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Where to now?
Stephen Kinsella | UL
Tonight:
Midwest-Budget-The 4
  Year Plan-EU/IMF
This day, last year, this
     room, I said:
WE DID THIS
     TO OURSELVES BY
THINKING SHORT-TERM.
#BUDGET10
#BUDGET10
Capital investment
slashed
#BUDGET10
Capital investment
slashed
70 million for flood
victims
#BUDGET10
Capital investment
slashed
70 million for flood
victims
Tax breaks for
startups
#BUDGET10
Capital investment
slashed
70 million for flood
victims
Tax breaks for
startups
Credit review for
banks
#BUDGET10
Capital investment
                      Mortgage default
slashed
                      moratorium~beware!
70 mi...
#BUDGET10
Capital investment
                      Mortgage default
slashed
                      moratorium~beware!
70 mi...
#BUDGET10
Capital investment
                      Mortgage default
slashed
                      moratorium~beware!
70 mi...
#BUDGET10
Capital investment
                      Mortgage default
slashed
                      moratorium~beware!
70 mi...
#BUDGET11
#BUDGET11
Capital investment
slashed, again
#BUDGET11
Capital investment
slashed, again
Current expenditure
left alone largely
#BUDGET11
Capital investment
slashed, again
Current expenditure
left alone largely
Capital expenditure
slashed
#BUDGET11
Capital investment
slashed, again
Current expenditure
left alone largely
Capital expenditure
slashed
Travel Tax
#BUDGET11
Capital investment
                      Tax breaks for
slashed, again
                      startups, again
Cur...
#BUDGET11
Capital investment
                      Tax breaks for
slashed, again
                      startups, again
Cur...
#BUDGET11
Capital investment
                      Tax breaks for
slashed, again
                      startups, again
Cur...
#BUDGET11
Capital investment
                      Tax breaks for
slashed, again
                      startups, again
Cur...
THE MIDWEST
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN
< 1950: agriculture
                    CONTEXT
1950-1960: Agriculture + Light industries (flour, m...
A regional depression.




          2007                                                        2010

http://www.ronanlyo...
Need investment, job
creation, active labour
   market policies.
Budget.
Some Context.
1 billion = 1000 million.
One more time:
1 billion = 1000 million.
1 billion
 months ago,
  these guys
were in charge.
Think of grains of salt.
 a thousand: in a pinch
 a million: in a cup,
 a billion: in a bathtub.
Total banking sector liab...
€85bn
€85bn
4 year plan.
uth not as good as they looked, as we see in Figure 5.3. The drama

                      Figure 5.2: Irish Government Spe...
ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government
ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even mor...
ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government
ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even mor...
ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government
ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even mor...
ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government
ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even mor...
ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government
ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even mor...
ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government
ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even mor...
ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government
ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even mor...
ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government
ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even mor...
ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government
ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even mor...
ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government
ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even mor...
-6
                                                            -5
                                                        ...
-6
                                                            -5
                                                        ...
-6
                                                            -5
                                                        ...
-6
                                                             -5
                                                       ...
-6
                                                             -5
                                                       ...
-6
                                                                -5
                                                    ...
Budget.
Not so bad.
What’s not there?
What’s next?
Social Welfare
Health
Education
Justice
Agriculture
Enterprise
Other
Social Welfare
Health
Education
Justice
Agriculture
Enterprise
Other
                 38%
Social Welfare
Health
Education
Justice
Agriculture
Enterprise
Other
                       38%




                 27%
Social Welfare
Health
Education
Justice
Agriculture
Enterprise
Other
                             38%

                 15...
Social Welfare
Health
Education
Justice
Agriculture
Enterprise
                 4%
Other
                             38%
...
Social Welfare
Health
Education
Justice
Agriculture
                  3%
Enterprise
                 4%
Other
            ...
Social Welfare
Health
Education
Justice
Agriculture        3%
                  3%
Enterprise
                 4%
Other
  ...
Social Welfare
Health
Education
Justice                 10%
Agriculture        3%
                  3%
Enterprise
        ...
The Four year Plan.
2011   2012   2013    2014
 Real GDP     1.75   3.25    3      2.75
 Real GNP      1     2.5     2.5    2.5
 Domestic
Cons...
% Change Investment
20


10


 0


-10


-20


-30

                                                          % Change Inv...
% Change Investment
20


10


 0


-10


-20


-30

                                                          % Change Inv...
0
                          12.5
                                 25.0
                                        37.5
      ...
0
                          12.5
                                 25.0
                                        37.5
      ...
Projected Assistance,
     Bank
                           €bn

