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South America 2020

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The continent of South America has twelve sovereign states and four dependencies. The dependencies are, a part of France called French Guiana, a British overseas territory disputed by Argentina called the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK).
The continent occupies the entire southern part of the supercontinent of the Americas and is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the north and east by the Atlantic ocean and on the northwest by North America the Caribbean sea.
It is the fourth largest continent in the earth (after Asia, Africa, and North America) and the fifth largest by population (after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America).
The following slides present an overview of the twelve sovereign states in South America as of July 2020.

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South America 2020

  1. 1. SOUTH AMERICA 2020 Dr. Basil Bemgba Achie MBBS Ibadan
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION The continent of South America has twelve sovereign states and four dependencies. The dependencies are, a part of France called French Guiana, a British overseas territory disputed by Argentina called Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK). The continent occupies the entire southern part of the supercontinent of the Americas and is bordered on the west by the Pacific ocean, on the north and east by the Atlantic ocean and on the north west by North America the Caribbean sea. It is the fourth largest continent in area (after Asia, Africa and North America) and the fifth largest in population (after Asia, Africa, Europe and North America). The following slides present an overview of the twelve sovereign
  3. 3. OUTLINE S/N COUNTRY CAPITAL HEAD OF STATE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE 1 Argentina Buenos Aires Alberto Fernandez Spanish 2 Bolivia La Paz Jeanine Anez (Interim) Spanish, Quechua, Aymara 3 Brazil Brasilia Jair Bolsonaro Portuguese 4 Chile Santiago Sebastian Pinera Spanish 5 Colombia Bogota Ivan Duque Marquez Spanish 6 Ecuador Quito Lenin Moreno Spanish 7 Guyana Georgetown David A. Granger English 8 Paraguay Asuncion Mario Abdo Benitez Spanish 9 Peru Lima Martin Vizcarra Spanish, Quechua, Aymara 10 Suriname Paramaribo Chan Santokhi Dutch 11 Uruguay Montevideo Luis Lacalle Pou Spanish 12 Venezuela Caracas Disputed between Nicholas Maduro and Juan Guaido Spanish
  4. 4. ARGENTINA
  5. 5. ARGENTINA Capital – Buenos Aires Country that occupies most of the southern tip of South America. Currency – 1 peso, consisting of 100 centavos Area – 2,780,400 sq km Official name - Argentine Republic Demonym: Argentine, Argentinean, Argentinian. National Day: 25 May (First Government Day following Independence from Spain in 1810) Official Language – Spanish Population – 44.49 million (2018) GDP – 519.9 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 11,683.95 USD (2018) National Anthem: Himno Nacional Argentina (Argentine National Anthem) Motto: En Union Y Libertad (In Unity and Freedom)
  6. 6. ALBERTO FERNANDEZ PRESIDENT OF ARGENTINA Born 2 April 1959 Assumed office 10 December 2019 Previously Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers from 2003 to 2008 Political party – Justicialist Party Alma Mater – University of Buenos Aires
  7. 7. BOLIVIA
  8. 8. BOLIVIA Capital – La Paz Landlocked country in west central South America Currency – 1 boliviano (B), consisting of 100 centavos Area – 1,098,581 sq km Official name - Republic of Bolivia Demonym: Bolivian National Day: 6 August (Date of Independence from Spain in 1825) Official Languages – Spanish, Quechua, Aymara Population – 11.35 million (2018) GDP – 40.29 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 3,548.59 USD (2018) National Anthem: Himno Nacional de Bolivia (National Anthem of Bolivia) Motto: La Union es la Fuerza (Unity is Strength)
  9. 9. JEANINE ANEZ INTERIM PRESIDENT OF BOLIVIA Born 13 August 1967 Assumed office 12 November 2019 Previously Senator from Beni from 2010 to 2019 Political Party – Democrat Social Movement
  10. 10. BRAZIL
  11. 11. BRAZIL Capital – Brasília Largest country in South America. Currency – 1 real (R$), consisting of 100 centavos Area – 8,547,404 sq km Official name - Federative Republic of Brazil Demonym: Brazilian National Day: 7 September ( Date of Independence from the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algraves in 1822) Official Language – Portuguese Population – 209.5 million (2018) GDP – 1.869 trillion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 8,920.76 USD (2018) National Anthem: Hino Nacional Brasiliero (Brazilian National Anthem) Motto: Ordem e Progresso (Order and Progress)
  12. 12. JAIR BOLSONARO PRESIDENT OF BRAZIL Born 21 March 1955 Assumed office 1 January 2019 38th President of Brazil Political Party: Social Liberty Party Education: Agulhas Negras Military Academy
  13. 13. CHILE
