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Industrial Relation

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Industrial Relation

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Industrial Relation

  1. 1. Industrial RelationIndustrial Relation Prof. Preeti Bhaskar Symbiosis Centre for Management , Studies
  2. 2. • Interpersonal Relations • Attitudes • Job satisfaction • Employee’s Opinion • Labor Turnover • Interpersonal Relations • Attitudes • Job satisfaction • Employee’s Opinion • Labor Turnover Determinants of Industrial RelationsDeterminants of Industrial Relations • Industrial Absenteeism • Strikes & Lockouts • Worker Participation • Grievances • Industrial Absenteeism • Strikes & Lockouts • Worker Participation • Grievances
  3. 3. Employer-Employee Relations Employer-Employee Relations EmployeesEmployees Employee Associations Employee Associations GovernmentGovernment Courts & Tribunals Courts & Tribunals Employer Associations Employer Associations EmployersEmployers Industrial RelationsIndustrial Relations EmployeesEmployees EmployersEmployers GovernmentGovernment Courts & Tribunals Courts & Tribunals Employer Associations Employer Associations Trade UnionTrade Union Parties to IRParties to IR
  4. 4. 1. IR is a relationship between management and employees or among employees and their organizations, that characteristics and grow out of employment. 2. IR may be defined as the complex of inter- relations among workers, managers and government. WHAT IS INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS ?WHAT IS INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS ?
  5. 5. Industrial Relations refer to the multilateral relations between employees, employers and government. Jucius in “Personnel Management” DefinitionDefinition
  6. 6. 1. An outcome of relationship in industry. 2. It create rules and regulations to maintain piece and harmony. 3. Important parts of IR are employees and their organization, employer and their association and government. 4. It has a role of management, union and government. Characteristics of IRCharacteristics of IR
  7. 7. To promote and develop labor management relation. To regulate the production by minimizing industrial conflicts To provide opptunity to workers to involve in decision making process with management. To encourage and develop trade unions in order to improve the workers' strength. To safeguard the interest of labor and management by securing the highest level of mutual understanding and good-will among all those sections in the industry which participate in the process of production. To avoid industrial conflict or strife and develop harmonious relations,. To raise productivity to a higher level in an aera of full employment by lessening the tendency to high turnover and frequency absenteeism. To improve the economic conditions of workers in the existing state of industrial managements and political government To Protect management and labor interests by securing mutual relations between the two groups. To Avoid disputes between management and labor, and create a harmonizing relationship between the groups so productivity can be increased. Ensure full employment and reduce absenteeism, hence, increasing productivity and profits. To Provide better wages and living conditions to labor, so misunderstandings between management and labor are reduced to a minimum. To bring about government control over plants where losses are running high, or where products are produced in the public interest. Objective of IRObjective of IR
  8. 8. • Achieving higher wages • To offer responsive co-operation in improving level of production, discipline etc. • To promote individual and collective welfare • To improve working and living conditions • To enlarge the opportunities of promotion and training. Role of Trade Unions in IRRole of Trade Unions in IR
  9. 9. • Promote and protect of the interest of employers engaged in Industry, Trade and Commerce. • Advice offering • Bridge between Union Government • Train and develop staff members of concern members of Associations Role of Employers OrganisationRole of Employers Organisation
  10. 10. ASSOCHAM- Associated Chamber of Commerce (1920) FICC- Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce (1927) IOE- International Organization of Employers (1920) Examples of Employer’s Organizations Examples of Employer’s Organizations
  11. 11. ILO establish in 1919, on April 19 by Versailles Peace Conference India become member of ILO in 1919 ILO in IRILO in IR
  12. 12. ILOILO • The International Conference • The governing body • The international labor office Structure of ILO • Full employment and raising of standard of living • Adequate protection for the life and health of the workers • The assurance of educational and vocational opportunity • Stru Objective of ILO
  13. 13. Conditions of work Child works Migrant workers Health, Safety and Welfare Social Security Manpower organization and Vocational Training Functions of ILOFunctions of ILO
  14. 14. Preventive Machinery a) Trade Union b) Joint Consultation 1. Work Committee 2. Joint Management Council c) Standing Orders d) Grievance Procedure e) Code of Discipline Settlement Machinery a)Conciliation 1. Conciliation Officer 2. Board of Conciliation 3. Court of Inquiry b)Voluntary arbitration c)Compulsory Arbitration 1. Labor Court 2. Industrial Tribunal 3. National Tribunal 14 Industrial Dispute settlement machinery in India Industrial Dispute settlement machinery in India
  15. 15. Thank YouThank You
  16. 16. TRADE UNIONS Prof. Preeti Bhaskar Symbiosis Centre for Management Studies, NOIDA
  17. 17. What is Trade Union  A trade union is an organization of workers formed to promote , promote, protect and improve through collective action, the social, economic, and political interests of its members. Flippo  Formed to protect and promote the interests of their members  Primary function is to protect the interests of workers against discrimination and unfair labor practices.