     Anglo                29.28

      AIB                ...
The IMF.
€85bn
        EU/IMF
€85bn
€35bn EU/IMF
€85bn
€35bn EU/IMF
€50bn
The Four year Plan won’t
         work.
Message
Ireland’s GNP c. €130bn, Ireland’s GDP c.
160bn
Debt : GNP ratio c.140%
Growth rates: 0-2% in next 4 years
Ireland...
Reform.
Reform(s)




www.politicalreform.ie
Reform(s)

Publish full political financial accounts online, greater powers for
Standards Commission




                  ...
Reform(s)

Publish full political financial accounts online, greater powers for
Standards Commission
Reform committee syste...
Reform(s)

Publish full political financial accounts online, greater powers for
Standards Commission
Reform committee syste...
Reform(s)

Publish full political financial accounts online, greater powers for
Standards Commission
Reform committee syste...
Reform(s)




www.politicalreform.ie
Reform(s)
Reform local government with revenue raising powers and
reform planning powers




                  www.politic...
Reform(s)
Reform local government with revenue raising powers and
reform planning powers
Diverse representation in public ...
Reform(s)
Reform local government with revenue raising powers and
reform planning powers
Diverse representation in public ...
Reform(s)
Reform local government with revenue raising powers and
reform planning powers
Diverse representation in public ...
Reform(s)
Reform local government with revenue raising powers and
reform planning powers
Diverse representation in public ...
Reform(s)
Reform local government with revenue raising powers and
reform planning powers
Diverse representation in public ...
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
Budget2011: Where to now?
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A talk I gave after Ireland's 2011 budget.

Budget2011: Where to now?

