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SGP Body Language

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SGP Body Language

  1. 1. Non-Verbal Communication<br />By: Genavie Spence<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />Thesis<br />Personal/World Relevance <br />Definitions/Reasons/Types of Non-Verbal Communication <br />Universal Facial Expressions<br />Lying<br />Other Important Non-Verbal Communication to Recognize <br />Conclusion <br />Application<br />Class Activity<br />
  3. 3. Thesis<br /> Nonverbal communication, specifically body language and facial expressions, is an important part of how humans interact. Understanding this communication can help people better understand each other by knowing what they aren’t saying.<br />
  4. 4. Personal Relevance<br />I choose this topic because I’ve always had an interest in body language. I’m a intuitive person so I can already somewhat interpret what other are not saying. I also enjoy the TV show Lie to Me. <br />
  5. 5. World Relevance<br />This topic is important to you and the world because it can help you to understand people better. This knowledge also helps to discover when people are lying whether it be people of power, criminals or everyday people trying to get ahead.<br />
  6. 6. Definition of Non-Verbal Communication<br />Convey information through conscious or subconscious gestures<br />“Communication without words”<br />Most effective when verbal and non-verbal are in sync<br />
  7. 7. Non-Verbal Communication<br />
  8. 8. Reasons for Non-Verbal Communication<br />Words have limitations<br />Powerful<br />More genuine <br />“Words distract us from what faces would tell us if we paid attention” (Coniff)<br />
  9. 9. Types of Non-Verbal Communication<br />“A whole cluster is more reliable than just one part”<br />
  10. 10. Proximity<br />
  11. 11. Relative orientation <br />
  12. 12. Contact<br />
  13. 13. Individual Gestures<br />
  14. 14. Paralinguistic <br />
  15. 15. Existence of Adaptors <br />
  16. 16. Appearance <br />
  17. 17. Facial Expressions<br />3 independent mobile parts of the face<br />Primary source of information<br />Spontaneous muscle movement<br />Microexpressions<br />Includes eyes <br />
  18. 18. Eyes<br />
  19. 19. Cultural Differences<br />Eye Contact <br />“It’s disrespectful to look a person of importance directly in the eye” (Millar)<br />Physical Contact<br />Walking through doors<br />
  20. 20. Cultural Differences Example<br />
  21. 21. Universal Facial<br />Expressions<br />
  22. 22. Dr. Paul Ekman<br />Leader in facial analysis<br />“Paul Ekman has identified over 3,000 facial expressions” (Millar)<br />PhD from Adelphi University<br />APA most influential psychologists of 20th century<br />FACS<br />
  23. 23. Universal Facial Expressions<br />“Facial expressions are the universal language of the human soul” (Coniff)<br />Inborn rather than learned<br />7 universal facial expression<br />Happiness<br />Sadness<br />Fear<br />Anger<br />Surprise<br />Disgust<br />Contempt<br />
  24. 24. Happiness<br />Facial Expressions<br />Mouth<br />Eyelids Tighten<br />Eyebrows<br />“Happiness is hard to fake… you need more than a smile” (Millar)<br />
  25. 25. Sadness<br />Facial Expressions<br />Mouth<br />Eyebrows & forehead<br />Eyes<br />Other Clues<br />Body droops<br />Flat speech tone<br />
  26. 26. Surprise<br />Facial Expressions<br />Forehead & eyebrows<br />Eyes widen <br />Jaw drops<br />Other Clues<br />Backward movement<br />
  27. 27. Anger<br />Facial Expressions<br />Eyes & eyebrows<br />Mouth<br />Nose<br />Other Clues<br />Face turns red<br />Baring teeth<br />Clenched fists<br />
  28. 28. Fear<br />Facial Expressions<br />Eyebrows/forehead<br />Eyes<br />Mouth<br />Other Clues<br />Cold sweat<br />Pale face<br />Dry mouth<br />Holding breath<br />
  29. 29. Disgust<br />Facial Expressions<br />Eyes<br />Mouth <br />Nose/cheeks<br />Eyebrows<br />
  30. 30. Lying<br />“The truth is written on all our faces”<br />- Cal Lightman<br />
  31. 31. Physiological Symptoms of Lying<br />Perspiration<br />Flushing/paleness of skin<br />Increase pulse<br />Dry mouth/tongue<br />“He does not answer questions, or gives evasive answers; he speaks nonsense, rubs the great toe along the ground, and shivers, he rubs the roots of his hair with his fingers.”<br />
  32. 32. Signs of Lying<br />Mouth Guard<br />Nose Touch<br />Eye Rub<br />Neck Scratch<br />Ear Rub<br />“See no evil, speak no evil, hear no evil”<br />
