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North America 2020

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The Continent of North America is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea.
It is the third-largest continent by area (after Asia and Africa) and the fourth by population (after Asia, Africa, and Europe)
It contains twenty-three independent states and 7.5% of the world’s population.
The following slides present an overview of the independent states of North America in alphabetical order as of July 2020.

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North America 2020

  1. 1. NORTH AMERICA 2020 Dr. Basil Bemgba Achie MBBS Ibadan
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION The Continent of North America is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea. It is the third largest continent by area (after Asia and Africa) and the fourth by population (after Asia, Africa and Europe) It contains twenty-three independent states and 7.5% of the world’s population. The following slides present an overview of the independent states of North America in alphabetical order as of July 2020.
  3. 3. OUTLINE S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 1 Antigua and Barbuda Saint John’s Elizabeth II English 2 The Bahamas Nassau Elizabeth II English 3 Barbados Bridgetown Elizabeth II English, Bajan Creole 4 Belize Belmopan Elizabeth II English 5 Canada Ottawa Elizabeth II English, French 6 Costa Rica San Jose Carlos Alvarado Spanish 7 Cuba Havana Raul Castro Spanish 8 Dominica Roseau Charles Savarin English 9 Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Danilo Medina Spanish 10 El Salvador San Salvador Nayib Bukele Spanish 11 Grenada St. George’s Elizabeth II English
  4. 4. S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 13 Haiti Port-au-Prince Jovenal Moise French, Creole 14 Honduras Tegucigalpa Juan Orlando Hernandez Spanish 15 Jamaica Kingston Elizabeth II English 16 Mexico Mexico City Andres Manuel Lopes Obrador Spanish 17 Nicaragua Managua Daniel Ortega Spanish 18 Panama Panama City Laurentino Cortizo Spanish 19 Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre Elizabeth II English 20 Saint Lucia Castries Elizabeth II English 21 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown Elizabeth II English 22 Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Paula-Mae Weekes English 23 United States of Washington DC Donald Trump English
  5. 5. 1. ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
  6. 6. ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA CAPITAL – Saint John’s Island nation in the Leeward Islands, east of Puerto Rico and north of Venezuela in the Caribbean Sea. The country comprises three main islands— Antigua, Barbuda, and Redonda. Currency –1 East Caribbean dollar (EC$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 442 sq km. Demonym: Antiguan, Barbadian LANGUAGE – English Population – 96,286 (2018) GDP – 1.611 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 16,726.98 USD (2018) National Anthem: Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee Royal Anthem: God Save the Queen Motto: Each Endeavoring, All Achieving
  7. 7. RODNEY WILLIAMS GOVERNOR GENERAL OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA Born 2 November 1947 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II Assumed office 14 August 2014 Sir Rodney Errey Lawrence Williams, KGN, GCMG 4th Governor General of Antigua and Barbuda. Political party – Labour Party Alma mater – University of West Indies.
  8. 8. GASTON BROWNE PRIME MINISTER OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA Born 9 February 1967 Assumed office 13 June 2014 Gaston Alfonso Browne 4th Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda Political party – Labour Party Alma mater – City Banking College, University of Salamanca Banker and Businessman before he entered politics
  9. 9. 2. THE BAHAMAS
  10. 10. THE BAHAMAS CAPITAL – Nassau Nation consisting of hundreds of islands, islets, and keys in the Atlantic Ocean southeast of Florida and north of Cuba. Currency – 1 Bahamian dollar (B$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 13,939 sq km Official name - Commonwealth of the Bahamas Demonym: Bahamian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population – 385,640 (2018) GDP – 12.42 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 32,217.87 USD (2018) National Anthem: March on Bahamaland Royal Anthem: God Save the Queen Motto: Forward, Upward, Onward Together
  11. 11. CORNELIUS A. SMITH GOVERNOR GENERAL OF THE BAHAMAS Born 7 April 1937 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II Sir CORNELIUS A. Smith 11th Governor General of Independent Bahamas Assumed office 28 June 2019 Previously Ambassador of Bahamas to the United States, Minister of Transport and Aviation, and Deputy Governor General.
  12. 12. HUBERT ALEXANDER MINNIS PRIME MINISTER OF THE BAHAMAS Born 16 April 1954 Assumed office 11 May 2017 4th Prime Minister of the Bahamas Formerly member of parliament and Minister of Health Political party – Free National Movement Alma mater – University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. University of the West Indies.