  1. Where to now? Stephen Kinsella | UL
  2. Tonight:
  3. Midwest-Budget-The 4 Year Plan-EU/IMF
  4. This day, last year, this room, I said:
  5. WE DID THIS TO OURSELVES BY THINKING SHORT-TERM.
  6. #BUDGET10
  7. #BUDGET10 Capital investment slashed
  8. #BUDGET10 Capital investment slashed 70 million for flood victims
  9. #BUDGET10 Capital investment slashed 70 million for flood victims Tax breaks for startups
  10. #BUDGET10 Capital investment slashed 70 million for flood victims Tax breaks for startups Credit review for banks
  11. #BUDGET10 Capital investment Mortgage default slashed moratorium~beware! 70 million for flood victims Tax breaks for startups Credit review for banks
  12. #BUDGET10 Capital investment Mortgage default slashed moratorium~beware! 70 million for flood Carbon taxes victims Tax breaks for startups Credit review for banks
  13. #BUDGET10 Capital investment Mortgage default slashed moratorium~beware! 70 million for flood Carbon taxes victims Pension reform Tax breaks for mooted. startups Credit review for banks
  14. #BUDGET10 Capital investment Mortgage default slashed moratorium~beware! 70 million for flood Carbon taxes victims Pension reform Tax breaks for mooted. startups National Recovery Credit review for Bonds banks
  15. #BUDGET11
  16. #BUDGET11 Capital investment slashed, again
  17. #BUDGET11 Capital investment slashed, again Current expenditure left alone largely
  18. #BUDGET11 Capital investment slashed, again Current expenditure left alone largely Capital expenditure slashed
  19. #BUDGET11 Capital investment slashed, again Current expenditure left alone largely Capital expenditure slashed Travel Tax
  20. #BUDGET11 Capital investment Tax breaks for slashed, again startups, again Current expenditure left alone largely Capital expenditure slashed Travel Tax
  21. #BUDGET11 Capital investment Tax breaks for slashed, again startups, again Current expenditure Carbon taxes~No left alone largely Capital expenditure slashed Travel Tax
  22. #BUDGET11 Capital investment Tax breaks for slashed, again startups, again Current expenditure Carbon taxes~No left alone largely Pension reform? Capital expenditure mooted. slashed Travel Tax
  23. #BUDGET11 Capital investment Tax breaks for slashed, again startups, again Current expenditure Carbon taxes~No left alone largely Pension reform? Capital expenditure mooted. slashed Municipal bonds X Travel Tax
  24. THE MIDWEST
  25. REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN < 1950: agriculture CONTEXT 1950-1960: Agriculture + Light industries (flour, meat, sweets) 1970+: IDA policies with Shannon Airport deliver new large companies like Ferenka, Krups 1978: Ferenka leaves, local economy devastated: 1400 let go 1998 Krups leaves, local economy devastated: 800 let go 1990s: UL, IDA, Shannon Development and Shannon Airport entice DELL, Vistakon, Analog, etc 2009: Dell leaves: 1900+ let go
  26. A regional depression. 2007 2010 http://www.ronanlyons.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/mu25-unemp.png
  27. Need investment, job creation, active labour market policies.
  28. Budget.
  29. Some Context.
  30. 1 billion = 1000 million.
  31. One more time:
  32. 1 billion = 1000 million.
  33. 1 billion months ago, these guys were in charge.
  34. Think of grains of salt. a thousand: in a pinch a million: in a cup, a billion: in a bathtub. Total banking sector liabilities c.440bn Think 440 bathtubs of salt. That’s Thomond Park, filled with bathtubs.
  35. €85bn
  36. €85bn
  37. 4 year plan.
  38. uth not as good as they looked, as we see in Figure 5.3. The drama Figure 5.2: Irish Government Spending and Revenues 80,000 Revenues 70,000 Spending 60,000 € Million 50,000 40,000 30,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Year urce: CSO, National Accounts Database. e: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure.
  39. ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even more so if the NP growth rates and hence tax buoyancy from, say, 2002 onwards were in uth not as good as they looked, as we see in Figure 5.3. The dramatic Figure 5.2: Irish Government Spending and Revenues 80,000 Revenues 70,000 Spending 60,000 € Million 50,000 40,000 30,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Year urce: CSO, National Accounts Database. ote: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. Irish Government Spending and Revenues. Source: CSO, National Accounts Database. Note: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. 108
  40. ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even more so if the NP growth rates and hence tax buoyancy from, say, 2002 onwards were in uth not as good as they looked, as we see in Figure 5.3. The dramatic Figure 5.2: Irish Government Spending and Revenues 80,000 Revenues 70,000 Spending 60,000 € Million 50,000 40,000 30,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Year urce: CSO, National Accounts Database. ote: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. Irish Government Spending and Revenues. Source: CSO, National Accounts Database. Note: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. 108
  41. ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even more so if the NP growth rates and hence tax buoyancy from, say, 2002 onwards were in uth not as good as they looked, as we see in Figure 5.3. The dramatic Borrowing Figure 5.2: Irish Government Spending and Revenues 80,000 Revenues 70,000 Spending 60,000 € Million 50,000 40,000 30,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Year urce: CSO, National Accounts Database. ote: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. Irish Government Spending and Revenues. Source: CSO, National Accounts Database. Note: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. 108