  14. 14. CHILE Capital – Santiago Country in southwestern South America bordered by Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, the Drake Passage, and the Pacific Ocean. Currency – 1 Chilean peso (Ch$), consisting of 100 centavos Area – 756,626 sq km Official name - Republic of Chile Demonym: Chilean National Day: 18 September (Date of commencement of quest for Independence from Spain in 1810) Official Language – Spanish Population – 18.73 million (2018) GDP – 298.2 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 15,923.36 USD (2018) National Anthem: Himno Nacional de Chile (National Anthem of Chile) Motto: Por la Razon la Fuerza (By Reason of by Force/By Right or by Might)
  15. 15. SEBASTIAN PINERA PRESIDENT OF CHILE Born 1 December 1949 Assumed office 11 March 2018 Political party – National Renewal (he suspended his membership on becoming president) Alma mater – Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. Harvard University. University Professor.
  16. 16. COLOMBIA
  17. 17. COLOMBIA Capital – Bogotá Country in northwestern South America surrounded by the Caribbean Sea, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, and the Pacific Ocean. Currency – 1 Colombian peso (Col$), consisting of 100 centavos Area – 1,141,748 sq km Official name - Republic of Colombia Demonym: Colombian National Day: 20 July (Date of beginning of the movement for Independence in 1810) Official Language – Spanish Population – 49.65 million (2018) GDP – 331 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 6,667.79 USD (2018) National Anthem: Himno Nacional de la Republica de Colombia (National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia) Motto: Libertad y Orden (Liberty and Order)
  18. 18. IVAN DUQUE MARQUEZ PRESIDENT OF COLOMBIA Born August 1, 1976 Assumed office 7 August 2018 33rd President of Colombia. Previously a Senator of Colombia from July 20, 2014 – April 10, 2018. Political party – Democratic Centre. Alma mater – Sergio Arboleda University. American University. Georgetown University.
  19. 19. ECUADOR
  20. 20. ECUADOR Capital – Quito Country in northwestern South America, bordered on the north by Colombia, on the south and east by Peru, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Currency – 1 United States dollar (US$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 272,045 sq km Official name - Republic of Ecuador Demonym: Ecuadorian National Day: 10 August ( Date of Quito’s declaration of Independence from Spain in 1809) Official Language – Spanish Population – 17.08 million (2018) GDP – 108.4 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 6,344.87 USD (2018) National Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria (Hail, Oh Homeland) Motto: Dios, Patria y Libertad (God, Homeland and Freedom)
  21. 21. LENIN MORENO PRESIDENT OF ECUADOR Born 19 March 1953 Assumed office 24 May 2017 44th President of Ecuador. He was previously the United Nations Special Envoy on Disability and Accessibility from 19 December 2013 – 30 September 2016 and Vice President of Ecuador from 15 January 2007 – 24 May 2013 Political party – PAIS Alliance. Alma mater – Central University of Ecuador.
  22. 22. GUYANA
  23. 23. GUYANA Capital – Georgetown Country on the North Atlantic coast of South America bordered by Venezuela, Brazil, and Suriname. Currency – 1 Guyana dollar (G$), consisting of 100 cents Area – 214,969 sq km Official name - Cooperative Republic of Guyana Demonym: Guyanese National Day: 23 February (Date of Independence from Britain in 1970) Official Language – English Population – 779,004 (2018) GDP – 3.879 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 4,979.00 USD (2018) National Anthem: Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains Motto: One People, One Nation, One Destiny
  24. 24. DAVID A. GRANGER PRESIDENT OF GUYANA Born 15 July 1945 Assumed office 16 May 2015 Brigadier David Arthur Granger 9th President of Guyana Political party – People’s National Congress. Alma mater - University of Guyana. Mons Officer Cadet School UK. Army Command and Staff College in Nigeria.
  25. 25. PARAGUAY
  26. 26. PARAGUAY Capital – Asunción Country in South America, bordered by Bolivia, Brazil, and Argentina. Currency – guaraní Area – 406,752 sq km Official name – Republic of Paraguay Demonym: Paraguayan National Day: 15 May (Date of Independence from Spain in 1811) Official Language – Spanish Population – 6.956 million (2018) GDP – 40.5 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 5,821.81 USD (2018) National Anthem: Nimno Nacional Paraguayo (Paraguayan National Anthem) Motto: Paz y Justicia (Peace and Justice)
  27. 27. MARIO ABDO BENITEZ PRESIDENT OF PARAGUAY Born 10 November 1971 Assumed office 15 August 2018 51st President of Paraguay. He was previously President of the Senate from 1 July 2015 – 30 June 2016. Political party – Colorado Party Alma mater – Teikyo Post University.
  28. 28. PERU