  13. 13. 3. BARBADOS
  14. 14. BARBADOS CAPITAL – Bridgetown Island nation of the Windward Islands in the eastern Caribbean off northeastern South America. Currency – 1 Barbados dollar (Bds$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 430 sq km Demonym: Barbadian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population – 286,641 (2018) GDP – 5.145 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 17,949.28 USD (2018) National Anthem: In Plenty and in Time of Need Royal Anthem: God Save the Queen Motto: Pride and Industry
  15. 15. SANDRA MASON GOVERNOR GENERAL OF BARBADOS Born 17 January 1949 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II Dame Sandra Mason GCMG DA QC Assumed office 8 January 2018 Dame Sandra Mason, GCMG, DA, QC 8th Governor General of Barbados First woman admitted to the Bar in Barbados First female Judge of the Barbados Court of Appeal. Alma mater – University of the West Indies
  16. 16. MIA MOTTLEY PRIME MINISTER OF BARBADOS Born 1 October 1965 Assumed office 25 May 2018 Mia Amor Mottley, QC, MP 8th Prime Minister of Barbados Leader of Barbados Labour Party Member of parliament since 1994 Former Attorney General 0f Barbados Alma mater – London School of Economics
  17. 17. 4. BELIZE
  18. 18. BELIZE CAPITAL – Belmopan Country in Central America on the Caribbean Sea, bordered to the west by Mexico and Guatemala. Currency – 1 Belizean dollar (BZ$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 22,965 sq km Former name - British Honduras until 1973 Demonym: Belizean OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population – 383,071 (2018) GDP – 1.871 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita: 4,884.74 USD (2018) National Anthem: Land of the Free Royal Anthem: God Save the Queen Motto: Sub Umbra Floreo (Latin), Under the Shade I Flourish (English)
  19. 19. COLVILLE YOUNG GOVERNOR GENERAL OF BELIZE Born 20 November 1932 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II Sir Colville Young GCMG MBE Assumed office 17 November 1993 Sir Colville Norbert Young GCMG MBE 2nd Governor General of Belize Longest serving Governor General of all time in the commonwealth. Alma mater - St. Michaels College Belize. University of the West Indies. University of York. University lecturer and former President of the University College of Belize.
  20. 20. DEAN OLIVER BARROW PRIME MINISTER OF BELIZE Born 2 March 1951 Assumed office 8 February 2008 4th Prime Minister of Belize First black Prime Minister of Belize Political party – United Democratic Party Alma mater – St. Michaels College. University of the West Indies. University of Miami.
  21. 21. 5. CANADA
  22. 22. CANADA CAPITAL – Ottawa Federation occupying the northern half of North America and the second largest country in the world. Currency – 1 Canadian dollar (C$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 9,984,670 sq km Demonym: Canadian OFFICIAL LANGUAGES – English, French Population – 37.59 million (2019) GDP – 1.713 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 46,232.99 USD (2018) National Anthem: O Canada Motto: A Mari Usque Ad Mare (Latin), From Sea to Sea (English)
  23. 23. JULIE PAYETTE GOVERNOR GENERAL OF CANADA Born October 20, 1963 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II Julie Payette CC CMM COM CQ CD Assumed office October 2, 2017 29th Governor General of Canada since Canadian Confederation. She is a systems Engineer and an astronaut and business woman. She holds 27 honorary doctorate degrees Alma mater – McGill University. University of Toronto.
  24. 24. JUSTIN TRUDEAU PRIME MINISTER OF CANADA Born December 25, 1971 Assumed office November 4, 2015 Justin Pierre James Trudeau PC MP 23rd Prime Minister of Canada Eldest son of Pierre Trudeau, former prime minister from 1980-1984. Political party – Liberal Party. Alma mater – McGill University. University of British Columbia. Universite de Montreal.
  25. 25. 6. COSTA RICA
  26. 26. COSTA RICA CAPITAL – San José Country in southern Central America between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Currency – 1 Costa Rican col(C), consisting of 100 céntimos Area – 51,060 sq km Official name - Republic of Costa Rica Demonym: Costa Rican OFFICIALLY LANGUAGE – Spanish Population – 4.999 million (2018) GDP – 60.13 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 12,027.37 USD (2018) National Anthem: Noble Patria, tu Hermosa Bandera (Spanish), Noble Fatherland, Your Beautiful Flag (English)
  27. 27. CARLOS ALVARADO QUESADA PRESIDENT OF COSTA RICA Born 14 January 1980 Assumed office 8 May 2018 48th President of Costa Rica. Formerly Minister of Labour and Social Security from 29 March 2016 – 19 January 2017. Political party – Citizen’s Action Party. Alma mater – University of Costa Rica. University of Sussex.