  42. ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even more so if the NP growth rates and hence tax buoyancy from, say, 2002 onwards were in uth not as good as they looked, as we see in Figure 5.3. The dramatic Borrowing Figure 5.2: Irish Government Spending and Revenues 80,000 Revenues 70,000 Spending 60,000 € Million 50,000 40,000 30,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Year urce: CSO, National Accounts Database. ote: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. Irish Government Spending and Revenues. Source: CSO, National Accounts Database. Note: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. 108
  43. ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even more so if the NP growth rates and hence tax buoyancy from, say, 2002 onwards were in uth not as good as they looked, as we see in Figure 5.3. The dramatic Borrowing Figure 5.2: Irish Government Spending and Revenues 80,000 Revenues 70,000 Spending 60,000 € Million 50,000 40,000 30,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2015 Year urce: CSO, National Accounts Database. ote: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. Irish Government Spending and Revenues. Source: CSO, National Accounts Database. Note: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. 108
  44. ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even more so if the NP growth rates and hence tax buoyancy from, say, 2002 onwards were in uth not as good as they looked, as we see in Figure 5.3. The dramatic Borrowing Figure 5.2: Irish Government Spending and Revenues 80,000 Revenues 70,000 Spending 60,000 € Million 50,000 40,000 30,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2015 Year urce: CSO, National Accounts Database. ote: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. Irish Government Spending and Revenues. Source: CSO, National Accounts Database. Note: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. 108
  45. ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even more so if the NP growth rates and hence tax buoyancy from, say, 2002 onwards were in uth not as good as they looked, as we see in Figure 5.3. The dramatic Borrowing Figure 5.2: Irish Government Spending and Revenues 80,000 Revenues 70,000 Spending 60,000 € Million 50,000 40,000 30,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2015 Year urce: CSO, National Accounts Database. ote: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. Irish Government Spending and Revenues. Source: CSO, National Accounts Database. Note: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. 108
  46. ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even more so if the NP growth rates and hence tax buoyancy from, say, 2002 onwards were in uth not as good as they looked, as we see in Figure 5.3. The dramatic Borrowing Figure 5.2: Irish Government Spending and Revenues 80,000 Revenues 70,000 Spending 60,000 € Million 50,000 40,000 30,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2015 Year urce: CSO, National Accounts Database. ote: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. Irish Government Spending and Revenues. Source: CSO, National Accounts Database. Note: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. 108
  47. ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even more so if the NP growth rates and hence tax buoyancy from, say, 2002 onwards were in uth not as good as they looked, as we see in Figure 5.3. The dramatic Borrowing Figure 5.2: Irish Government Spending and Revenues 80,000 Revenues 70,000 Spending 60,000 € Million 50,000 1/3 40,000 30,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2015 Year urce: CSO, National Accounts Database. ote: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. Irish Government Spending and Revenues. Source: CSO, National Accounts Database. Note: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. 108
  48. ace, which will overhang the market for many years. Government ending relative to GNP was growing up to 2007, and even more so if the NP growth rates and hence tax buoyancy from, say, 2002 onwards were in uth not as good as they looked, as we see in Figure 5.3. The dramatic Borrowing Figure 5.2: Irish Government Spending and Revenues 80,000 70,000 Revenues Spending 2/3 60,000 € Million 50,000 1/3 40,000 30,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2015 Year urce: CSO, National Accounts Database. ote: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. Irish Government Spending and Revenues. Source: CSO, National Accounts Database. Note: The 2009 figure is a forecasted annual figure. 108
  49. -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 Bu dg et 2 009 (Oc tob er 2 008 ) Feb 200 9P ay agr eem ent s Su pp lem ent ary Bu dg et (Ap ril 2 009 ) Bu dg et 2 010 (De cem ber 200 9) Bu dg et 2 001 1 (D ece mb er 2 010 )
  50. -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 Bu dg et 2 009 (Oc -2.0 tob er 2 008 ) Feb 200 9P ay agr eem ent s Su pp lem ent ary Bu dg et (Ap ril 2 009 ) Bu dg et 2 010 (De cem ber 200 9) Bu dg et 2 001 1 (D ece mb er 2 010 )
  51. -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 Bu dg et 2 009 (Oc -2.0 tob er 2 008 ) Feb 200 9P ay -2.1 agr eem ent s Su pp lem ent ary Bu dg et (Ap ril 2 009 ) Bu dg et 2 010 (De cem ber 200 9) Bu dg et 2 001 1 (D ece mb er 2 010 )
  52. -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 Bu dg et 2 009 (Oc -2.0 tob er 2 008 ) Feb 200 9P ay -2.1 agr eem ent s Su pp lem ent ary Bu -5.4 dg et (Ap ril 2 009 ) Bu dg et 2 010 (De cem ber 200 9) Bu dg et 2 001 1 (D ece mb er 2 010 )
  53. -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 Bu dg et 2 009 (Oc -2.0 tob er 2 008 ) Feb 200 9P ay -2.1 agr eem ent s Su pp lem ent ary Bu -5.4 dg et (Ap ril 2 009 ) Bu dg et 2 010 (De -4.1 cem ber 200 9) Bu dg et 2 001 1 (D ece mb er 2 010 )
