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Facility Layout

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Facility Layout

  1. 1. Facility Layout
  2. 2. Contents : Facility Layout – Meaning , Objectives Factors influencing Layout Facility Layout – Principle and Imporatnce Types of layout Revision of Layout Layout Planning Case Study
  3. 3. Facility Layout : Meaning : Arrangement of – Machinery Equipment Other industrial facilities Achieveing Quick production at least cost.
  4. 4. Objectives of Good Layout -Material handling costs. -Movement of people and material -Hazards to personnel -Accidents - Production capacity - labour efficiency - Employee morale - Space utilization - Ease of Supervision and Maintenance
  5. 5. Principles For Ideal Layout Ideal Layout
  6. 6. Importance
  7. 7. Continued…
  8. 8. Types of Layout
  9. 9. Product Layout Straight Line or Layout for Serialised Manufacture. Arrangement of machines in ONE LINE depending on the sequence of operations. Materials are fed in the first machine & finished products comes out from the last machine. Eg:Sugarcane mill and paper mill
  10. 10.  Product layout
  11. 11. Fixed Position Layout Movement of men and machines to the product. Bulky product. Eg: Aircraft assembling, ships etc.
  12. 12. Fixed position
  13. 13. Service facility layout Service oriented industries like Banks, Hospitals etc
  14. 14. Process layout: Functional layout /job lot manufacture or batch production layout. Involves grouping of like machines in one department. General purpose machines.
  15. 15. Process layout:
  16. 16.  Cellular manufacturing: Machines grouped into cells. Each cell is formed to produce a few parts with common charecters.
  17. 17. Cellular manufacturing:
  18. 18. Combined layout Combination of different types of layout viz. product layout and process layout.
  19. 19. Revision Of Layout Revision of existing layout Minor changes to complete dismantling of the existing structure To increse the opearting efficiency of the plant
  20. 20. Why revision??...
  21. 21. Layout planning
  22. 22. Retail Layout Patterns  Grid     Rectangular with parallel aisles Formal Controls traffic flow Uses selling space efficiently. Cafetería
  23. 23.  Free-Form     Free-flowing Informal Creates "friendly" environment Flexible Cafetería
  24. 24.  Boutique  Unique shopping environment. Divides store into a series of individual shopping areas Each with its own theme;  
  25. 25. Case study
  26. 26. MacDonald’s kitchen layout
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