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Grazing Policy in the Western Range

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The case represents the effort of and marginal gains of reformers in disturbing the long standing federal grazing system.

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Grazing Policy in the Western Range

  1. 1. Story of the Western Range Adelaide group 2: Thienhuong Do, Thitam Duong, Minhthuan Nguyen. October 2012
  2. 2. Room for possible collaboration • Background: The case represents the effort of and marginal gains of reformers in disturbing the long standing federal grazing system. • Recommendations: Voluntary collaborative ventures can have big effects in long term issues • Implication: For the long run: – Ranchers would be ensured the number of stock. – Range rehabilitation is secured. 2
  3. 3. Question to consider What should environmentalists be doing if they want to bring about changes in grazing on the western range? 3
  4. 4. Story of the west grazing 1870s-1880s: Stockman spread to west range. Cattle population rocketed from estimated 3mil to 26 mil 1906: Federal regulation of grazing began: permit and fee 1978: PRIA passed (rancher- approved formula, keep fee quite stable 1990s: focusing on "Ecosystem function, Campaign Voluntary Grazing Permit Buy Out Act 2000s Widespread approach that involves collaborating with ranchers to enhane ecological values on their land 2005: VGPBOA Campaign purchased permits covering 2.5 mil acres 2009 Omnibus Public Land 4 Mnagement Act
  5. 5. Long lasting Fight • Economic values and strong political back up o Ranchers focus on: • Using more public lands • More permit and less fee • Increase number of cattle • Merging their motives with historic image: cowboy o Politicians (congressional allies): back up the ranchers • Range Sustainability o Ecosystem depleted • Eroded soil • Destroyed watershed • Native plants • Wildlife movement • Recovery 5
  6. 6. Our Decision is… • We approach the case from the viewpoints of both sides: environmentalists and ranchers. • We weighed our IP (range sustainability, economic values, media and public attention, political power) • The alternative which has the highest aggregated score will be our decision. 6
  7. 7. Stakeholder Analysis Stakeholders Groups Representatives Goals Land Managers • Forest Service • Want to make changes but stick to • Bureau of Land Management the past regulations (BLM) • In most cases, back up the ranchers • Division of Grazing Policy makers • President • Ease the tension between ranchers • Congress and environmentalists Ranchers • Stockmen and public land • Low fee with built-in profit ranchers, appointed officer, • More public land use senator came from ranching • Extend the cattle families Environmentalists • Environmentalists • Restore the ecosystem of the range • Public and other supporters • Reduce the number of cattle in the range • Reform the regulation regarding the permit and fee 7
  8. 8. More grazing or range? (Our analysis based on the following indices of performance) Criteria Justifications Metrics Economic values Ranchers focus on using more public - Number of cattle lands, more permit and less fee, increase - Number of died cattle number of cattle. - Number of permittees - Fee built in profit Political Power The congressional allies support ranchers - Number of bills passed due to past foundation and their interests. - Budget allocated Forest Service and BLM needs appropriation to operate. Range sustainability The range becomes deteriorated due to - Number of cattle the overgrazing and not effective - Rainfall measures to conserve. - Number of wildlife and plants - Acres of land (grazing, conservation easements) - Quality of soil - Number of endangered sage grouse Media and public It is important to arouse more public - Number of news coverage attention attention to the range condition. (publication, review, articles..) Involvement of mass media plays key role - Number of people participated in disseminating information. campaigns 8
  9. 9. Data talks • Existing fee covers 37% of BLM and 30% of Forest Service admin cost; cost 144mil$, benefit 21mil$ Alternative 1 • 98% arid lands in the west have gone desertification (1970s) Alternative 2 • Malpai Borderlands Group established in 1990s. New grazing package introduced (Aug 1995) Alternative 3 9
  10. 10. Analysis of Alternatives • Alternative 1: Impose higher AUM and cut subsidies on grazing • Alternative 2: Allow more grazing and expand the range for grazing • Alternative 3: Promote voluntary collaborative ventures between environmentalists and ranchers 10
  11. 11. Criteria Low fee. Number of permittee/ cattles/ profit ? etc? Economic Values Quality of soil? Number of endangered sage grouse? Rainfall? etc Range Sustainability Media & Public Political Power News coverage and Impact? Number of bills passed Budget allocated ? 11
  12. 12. MAUT Analysis 12
  13. 13. Recommendations We should promote voluntary collaborative ventures between environmentalists and ranchers (Alternative 3) 13
  14. 14. Sensitivity Analysis • Ranchers may oppose the Packages and collaboration in the name of intangeble benefits and value (dignity, cultures, family traditions). • Solutions that can neutralize economic benefits are a must, however a cultural approach and friendly policies to call for collaboration will bring best results. • Collaboration needs deep understand about the West cultures and people • Carefully identify Key influencer and Key opinion leaders to enhance impact of message. • To cope with issues that have existed for a long time, environmentalists should be resilient, persistent and act on the long term view. 14
  15. 15. Thank you! 15

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