  29. 29. PERU Capital – Lima Country in western South America, bordered by Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, and the Pacific Ocean. Currency – 1 nuevo sol (S/.), consisting of 100 céntimos Area – 1,285,216 sq km Official name - Republic of Peru Demonym: Peruvian National Day: 28 July (date of Independence from Spain in 1821) Official Languages – Spanish, Quechua, Aymara Population – 31.99 million (2018) GDP – 222 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 6,941.24 USD (2018) National Anthem: Himno Nacional de Peru (National Anthem of Peru) Motto: Firme y Feliz por la Union (Firm and Happy for the Union)
  30. 30. MARTIN VIZCARRA PRESIDENT OF PERU Born 22 March 1963 Assumed office 23 March 2018 Martín Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo OSP Formerly First Vice President of Peru from 28 July 2016 – 23 March 2018. Political party – Independent. Alma mater – National University of Engineering.
  31. 31. SURINAME
  32. 32. SURINAME Capital – Paramaribo Country in northeastern South America, north of Brazil, on the Atlantic Ocean. Currency – 1 Suriname dollar (SRD), consisting of 100 cents Area – 163,265 sq km Official name – Republic of Suriname Former name – Dutch Guiana until 1948 Demonym: Surinamese National Day: 25 November (date of Independence from the Netherlands in 1975) Official Language – Dutch Population – 575,991 (2018) GDP – 3.591 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 6,234.04 USD (2018) National Anthem: God zij met ons Suriname (Dutch) God be with our Suriname (English) Motto: Justitia-Pietas-Fides (Justice- Piety-Fidelity)
  33. 33. CHAN SANTOKHI PRESIDENT OF SURINAME Born 3 February 1959 Assumed office 16 July 2020 9th President of Suriname Political Party – Progressive Reform Party
  34. 34. URUGUAY
  35. 35. URUGUAY Capital – Montevideo Country in southeastern South America, south of Brazil, bordering the Atlantic Ocean Currency – 1 peso uruguayo, consisting of 100 centémos Area – 176,215 sq km Official name - Oriental Republic of Uruguay Demonym: Uruguayan National Day: 25 August (date of Independence from Brazil in 1825) Language – Spanish Population – 3.449 million (2018) GDP – 59.6 billion USD (2018) GDP per Capita – 17,277.97 USD (2018) National Anthem: Himno Nacional de Uruguay (National Anthem of Uruguay) Motto: Libertad o Muerte (Freedom or Death)
  36. 36. LUIS LACALLE POU PRESIDENT OF URUGUAY Born 11 August 1973 Assumed office 1 March 2020 42nd President of Uruguay Previously President of the chamber of representatives from 2011 to 2012 and Senator of Uruguay from 2015 to 2019 Political Party – National Party Education – Catholic University of Uruguay
  37. 37. VENEZUELA
  38. 38. VENEZUELA Capital – Caracas Country in northeastern South America, north of Brazil, on the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. Currency – 1 bolivar (Bs), consisting of 100 centimos Area – 916,445 sq km Official name - Republic of Venezuela Demonym: Venezuelan National Day: 5 July (date of declaration of Independence in 1811) Official Language – Spanish Population – 28.87 million (2018) GDP – 482.4 billion USD (2014) GDP per Capita – 16,054.49 USD (2014) National Anthem: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo (Glory to the Brave People) Motto: Dios y Federacion (God and Federation)
  39. 39. The current Head of State of Venezuela has been disputed between Juan Guaido and Nicholas Maduro since 23 January 2019 in the ongoing Venezuelan Presidential crisis, with the nation and the world divided in support between them.
  40. 40. NICOLÁS MADURO PRESIDENT OF VENEZUELA Born 23 November 1962 Assumed office 5 March 2013 (disputed with Juan Guaido since 23 January 2019) 46th President of Venezuela. Former President pro tempore of the Union of South American Nations from 23 April 2016 – 21 April 2017. Former Vice President of Venezuela from 13 October 2012 – 5 March 2013. Former President of the National assembly of Venezuela from 5 January 2005 – 7 August 2006 Political party – United Socialist Party.
  41. 41. JUAN GUAIDO ACTING PRESIDENT OF VENEZUELA Born 28 July 1983 Assumed office 23 January 2019 (disputed with Nicolas Maduro) President of the National Assembly of Venezuela since 5 January 2019 Political Party – Voluntad Popular (Popular Will) Education: Andres Bello Catholic University. George Washington University. Engineer.
  42. 42. THANK YOU

The continent of South America has twelve sovereign states and four dependencies. The dependencies are, a part of France called French Guiana, a British overseas territory disputed by Argentina called the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK). The continent occupies the entire southern part of the supercontinent of the Americas and is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the north and east by the Atlantic ocean and on the northwest by North America the Caribbean sea. It is the fourth largest continent in the earth (after Asia, Africa, and North America) and the fifth largest by population (after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America). The following slides present an overview of the twelve sovereign states in South America as of July 2020.

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