physics. It is considered the most prestigious Prize in Physics. Between 1901 and 2019, the Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to 212 individuals. The following slides present, in chronological order, the Nobel Prize Laureates in Physics from 1981 to 2019.

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