  28. 28. 7. CUBA
  29. 29. CUBA CAPITAL – Havana Country in the Caribbean Sea comprising two main islands and over 1,000 islets. Currency – 1 Cuban peso (Cu$), consisting of 100 centavos Area – 114,525 sq km Official name - Republic of Cuba Demonym: Cuban OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Spanish Population – 11.34 million (2018) GDP – 100 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 8,821.82 USD (2018) National Anthem: La Bayamesa (Spanish) Bayamo Song (English) Motto: Patria o Muerte, Venceremos! (Spanish), Homeland or Death, We Shall Overcome! (English)
  30. 30. RAUL CASTRO FIRST SECRETARY OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF CUBA Born 3 June 1931 Assumed office 19 April 2011 First Secretary of the communist party is the most powerful position in Cuba. He was acting President of Cuba from 31 July 2006 – 24 February 2008 and President from 24 February 2008 – 19 April 2018. Political party – Communist Party Education – University of Havana.
  31. 31. MIGUEL DIAZ-CANEL PRESIDENT OF CUBA Born 20 April 1960 Assumed office 19 April 2018 17th President of Cuba. He is next in line to succeed Raul Castro as First Secretary of the Communist Party. He was previously the 3rd First Vice President of Cuba from 24 February 2013 – 19 April 2018 Political party – Communist Party. Alma mater – Marta Abreu University of Las Villas.
  32. 32. 8. DOMINICA
  33. 33. DOMINICA CAPITAL – Roseau Island country in the Windward Islands, in the eastern Caribbean Sea Currency – 1 East Caribbean dollar (EC$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 750 sq km Official name - Commonwealth of Dominica Demonym: Dominican OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population – 71,625 (2018) GDP – 550.9 million USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 7,691.35 USD (2018) National Anthem: Isle of Beauty, Isle of Splendour Motto: Apres Bondie, C’est La Ter (Creole French), After God is the Earth (English)
  34. 34. CHARLES SAVARIN PRESIDENT OF DOMINICA Born 2 October 1943 Assumed office 2 October 2013 Formerly Minister of National Security, Immigration, Labour and Public Service. Political party – Labour party. Alma mater – Ruskin College.
  35. 35. ROOSEVELT SKERRIT PRIME MINISTER OF DOMINICA Born 8 June 1972 Assumed office 8 January 2004 8th Prime Minister of Dominica Political party – Dominica Labour Party Alma mater – New Mexico State University, Las Cruces. University of Mississippi Oxford.
  36. 36. 9. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
  37. 37. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC CAPITAL – Santo Domingo Independent country on Hispaniola Island, off the coast of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean Sea. It was proclaimed a republic in 1844. Currency – 1 Dominican peso (RD$), consisting of 100 centavos Area – 48,400 sq km Demonym: Dominican OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Spanish Population – 10.63 million (2018) GDP – 85.56 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 8,050.63 USD (2018) National Anthem: Quisqueyanos Valientes! (Spanish), Valiant Quisqueyans! (English) Motto: Dios, Patria, Libertad (Spanish), God, Homeland, Freedom (English)
  38. 38. DANILO MEDINA PRESIDENT OF DOMINICAN REPUBLIC Born 10 November 1951 Assumed office 16 August 2012 53rd President of the Dominican Republic Formerly he was Secretary of State of the Presidency from 16 August 2004 – 8 November 2006 and President of the Chamber of deputies from16 August 1994 – 16 August 1995. Political party – Liberation Party. Alma mater – Santo Domingo Institute of Technology
  39. 39. 10. EL SALVADOR
  40. 40. EL SALVADOR CAPITAL – San Salvador Country on the Pacific coast of Central America, bordered by Guatemala and Honduras. Currency – 1 United States dollar (US$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 21,041 sq km Official name - Republic of El Salvador Demonym: Salvadoran OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Spanish Population – 6.421 million (2018) GDP – 26.06 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,058.25 USD (2018) National Anthem: Himno Nacional de El Salvador (Spanish), National Anthem of El Salvador (English) Motto: Dios, Union, Libertad (Spanish), God, Unity, Freedom (English)
  41. 41. NAYIB BUKELE PRESIDENT OF EL SALVADOR Born 24 July 1981 Assumed office 1 June 2019 46th President of El Salvador Previously Mayor of Nuevo Cuscatlán from 2012 to 2015 Political party: Nuevas Ideas
  42. 42. 11. GRENADA
  43. 43. GRENADA CAPITAL – St. George's Independent state in the southeastern Caribbean Sea, comprising the island of Grenada and some of the southern Grenadines Currency – 1 East Caribbean dollar (EC$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 344 sq km. Demonym: Grenadian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population – 111,454 (2018) GDP – 1.186 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 10,640.50 USD (2018) National Anthem: Hail Grenada! Motto: Ever Conscious of God We Aspire, Build and Advance as One People
  44. 44. CECILE LA GRENADE GOVERNOR GENERAL OF GRENADA Born 30 December 1952 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II Assumed office 7 May 2013 Dame Cécile Ellen Fleurette La Grenade, GCMG OBE Grenada’s first female Governor General Alma mater – University of the West Indies. University of Maryland, College Park.