  33. 33. Lying Gestures <br />“Gestures are like words they can have more than one meaning. As the context changes, the meaning changes too.” (Spraling)<br />
  34. 34. Signs of Lying- Facial Expressions<br />Muscle movement on face is deliberate<br />Blink rate increase<br />Eyes may open wider<br />“Lies are harder to cover up when emotion is involved”<br />(Duenwald) <br />
  35. 35. Faking Expressions <br />“It’s not what you see, it’s what you don’t see”<br />
  36. 36. Other Important<br />Non- verbal Communication<br />
  37. 37. Flirting<br />Distinct body signals<br />“When one is trying to gain the interest of the opposite sex they display distinct signals” ("Body Language." BBC) <br />Success depends<br />Female<br />Male<br />
  38. 38. Flirting Signals<br />Touch<br />Bodies point<br />Eye contact<br />Smiling<br />Leaning toward person<br />Standing/sitting close<br />Pupils dilate <br />“The most important message is message received” (“Using Body Language”)<br />
  39. 39. Aggressive Body Language<br /><ul><li>Disapproving frowns
  40. 40. Pursed lips, sneer, snarl
  41. 41. Clenched fist
  42. 42. Red face</li></li></ul><li>Aggressive Body Language Example <br />
  43. 43. Conclusion<br />I learned that even though body language doesn’t seem important it is because we pick up on it subconsciously and it affects how we act toward others <br />I’m now more conscious of subtle body language that I would ignore normally <br />I was surprised to learn how much non-verbal communication is over looked consciously but subconsciously it’s all picked up<br />
  44. 44. Application<br />
  45. 45. Class activity<br />Go on to my page on the Ning and click the link to the Lie to Me quiz site<br />
  46. 46. Works cited<br />Beall, Anne E. “Body Language Speaks: Reading and Responding More Effectively to Hidden Communication.” Student Resource Center Gold. N.p., 21 Feb. 2004. Web. 23 Feb. 2010. <http://find.galegroup.com//.do?prodId=IPS& userGroupName=king46652>.<br />“Body Language.” BBC h2g2. BBC, 9 Nov. 2009. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.bbc.co.uk//g2/>. “Body Language- Understanding Non-Verbal Communication.” Mind Tools. N.p., 2009. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.mindtools.com/‌pages//_Language.htm>.<br />"Body Language- Understanding Non-Verbal Communication." Mind Tools. N.p., 2009.      Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/      Body_Language.htm>. <br />Brougham, Charles G. “Nonverbal Communication: Can What They Don’t Say Give Them Away?” Student Resource Center Gold. N.p., 16 July 1992. Web. 23 Feb. 2010. <http://find.galegroup.com//.do?prodId=IPS& userGroupName=king46652>.<br />Duenwald, Mary. “Is She Hiding Something?” History Reference Center. N.p., 2005. Web. 23 Feb. 2010. <http://wf2dnvr9.webfeat.org/‌sqT6N1131/=http://web.ebscohost.org>.<br />
  47. 47. Works Cited<br />“The Eight Aspects of Body Language.” Body Language Experts. N.p., 2010. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.bodylanguageexpert.co.uk/‌KeyElementsOfBodyLanguage.htm>. Millar, James, dir. Secrets of Body Language. A&E Television Networks, 2008. AVI file.<br />Lambert, David. Body Language 101. New York: Skyhorse, 2008. Print. <br />Lie to Me. Advertisement. FOX. Nov. 2004. YouTube. Web. 30 Apr. 2010<br />Millar, James, dir. Secrets of Body Language. A&E Television Networks, 2008. AVI file. <br />Miller, Patrick W. “Body Language in the Classroom.” Gale Virtual Reference Library. N.p., Nov.-Dec. 2005. Web. 5 Feb. 2010. <http://find.galegroup.com//.do? &contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=SRC-1 &docId=A139206499&source=gale&srcprod=SRCG&userGroupName=king46652 &version=1.0>.<br />
  48. 48. Works Cited<br />Sparling, Polly. “Say...What?” Student Resource Center Gold. N.p., Oct. 2005. Web. 23 Feb. 2010. <http://find.galegroup.com//.do?prodId=IPS& userGroupName=king46652>.<br />“The Study of Facial Expressions.” Body Language Expert. N.p., 2010. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.bodylanguageexpert.co.uk/‌study-facial-expressions>.<br />“Understanding Body Language.” Body Language Magic. N.p., 2010. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://www.improvementtower.com//_Body_Language.html>.<br />"Using Body Language." ChangingMinds.org. N.p., 2010. Web. 24 Feb. 2010.      <http://changingminds.org/techniques/body/body_language.htm>. <br />Wagner, Kendra Van. "Types of Nonverbal Communication." Psychology. About.com,      n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2010. <http://psychology.about.com/od/      nonverbalcommunication/a/?once=true&>.<br />Verma, UshaBarjracharya. "Lying or Not." SIRS Discoverer. N.p., July 1999. Web.      23 Feb. 2010. <br />
