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(Hic sunt dracones) Dragons in paintings

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a ferocious, fire-breathing beast, bad tempered with impenetrable scales, bat-like wings, jagged fangs, and sharp claws
enemy, evil, symbol of sin, wickedness and ferocity

(Hic sunt dracones) Dragons in paintings

  1. 1. powerful and beautiful it has for millennia captivated the minds of artists, writers and story tellers ...
  2. 2. a ferocious, fire-breathing beast, bad tempered with impenetrable scales, bat-like wings, jagged fangs, and sharp claws the enemy, evil, and reincarnation of the Devil in Christianity, symbol of sin, wickedness and ferocity
  3. 3. (hic sunt dracones) Dragons in paintings
  4. 4. In the classical world, a dragon was usually a huge serpent, long in the body and covered with scales. In mediaeval times, it seems, it acquired legs, wings and started breathing fire. Depictions of dragons became elaborated into complex beasts which could put up a real fight with the most valiant of knights.
  5. 5. One of the well-known dragons of the classical world was that which guarded the Golden Fleece ... Jason feet are on the body of the dragon, which looks more like a large bird of prey than a serpent Gustave Moreau Jason and Medea Jason et Médée 1865 Musée d’Orsay, Paris
  6. 6. dragon-like monster killing and eating two of the men ... popular story from classical myth is that of Cadmus, the founder and first king of the ill-fated city of Thebes just before he started to build that city, some of his men were devoured by a dragon into the distance, though, the same beast being impaled by Cadmus with his javelin Cornelis van Haarlem Two Followers of Cadmus Devoured by a Dragon Le Dragon dévore deux compagnons de Cadmus 1588 The National Gallery, London
  7. 7. While one of the beast’s three heads (a slight exaggeration from the myth) gets on with eating its victim, the hero is thrusting his spear deep into the throat of another head … Hendrik Goltzius Cadmus Slays the Dragon Cadmus tuant le dragon 1573-1617 Museet på Koldinghus, Deposit of the Statens Kunstsamlinger, København
  8. 8. a dragon rises up from the earth and the thunderbolt from Zeus is flying down to kill Phaethon ... Gustave Moreau The Fall of Phaethon Chute de Phaéton, projet de plafond 1878 Musée d'Orsay, conservé au musée du Louvre, Paris
  9. 9. it is not possible to find a more bizarre or fantastic monster than that which Piero imagined and painted ... the beast roils the sea’s surface in his death throes; his coiling tail, webbed feet, and long fangs are both monstrous and comically elegant, and seawater jets from his nostrils and Perseus came plunging in his steep dive down air and attacked the monster, who roared as his shoulder took the sword-blade up to the hilt ... Piero di Cosimo Andromeda freed by Perseus Persée délivrant Andromède 1510-1515 Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  10. 10. Lord Leighton’s Cetus is the only fire-breathing monster which fits the modern concept of a ‘dragon’ Perseus’s arrow has just struck the dragon … Frederic, Lord Leighton Perseus and Andromeda Persée et Andromède 1891 Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool
  11. 11. an enormous red dragon with seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on his heads descends upon a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet and a crown of twelve stars on her head William Blake The Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun Le Grand Dragon Rouge et la Femme vêtue de Soleil 1803 Brooklyn Museum, New York
  12. 12. ...Then another sign appeared in heaven: a huge red dragon with seven heads, ten horns, and seven royal crowns on his heads. And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born … Rev. 12:3–4, KJV
  13. 13. ... and when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child. And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time William Blake The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed with the Sun Le Grand Dragon Rouge et la Femme vêtue par le Soleil 1805 The National Gallery of Art (Rosenwald Collection), Washington, DC
  14. 14. ... an almost hallucinatory fantasy of madness, vengeance and black magic Armide, seated on a dragon, enraged by Renaud’s "betrayal", orders the demons to rise from Hell and demolish her palace in an orgy of destruction and self-immolation Charles Antoine Coypel The Destruction of the Palace of Armida La destruction du palais d'Armide 1787 Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nancy
  15. 15. a brave and richly-armed knight, who does not fly a girl tied to the tree, but who doesn't seem scared and a magnificent blue-green dragon with a very peaceful appearance Arnold Böcklin Ruggiero and Angelica Roger Freeing Angelica Roger libérant Angelica 1873 Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin State Museums, Berlin
  16. 16. A dragon in Christian art represents sin and the sinful nature, and is also a common way of depicting the devil, especially in the context of devourer. A number of saints are depicted defeating or otherwise overcoming dragons.
  17. 17. Saint George is about to deliver the fatal blow and the last offensive gesture of the dragon Raphael Saint George and the Dragon, St. George Struggling with the Dragon Saint Georges et le Dragon, Saint Georges terrassant le dragon 1502-1503 Musée du Louvre, Paris
  18. 18. In the legend of Saint George, the saint slays the dragon, which demands human sacrifices, in order to save the princess, its next victim. Mounted on his white steed, this Saint George is also a figure of spiritual purity who, in killing the dragon, is perhaps also vanquishing crude animal appetites. Gustave Moreau Saint George and the Dragon Saint Georges et le dragon 1889-1890 The National Gallery, London
