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BGMEA University of Fashion &Technology
Course code: Basic science
Course code: CHEM1101
Assignment
On
Environment Polluti...
CONTENT
 INTRODUTION
 TYPES OF POLLUTION CAUSED BY GARMENTS
1. WATER
2. AIR
3. LAND
 CONCLUTION
 REFERENCE
INTODUCTION
The garments industries are playing an important role in Bangladesh’s economy
for a long time which comprises ...
WATER POLLUTION
The garments industry uses millions of gallons of water everyday. The problem
does not rest in the high us...
AIR POLLUTION
Air pollution caused by the textile industry is also a major cause of concern.
Boilers, thermo pack, and die...
LAND POLLUTION
The use of organic raw material can help in fighting the emission of pollutants by
the textile units. Organ...
CONCLUTION
There is no doubt to the fact that the textile industry releases harmful pollutants
into the atmosphere in larg...
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environment pollution caused by garment industries of bamgladesh.

caused by garment industries of bangladesh.

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environment pollution caused by garment industries of bamgladesh.

  1. 1. BGMEA University of Fashion &Technology Course code: Basic science Course code: CHEM1101 Assignment On Environment Pollution Caused By Garments Industries Submitted To Dr. S.M. Abu Raihan Lecturer ,Dept. of AMM BGMEA University Of Fashion and Tecnology Submitted By: Name: Naeem Rahman Emon Student ID: 182-068-111 Department of AMM Department of Apparel Merchandising and Management (AMM) BGMEA University of Fashion & Technology(BUFT) 6 January, 2018
  2. 2. CONTENT  INTRODUTION  TYPES OF POLLUTION CAUSED BY GARMENTS 1. WATER 2. AIR 3. LAND  CONCLUTION  REFERENCE
  3. 3. INTODUCTION The garments industries are playing an important role in Bangladesh’s economy for a long time which comprises a mix of small to large-scale privately and publicly owned companies. Currently, the garments industry in Bangladesh accounts for 45 percent of all industrial employment and contributes 5 percent to the total national income. The industry employs nearly 4 million people, mostly woman. A huge 78 percent of the country’s export earnings come from garments and apparel, according to the latest figures available. Bangladesh exports its apparel products worth nearly $8 billion per year to the United States, European Union (EU), Canadaand other countries ofthe world. It is the sixth largest apparel supplier to the United States and EU countries. Previously, the domestic market was dependent upon imported goods; now the local industry meets over 90 per cent of domestic demand for ready-made garments. Despite the significant economic contribution ofthe textile industries in Bangladesh, it has brought with it a range of environmental problems, mostly pollution of water resources of the country. Although the concerned authorities have identified these industrial units and legal procedures have been initiated against them, the scenario of industrial pollution has not improved yet. Recent reports in the national dailies on increased industrial pollution reflects that many ecosystems have already been degraded, some are now under threat, and the livelihoods of tens of thousands of people mostly the local farmers and the fishermen are being affected as wastes and effluents from textile industries are dumped in crop lands and water bodies. Let’s have a journey downthe pipelines to the ditches, which will strengthen ourefforts to resolve this situation in the most effective way  TYPES OF POLLUTION CAUSED BY GARMENTS 1. Water pollution. 2. Air pollution. 3. Land pollution.
  4. 4. WATER POLLUTION The garments industry uses millions of gallons of water everyday. The problem does not rest in the high usage, though! The waste is not treated to remove pollutants from it before it is disposed to water bodies. The waste water usually contains PBDEs, phthalates, organochlorines, lead, and many other chemicals that cause severe health problems and diseases in human beings. Picture: water pollution The liquid effluents released by the textile industry are the most disturbing area ofconcern. This is becausethe toxic material released through liquid waste is vast in quantity. It consists ofchemicals such as formaldehyde (HCHO), chlorine, and heavy metals. Besides, it is disposed into water bodies that reach far away areas and is consumed by a large number of people for drinking or for daily activities. They need to be treated to reduce their toxic content before being released into water bodies.
  5. 5. AIR POLLUTION Air pollution caused by the textile industry is also a major cause of concern. Boilers, thermo pack, and diesel generators produce pollutants that are released into the air. The pollutants generated include Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM), sulphur di oxide gas, oxide of nitrogen gas, etc. The nearby areas with human population get affected adversely owing to the release oftoxic gas into the atmosphere. PICTURE: Air Pollution It has become utterly necessary to reduce the pollutants emitted by the textile industry. Contamination of the air, water, and land by textile industries and its raw material manufacturing units has becomea serious threat to the environment. It has endangered the life of human beings and various other species on Earth. Global warming is a direct result of the pollutants released by such industries. It also causes harmful diseases and health issues in people getting exposed to the pollutants in the long run.
  6. 6. LAND POLLUTION The use of organic raw material can help in fighting the emission of pollutants by the textile units. Organic cottonis especially beneficial as the productionofcotton asks for the maximum amount of pesticides and fertilizers. Besides, the waste generated from textile manufacturing plants should be processed in a manner that it is free from toxic chemicals before it is disposed. Environment friendly methods of cultivation and manufacture should be resorted to. Picture: LAND POLLUTION Surveys showthat cottonconsumes thehighest amount of harmful pesticides and fertilizers. Majority of them fall on land while they are sprinkled on the crop. Similarly, textile manufacturing units release hazardous waste into the nearby land. A study was conducted to test the amount of metals present in soil and groundwater located near to the textile and tannery industries in Haridwar, India. Results indicated all the metals like Chromium, Iron, Manganese, Copper, Lead, and Cadmium were present in amounts larger than that prescribed as safe by World Health Organization (WHO). They can cause many problems in living beings.
  7. 7. CONCLUTION There is no doubt to the fact that the textile industry releases harmful pollutants into the atmosphere in large quantities. It is agreed all over the world that textile industry is one of the most pollutants emitting industries of the world. Almost 2000 different types of chemicals are used in this industry. It consumes as well as contaminates fresh water. There is a need to take actions in this direction, urgently. References: 1. Zeugmatextile.com 2. Sciencepub.net 3. Rrcap.unep.org 4. Oecotextiles.wordpress.com 5. Rpcb.com

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