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UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)

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The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is a program of the United Nations devoted to aiding national efforts to improve the health, nutrition, education, and general welfare of children.
It is headquartered at the United Nations in New York and has a presence in 190 countries and territories with a staff of about 13000 persons worldwide.
UNICEF embodies the advancement of humanity through health, education, equality and protection for every child and is today the most influential advocate for children in the world.
The following slides present an overview of UNICEF.

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UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)

  1. 1. UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN’S FUND (UNICEF) Dr Basil Bemgba Achie MBBS Ibadan
  2. 2. OUTLINE Introduction Historical Milestones Mission statement Achievements Organizational structure Funding
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is a program of the United Nations devoted to aiding national efforts to improve the health, nutrition, education, and general welfare of children. It is headquartered at the United Nations in New York and has a presence in 190 countries and territories with a staff of about 13000 persons worldwide. UNICEF embodies the advancement of humanity through health, education, equality and protection for every child and is today the most influential advocate for children in the world. The following slides present an overview of UNICEF.
  4. 4. HISTORICAL MILESTONES UNICEF was created by a resolution of the United Nations General Assembly on 11 December 1946 to provide emergency food, clothing and healthcare to children in countries devastated by World War II. On December 1,1950 the United Nations General Assembly extended the mandate of UNICEF for an additional 3 years while expanding its work to include the improvement of children’s welfare everywhere, particularly in less developed countries. On October 6, 1953 the UN General Assembly made UNICEF a permanent part of the United Nations system and shortened its name to United Nations Children’s Fund while retaining its familiar acronym UNICEF. Prior to 1953 the agency was known as United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund.
  5. 5. HISTORICAL MILESTONES On 20 November 1959 the United Nations adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child based on the earlier document prepared by British social reformer Jebb Eglantyne in 1924. The 1960s was declared the United Nations DECADE OF DEVELOPMENT by President John F. Kennedy and UNICEF laid special emphasis on education. In 1965 UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for “promotion of brotherhood among nations”. The award was received on behalf of UNICEF by Executive Director Henry R. Labouisse.
  6. 6. HISTORICAL MILESTONES On November 20, 1989 the United Nations adopted the ‘CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD (CRC)’, the most universally adopted international treaty in history. The CRC states that ‘every child has the inherent right to health care, education, a name and nationality, to protection from abuse and neglect’. In 1990 the WORLD SUMMIT FOR CHILDREN brought together the largest gathering of world leaders to establish goals for the future. In 1996 the Executive Board adopted the UNICEF MISSION STATEMENT. From May 8 to 10, 2002 the Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly on children was held with more than 7000 participants. Nations of the world committed themselves to a series of goals aimed at improving the plight of children.
  7. 7. UNICEF MISSION STATEMENT The UNICEF mission statement was adopted in 1996. The objective of UNICEF is three fold: 1. To ensure that basic needs of children such as nutrition, health, and education are met. 2. To expand the opportunities of children to reach their potential 3. To create an international ethical standard of behavior toward children (the protection and promotion of the rights of children)
  8. 8. SOME ACHIEVEMENTS OF UNICEF The following are highlights of the activities of UNICEY 1. UNICEF has worked in conflict zones to alleviate the suffering of children without discrimination. 2. UNICEF has worked to protect children from abuse, child labour and sexual exploitation as well as worked to heal mental scars from such abuse and to prevent the use of child soldiers in conflict. 3. Maternal care – UNICEF believes child care begins with maternal care 4. UNICEF has assisted in the provision of clean drinking water and improved sanitary conditions. This includes the provision of boreholes as well as by teaching community leaders to build wells and sewage disposal systems. 5. Large scale distribution of vitamin A and other nutrients. Iodized salt was developed by UNICEF India which became the global standard.
  9. 9. SOME ACHIEVEMENTS OF UNICEF 6. UNICEF has provided immunization against potentially fatal diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, measles, polio and tuberculosis. 7. UNICEF has worked to improve child survival through growth monitoring, promotion of breastfeeding, and provision of oral rehydration therapy. 8. UNICEF has worked to prevent the transmission of AIDS and HIV in young people and to help make anti retroviral drugs available to infected individuals. 9. The organization helps communities, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, where millions of children have been orphaned by HIV and AIDS, to care for those orphans.
  10. 10. ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Executive Board Executive Office  Executive Director  Deputy Executive Directors  Chief of Staff Regional offices 190 countries and territories 200 country offices with headquarters in New York 13000 strong staff worldwide, mostly field workers
  11. 11. EXECUTIVE BOARD The Executive Board is the governing body of UNICEF. The Board is made up of 36 members chosen by the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) from member states of the United Nations to three year terms. The Board is headed by a Chairman elected by Board members to a one year term. Since 1992 the chairmanship has rotated among the regional groups of the UN. Functions of the board are to establish policies, approve programmes, decide on administrative and financial plans and budgets and provide intergovernmental support.
  12. 12. EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR UNICEF is administered by an Executive Director in accordance with policies set up by the Executive Board The Executive Director is appointed by the United Nations Secretary General in consultation with the Executive Board and has a five year mandate.
  13. 13. EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS OF UNICEF EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR NATIONALITY LIFETIME TERM IN OFFICE Maurice Pate United States 1894 - 1965 1947 - 1965 Henry R. Labouisse United States 1904 - 1987 1965 - 1980 James P. Grant United States 1922 - 1995 1980 - 1995 Carol Bellamy United States Born 1942 1995 - 2005 Ann M. Veneman United States Born 1949 2005 - 2010 Anthony Lake United States Born 1939 2010 - 2017 Henrietta H. Fore United States Born 1948 2018 - Incumbent
  14. 14. HENRIETTA H. FORE INCUMBENT EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF UNICEF Born December 9, 1948 Nationality – United States Assumed office January 1, 2018 She is the seventh Executive Director of UNICEF She was prior to the appointment Chair of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Holsman International. Education – Wellesley College (BA), University of Northern Colorado (MS)
  15. 15. FUNDING UNICEF is funded by voluntary contributions from national governments. Governments contribute two thirds of the funding. UNICEF also receives donation from foundations, corporations and private individuals. Fund raising has been critical since inception.
  16. 16. HOW CAN YOU ASSIST? Some ways in which individuals can assist UNICEF effort include  Donate monthly  Raise funds  Support clean water initiatives  Trick or treat for UNICEF  UNICEF Campus initiative  Get trained online on UNICEF projects
  17. 17. THANK YOU
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The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is a program of the United Nations devoted to aiding national efforts to improve the health, nutrition, education, and general welfare of children. It is headquartered at the United Nations in New York and has a presence in 190 countries and territories with a staff of about 13000 persons worldwide. UNICEF embodies the advancement of humanity through health, education, equality and protection for every child and is today the most influential advocate for children in the world. The following slides present an overview of UNICEF.

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