  45. 45. KEITH CLAUDIUS MITCHELL PRIME MINISTER OF GRENADA Born 12 November 1946 Assumed office 20 February 2013 9th Prime Minister of Grenada Political party – New National Party Alma mater – University of the West Indies. Howard University. American University.
  46. 46. 12. GUATEMALA
  47. 47. GUATEMALA CAPITAL – Guatemala City The third largest country in Central America, bordered by Belize, Mexico, the Gulf of Honduras, Honduras, and El Salvador Currency – 1 quetzal (Q), consisting of 100 centavos Area – 108,889 sq km Official name - Republic of Guatemala Demonym: Guatemalan OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Spanish Population – 17.25 million (2018) GDP – 78.46 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,549.01 USD (2018) National Anthem: Himno Nacional de Guatemala (Spanish), National Anthem of Guatemala (English) Motto: Libre Crezca Fecundo (Spanish), Grow Free and Fertile (English)
  48. 48. ALEJANDRO GIAMMATTEI PRESIDENT OF GUATEMALA Born 9 March 1956 Assumed office 14 January 2020 Political Party – Vamos
  49. 49. 13. HAITI
  50. 50. HAITI CAPITAL – Port-au-Prince Country occupying the western third of the island of Hispaniola in the northern Caribbean. Currency – 1 gourde (G), consisting of 100 centimes Area – 27,750 sq km Official name - Republic of Haiti Demonym: Haitian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – French, Creole Population – 11.12 million (2018) GDP – 9.659 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 868.34 USD (2018) National Anthem: La Dessalinienne (French), The Dessalines Song (English) Motto: Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite (French), Liberty, Equality, Fraternity (English)
  51. 51. JOVENEL MOISE PRESIDENT OF HAITI Born 26 June 1968 Assumed office 7 February 2017 42nd President of Haiti Political party – Tet Kale Party Alma mater – Quisqueya University.
  52. 52. JOSEPH JOUTHE PRIME MINISTER OF HAITI Born 17 October 1961 Assumed office 4 March 2020 22nd Prime Minister of Haiti Political party – Haitian Tet Kale Party
  53. 53. 14. HONDURAS
  54. 54. HONDURAS CAPITAL – Tegucigalpa Country in Central America, with coastlines on the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Currency – 1 lempira (L), consisting of 100 centavos Area – 112,492 sq km Official name - Republic of Honduras Demonym: Honduran OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Spanish Population – 9.588 million (2018) GDP – 23.97 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,500.11 USD (2018) National Anthem: Himno Nacional de Honduras (Spanish), National Anthem of Honduras (English) Motto: Libre, Soberana e Independiente (Spanish), Free, Sovereign and Independent (English)
  55. 55. JUAN ORLANDO HERNANDEZ PRESIDENT OF HONDURAS Born 28 October 1968 Assumed office 27 January 2014 55th President of Honduras Previously President of the National Congress from 27 January 2010 – 13 June 2013 Political party – Honduras National Alma mater – National Autonomous University of Honduras. State University of New York Albany.
  56. 56. 15. JAMAICA
  57. 57. JAMAICA CAPITAL – Kingston Island country situated south of Cuba in the northern Caribbean Sea. Currency – 1 Jamaican dollar (J$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 10,991 sq km Demonym: Jamaican OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population – 2.935 million (2018) GDP – 15.71 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 5,354.24 USD (2018) National Anthem: Jamaica, Land We Love Royal Anthem: God Save the Queen Motto: Out of Many, One People
  58. 58. PATRICK ALLEN GOVERNOR GENERAL OF JAMAICA Born 7 February 1951 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II Assumed office 26 February 2009 Sir Patrick Linton Allen ON GCMG CD KStJ 6th Governor General of Jamaica Alma mater – Andrews University.
