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Beyond the journal: How Open Infrastructure can Accelerate Open Science



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Presentation given the the European Union Expert Panel on the Future of Scholarly Publishing - March 2018

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Beyond the journal: How Open Infrastructure can Accelerate Open Science

  1. 1. Coko: We use community-based approaches to build open source solutions for research communication
  2. 2. Proposal: Return scholarly communication to being a public good An open ecosystem that ensures that the production, communication, access, and use of all research objects across the research cycle maximizes the global public good by being rapid, transparent, relevant, equitable, and inclusive.
  3. 3. Research Lifecycle - Outputs Data/results Micropubications PreprintArticle Discovery and Use Data is annotated and openly available, notebooks are shared Short, citable publications are shared early and often Early forms of article are posted and available for comment, and various forms of review Article is a living publication, able to be updated, versioned, and open access Research objects are networked to each other and available for real-time collaboration Incentives and rewards motivate the behavior at each stage
  4. 4. Challenges in research communication Slow Static Incentives don’t work Entrenched commercialization
  5. 5. The path is not linear
  6. 6. Coko believes... No one platform can solve all the problems. We need an ecosystem of tools and software. We should build modular & interoperable things. The community must create and own solutions.
  7. 7. Coko’s Editoria Coko’s xPub eLife Libero OJS WaxTexture StencilaDAT INK xSweet Science Fair Substance library Platforms Tools The Open Ecosystem CERN’s Invidio Services Open Review Collabor- ation Hosting 3rd Party Peer Review Copy- editing Pop-up Publishing
  8. 8. ConversionSubmission Semantics enhancers AnnotationNotebooks Metadata Peer review Versions Production PubSweet Publishing Framework Authoring Editorial tools Revision Syndica- tion Web delivery Reviewer matching Real-time collabora- tion Discovery tools Open, modular architecture enables innovation and collaboration
  9. 9. PubSweet Three use cases (so far) Books Journals Micropublications Design Development cycles Testing Launch
  10. 10. Service providers Partnering tech organizations First wave adoption Early adopters Code contributors Core OS project Broad Community Community Led Open Source Core OS project Core OS project
  11. 11. It’s working An improvement for one becomes an improvement for all. Individual communities can focus on core areas of expertise — peer review, hosting, discovery — knowing that their innovations will improve the entire system. The result is more creativity, a more diverse set of solutions, and, ultimately, faster progress. -Andrew Smeall, Hindawi Having other people build components to solve the problems you are facing is a great benefit of a common infrastructure. but also knowing that what you’re building is useful to more than just your team really adds energy and purpose to our teams of developers and designers. -Paul Shannon, eLife
  12. 12. Successful Open Source Projects ● The internet: TCP/IP (governing protocols), BIND (DNS resolver) ● The Web: 75% adoption of OS browsers (Chrome, Firefox), 50% of websites delivered by Apache web server ● Computers: Android + Apple (built on OS BSD Kernel) have twice as much adoption as Windows ● Phones: Android, iOS (built on OS Darwin operating system) dominate ● Cloud hosting services: OpenStack has 17% market share against Amazon, Microsoft and Google – hundreds of companies (ATT, Cisco, NEC, Intel)
  13. 13. 13 Get in touch: @kristenratan Kristen at

Editor's Notes

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