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Cutting is separating of the garments
in to its components and in a general
form. It is production process of
separating a spread into garment
parts that are the precise size and
shape of the pattern pieces on a
Cutting requires skilled
employees because failure to
properly cut the fabric
correctly could result in
quality problems with fit and
o Follow up fabric receiving
by cutting section.
o Check rolls ticket
o Check lab test report.
o If shade/ shading are OK,
then allow to layer.
o Prepare layer report.
o Maintain log book.
● Preparatory processes.
● Marker Making.
● Fabric Spreading.
● Sorting and Bundling.
● Cut Panel Checking.
● After receiving the fabric from the dyeing and
finishing section, there are some processes to
prepare the fabric for bulk production. All these
processes combined can be called preparatory
Finished fabric from dyeing & finishing
Test of GSM, Diameter, shed, shrinkage, twisting, fastness etc.
Sorting (Sticker, Numbering)
Cut panel checking
Send to sewing section
Precision of fabric cutting:
Fabric cutting should be
done accurately as per
exact dimension of the
pattern pieces in the
marker. Cutting accuracy
depends on sharpness of
knife, skill of operator, and
attentiveness of operator.
Computer controlled cutting
and die cutting have their
Whatever be the
cutting method used
for fabric lay cutting,
it should be ensured
that the shape of the
cut components from
top to bottom lay are
of exact size and
shape, otherwise the
will be defective.
During fabric cutting, the
friction between the fabric
and blade; the blade produces
temperature in the
temperature may be up to
3000C. To avoid the problem:
Reduce the height of the lay;
o Reduce the cutting speed;
o Use anti-fusion paper in the
lay at regular interval;
o Lubricate the knife during
Supporting of the lay:
Surface of the cutting
table depends on
methods of fabric cutting.
The table surface should
be capable to support the
lay as well as to ensure
that all the plies are cut
at a time during fabric
Forgetting to preshrink
Hang off the
● large production.
● Lubrication is manually done.
Very low r.p.m. & knife height.
● Manual grinder is used.
● Low since few number of lay can
● Difficult to cut small components
& high curve line.
● Not suitable productivity for
● Not suitable for large component
due to the length of the table.
● Work load is high as machine is
stationary & fabric is movable.
● Running cost is higher.
● Required fix space.
● Not possible to cut fabric directly.
High speed of the machine
causes high risk of damage.
Faulty knife could damage fabric
Motor weight creates knife
deflection which may be creates
Risk is high for physical damage
Knife required to replace.
● Only use to make notch to the
● Thermoplastic fiber can’t cut
by this machine.
● The use of machine is limited.
Die die cutting involves pressing
of rigid blade through the laid
fabric. The die is a knife the
shape of the pattern periphery,
Fill out top half of sheet
Open container. Make sure that all the parts listed on the
skid are in the skid
Check tickets for correct cut #, style #, color #, size, and
Check c- boxes for proper labeling and correct amount of
Complete audit form.
Check each bundle for tickets, correct unit count, and fabric
Check for miscut or the failure of the
Cutter to split the line. Tolerance is
1/16”. Report all defects for miscuts
to Cutting Foreman (Supervisor).
Check the top ply with the
bottom ply to see that they are
the same. Compare both to a
hard pattern or paper maker.
Tolerance is 1/8”.
Check for ragged cutting
according to the standards
of the customer. It is a
judgment defect. It is
important on critical parts
that if it has to be re-cut
then it is a defect
Check the notch location by
placing the pattern over the top
ply. Any critical notch missing
needs to be checked 100%.
Tolerance is 1/8
Quality is a relative term. It means customer needs is to be
satisfied. Quality is of prime importance in any aspect of
business. Customers demand and expect value for money. .
Quality control in cutting is the most important term to
produce a garment