  59. 59. ANDREW HOLNESS PRIME MINISTER OF JAMAICA Born 22 July 1972 Assumed office 3 March 2016 Andrew Michael Holness, ON, MP 9th Prime Minister of Jamaica Youngest person to hold the offce Previously Minister of Education from 11 September 2007 – 1 January 2012 Political party – Jamaica Labour Party Alma mater – University of the West Indies.
  60. 60. 16. MEXICO
  61. 61. MEXICO CAPITAL – Mexico City Country in North America, south of the United States. Currency – 1 nuevo Mexican peso (Mex$), consisting of 100 centavos Area – 1,964,382 sq km Official name - United Mexican States Demonym: Mexican OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Spanish Population – 126.2 million (2018) GDP – 1.221 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 9,673.44 USD (2018) National Anthem: Himno Nacional Mexicano (Spanish), Mexican National Anthem (English) Motto: La Patria es Primero (Spanish), The Homeland is First (English)
  62. 62. ANDRES MANUEL LOPEZ OBRADOR PRESIDENT OF MEXICO Born 13 November 1953 Assumed office 1 December 2018 58th President of Mexico Political Party: National Regeneration Movement Alma Mater: National Autonomous University of Mexico
  63. 63. 17. NICARAGUA
  64. 64. NICARAGUA CAPITAL – Managua Largest country in Central America, situated between the North Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Currency – 1 córdoba (C$), consisting of 100 centavos Area – 129,494 sq km Official name - Republic of Nicaragua Demonym: Nicaraguan OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Spanish Population – 6.466 million (2018) GDP – 13.12 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 2,028.89 USD (2018) National Anthem: Salve ati, Nicaragua (Spanish), Hail to Thee, Nicaragua (English) Motto: En Dios Confiamos (Spanish), In God We Trust (English)
  65. 65. DANIEL ORTEGA PRESIDENT OF NICARAGUA Born November 11, 1945 Assumed office January 10, 2007 José Daniel Ortega Saavedra 62nd President of Nicaragua Political party – FSLN (Sandinista National Liberation Front) Alma mater - Central American University.
  66. 66. 18. PANAMA
  67. 67. PANAMA CAPITAL – Panama City Country in Central America. It has the Caribbean Sea to its north and the Pacific Ocean to its south, connected by the Panama Canal, and is situated between Costa Rica and Colombia. Currency – 1 balboa (B), consisting of 100 centémos Area – 75,517 sq km Official name - Republic of Panama Demonym: Panamanian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – Spanish Population – 4.177 million (2018) GDP – 65.06 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 15,575.07 USD (2018) National Anthem: Himno Istmenol (Spanish), Hymn of the Isthmus (English) Motto: Pro Mundi Beneficio (Latin), For the Benefit of the World (English)
  68. 68. LAURENTINO CORTIZO PRESIDENT OF PANAMA Born 30 January 1953 Assumed office 1 July 2019 Previously Minister of Agriculture and Livestock Development from 2004 to 2006, President of the National Assembly of Panama from 2000 to 2001 Political Party: Democratic Revolutionary Party Alma Mater: Norwich University. The University of Texas at Austin.
  69. 69. 19. SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS
  70. 70. SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS CAPITAL – Basseterre Independent state in the Caribbean, comprising two islands that are part of the Leeward Islands group. Currency – 1 East Caribbean dollar (EC$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 269 sq km Official name – Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis Demonym: Kittitian or Nevisian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population – 52,441 (2018) GDP – 1.011 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 19,275.42 USD (2018) National Anthem: O Land of Beauty Royal Anthem: God Save the Queen Motto: Country Above Self
  71. 71. SIR TAPLEY SEATON GOVERNOR GENERAL OF SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS Born 28 July 1950 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II Assumed office 19 May 2015 Sir Samuel Weymouth Tapley Seaton, GCMG, CVO, QC, JP 4th Governor General of Saint Kitts and Nevis Alma mater – University of the West Indies. Hugh Wooding Law School.
  72. 72. TIMOTHY HARRIS PRIME MINISTER OF SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS Born 6 December 1964 Assumed office 18 February 2015 Sir Timothy Sylvester Harris GCMG CVO QC JP 3rd Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis Political party – People’s Labour Party Alma mater – University of the West Indies. McGill University.
