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Notes by Sujeet S. Tambe.
New Strategies and Trends Used in Manufacturing
(Operation Management)
New manufacturing strateg...
Notes by Sujeet S. Tambe.
The initial rush to offshore manufacturing has given way to a more cautious
approach. Many compa...
Notes by Sujeet S. Tambe.
10 New Trends In Manufacturing Technologies:
Demand for information and automation systems in ma...
Notes by Sujeet S. Tambe.
information management with preventative and predictive maintenance
strategies.
5. Automation eq...
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New strategies and trends used in manufacturing (operation management)

  1. 1. Notes by Sujeet S. Tambe. New Strategies and Trends Used in Manufacturing (Operation Management) New manufacturing strategies: Companies are adopting new strategies for manufacturing, collectively labeled “new wave manufacturing.” Whole arrays of new initiatives are coming on line, taking competitiveness to new levels. Speed, quality, service, flexibility, and global focus are identified as the essential elements for successful manufacturing for the next decade. Manufacturers are measured by their ability to respond quickly to sudden, often unpredictable changes in customer needs and wants. In this new era, manufacturing strategy is a set of coordinated objectives applied to manufacturing functions and aimed at securing sustainable advantage over competitors. Issues generally addressed include manufacturing capacity, production facilities, technology advances, vertical integration, quality, production planning/materials control, organization, and personnel. Of course, the strategic approach must combine with a pragmatic approach to continuous improvement at an operational level to ensure competitiveness in global markets. A key part of a manufacturing strategy is the definition of whether products will continue to be produced at the traditional manufacturing sites, or if the cost advantages make it beneficial to set up manufacturing in geographic areas with a lower cost base. The Boston Consulting Group, among others, has advocated that not considering this strategy is tantamount to giving up on a major cost benefit.
  2. 2. Notes by Sujeet S. Tambe. The initial rush to offshore manufacturing has given way to a more cautious approach. Many companies are taking into account the practical and logistical difficulties and the full financial implications of setting up and operating facilities in remote countries. Greater care will ensure product quality issues are addressed properly in the outsourcing or off-shoring exercise, along with recognition of the requirement for active management and control. The trend over the last several years has been for companies to manage their inventories very tightly to keep costs down. If there is any unpredictability in demand, it is difficult to rely on suppliers that will take months to respond to their needs. In dealing with this uncertainty, they cannot expect a supplier to keep buffer stocks to meet their changing demands, with inventory liability if the market dictates that products must change. The ability to provide fast delivery presents an opportunity to offer significant value beyond the actual price of the products supplied. So, offer customization, modifications, and quick product improvements in response to market demands. Search for customers that have this need. They will be more loyal to demonstrated ability for fast turn-around on modifications and improvements. For the supplier, this means developing the ability to modify production quickly. All employees should recognize this represents the company’s strengths, and every customer change-request should be welcomed as a compliment to the company’s ability to accommodate them.
  3. 3. Notes by Sujeet S. Tambe. 10 New Trends In Manufacturing Technologies: Demand for information and automation systems in manufacturing is soaring. Systems in demand include programmable controls, robotic systems, supervisory controls, data acquisition and information management systems. These systems deliver high-quality, reliable and repeatable solutions to our customers, improving their processes. In our work designing and implementing these systems, we have observed ten important emerging trends: 1. Following the economic downturn, automation spending has sharply increased as manufacturers continue to look for ways to increase productivity, improve quality and reduce costs by automating human tasks that involve hard physical or monotonous work. According to the American Machine Tool Distributors’ Association and the Association For Manufacturing Technology, U.S. manufacturing technology orders totaled $388.27 million in May 2011, a 108-percent increase over 2010. 2. The use of automation, including industrial robots, is increasing across a range of industries. A couple of decades ago, 90 percent of robots were used in car manufacturing. Today the auto industry represents only 50 percent, with the other half spread among other factories, laboratories, warehouses, energy plants, hospitals and other industries. 3. As robots replace workers in the more mundane, repetitive areas, the need for workers with more advanced training is increasing. Manufacturers are asking more from their shift supervisor-level workers, thus needing to train and pay them more. 4. Additionally, technical operations and high-tech maintenance personnel are in greater demand, as automation enables more proactive monitoring and
  4. 4. Notes by Sujeet S. Tambe. information management with preventative and predictive maintenance strategies. 5. Automation equipment and process vendors have recognized this trend and are now providing field service teams to meet manufacturers’ maintenance demands. 6. Manufacturers can now monitor production remotely and be alerted to systems that need attention. 7. In highly regulated industries such as the food industry, where food safety is paramount, a shift is occurring, with many manufacturers placing a greater focus on quality, repeatability and safety in automation, in addition to productivity and cost reduction. 8. Robots can now handle higher speeds, increasing the volume of material that one line can handle. 9. Manufacturers can now do more with less space as robots and automation are reducing the space needed for production lines. More vertical space is also being used. This reduction in footprint leads to lower energy costs per square foot. 10.Combining technologies such as robots with vision systems — enabling them to recognize things like barcodes, color and size — means that manufacturers can use assets on one line for improved tracking or to handle multiple products, increasing the speed and efficiency of production and delivery systems.

New strategies and trends used in manufacturing (operation management)

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