  19. 19. Saint George and the Dragon unusual ... ... the victorious knight lies back exhausted with his sword still in his right hand, looking up to heaven, with the enormous lizard-like body of the dragon dead at his feet (Neither is there any sign of the princess ...) Briton Rivière Saint George and the Dragon Saint Georges et le dragon 1908-1909 Musee des Beaux-Arts, Montréal
  20. 20. Saint George taming then slaying a dragon ... An elegant, if bored-looking, princess already has a leash around its neck. Paolo Uccello Saint George and the Dragon Saint-Georges et le dragon 1470 National Gallery, London
  21. 21. the Archangel Michael slays the dragon, an allegorical embodiment of evil, and casts it to earth ... In this depiction, Raphael enriched the scene’s traditional representation with ancillary scenes inspired by the "Inferno" in the "Divine Comedy", in which Dante recounts the punishment of hypocrites and thieves. Raphael Saint Michel terrassant le démon. dit le Petit Saint Michel Saint Michael slaying the devil. Said the little Saint Michael 1502-1503 Musée du Louvre, Paris
  22. 22. … And I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key to the Abyss and holding in his hand a great chain. He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. He threw him into the Abyss, and locked and sealed it over him, to keep him from deceiving the nations anymore until the thousand years were ended. After that, he must be set free for a short time. Revelation chapter 20: verses 1-3 William Blake The Angel Michael Binding Satan L’archange Michel enchaînant Satan 1800 Harvard Art Museums, Fogg Museum, Cambridge
  23. 23. the "dragon miracle" ... two men were killed at the Roman Forum by the breath of a dragon, (here) the symbol of religious ignorance Sylvester closed the dragon's throat so it would cause no further harm and he then revived the victims Maso di Banco St. Sylvester Warns the Dragon and Revives Two Wizards Slain by the Monster's Pestilential Breath, scene from the Stories of the Lives of St. Sylvester and Constantine Saint Sylvestre avertit le dragon et fait revivre deux sorciers tués par le souffle pestilentiel du monstre, scène des récits de la vie de saint Sylvestre et de Constantin 1332–1335 or 1336–1338 Basilica of Santa Croce, Bardi di Mangona Chapel
  24. 24. According to legend, Martha overcame a dragon, the Tarasque, which had been terrorizing the people of Tarascon in Provence. Half- animal and half-fish, the monster slew passersby and sank ships. The people asked Martha for help, and she went after the dragon. She found him in the forest, sprinkled him with blessed water, and had a cross held up in front of him. ... and the dragon stood still like a sheep while Martha tied him up with her girdle ... a bizarre story, the product of medieval mythology ? It is now more or less accepted that this «monster» must have been a crocodile brought back by Roman legionaries to Nîmes or Arles, and which would have escaped. Pietro de Lignis St Martha tramples the dragon Sainte Marthe piétine le dragon 1616 Private collection
  25. 25. At that time, in the forest along the Rhone between Aries and Avignon, there was a dragon that was half animal and half fish, larger than an ox, longer than a horse, with teeth as sharp as horns and a pair of bucklers on either side of his body. This beast lurked in the river, killing all those who tried to sail by and sinking their vessels … The people asked Martha for help, and she went after the dragon. She found him in the forest in the act of devouring a man, sprinkled him with blessed water, and had a cross held up in front of him. The brute was subdued at once and stood still like a sheep while Martha tied him up with her girdle. The dragon was called by the inhabitants “Tarasconus”; wherefore in memory of this, that place is still called “Tarascon”… (From the Golden Legend) Poyet Jean Book of Hours of Henry VIII, St. Martha Taming the Tarasque Livre d'heures d'Henri VIII, Marthe et la Tarasque 1500 The Morgan Library & Museum
  26. 26. the saint triumphs over the monster … Raphael Saint Margaret Sainte Marguerite 1518 Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  27. 27. Da Varagine provides two versions ... the dragon was attacking the saint, and was about to devour her, when she made the sign of the cross, thus vanquishing it the dragon did manage to swallow St. Margaret; whilst she was in the belly of the beast, the saint made the sign of the cross, which caused the dragon’s stomach to burst open. (... Da Varagine adds at the end that “This swallowing and breaking of the belly of the dragon is said that it is apocryphal.” ) Master of the Cobourg Rounds, Maitre des Ronds de Cobourg Retable de Sainte Marguerite Altarpiece of Saint Margaret 1478-1485 Musée des Beaux-Arts, Dijon
  28. 28. Saint Margaret's dragon Master of the Saint Bartholomew Altarpiece, Maître du Retable de saint Barthélemy Saint Bartholomew Altarpiece, Saint John the Evangelist and Margaret Retable de saint Barthélemy, Saint Jean l'Évangéliste et sainte Marguerite 1500-1510 Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, Pinakothek, Munich
  29. 29. olga_oes (hic sunt dracones) Dragons in paintings Le Dragon dans la peinture images and text credit www. Music Two Steps From Hell Victory created olga.e. thanks for watching
  • johndemi

    Jun. 7, 2021
  • tokerbella

    Jun. 7, 2021

a ferocious, fire-breathing beast, bad tempered with impenetrable scales, bat-like wings, jagged fangs, and sharp claws enemy, evil, symbol of sin, wickedness and ferocity

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