Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Upcoming SlideShare
What to Upload to SlideShare
What to Upload to SlideShare
Loading in …3
×
1 of 1

Urinary calculi

0

Share

Download to read offline

Infographic by Susan Schoenian

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Urinary calculi

  1. 1. What is it? A metabolic disease, resulting in the formation of calculi (stones or crystals) in the urinary tract of sheep, goats, and camelids, which block the flow of urine. What usually causes it? High grain: low roughage diets Mineral imbalances in the feed Improper calcium to phosphorus ratio Reduced water intake Genetic susceptibility Early castration (no proof) How do you prevent it? Correct diet formulation; calcium to phosphorus ratio of at least 2:1 Source of roughage in the diet. Clean, constant supply of water. Adequate salt intake (~4% of diet); addition of ammonium chloride to diet (~0.5%) What are the symptoms? Restlessness and anxiety Abdominal pain and discomfort Humped-up appearance Straining and inability to urinate Bladder rupture  death Is there a treatment? Depends on extent of blockage Smooth muscle relaxants Oral doses of ammonium chloride Surgical options, depending upon location of stones. Salvage by processing U r i n a r y Who gets it? Mostly wethers. Sometimes intact males. Females rarely (UC) also called urolithiasis, “water belly,” or kidney or bladder stones

×