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Seeding a New Ecosystem: Open Infrastructure for Scholarly Communication



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Publishing today follows antiquated print paradigms. Innovation is hampered by technology and service silos. A new ecosystem of open source projects is emerging that will transform the sector.

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Seeding a New Ecosystem: Open Infrastructure for Scholarly Communication

  1. 1. The Emerging Ecosystem Kristen Ratan Coko Foundation @kristenratan @cokofoundation 1
  2. 2. Kristen Ratan Adam Hyde 2 Coko: Community-based open source solutions to improve how knowledge is created, produced and shared. Collaboration. Culture change. Code
  3. 3. @kristenratan 3
  4. 4. 4@kristenratan But, mired in print paradigms, publishing is a dumbing down of research to fit a static format
  5. 5. To improve what’s published, we need to move out of platform silos, to reinvent the infrastructure 5@kristenratan
  6. 6. No single platform can meet all and future needs 6@kristenratan
  7. 7. 7 We need an Ecosystem A diverse set of interoperable solutions that evolves
  8. 8. @kristenratan 8 A library of code from which one can Assemble web editors and authoring tools
  9. 9. @kristenratan 9 XML (JATs) web editor made by Substance from their own library
  10. 10. @kristenratan 10 Coko Wax Editor HTML web editor made by Coko from the Substance library
  11. 11. @kristenratan 11 INK: Ingest, convert, enrich Coko’s PubSweet component that manages backend jobs for any platform
  12. 12. @kristenratan 12 Stencila component to create data-driven documents and living figures
  13. 13. @kristenratan 13 Code for Science’s DAT tool enables streaming of large datasets
  14. 14. @kristenratan 14 Substance-built eLife Lens for non-linear content display
  15. 15. @kristenratan 15 Coko-supported ScienceFair combines Lens, DAT and Substance for discovery tool
  16. 16. @kristenratan 16 These projects are working together and building on each other. They are interoperable, open source and intended to be used by many frameworks and platforms.
  17. 17. 17 Tools Platform Frameworks Lens Science Fair Substance Library Texture WAX StencilaDAT INK Coko’s PubSweet eLife Continuum OJSEditoria xSweet The Ecosystem is born
  18. 18. @kristenratan 18 Get in touch: @kristenratan

Editor's Notes

  • The collaborative knowledge foundation, coko to friends, is a nonprofit open source organization with a mission to improve how knowledge is created, produced and shared. While we build technology, we believe the solutions are based in a combination of collaboration, culture change and code.
  • Photo by Simon Cocktell

    For years we discuss the possibilities at conferences like this and our pundits thought pieces. The article of the future talks. What if scholarship was communicated as a constellation of networked research objects that evolves over time?
  • Photo by Eric Han

    To improve the output of the publishing process, we would need to improve the input, it’s a garbage in, garbage out situation.
  • Photo by Peter Miller

    It’s challenging to improve the input, however, with our existing processes and tools. Publishing platforms come as large monolithic systems that cannot easily incorporate new innovations, don’t evolve well, and tend to be rigid.
    One to one relationship between tech and services creates vendor lock in
    We can’t improve the input without being able pry open the box and interact differently with authors, editors and reviewers too
  • Photo by Trev

    The solution is not a better publishing platform. If we’ve learned anything over the past 30 years building internet technologies it is that there isn’t one magic application that will do everything we want it to.
  • What we need is closer to what we are seeing building organically in the larger tech industry – a lot of frameworks and point solutions popping up that adhere to standards that make them automatically able to talk to each other, work together. A new ecosystem. This is happening already:
  • Austria-based Substance is building libraries of code that you can use to assemble web editors and authoring tools
  • They’re just launching an easy to use tool to edit JATs dynamically online called Texture.
  • At Coko, we’ll be using Texture and we’ve used their library to build a tool for dynamic authoring and editing in structured HTML called Wax.
  • We’ve also built INK, a tool to convert from formats like Word into HTML or JATs and enrich content as well.
  • A NZ-based project called Stencila, which Coko has supported, is making tools that can create data-driven documents and living figures within articles.
  • Code for Science’s DAT tool enables streaming of large datasets
  • eLife released the Lens reader a few years ago, built by Substance.
  • And A Coko team member also built ScienceFair took Lens and DAT to offer a desktop discovery and library management tool
  • The point is that these projects are all interrelated and are built to be able to fit with the new publishing frameworks that can tie them together into platform solutions.
    Why does this work as an ecosystem:
    Web services can connect tools built in any language if they use standards like APIs
    They are all open source, built on and with one another
    They aren’t competing per se, have different sustainability models
  • Join us in creating a new publishing infrastructure.
  • ×