  54. -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 Bu dg et 2 009 (Oc -2.0 tob er 2 008 ) Feb 200 9P ay -2.1 agr eem ent s Su pp lem ent ary Bu -5.4 dg et (Ap ril 2 009 ) Bu dg et 2 010 (De -4.1 cem ber 200 9) Bu dg et 2 001 1 (D -6.0 ece mb er 2 010 )
  55. Budget.
  56. Not so bad.
  57. What’s not there?
  58. What’s next?
  59. Social Welfare Health Education Justice Agriculture Enterprise Other
  60. Social Welfare Health Education Justice Agriculture Enterprise Other 38%
  61. Social Welfare Health Education Justice Agriculture Enterprise Other 38% 27%
  62. Social Welfare Health Education Justice Agriculture Enterprise Other 38% 15% 27%
  63. Social Welfare Health Education Justice Agriculture Enterprise 4% Other 38% 15% 27%
  64. Social Welfare Health Education Justice Agriculture 3% Enterprise 4% Other 38% 15% 27%
  65. Social Welfare Health Education Justice Agriculture 3% 3% Enterprise 4% Other 38% 15% 27%
  66. Social Welfare Health Education Justice 10% Agriculture 3% 3% Enterprise 4% Other 38% 15% 27%
  67. The Four year Plan.
  68. 2011 2012 2013 2014 Real GDP 1.75 3.25 3 2.75 Real GNP 1 2.5 2.5 2.5 Domestic Consumption Demand 0 1 1.5 1.75 Government -3 -2 -2.25 -2 Investment -6 5.25 5 5.25 Exports 5 5 4.25 4 Imports 2.75 3 3.25 3 BOP (%GNP) 0.25 1.5 2.5 3.5 HICP 0.75 1 1.75 1.75 GDP Deflator 0.75 1 1.25 1.5
  69. % Change Investment 20 10 0 -10 -20 -30 % Change Investment -40 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010f 2011f 2012f 2013f 2014f
  70. % Change Investment 20 10 0 -10 -20 -30 % Change Investment -40 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010f 2011f 2012f 2013f 2014f
  71. 0 12.5 25.0 37.5 50.0 Fin lan d9 1 No rw Anglo ay 9 1 Sw ede n 91 Tur key 0 0 Jap an 9 7 Ko re a9 7 Ma lay Fiscal Costs of Banking Crises, % GDP sia 91 Th aila n d9 7 Ur ugu ay 02 Ire lan d0 8
  72. 0 12.5 25.0 37.5 50.0 Fin lan d9 1 No rw Anglo ay 9 1 Sw ede n 91 Tur key 0 0 Jap an 9 7 Ko re a9 7 Ma lay Fiscal Costs of Banking Crises, % GDP sia 91 Th aila n d9 7 Ur ugu ay 02 Ire lan d0 8
  73. Projected Assistance, Bank €bn Anglo 29.28 AIB 7.48 BOI 3.75 Irish Nationwide 5.40 EBS 0.35 Total 46.26
  74. The IMF.
  75. €85bn EU/IMF
  76. €85bn €35bn EU/IMF
  77. €85bn €35bn EU/IMF €50bn
  78. The Four year Plan won’t work.
  79. Message Ireland’s GNP c. €130bn, Ireland’s GDP c. 160bn Debt : GNP ratio c.140% Growth rates: 0-2% in next 4 years Ireland’s banking system liabilities: €440bn Debt rates: 5.83% in next 4 years Unsustainable debt implies eventual default/ restructuring
  80. Reform.
  81. Reform(s) www.politicalreform.ie
  82. Reform(s) Publish full political financial accounts online, greater powers for Standards Commission www.politicalreform.ie
  83. Reform(s) Publish full political financial accounts online, greater powers for Standards Commission Reform committee system, repeal Abbeylara decision and give committees renewed investigative powers. www.politicalreform.ie
  84. Reform(s) Publish full political financial accounts online, greater powers for Standards Commission Reform committee system, repeal Abbeylara decision and give committees renewed investigative powers. Rebalance relationship between executive and legislature as was intended in Article 28 of Constitution www.politicalreform.ie
  85. Reform(s) Publish full political financial accounts online, greater powers for Standards Commission Reform committee system, repeal Abbeylara decision and give committees renewed investigative powers. Rebalance relationship between executive and legislature as was intended in Article 28 of Constitution Meaningful open government with stronger FOI legislation, new whistleblower and lobbying legislation and public appointments board. www.politicalreform.ie
  86. Reform(s) www.politicalreform.ie
  87. Reform(s) Reform local government with revenue raising powers and reform planning powers www.politicalreform.ie
  88. Reform(s) Reform local government with revenue raising powers and reform planning powers Diverse representation in public life through a reformed Senand which would encompass island of Ireland and diaspora in public life www.politicalreform.ie
  89. Reform(s) Reform local government with revenue raising powers and reform planning powers Diverse representation in public life through a reformed Senand which would encompass island of Ireland and diaspora in public life Introduce gender quotas, lower voting age to 16, reform decision making process www.politicalreform.ie
  90. Reform(s) Reform local government with revenue raising powers and reform planning powers Diverse representation in public life through a reformed Senand which would encompass island of Ireland and diaspora in public life Introduce gender quotas, lower voting age to 16, reform decision making process Change the electoral system www.politicalreform.ie
  91. Reform(s) Reform local government with revenue raising powers and reform planning powers Diverse representation in public life through a reformed Senand which would encompass island of Ireland and diaspora in public life Introduce gender quotas, lower voting age to 16, reform decision making process Change the electoral system Definition of Republic in constitution and statement of values www.politicalreform.ie
  92. Reform(s) Reform local government with revenue raising powers and reform planning powers Diverse representation in public life through a reformed Senand which would encompass island of Ireland and diaspora in public life Introduce gender quotas, lower voting age to 16, reform decision making process Change the electoral system Definition of Republic in constitution and statement of values Citizens assembly to be implemented www.politicalreform.ie
  • shuhaiyuan

    Dec. 12, 2010

A talk I gave after Ireland's 2011 budget.

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