  18. 18. Objectives of TUs  Representation (Workers’ Interests)  Negotiation (Collective Bargaining)  Voice in decisions (Lay off, Retrenchment) affecting workers  Member Service (Education, Training, Welfare, Discounts, Loans)
  19. 19. Functions Of TUs  Collective Bargaining  Advice Management on personnel policies  Taking problems of the workers with the management.  Work for achieving better say of workers in management  Education of workers  Welfare and recreational activities for their members  Representing workers in national, international forums.
  20. 20. Functions of Trade unions To achieve higher wages and better working conditions To raise the status of workers as a part of industry To protect labors against victimization and injustice To take up welfare measures for improving the morale of workers To generate self confidence among workers To encourage sincerity and discipline among workers To provide opportunities for promotion and growth To protect women workers against discrimination
  21. 21. Importance of Trade Unions  For industrial peace  Decisions taken through the process of collective bargaining and negotiations between employer and unions are more influential  Effective communication between the workers and the management  Economic development  Recruitment & selection  Discipline among workforce  Settlement of ID in rational manner
  22. 22. Why do people join Union?  Greater Bargaining Power  Minimize Discrimination  Sense of Security  Sense of Participation  Sense of Belongingness  Platform for self expression  Betterment of relationships
  23. 23. SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS OF UNIONS  Wage & salary bargaining  Fight for continuous improvement in employee benefits  Improving working conditions at work place  Improving welfare, healthcare & recreation facilities, and leisure at workplace  Increasing rest periods, holidays, paid leave and time-offs
  24. 24. SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS OF UNIONS  Decreasing working hours, work load esp. manual, and hazardous working conditions  Improving career and salary rise prospects & job security  Protecting employees against arbitrary / unjust actions of Management
  25. 25. Major Trade Union Organizations  AITUC (All India Trade Union Congress)  Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU)  Hind Mazdoor Sabha  All India Council of Central Trade Unions  All India United Trade Union Centre  United Trade Union Centre  All India federations of banks, insurance, railways, defence, telecom, airline and airports.  Centre of Indian Trade Unions -president M.K. Pandhe
  26. 26. Present Central Trade Union Organizations  All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC)  Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS)  Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU)  Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat (HMKP)  Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS)  Indian Federation of Free Trade Unions (IFFTU)  Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC)  National Front of Indian Trade Unions (NFITU)  National Labor Organization (NLO)  Trade Unions Co-ordination Centre (TUCC)  United Trade Union Congress (UTUC)  United Trade Union Congress - Lenin Sarani (UTUC - LS)
  27. 27. INTRODUCTION  Labour welfare is an important dimension of industrial relation, labour welfare includes overall welfare facilities designed to take care of well being of employee's and in order to increase their living standard.  It can also be provided by government, non government agencies and trade unions.
  28. 28. HISTORY OF LABOUR WELFARE  In India the labour welfare started sometime during the 1st world war (1914-1918). Till then wellbeing of workers in factories was hardly thought by anybody.  Industrial Labour Organization has played a very significant role for labour welfare.  Formed by Indian central government and state governments for welfare of labour in Industries
  29. 29.   DEFINITION  According to Arthur James…     Labour welfare means anything done for the  comfort and improvement, intellectual and social,  of the employees over and above the wages paid  which is not a necessity of the Industry.
  30. 30. INDUSTRIAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION  According to Industrial Labour Organization (ILO)  “Labour welfare may be understood and including such  services facilities and amenities which may be established  in vicinity of undertaking to perform their work in healthy  and congenial environment and to avail of facilities which  improve their health and bring high morale.”
  31. 31. OBJECTIVES OF LABOUR WELFARE  Labour welfare provides social comfort to employees.  It provides intellectual improvement of employees.  To build stable work force.  To make employees lives good and worth living.  To provide healthy and proper working conditions.  To ensure well being of employees and families.
  32. 32. PRINCIPLES • Welfare activities will be carried out at all levels  in the organization. • It will be provided over and above regular wages. • It can be a social concept which relates to welfare  of employees, their families and community as a  whole. 
  33. 33. NATURE OF WELFARE  Schemes of labour welfare shall be updated time to time  according to needs of workers.  Labour welfare provides facilities in addition to regular  wages and other economic benefits.  Employers, government, NGOs etc. introduce labour  welfare measures.  Labour welfare provides facilities which improves workers  work-life balance.
  34. 34. SCOPE OF LABOUR  Working Environment  Health facilities  General welfare programs  Economic welfare programs  Labour welfare programs

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Industrial Relation


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