  73. 73. 20. SAINT LUCIA
  74. 74. SAINT LUCIA CAPITAL – Castries Independent island state in the Caribbean, one of the Windward Islands Currency – 1 East Caribbean dollar (EC$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 616 sq km Demonym: Saint Lucian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population – 181,889 (2018) GDP – 1.922 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 10,566.05 USD (2018) National Anthem: Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia Royal Anthem: God Save the Queen Motto: The Land, The People, The Light
  75. 75. SIR NEVILLE CENAC GOVERNOR GENERAL OF SAINT LUCIA Born 1935 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II Assumed office 12 January 2018 Sir Emmanuel Neville Cenac, GCMG Formerly Foreign Minister from 1987–1992 and President of the senate from 1993-1997.
  76. 76. ALLEN CHASTANET PRIME MINISTER OF SAINT LUCIA Born 1960/1961 Assumed office 7 June 2016 Allen Michael Chastanet 7th Prime Minister of Saint Lucia Previously Minister of Tourism and Civil Aviation from 2006- 2011. Political party – United Workers Party. Alma mater – Bishops University. American University.
  77. 77. 21. SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES
  78. 78. SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES CAPITAL – Kingstown Independent state in the Caribbean comprising the island of St. Vincent and 32 of the islands of the Grenadine group. Currency – 1 East Caribbean dollar (EC$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 389 sq km Demonym: Saint Vincentian or Vincentian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population – 110,589 (2019) GDP – 811.3 million USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 7,361.40 USD (2018) National Anthem: Saint Vincent, Land so Beautiful Royal Anthem: God Save the Queen Motto: Pax et Justitia (Latin), Peace and Justice (English)
  79. 79. SUSAN DOUGAN GOVERNOR GENERAL OF SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES Born 3 March 1955 MONARCH: ELIZABETH II Dame Susan Dilys Dougan GCMG OBE Assumed office 1 August 2019 First female Governor General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Previously Chief Education Officer from 2004 to 2009, Cabinet Secretary from 2009 to 2013 Alma Mater: University of Southampton, Berkshire,
  80. 80. RALPH GONSALVES PRIME MINISTER OF SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES Born 8 August 1946 Assumed office 28 March 2001 Dr Ralph Everard Gonsalves 4th Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Political party – Unity Labour Party. Alma mater – University of the West Indies. University of Manchester. Inns of Court School of Law.
  81. 81. 22. TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
  82. 82. TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO CAPITAL – Port of Spain Country comprising the two southernmost of the Caribbean Islands, situated off the northeastern coast of Venezuela Currency – Trinidad and Tobago dollar made up of 100 cents Area – 5,131sq km Demonym: Trinidadian and Tobagonian OFFICIAL LANGUAGE – English Population – 1.39 million (2018) GDP – 23.81 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 17,129.91 USD (2018) National Anthem: Forged From the Love of Liberty Motto: Together We Aspire, Together We Achieve
  83. 83. PAULA-MAE WEEKES PRESIDENT OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO Born December 23, 1958 Assumed office 19 March 2018 6th President of Trinidad and Tobago. First female President of Trinidad and Tobago She was appointed Justice of the Court of Appeal 2005 and was acting Chief Justice in 2012. Political party – Independent. Alma mater – University of the West Indies, Cave Hill. Hugh Wooding Law School.
  84. 84. KEITH ROWLEY PRIME MINISTER OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO born 24 October 1949 Assumed office 9 September 2015 The Rt. Hon. Dr. Keith Christopher Rowley MP 7th Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago Political party – People’s National Movement. Alma mater – University of the West Indies.
  85. 85. 23. UNITED STATES
  86. 86. UNITED STATES CAPITAL: Washington DC Country in central North America, consisting of 50 states. Currency – 1 United States dollar (US$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 9,826,630 sq km Official name - United States of America Demonym: American OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: English Population – 328.2 million (2019) GDP – 20.54 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 62,794.59 USD (2018) National Anthem: The Star- Spangled Banner Motto: In God We Trust
  87. 87. DONALD TRUMP PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES Born June 14, 1946 Assumed office January 20, 2017 Donald John Trump 45th President of the United States. Political party – Republican party. Alma mater – The Wharton School.
  88. 88. THANK YOU

The Continent of North America is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea. It is the third-largest continent by area (after Asia and Africa) and the fourth by population (after Asia, Africa, and Europe) It contains twenty-three independent states and 7.5% of the world’s population. The following slides present an overview of the independent states of North America in alphabetical order as of July 2020.

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