  49. 49. Picture Citation<br />Anger Solution. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2010. <http://www.angersolution.com/‌images/‌clenchedfist.jpg>.<br />Association Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <http://www.associationtimes.com/‌images/‌articles/‌limitations.gif>.<br />CIA. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2010. <http s://www.cia.gov/‌library/‌center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/‌ csi-publications/‌csi-studies/‌studies/‌vol47no1/‌FDR3.jpg>.<br />Draftsman. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <http://www.tpub.com/‌content/‌draftsman/‌14263/‌img/‌14263_203_1.jpg>.<br />Flickr. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <http://farm2.static.flickr.com/‌1059/‌850054343_13fe8eb0df.jpg>.<br />Formula 1. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2010. <http://www.formulaf1.com/‌wp-content/‌uploads/‌2007/‌02/‌connie-montoya-surprised.jpg>.<br />
  50. 50. Groove Job. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <http://www.groovejob.com/‌resources/‌images/‌appearance.jpg>.<br />Grosmont College. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <http://www.grossmont.edu/‌healthprofessions/‌speechProgram/‌images/‌Speech_logo.gif>.<br />How Stuff Works. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2010. <http://static.howstuffworks.com/‌gif/‌micro-mask.jpg>.<br />Kingdom Women Ministry. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <http://www.freewebs.com/‌kingdomwoman/‌BlowingKisses.jpg>.<br />Life is a Twist. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <http://i.ehow.com/‌images/‌GlobalPhoto/‌Articles/‌4475392/‌smile1-main_Full.jpg>.<br />MArketing Implementer. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2010. <http://marketingimplementer.files.wordpress.com/‌2009/‌02/‌pay-attention.jpg>.<br />NASA Blue MArble. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2010. <http://flickrcc.bluemountains.net/‌?terms=globe&edit=yes&page=1>.<br />Punch Stock. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <http://cache1.asset-cache.net/‌xc/‌pha232000042.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=D0D2F5621E3D71D9D136F3313D707FDB9C213579F05DD2CC>.<br />Shutter Stock. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <http://us.123rf.com/‌400wm/‌400/‌400/‌logos/‌logos0905/‌logos090501094/‌4858520.jpg>.<br />The Soko. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2010. <http://www.thesoko.com/‌thesoko/‌images/‌20061220073822_145X227.jpg>.<br />
  51. 51. Stock Photo. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2010. <http://www.istockphoto.com/‌file_thumbview_approve/‌6235231/‌2/‌ istockphoto_6235231-the-happy-face-child.jpg>.<br />Teacher’s Outlet. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2010. <http://www.a2zteachersoutlet.com/‌images/‌ke845020.gif>.<br />Teleac. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2010. <http://www.teleac.nl/‌mmbase/‌images/‌2314032>.<br />Travel Pod. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <http://images.travelpod.com/‌users/‌tipperoonie/‌2.1241453220.a-moment-of-closeness-for-the-boys.jpg>.<br />Underground Hypnosis X. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2010. <http://undergroundhypnosisx.com/‌wp-content/‌uploads/‌2009/‌09/‌body-language-lying.jpg>.<br />USF Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2010. <http://etc.usf.edu/‌clipart/‌22000/‌22027/‌monkeys_22027_lg.gif>.<br />UTSA Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2010. <http://www.utsa.edu/‌today/‌images/‌graphics/‌worldflags.jpg>.<br />Veer. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <http://images.veer.com/‌IMG/‌PIMG/‌PHP/‌PHP3048458_P.JPG>.<br />Well Sphere. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2010. <http://4.bp.blogspot.com/‌_IPxhVPGIQ20/‌Srl-x7jJDKI/‌AAAAAAAAAso/‌w8B1zc0sjKg/‌s320/‌sad+boy.jpg>.<br />Word Press. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2010. <http://reesemarcelo.files.wordpress.com/‌2009/‌08/‌paul-ekman1.jpg>.<br />
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